Categories of Importance:
Priority Items, Priority Foundation Items, and Core Items
Requirements contained in the Food Code are identified as being in one of 3 categories of importance:
• priority item (i.e., a provision in this Code whose application contributes directly to the elimination, prevention or reduction to an acceptable level, hazards associated with foodborne illness or injury and there is no other provision that more directly controls the hazard);
• priority foundation item (i.e., a provision in this Code whose application supports, facilitates, or enables one or more priority items); and
• core item (i.e., a provision in this Code that is not designated as a priority item or a priority foundation item and that usually relates to general sanitation, operational controls, sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOPs), facilities or structures, equipment design, or general maintenance).
A “P" or “Pf" designation after a paragraph or subparagraph indicates that the provision within that section is a priority item or priority foundation item. Any unmarked provisions within a section are core items.
(1) “Accredited program" means a food protection manager certification program that has been evaluated and listed by an accrediting agency as conforming to national standards for organizations that certify individuals.
(2) “Accredited program" refers to the certification process and is a designation based upon an independent evaluation of factors such as the sponsor's mission; organizational structure; staff resources; revenue sources; policies; public information regarding program scope, eligibility requirements, re-certification, discipline and grievance procedures; and test development and administration.
(3) “Accredited program" does not refer to training functions or educational programs.
(1) “Food additive"
has the meaning stated in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, § 201 (s) and 21 CFR 170
(2) “Color additive"
has the meaning stated in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, § 201 (t) and 21 CFR 70
has the meaning stated in s. 97.02
“Agent" means the city, county, or village designated by the department to issue permits to and make investigations and inspections of food establishments.
“Approved" means acceptable to the regulatory authority based on a determination of conformity with principles, practices, and generally recognized standards that protect public health.
(1) “Asymptomatic" means without obvious symptoms; not showing or producing indications of a disease or other medical condition, such as an individual infected with a pathogen but not exhibiting or producing any signs or symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea, or jaundice.
(2) “Asymptomatic" includes not showing symptoms because symptoms have resolved or subsided, or because symptoms never manifested.
“aw" means water activity which is a measure of the free moisture in a food, is the quotient of the water vapor pressure of the substance divided by the vapor pressure of pure water at the same temperature, and is indicated by the symbol
“Balut" means an embryo inside a fertile
egg that has been incubated for a period sufficient for the embryo to reach a specific stage of development after which it is removed from incubation before hatching.
“Beverage" means a liquid for drinking, including water.
“Bottled drinking water" means water that is sealed in bottles, packages, or other containers and offered for sale for human consumption, including bottled mineral water.
“Casing" means a tubular container for sausage products made of either natural or artificial (synthetic) material.
“Certification number" means a unique combination of letters and numbers assigned by a shellfish control authority to a
molluscan shellfish dealer according to the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program.
means Code of Federal Regulations
Citations in this Code to the CFR refer sequentially to the Title, Part, and Section numbers, such as 40 CFR 180.194
refers to Title 40, Part 180, Section 194.
(1) “CIP" means cleaned in place by the circulation or flowing by mechanical means through a piping system of a detergent solution, water rinse, and sanitizing solution onto or over equipment surfaces that require cleaning, such as the method used, in part, to clean and sanitize a frozen dessert machine.
(2) “CIP" does not include the cleaning of equipment such as band saws, slicers, or mixers that are subjected to in-place manual cleaning without the use of a CIP system.
(1) To combine shellstock harvested on different days or from different growing areas as identified on the tag or label; or
(2) To combine shucked shellfish from containers with different container codes or different shucking dates.
(1) “Comminuted" means reduced in size by methods including chopping, flaking, grinding, or mincing.
(2) “Comminuted" includes fish or meat products that are reduced in size and restructured or reformulated such as gefilte fish, gyros, ground beef, and sausage; and a mixture of 2 or more types of meat that have been reduced in size and combined, such as sausages made from 2 or more meats.
“Conditional employee" means a potential
food employee to whom a job offer is made, conditional on responses to subsequent medical questions or examinations designed to identify potential food employees who may be suffering from a disease that can be transmitted through food and done in compliance with Title 1 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
“Confirmed disease outbreak" means a foodborne disease outbreak in which laboratory analysis of appropriate specimens identifies a causative agent and epidemiological analysis implicates the food as the source of the illness.
“Consumer" means an individual who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processing plant, and does not offer the
food for resale.
(1) “Core item" means a provision in this Code that is not designated as a priority item or a priority foundation item.
(2) “Core item" includes an item that usually relates to general sanitation, operational controls, sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOPs), facilities or structures, equipment design, or general maintenance.
“Corrosion-resistant material" means a material that maintains acceptable surface cleanability characteristics under prolonged influence of the
food to be contacted, the normal use of cleaning compounds and sanitizing solutions, and other conditions of the use environment.
“Counter-mounted equipment" means equipment that is not portable and is designed to be mounted off the floor on a table, counter, or shelf.
