Register January 2017 No. 733
Chapter ATCP 83
DAIRY PRODUCT ADVERTISING AND LABELING
ATCP 83.01   Definitions.
ATCP 83.02   Synthetic bovine somatotropin; advertising and label claims.
Ch. ATCP 83 Note Note: Chapter ATCP 83 was adopted as an emergency rule effective August 10, 1994.
Ch. ATCP 83 Note Note: This chapter applies to product labels, advertisements, point-of-sale displays, representations by wholesale suppliers, and other representations made in connection with the sale, offering for sale, advertising, promotion or distribution of dairy products in this state, regardless of where those dairy products originate. This chapter is adopted under ss. 93.07 (1), 97.09 (4), 97.25 (3) and 100.20 (2), Stats., and interprets ss. 93.15, 97.03, 97.25, 100.18, 100.183 and 100.20, Stats. Violations of this chapter may be prosecuted under s. 93.21 (4), 97.72, 100.18 (11), or 100.26 (1), (3), (4) or (6), Stats. A person who suffers a monetary loss because of a violation of this chapter may sue the violator directly under s. 100.20 (5), Stats., and may recover twice the amount of the loss, together with costs and reasonable attorneys fees.
ATCP 83.01 ATCP 83.01Definitions. In this chapter:
ATCP 83.01(1) (1) “Bovine somatotropin" or “BST" means the protein growth hormone that is produced naturally in the pituitary glands of cows and that occurs naturally in the milk of cows. “Bovine somatotropin" includes bovine somatotropin represented by any name or symbol, such as “bovine growth hormone" or “BGH."
ATCP 83.01(2) (2) “Dairy product" has the meaning given in s. 97.20 (1) (b), Stats.
ATCP 83.01(3) (3) “Milk" has the meaning given in s. 97.01 (10), Stats.
ATCP 83.01(4) (4) “Person" means an individual, corporation, cooperative, partnership, limited liability company, association or other business organization or entity.
ATCP 83.01(5) (5) “rBST-free claim" means any direct or implied claim that a dairy product contains no synthetic bovine somatotropin, or is made from milk produced without the use of synthetic bovine somatotropin. “rBST-free claim" includes a statement made under s. ATCP 83.02 (5) (b) by a supplier of dairy products or ingredients, but does not include a milk producer affidavit under s. ATCP 83.02 (7).
ATCP 83.01(6) (6) “Sale" means advertising, promoting, labeling, distributing, offering for sale or selling a dairy product in this state, whether at wholesale or retail.
ATCP 83.01(7) (7) “Synthetic bovine somatotropin" or “rBST" means bovine somatotropin fabricated by recombinant DNA technology or other means. “Synthetic bovine somatotropin" includes synthetic bovine somatotropin represented by any name or symbol, such as “artificial bovine growth hormone," “recombinant bovine growth hormone," “artificial bovine somatotropin," “recombinant bovine somatotropin" or “rBGH."
ATCP 83.01 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1995, No. 472, eff. 5-1-95; correction in (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2017 No. 733.
ATCP 83.02 ATCP 83.02Synthetic bovine somatotropin; advertising and label claims.
ATCP 83.02(1) (1) A person may, in connection with the sale of a dairy product, represent that the dairy product is “farmer certified rBST-free" if the representation complies with this section.
ATCP 83.02 Note Note: See s. 97.25, Stats. Subsection (1) does not prohibit the use of other rBST-free claims that comply with this section.
ATCP 83.02(2) (2) No person may do any of the following in connection with the sale of a dairy product:
ATCP 83.02(2)(a) (a) Make any rBST-free claim that is false, deceptive or misleading.
ATCP 83.02(2)(b) (b) Make any rBST-free claim without appropriate qualifying statements under subs. (3) and (4).
ATCP 83.02(2)(c) (c) Make any rBST-free claim unless that person possesses reasonable substantiation for that claim when the claim is made. Substantiation shall comply with sub. (5).
ATCP 83.02(2)(d) (d) Represent, directly or by implication, that dairy products produced with milk from cows treated with synthetic bovine somatotropin differ significantly in composition from other dairy products.
ATCP 83.02(2)(e) (e) Represent, directly or by implication, that dairy products produced with milk from cows treated with synthetic bovine somatotropin are of lower quality, or are less safe or less wholesome than other dairy products.
ATCP 83.02(2)(f) (f) Represent, directly or by implication, that a dairy product contains no bovine somatotropin.
ATCP 83.02 Note Note: Since bovine somatotropin occurs naturally in milk, a statement that milk is “BST-free" or “BGH-free" is false unless the statement is clearly modified to refer to synthetic bovine somatotropin. Synthetic bovine somatotropin may be designated as “rBST" or “rBGH."
ATCP 83.02(2)(g) (g) Make any rBST-free claim for a dairy product if that dairy product, or any ingredient of that dairy product, is made with milk from cows treated with synthetic bovine somatotropin.
ATCP 83.02(3) (3)Qualifying statements required. No person may make an rBST-free claim in connection with the sale of a dairy product unless that claim includes all of the following qualifying statements:
ATCP 83.02(3)(a) (a) A clear and conspicuous statement that milk used in that dairy product is derived “from cows not treated with rBST," or an equivalent statement which clarifies that the rBST-free claim denotes a difference in milk production methods rather than a compositional difference in dairy products.
