LRB-2427/1
EVM:emw
2017 - 2018 LEGISLATURE
April 4, 2017 - Introduced by Representatives Spiros, Jacque, Allen, Berceau,
Horlacher, Katsma, Kleefisch, Novak, Skowronski and Thiesfeldt,
cosponsored by Senators Wanggaard and Marklein. Referred to Committee
on Transportation.
AB197,1,5 1An Act to amend 343.31 (3) (a), 343.38 (1) (intro.), 343.38 (1) (c) 1., 343.44 (2)
2(ar) 2. and 343.44 (2p) (intro.); and to create 343.31 (1m), 343.38 (1) (d) and
3343.44 (2) (ar) 2m. of the statutes; relating to: revocation of operating privilege
4for certain offenses related to operating while intoxicated, operating after
5revocation, making an appropriation, and providing a criminal penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill provides for permanent revocation of a person's operating privilege if
the person commits certain offenses related to drunken driving or driving under the
influence of an intoxicant or other drug (OWI offenses).
Under current law, the Department of Transportation may revoke or suspend
a person's operating privilege if the person commits certain traffic offenses or crimes,
such as operating a vehicle while intoxicated. The period of revocation varies based
on the reason for the revocation, generally ranging from several months to a year.
Suspensions of operating privileges may also be ordered by a court adjudicating an
underlying criminal or traffic offense. Suspensions by a court also vary in length
based on the underlying criminal or traffic offense, ranging from several months to
several years.
Also under current law, if a person's operating privilege is suspended or
revoked, the person may apply for an occupational license, which restricts when and
where the person is allowed to drive, such as to and from work. In most cases, the
person is eligible for an occupational license 15 days after the date of the suspension

or revocation. In some cases involving serious offenses, the person is not eligible for
an occupational license until one year after the date of the suspension or revocation.
Also under current law, with limited exceptions, DOT may reinstate a person's
revoked operating privilege if all of the following apply: 1) the period of revocation
has expired; 2) the person pays DOT all required fees; 3) the person passes any
examination required by DOT; and 4) with exceptions, the person files proof of
financial responsibility with DOT and maintains it for three years.
This bill requires DOT to permanently revoke the operating privilege of a
person who meets either of the following requirements:
1. The person has committed four or more OWI offenses.
2. The person has committed two or more OWI offenses and has two or more
“qualifying convictions." A qualifying conviction is 1) a conviction for certain
homicides that involve the use of a motor vehicle or 2) a conviction for certain felonies
involving the use of a motor vehicle.
A person whose operating privilege is revoked under this bill is not eligible for
an occupational license. After ten years of the revocation period have elapsed, the
person, however, may apply for reinstatement of his or her operating privilege. DOT
may reinstate the person's operating privilege if the person meets the general
requirements for reinstatement and all of the following apply: 1) the person has not
been convicted of certain felonies or misdemeanors related to motor vehicle use
during the ten-year period immediately preceding the application for
reinstatement; and 2) the person submits to and complies with an assessment by an
approved public treatment facility for examination of the person's use of alcohol and
controlled substances and development of a driver safety plan for the person.
Current law prohibits a person from operating a motor vehicle on a highway
during any period in which the person's motor vehicle operating privilege is revoked
(operating after revocation or OAR). Under current law, a person convicted of OAR
is subject to a forfeiture of not more than $2,500 unless certain penalty enhancing
conditions apply. Among these, if the underlying revocation was the result of
specified traffic violations involving alcohol or controlled substances, the person
convicted of OAR is subject to a fine of not more than $2,500 or imprisonment for not
more than one year, or both.
Under this bill, a person convicted of a second or subsequent OAR based on a
permanent revocation, as provided in this bill, is subject to a fine of not more than
$10,000 or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.
Because this bill proposes to revoke a person's operating privilege upon
conviction for an offense, the Department of Transportation, as required by law, will
prepare a report to be printed as an appendix to this bill.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
AB197,1
1Section 1. 343.31 (1m) of the statutes is created to read:
AB197,3,32 343.31 (1m) (a) In this subsection, “qualifying conviction" means any of the
3following:
AB197,3,54 1. A conviction for a violation under s. 940.06, 940.09, or 940.10 involving the
5use of a vehicle.
AB197,3,76 2. A conviction for a crime punishable as a felony under chs. 341 to 348 or a
7felony in the commission of which a motor vehicle is used.
AB197,3,138 (b) If the number of convictions under ss. 940.09 (1) and 940.25 in the person's
9lifetime, plus the total number of other convictions, suspensions, and revocations
10counted under s. 343.307 (1), equals 4 or more, the department shall revoke the
11person's operating privilege permanently. The person is not eligible for an
12occupational license under s. 343.10. After 10 years of the revocation period have
13elapsed, the person may apply for reinstatement under s. 343.38.