“Critical control point" means a point or procedure in a specific food system where loss of control may result in an unacceptable health risk.
“Critical limit" means the maximum or minimum value to which a physical, biological, or chemical parameter must be controlled at a critical control point to minimize the risk that the identified food safety hazard may occur.
“Cut leafy greens" means fresh leafy greens whose leaves have been cut, shredded, sliced, chopped, or torn. The term “leafy greens" includes iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, leaf lettuce, butter lettuce, baby leaf lettuce (i.e., immature lettuce or leafy greens), escarole, endive, spring mix, spinach, cabbage, kale, arugula, and chard. The term “leafy greens" does not include herbs such as cilantro or parsley.
“Dealer" means a person who is authorized by a shellfish control authority for the activities of shellstock shipper, shucker-packer, repacker, reshipper, or depuration processor of molluscan shellfish according to the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program.
“Department" means the department of health services or the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection as applicable.
“Disclosure" means a written statement that clearly identifies the animal-derived foods which are, or can be ordered, raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens in their entirety, or items that contain an ingredient that is raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens.
(1) “Drinking water"
means water that meets the requirements of ch. NR 809
, Safe Drinking Water.
(2) “Drinking water" is traditionally known as “potable water."
(3) “Drinking water" includes the term “water" except where the term used connotes that the water is not potable, such as “boiler water," “mop water," “rainwater," “wastewater," and “nondrinking" water.
“Dry storage area" means a room or area designated for the storage of packaged or containerized bulk food that is not potentially hazardous (time/temperature controlled for safety food) and dry goods such as single-service items.
(1) “Easily cleanable" means a characteristic of a surface that:
(a) Allows effective removal of soil by normal cleaning methods;
(b) Is dependent on the material, design, construction, and installation of the surface; and
(c) Varies with the likelihood of the surface's role in introducing pathogenic or toxigenic agents or other contaminants into food based on the surface's approved placement, purpose, and use.
(2) “Easily cleanable" includes a tiered application of the criteria that qualify the surface as easily cleanable as specified under Subparagraph (1) of this definition to different situations in which varying degrees of cleanability are required such as:
(a) The appropriateness of stainless steel for a food preparation surface as opposed to the lack of need for stainless steel to be used for floors or for tables used for consumer dining; or
(b) The need for a different degree of cleanability for a utilitarian attachment or accessory in the kitchen as opposed to a decorative attachment or accessory in the consumer dining area.
“Easily movable" means:
(1) Portable; mounted on casters, gliders, or rollers; or provided with a mechanical means to safely tilt a unit of equipment for cleaning; and
(2) Having no utility connection, a utility connection that disconnects quickly, or a flexible utility connection line of sufficient length to allow the
equipment to be moved for cleaning of the equipment and adjacent area.
(1) “Egg" means the shell egg of avian species such as chicken, duck, goose, guinea, quail, ratite, or turkey.
(2) “Egg" does not include:
(a) A balut;
(b) The egg of reptile species such as alligator; or
(c) An egg product.
(1) “Egg Product" means all, or a portion of, the contents found inside eggs separated from the shell and pasteurized in a food processing plant, with or without added ingredients, intended for human consumption, such as dried, frozen or liquid eggs.
(2) “Egg Product" does not include food which contains
eggs only in a relatively small proportion such as cake mixes.
“Employee" means the permit holder, person in charge,
food employee, individual having supervisory or management duties, individual on the payroll, family member, volunteer, individual performing work under contractual agreement, or other individual working in a food establishment.
“Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli" (EHEC) means E. coli which cause hemorrhagic colitis, meaning bleeding enterically or bleeding from the intestine. The term is typically used in association with E. coli that have the capacity to produce Shiga toxins and to cause attaching and effacing lesions in the intestine. EHEC is a subset of shiga toxin-producing E. coli. (STEC), whose members produce additional virulence factors. Infections with EHEC may be asymptomatic but are classically associated with bloody diarrhea (hemorrhagic colitis) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Examples of serotypes of EHEC include: E. coli O157:H7; E. coli O157:NM; E. coli O26:H11;
E. coli O145:NM; E. coli O103:H2; or E. coli O111:NM.
Also see shiga toxin-producing E. coli.
“EPA" means the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
(1) “Equipment" means an article that is used in the operation of a food establishment such as a freezer, grinder, hood, ice maker, meat block, mixer, oven, reach-in refrigerator, scale, sink, slicer, stove, table, temperature measuring device for ambient air, vending machine, or
(2) “Equipment" does not include apparatuses used for handling or storing large quantities of packaged foods that are received from a supplier in a cased or overwrapped lot, such as hand trucks, forklifts, dollies, pallets, racks, and skids.
“Exclude" means to prevent a
person from working as an employee in a food establishment or entering a food establishment as an employee.
“Existing" in reference to a food establishment, means a food establishment operating under a permit/license issued by the
regulatory authority before September 1, 2013.
“FDA" means the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.