ATCP 83.02 Note Note: An unqualified rBST-free claim may be deceptive or misleading, in that it may imply a compositional difference between milk from treated and untreated cows rather than a difference in the way milk is produced.
ATCP 83.02(3)(b) (b) A clear and conspicuous statement that no significant difference has been shown between milk derived from cows treated with synthetic bovine somatotropin and milk derived from untreated cows.
ATCP 83.02(3)(c) (c) Other clear and conspicuous qualifying statements needed to ensure that the rBST-free claim is not untrue, deceptive or misleading.
ATCP 83.02 Note Note: For example, if a retailer makes an rBST-free claim that could be misconstrued to apply to several different products in a dairy display case, that claim should be qualified to identify those dairy products to which it applies.
ATCP 83.02(4) (4)Format of qualifying statements.
ATCP 83.02(4)(a)(a) Except as provided under par. (b), qualifying statements required under sub. (3) in connection with an rBST-free claim shall be both of the following:
ATCP 83.02(4)(a)1. 1. At least as clear and conspicuous as the rBST-free claim.
ATCP 83.02(4)(a)2. 2. Made directly in conjunction with the rBST-free claim, so that there is no written or graphic material separating the rBST-free claim from the required qualifying statements.
ATCP 83.02(4)(b) (b) If an rBST-free claim is made on the label of a dairy product package, the qualifying statements required under sub. (3) may appear in a separate statement on the same display panel of that package if all of the following conditions are met:
ATCP 83.02(4)(b)1. 1. The principal rBST-free claim is limited to the phrase “farmer certified rBST-free," “from cows not treated with rBST," “made with milk from cows not treated with rBST," or an equivalent phrase.
ATCP 83.02(4)(b)2. 2. The qualifying statements are clearly legible.
ATCP 83.02(4)(b)3. 3. The type size of the qualifying statements is not less than 1/3 the type size of the principal rBST-free claim.
ATCP 83.02(5) (5)Substantiating claims.
ATCP 83.02(5)(a)(a) No person may make an rBST-free claim in connection with the sale of a dairy product unless that person possesses reasonable substantiation for that claim at the time the claim is made. Substantiation shall comply with pars. (b) and (c).
ATCP 83.02(5)(b) (b) Except as provided under par. (c), a person making an rBST-free claim for a dairy product may substantiate that claim with a written statement from each person who supplies that dairy product or its dairy ingredients to the person making the rBST- free claim. The statement by each supplier shall certify that the dairy product or dairy ingredient provided by that supplier is made from milk produced without the use of synthetic bovine somatotropin.
ATCP 83.02(5)(c) (c) No person who receives raw milk from milk producers may make an rBST-free claim in connection with the sale of that milk, or in connection with the sale of any dairy product made from that milk, unless that claim is substantiated by affidavits from those milk producers. The affidavits shall comply with sub. (7).
ATCP 83.02(6) (6)Demand for substantiation. The department may issue a written notice to any person making an rBST-free claim in connection with the sale of a dairy product, requiring that person to provide the department with that person's substantiation under sub. (5) for that claim. The department may require that person to provide that substantiation within 14 days, or by a later date specified by the department. No person may fail to provide substantiation under this subsection within the time specified by the department.
ATCP 83.02(7) (7)Milk producer affidavits.
ATCP 83.02(7)(a)(a) A milk producer affidavit under sub. (5) (c) shall be a written statement, signed by the milk producer, which certifies to the person receiving the affidavit that the milk producer does not use synthetic bovine somatotropin in the production of milk shipped to that person. All affidavits in effect after January 1, 1996, shall be sworn and notarized.
ATCP 83.02(7)(b) (b) No milk producer signing an affidavit under par. (a) may, contrary to that affidavit, use synthetic bovine somatotropin in the production of milk shipped to the recipient of that affidavit.
ATCP 83.02(7)(c) (c) No milk producer may do any of the following:
ATCP 83.02(7)(c)1. 1. Sign an affidavit under par. (a) if any cow in the milk producer's herd has been treated with rBST within the previous 30 days.
ATCP 83.02(7)(c)2. 2. Withdraw or cancel an affidavit under par. (a) unless that milk producer gives the recipient of that affidavit at least 30 days prior written notice of that withdrawal or cancellation.
ATCP 83.02(7)(c)3. 3. Add to the milk producer's herd, while his or her affidavit under par. (a) remains in effect, a cow that has been treated with rBST within the previous 30 days.
ATCP 83.02(7)(d) (d) No person may use a milk producer affidavit to substantiate an rBST-free claim if any of the following applies:
ATCP 83.02(7)(d)1. 1. The milk producer has withdrawn or canceled that affidavit.
ATCP 83.02(7)(d)2. 2. The person making the rBST-free claim knows, or has reason to know, that the producer who signed the affidavit is using synthetic bovine somatotropin in milk production.
ATCP 83.02(7)(d)3. 3. The affidavit is more than one year old when the rBST- free claim is made.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.