2011 - 2012 LEGISLATURE
February 13, 2012 - Introduced by Senator Lasee, cosponsored by Representatives
Stroebel, Jacque, Litjens and Pridemore. Referred to Committee on
Insurance and Housing.
1An Act to repeal
704.05 (5) (a) 3. and 704.05 (5) (d); to renumber and amend
704.05 (5) (c); to consolidate, renumber and amend
704.05 (5) (a) (intro.) 3
and 1.; to amend
321.62 (15) (a), 704.03 (1), 704.05 (5) (title), 704.05 (5) (a) 2., 4
704.07 (1), 704.11, 704.27, 704.29 (title) and 704.44 (intro.); to repeal and
704.05 (5) (a) (title); and to create
66.1010, 704.02, 704.05 (5) (cm), 6
704.07 (2) (bm), 704.07 (3) (bm), 704.08, 704.17 (2) (d), 704.28, 704.29 (5) and 7
799.40 (1m) of the statutes; relating to: miscellaneous landlord-tenant
8provisions and prohibiting a local government from imposing a moratorium on
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill makes a number of changes to current law relating to landlord-tenant
relations, including the following:
1. Current law provides that, if a tenant leaves behind personal property after
moving out of the rental premises, the landlord may store the property without a lien
and return it to the tenant; store the property with a lien for the cost of storage and
give the tenant notice of the storage within ten days after the charges begin; or give
the tenant notice that after 30 days the landlord intends to dispose of the property
by sale or other appropriate means. If the landlord disposes of the property by sale,
the landlord may deduct the costs of sale from the proceeds. The tenant has 60 days
after the date of the sale to claim the remaining proceeds, and any proceeds not
claimed by the tenant must be sent to the Department of Administration (DOA) to
be used for providing grants to agencies and shelter facilities for the homeless.
Current law allows the tenant or any person with a security interest in the property
to redeem the property before the landlord disposes of it or enters into a contract for
its disposal by paying the landlord's costs for removal, storage, disposition, and
arranging for the sale, of the property.
The bill eliminates the procedures under current law for disposing of personal
property that a tenant leaves behind and provides that, in the absence of a written
agreement to the contrary between the landlord and tenant, the landlord may
presume that the personal property has been abandoned and may dispose of it in any
manner that the landlord determines is appropriate. The tenant is responsible for
any costs that the landlord incurs with respect to the property's disposal. If the
landlord sells the property, the landlord may send the proceeds, minus any costs of
sale and storage, to DOA for use in providing grants to homeless shelters. As under
current law, the tenant or a secured party, however, may redeem the property before
the landlord disposes of the property, or enters into a contract for its disposal, by
paying all charges that the landlord has incurred with respect to the disposal.
2. Currently, what a landlord may deduct from a tenant's security deposit when
the tenant vacates the premises is specified, not in the statutes, but in the Wisconsin
Administrative Code (Code). The bill incorporates the Code provisions into the
statutes and thus provides that a landlord may deduct amounts from a security
deposit for tenant damage to the premises, unpaid rent, unpaid utility services for
which the tenant was responsible, any unpaid monthly municipal permit fees, and
any other reason provided in a nonstandard rental provision to which the tenant has
agreed. A landlord specifically may not deduct amounts from a security deposit for
normal wear and tear.
The bill also provides that, if a tenant removes from the premises before the end
of his or her lease term, the landlord must return the tenant's security deposit within
21 days after the end of the lease term or, if the landlord rerents the premises before
the end of that lease term, within 21 days after the new tenant's tenancy begins.
3. The bill requires a landlord to provide to a new tenant a standardized
information check-in sheet with an itemized description of the condition of the
premises at the time of the tenant's check-in. In addition, a landlord must disclose
to a prospective tenant any uncorrected building code violation: 1) that affects the
prospective tenant's dwelling unit or a common area of the premises; 2) for which the
landlord has received notice from a local housing code enforcement agency; and 3)
for which the date for correction is past due.
4. The bill requires a tenant to notify the landlord in writing of any repair or
maintenance that the premises requires before reporting the problem to a building
inspector, elected public official, or local housing code enforcement agency.
