2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
January 29, 2020 - Introduced by Senators Stroebel, Olsen and Cowles,
cosponsored by Representatives
Snyder, Kulp, Dittrich, Felzkowski,
Horlacher, James, Katsma, Kerkman, Kurtz, Magnafici, Milroy, Murphy,
Ramthun, Tusler, Tranel, Thiesfeldt, VanderMeer, Tittl and Edming.
Referred to Committee on Insurance, Financial Services, Government
Oversight and Courts.
1An Act to create
48.415 (2) (b) of the statutes; relating to: termination of
2parental rights if a child has been placed outside the home for 15 of the last 22
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill expands the termination of parental rights (TPR) ground based on a
child's continuing need of protection or services.
Current law provides various grounds for an involuntary TPR, including
continuing need of protection or services, which must be established by proving 1)
that the child has been adjudged to be a child or juvenile in need of protection or
services (CHIPS) and placed, or continued in a placement, outside the child's home
pursuant to one or more orders of the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under
the Children's Code (juvenile court); 2) that the agency responsible for the care of the
child has made a reasonable effort to provide the services ordered by the juvenile
court; and 3) that the child has been outside the home for a cumulative total period
of six months or longer, the parent has failed to meet the conditions established for
the safe return of the child to the home, and there is a substantial likelihood that the
parent will not meet those conditions by the time the child has been placed outside
the home for 15 of the last 22 months.
Under the bill, the involuntary TPR ground of continuing need of protection or
services may also be established by proving that a child has been placed outside of
his or her home on a continuing CHIPS order for 15 of the last 22 months and that
a review panel or court has not, in the 22 months prior to the filing of the TPR
petition, found that the agency failed to make reasonable efforts to achieve a
permanency goal. Under the bill, if the child is an Indian child, the petitioner must
also show that continued custody of the Indian child by the Indian child's parent or
Indian custodian is likely to result in serious emotional or physical damage to the
Indian child and that active efforts have been made to prevent the breakup of the
Indian child's family but those efforts have proved to be unsuccessful.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
48.415 (2) (b) of the statutes is created to read:
(b) That all of the following apply, except that if a parent filed the 3
petition under s. 48.255 that resulted in the order under subd. 1., that parent's 4
parental rights may not be terminated under this paragraph:
1. That the child has been adjudged to be a child or an unborn child in need of 6
protection or services and placed, or continued in a placement, outside his or her 7
home pursuant to one or more court orders under s. 48.345, 48.347, 48.357, 48.363, 8
or 48.365, containing the notice required by s. 48.356 (2).
2. That the child has been placed outside his or her home, as described in s. 10
48.365 (1), for 15 of the most recent 22 months, not including any period during which 11
the child was a runaway from the out-of-home placement or was residing in a trial 12
3. That a review panel or court has not, in the 22 months prior to the filing of 14
the petition to terminate parental rights, made a finding in a permanency review 15
under s. 48.38 (5) or a permanency hearing under s. 48.38 (5m) that the agency failed 16
to make reasonable efforts to achieve a permanency goal.
4. If the child is an Indian child, that continued custody of the Indian child by 18
the Indian child's parent or Indian custodian is likely to result in serious emotional
or physical damage to the Indian child under s. 48.028 (4) (e) 1. and that active efforts 2
under s. 48.028 (4) (e) 2. have been made to prevent the breakup of the Indian child's 3
family and those efforts have proved unsuccessful.
This act first applies to a court order required to contain the notice under 6
s. 48.356 (2) granted on the effective date of this subsection.