September 2011 Special Session
2011 - 2012 LEGISLATURE
SENATE SUBSTITUTE AMENDMENT 1,
TO SENATE BILL 22
October 28, 2011 - Offered by Senators Galloway and Zipperer.
1An Act to amend
895.52 (7); and to create
895.529 of the statutes;
2the duty of care owed to trespassers.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
895.52 (7) No duty or liability created.
Except as expressly provided in this 5
section, nothing in this section or,
s. 101.11, or s. 895.529
nor the common law 6
attractive nuisance doctrine creates any duty of care or ground of liability toward any 7
person who uses another's property for a recreational activity.
9895.529 Civil liability limitation; duty of care owed to trespassers. (1) 10
In this section:
(a) "Possessor of real property" means an owner, lessee, tenant, or other lawful 12
occupant of real property.
(b) "Trespasser" means a natural person who enters or remains upon property 2
in possession of another without express or implied consent.
Except as provided in sub. (3), a possessor of real property owes no duty of 4
care to a trespasser.
A possessor of real property may be liable for injury or death to a trespasser 6
under the following circumstances:
(a) The possessor of real property willfully, wantonly, or recklessly caused the 8
injury or death. This paragraph does not apply if the possessor used reasonable and 9
necessary force for the purpose of self-defense or the defense of others under s. 10
939.48 or used reasonable and necessary force for the protection of property under 11
(b) The person injured or killed was a child and all of the following apply:
1. The possessor of real property maintained, or allowed to exist, an artificial 14
condition on the property that was inherently dangerous to children.
2. The possessor of real property knew or should have known that children 16
trespassed on the property.
3. The possessor of real property knew or should have known that the artificial 18
condition he or she maintained or allowed to exist was inherently dangerous to 19
children and involved an unreasonable risk of serious bodily harm or death to 20
4. The injured or killed child, because of his or her youth or tender age, did not 22
discover the condition or realize the risk involved in entering onto the property, or 23
in playing in close proximity to the inherently dangerous artificial condition.
5. The possessor of real property could have reasonably provided safeguards 2
that would have obviated the inherent danger without interfering with the purpose 3
for which the artificial condition was maintained or allowed to exist.
This section does not create or increase any liability on the part of a 5
possessor of real property for circumstances not specified under this section and does 6
not affect any immunity from or defenses to liability available to a possessor of real 7
property under common law or another statute.
This act first applies to actions that are filed on the effective date of this 10