5. Current law provides that a rental agreement is void and unenforceable if
it allows a landlord to take various actions, such as increasing rent or refusing to
renew a rental agreement, because the tenant has contacted an entity for law
enforcement services, health services, or safety services. The bill changes this to
provide that, rather than the entire rental agreement being void and unenforceable,
any provision in a rental agreement that allows a landlord to take the specified
actions is void and unenforceable. The bill also provides generally that provisions
in rental agreements are severable and that the invalidity or unenforceability of any
provision does not affect the other provisions that can be given effect without the
6. Under current law, if a tenant does not remove from the premises after his
or her lease has expired or his or her tenancy has been terminated, such as for
nonpayment of rent, the landlord may recover damages from the tenant for the
tenant's failure to vacate. The statute provides that the landlord may recover as
minimum damages twice the rental value of the premises for the time that the tenant
remained in possession if the landlord does not prove that he or she suffered greater
damages. The bill provides that the landlord, at the landlord's discretion, shall
recover damages for the tenant's failure to vacate. The amount of the damages shall
be, at a minimum, twice the rental value of the premises for the time that the tenant
remained in possession, in the absence of proof of greater damages. The bill also
clarifies that the landlord may seek and recover any other damages to which the
landlord may be entitled.
7. The bill provides that, if a landlord commences an eviction action against a
tenant whose tenancy was terminated for nonpayment of rent and the landlord
accepts past due rent from the tenant, the eviction action may not be dismissed solely
because of the acceptance of the rent.
8. The bill also prohibits any city, village, town, or county from enacting an
ordinance, or enforcing an existing ordinance, that imposes a moratorium on a
landlord from pursuing an eviction action against a tenant of the landlord's
residential or commercial property.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
SB466, s. 1
66.1010 of the statutes is created to read:
266.1010 Moratorium on evictions. (1)
In this section, "political subdivision" 3
has the meaning given in s. 66.1011 (1m) (e).
A political subdivision may not enact or enforce an ordinance that imposes 5
a moratorium on a landlord from pursuing an eviction action under ch. 799 against 6
a tenant of the landlord's residential or commercial property.
If a political subdivision has in effect on the effective date of this subsection 2
.... [LRB inserts date], an ordinance that is inconsistent with sub. (2), the ordinance 3
does not apply and may not be enforced.
SB466, s. 2
321.62 (15) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
(a) Notwithstanding ss. 704.05 (5) and s.
704.90, no person may 6
enforce a lien for storage of any household goods, furniture, or personal effects of a 7
service member during the period in which the service member is in state active duty 8
and for 90 days after the member's completion of state active duty, except as 9
permitted by a court order under par. (b).
SB466, s. 3
704.02 of the statutes is created to read:
11704.02 Severability of rental agreement provisions.
The provisions of a 12
rental agreement are severable. If any provision of a rental agreement is rendered 13
void or unenforceable by reason of any statute, rule, regulation, or judicial order, the 14
invalidity or unenforceability of that provision does not affect other provisions of the 15
rental agreement that can be given effect without the invalid provision.
SB466, s. 4
704.03 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
704.03 (1) Original agreement. A Notwithstanding s. 704.02, a
lease for more 18
than a year, or a contract to make such a lease, is not enforceable unless it meets the 19
requirements of s. 706.02 and in addition sets forth the amount of rent or other 20
consideration, the time of commencement and expiration of the lease
and a 21
reasonably definite description of the premises, or unless a writing
, including by
22means of electronic mail or facsimile transmission,
signed by the landlord and the 23
tenant sets forth the amount of rent or other consideration, the duration of the lease, 24
and a reasonably definite description of the premises and the commencement date 25
is established by entry of the tenant into possession under the writing. Sections
704.05 and 704.07 govern as to matters within the scope of such sections and not 2
provided for in such written lease or contract.
SB466, s. 5
704.05 (5) (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
(title) Storage or disposition Disposition of personalty left by
SB466, s. 6
704.05 (5) (a) (title) of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
(a) (title) At the landlord's discretion.
