2015 - 2016 LEGISLATURE
January 5, 2016 - Introduced by Senators Gudex,
Wanggaard and Marklein,
cosponsored by Representatives
Schraa, Murphy, Ballweg, Mursau,
Skowronski, A. Ott, Brostoff, Heaton, Horlacher, Thiesfeldt, Hintz, T.
Larson, E. Brooks, Tittl, Spiros and Kerkman. Referred to Committee on
Judiciary and Public Safety.
1An Act to renumber and amend
114.105; to amend
114.04; and to create
114.045, 114.105 (1) and 114.105 (3) of the statutes; relating to: the operation
3of drones over state correctional institutions, the authority of political
4subdivisions to designate areas over which the operation of drones is limited,
5and providing a penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill prohibits the operation of drones over a state correctional institution.
Any person who violates this prohibition may be required to forfeit not more than
$5,000. Also, a law enforcement officer investigating an alleged violation of this
provision is required to seize and transfer to the Department of Corrections any
visual representation or data that represents a visual image that was created or
recorded by a drone during the alleged violation.
This bill also authorizes a city, village, town, or county (political subdivision) to
enact an ordinance designating an area within its jurisdiction as an area over which
the operation of a drone is limited and imposing limitations on the operation of
drones over the designated area. The ordinance may not apply to the operation of
a drone by the state, an agency of the state, or a public safety agency or the operation
of a drone with the consent of the owner of the property over which the drone is
operated. A political subdivision may provide a forfeiture of not more than $2,500 for
each violation of a drone operation ordinance.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
114.04 of the statutes is amended to read:
2114.04 Flying and landing, limitations.
Subject to s. ss. 114.105 (3) and 3
175.55, and except as provided in s. ss. 114.045 and
942.10, flight of or in aircraft or 4
spacecraft over the lands and waters of this state is lawful, unless at such a low 5
altitude as to interfere with the then existing use to which the land or water, or the 6
space over the land or water, is put by the owner, or unless so conducted as to be 7
imminently dangerous or damaging to persons or property lawfully on the land or 8
water beneath. The landing of an aircraft or spacecraft on the lands or waters of 9
another, without the person's consent, is unlawful, except in the case of a forced 10
landing. For damages caused by a forced landing, however, the owner or lessee of the 11
aircraft or spacecraft or the aeronaut or astronaut shall be liable, as provided in s. 12
114.045 of the statutes is created to read:
14114.045 Limitation on the operation of drones. (1)
No person may operate 15
a drone, as defined in s. 114.105 (1) (a), over a state correctional institution, as 16
defined in s. 301.01 (4), including any grounds of the institution.
Any person who violates sub. (1) may be required to forfeit not more than 18
A law enforcement officer investigating an alleged violation of sub. (1) shall 20
seize and transfer to the department of corrections any photograph, motion picture,
other visual representation, or data that represents a visual image that was created 2
or recorded by a drone during an alleged violation of sub. (1).
114.105 of the statutes is renumbered 114.105 (2) and amended to 4
114.105 (2) Any county, town, city or village A political subdivision
may adopt 6
any ordinance in strict conformity with the provisions of this chapter and impose the 7
same penalty for violation of any of its provisions except that such an
ordinance shall 8under this subsection may
not provide for the suspension or revocation of pilot or 9
aircraft licenses or certificates and shall may
not provide for imprisonment except 10
for failure to pay any fine which may be imposed.
No local authority shall political subdivision may
enact any ordinance 12
governing aircraft or aeronautics or spacecraft or astronautics contrary to or 13
inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter or federal law.
Every court in which a violation of such an
ordinance under this section
prosecuted shall make a written report of any conviction (
including bail or 16
appearance money forfeiture),
to the federal aviation administration.
114.105 (1) of the statutes is created to read:
In this section:
(a) "Drone" means a powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human 20
operator, uses aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift, and can fly autonomously 21
or be piloted remotely. A drone may be expendable or recoverable.
(b) "Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
114.105 (3) of the statutes is created to read:
(a) If a political subdivision determines that public safety requires 25
that drone operation over an area under the jurisdiction of the political subdivision
be limited, subject to par. (b), the political subdivision may enact an ordinance 2
designating the area as an area over which the operation of a drone is limited and 3
imposing limitations on the operation of drones over the designated area. Subject 4
to par. (b), an ordinance under this section may prohibit any operation of a drone over 5
a designated area.
(b) An ordinance under par. (a) may not apply to any of the following:
1. The operation of a drone by the state, an agency of the state, or a public safety 8
agency, as defined in s. 256.35 (1) (g).
2. The operation of a drone with the permission of the owner of the property 10
over which the drone is operated.
(c) If a political subdivision enacts an ordinance under par. (a), the political 12
subdivision shall provide notice reasonably calculated to inform the public of the 13
location of areas over which drone operation is limited. If the political subdivision 14
produces a newsletter for its residents, the political subdivision shall provide notice 15
of the areas affected by an ordinance under par. (a) in the newsletter. If the political 16
subdivision maintains an Internet site, the political subdivision shall maintain a list 17
of locations affected by an ordinance under par. (a) on the Internet site.
(d) A political subdivision may provide a forfeiture of not more than $2,500 for 19
each violation of an ordinance under par. (a).