AB197,3,2014 (c) If the number of convictions under ss. 940.09 (1) and 940.25 in the person's
15lifetime, plus the total number of other convictions, suspensions, and revocations
16counted under s. 343.307 (1) within a 25-year period, equals 2 or more, and the
17person has 2 or more qualifying convictions, the department shall revoke the person's
18operating privilege permanently. The person is not eligible for an occupational
19license under s. 343.10. After 10 years of the revocation period have elapsed, the
20person may apply for reinstatement under s. 343.38.
AB197,2 21Section 2. 343.31 (3) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
AB197,3,2422 343.31 (3) (a) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection or sub. (1m),
23(2m), (2s), (2t), or (2x), all revocations or suspensions under this section shall be for
24a period of one year.
AB197,3 25Section 3. 343.38 (1) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
AB197,4,4
1343.38 (1) Reinstatement after revocation. (intro.) Except as provided in ss.
2343.10, 343.31 (1m), 343.39, and 351.07, the department shall not reinstate the
3operating privilege of a person whose operating privilege has been duly revoked
4unless the period of revocation has expired and the person:
AB197,4 5Section 4. 343.38 (1) (c) 1. of the statutes is amended to read:
AB197,4,126 343.38 (1) (c) 1. Except as provided in subd. 2., files and maintains with the
7department proof of financial responsibility in the amount, form and manner
8specified in ch. 344. This Except for a reinstatement under s. 343.31 (1m), this
9subdivision does not apply after 3 years have elapsed since the expiration of the
10period of revocation. For a reinstatement under s. 343.31 (1m), this subdivision does
11not apply to a person after 3 years have elapsed since the reinstatement of the
12operating privilege of the person.
AB197,5 13Section 5. 343.38 (1) (d) of the statutes is created to read:
AB197,4,1514 343.38 (1) (d) If the person's operating privilege has been revoked under s.
15343.31 (1m), satisfies all of the following:
AB197,4,1916 1. The person has not been convicted of an offense that is a felony or a
17misdemeanor, that is counted under s. 343.307 (1) or specified under s. 351.02 (1) (a),
18and that was committed during the 10-year period immediately preceding the
19application for reinstatement.
AB197,4,2420 2. Not more than 45 days before applying for reinstatement, the person submits
21to and complies with an assessment by an approved public treatment facility, as
22defined in s. 51.45 (2) (c), for examination of the person's use of alcohol, controlled
23substances, or controlled substance analogs and development of a driver safety plan
24for the person.
AB197,6 25Section 6. 343.44 (2) (ar) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
AB197,5,4
1343.44 (2) (ar) 2. Except as provided in subds. 2m., 3., and 4., any person who
2violates sub. (1) (b) shall be fined not more than $2,500 or imprisoned for not more
3than one year in the county jail or both if the revocation identified under sub. (1) (b)
4resulted from an offense that may be counted under s. 343.307 (2).
AB197,7 5Section 7. 343.44 (2) (ar) 2m. of the statutes is created to read:
AB197,5,106 343.44 (2) (ar) 2m. Except as provided in subds. 3. and 4., any person who
7violates sub. (1) (b) shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more
8than one year or both if the revocation identified under sub. (1) (b) is under s. 343.31
9(1m) and the person has been previously convicted of a violation of sub. (1) (b) where
10the revocation identified under sub. (1) (b) was under s. 343.31 (1m).
AB197,8 11Section 8. 343.44 (2p) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
AB197,5,1612 343.44 (2p) Sentencing option. (intro.) The legislature intends that courts use
13the sentencing option under s. 973.03 (4) whenever appropriate for persons subject
14to sub. (2) to provide cost savings for the state and for local governments. This option
15shall not be used if the revocation is a permanent revocation under s. 343.31 (1m) or
16if the
suspension or revocation was for one of the following:
AB197,9 17Section 9. Nonstatutory provisions.
AB197,5,2318 (1) Notwithstanding section 16.42 (1) (e) of the statutes, if this subsection takes
19effect in fiscal year 2018-19, in submitting information under section 16.42 of the
20statutes for purposes of the 2019-21 biennial budget bill, the department of
21transportation shall submit information concerning the appropriation under section
2220.395 (5) (cq) of the statutes as though the increase in the dollar amount of that
23appropriation by Section 10 (1) of this act had not been made.
AB197,10 24Section 10 . Fiscal changes.
AB197,6,5
1(1) In the schedule under section 20.005 (3) of the statutes for the appropriation
2to the department of transportation under section 20.395 (5) (cq) of the statutes, the
3dollar amount is increased by $198,510 for the fiscal year in which this subsection
4takes effect to increase funding for purposes related to revocations of operating
5privilege under section 343.31 (1m) of the statutes.
AB197,11 6Section 11. Initial applicability.
AB197,6,107 (1) This act first applies to violations committed on the effective date of this
8subsection, but does not preclude the counting of other convictions, suspensions, or
9revocations as prior convictions, suspensions, or revocations for purposes of
10administrative action by the department of transportation.
AB197,12 11Section 12. Effective dates. This act takes effect on the first day of the 9th
12month beginning after publication, except as follows:
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