SB466, s. 7
704.05 (5) (a) (intro.) and 1. of the statutes are consolidated, 9
renumbered 704.05 (5) (a) 1. and amended to read:
(a) 1. If a tenant removes from the premises and leaves personal 11
property, the landlord may do all of the following: 1. Store the personalty, on or off
12the premises, with a lien on the personalty for the actual and reasonable cost of
13removal and storage or, if stored by the landlord, for the actual and reasonable value
14of storage. The landlord shall give written notice of the storage to the tenant within
1510 days after the charges begin. The landlord shall give the notice either personally
16or by ordinary mail addressed to the tenant's last-known address and shall state the
17daily charges for storage. The landlord may not include the cost of damages to the
18premises or past or future rent due in the amount demanded for satisfaction of the
19lien. The landlord may not include rent charged for the premises in calculating the
20cost of storage. Medicine and medical equipment are not subject to the lien under
21this subdivision, and presume, in the absence of a written agreement between
landlord shall promptly return them to and
the tenant upon request to the contrary,
23that the tenant has abandoned the personal property and may dispose of the
24abandoned personal property in any manner that the landlord, in its sole discretion,
1determines is appropriate. The tenant is responsible for any costs that the landlord
2incurs with respect to disposition of the abandoned personal property
(a) 2. Give the tenant notice, personally or by ordinary mail
6addressed to the tenant's last-known address, of the landlord's intent to dispose of
7the personal property by sale or other appropriate means if the property is not
8repossessed by the tenant. If the tenant fails to repossess the property within 30 days
9after the date of personal service or the date of the mailing of the notice, If
landlord may dispose disposes
of the property by private or public sale or any other
11appropriate means. The, the
landlord may deduct from send
the proceeds of the
any costs of sale and any storage charges if the landlord has first stored the 13
personalty under subd. 1. If the proceeds minus the costs of sale and minus any
14storage charges are not claimed within 60 days after the date of the sale of the
15personalty, the landlord is not accountable to the tenant for any of the proceeds of the
16sale or the value of the property. The landlord shall send the proceeds of the sale
17minus the costs of the sale and minus any storage charges
to the department of 18
administration for deposit in the appropriation under s. 20.505 (7) (h).
SB466, s. 9
704.05 (5) (a) 3. of the statutes is repealed.
SB466, s. 10
704.05 (5) (c) of the statutes is renumbered 704.05 (5) (b) and 21
amended to read:
(b) Rights of 3rd persons.
The landlord's lien and
power to dispose 23
as provided by this subsection apply applies
to any property left on the premises by 24
the tenant, whether owned by the tenant or by others. That lien has priority over
25any ownership or security interest, and the The
power to dispose under this
subsection applies notwithstanding any
rights of others existing under any claim of 2
ownership or security interest, but is subject to s. 321.62
. The tenant or any secured 3
party has the right to redeem the property at any time before the landlord has 4
disposed of it or entered into a contract for its disposition by payment of the landlord's
5charges under par. (a) for removal, storage, disposition and arranging for the sale any
6expenses that the landlord has incurred with respect to the disposition of the
SB466, s. 11
704.05 (5) (cm) of the statutes is created to read:
(cm) Inapplicability to self-storage facilities.
This subsection does 10
not apply to a lessee of a self-storage unit or space within a self-storage facility 11
under s. 704.90.
SB466, s. 12
704.05 (5) (d) of the statutes is repealed.
SB466, s. 13
704.07 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
704.07 (1) Application of section.
This section applies to any nonresidential 15
tenancy if there is no contrary provision in writing signed by both parties and to all 16
residential tenancies. An agreement to waive the requirements of this section in a 17
residential tenancy, including an agreement in a rental agreement,
is void. Nothing 18
in this section is intended to affect rights and duties arising under other provisions 19
of the statutes.
SB466, s. 14
704.07 (2) (bm) of the statutes is created to read:
(bm) A landlord shall disclose to a prospective tenant, before 22
entering into a rental agreement with or accepting any earnest money or security 23
deposit from the prospective tenant, any building code or housing code violation to 24
which all of the following apply: