2011 - 2012 LEGISLATURE
December 1, 2011 - Introduced by Representatives Kessler, Doyle, Hebl,
Pope-Roberts, Roys, Sinicki
and Berceau, cosponsored by Senators T. Cullen
and Holperin. Referred to Committee on Homeland Security and State
AJR78,1,3 1To renumber section 3 of article IV; and to create section 3 (2) to (4) of article IV
2of the constitution; relating to: establishing a competitive election criteria for
3redistricting the legislature (first consideration).
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This proposed constitutional amendment, proposed to the 2011 legislature on
first consideration, defines demographic and political standards for the drawing of
legislative districts and establishes criteria for the drawing of legislative districts.
Following the canvass of the general election in each year that is divisible by ten, the
amendment requires the superintendent of public instruction to determine the mean
percentage of the vote received by candidates of the two major political parties for
certain statewide offices in the prior decade and to certify those mean percentages
to the legislature.
A proposed constitutional amendment requires adoption by two successive
legislatures, and ratification by the people, before it can become effective.
AJR78,1,4 4Resolved by the assembly, the senate concurring, That:
AJR78, s. 1 5Section 1. Section 3 of article IV of the constitution is renumbered section 3
6(1) of article IV.
AJR78, s. 2
1Section 2. Section 3 (2) to (4) of article IV of the constitution are created to
AJR78,2,83 [Article IV] Section 3 (2) Within 10 days after receipt of the final census report
4of the population count by census block, the superintendent of public instruction
5shall determine the combined mean percentage of the vote for governor and
6president for the 2 major political parties in the 5 general elections held during the
7prior decade, and certify those numbers, each rounded to the nearest one-hundredth
8of a percent, to the legislature.
AJR78,2,109 (3) Each apportionment of the members of the senate and assembly shall
10conform to the following criteria:
AJR78,2,1211 (a) Each assembly district shall contain a number of inhabitants that does not
12deviate more than 2 percent from the statewide mean district population.
AJR78,2,1713 (b) African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and members
14of any other demographic group protected by the laws of the United States shall be
15the voting age majority in the number of assembly and senate districts in proportion
16to the percentage of the population in counties or groups of counties having a
17sufficient geographic concentration of their members.
AJR78,3,218 (c) At least one-half of the assembly districts, if the number of districts is
19divisible by 2, or rounded up to the next whole number in other cases, shall have a
20percentage above the average 5 general election percentage for the majority party;
21at least one-half of the senate districts, if the number of districts is divisible by 2, or
22rounded up to the next whole number in other cases, shall have a percentage above
23the average 5 general election percentage for the minority party; at least 20 assembly
24districts, and at least 7 senate districts, shall have a percentage for each of the 2
25major political parties that does not exceed 1 percent above the 5 general election

1percentage for that party; and no district may have a percentage in excess of 85
2percent for either political party.
AJR78,3,53 (4) Any senator or representative to the assembly whose district is altered as
4a result of the adopted plan shall continue in office for the balance of his or her term
5if he or she continues to reside in the district from which he or she was elected.
AJR78, s. 3 6Section 3. Numbering of new provisions. If another constitutional
7amendment ratified by the people creates the number of any provision created in this
8joint resolution, the chief of the legislative reference bureau shall determine the
9sequencing and the numbering of the provisions whose numbers conflict.
AJR78,3,12 10Be it further resolved, That this proposed amendment be referred to the
11legislature to be chosen at the next general election and that it be published for 3
12months previous to the time of holding such election.
AJR78,3,1313 (End)