DHS 107.16(1)(d)8.c. c. Gait training on parallel bars; and
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9. 9. Miscellaneous:
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.a. a. Aseptic or sterile procedures;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.b. b. Functional training, also known as activities of daily living — self-care training, transfers and wheelchair independence;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.c. c. Orthotic training;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.d. d. Positioning;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.e. e. Posture training;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.f. f. Preprosthetic training — desensitization;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.g. g. Preprosthetic training — strengthening;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.h. h. Preprosthetic training — wrapping;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.i. i. Prosthetic training;
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.j. j. Postural drainage; and
DHS 107.16(1)(d)9.k. k. Home program.
DHS 107.16(1)(e) (e) Physical therapy aide services.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)1.1. Services which are reimbursable when performed by a physical therapy aide meeting the requirements of subds. 2. and 3. are the following:
DHS 107.16(1)(e)1.a. a. Performing simple activities required to prepare a recipient for treatment, assist in the performance of treatment, or assist at the conclusion of treatment, such as assisting the recipient to dress or undress, transferring a recipient to or from a mat, and applying or removing orthopedic devices;
DHS 107.16 Note Note: Transportation of the recipient to or from the area in which therapy services are provided is not reimbursable.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)1.b. b. Assembling and disassembling equipment and accessories in preparation for treatment or after treatment has taken place;
DHS 107.16 Note Note: Examples of activities are adjustment of restorator, N.K. table, cybex, weights and weight boots for the patient, and the filling, cleaning and emptying of whirlpools.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)1.c. c. Assisting with the use of equipment and performing simple modalities once the recipient's program has been established and the recipient's response to the equipment or modality is highly predictable; and
DHS 107.16 Note Note: Examples of activities are application of hot or cold packs, application of paraffin, assisting recipient with whirlpool, tilt table, weights and pulleys.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)1.d. d. Providing protective assistance during exercise, activities of daily living, and ambulation activities related to the development of strength and refinement of activity.
DHS 107.16 Note Note: Examples of activities are improving recipient's gait safety and functional distance technique through repetitious gait training and increasing recipient's strength through the use of such techniques as weights, pulleys, and cane exercises.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)2. 2. The physical therapy aide shall be trained in a manner appropriate to his or her job duties. The supervising therapist is responsible for the training of the aide or for securing documentation that the aide has been trained by a physical therapist. The supervising therapist is responsible for determining and monitoring the aide's competency to perform assigned duties. The supervising therapist shall document in writing the modalities or activities for which the aide has received training.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)3.a.a. The physical therapy aide shall provide services under the direct, immediate, one-to-one supervision of a physical therapist. In this subdivision, “direct immediate, one-to-one supervision" means one-to-one supervision with face-to-face contact between the physical therapy aide and the supervising therapist during each treatment session, with the physical therapy aide assisting the therapist by providing services under subd. 1. The direct immediate one-to-one supervision requirement does not apply to non-billable physical therapy aide services.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)3.b. b. The department may exempt a facility providing physical therapy services from the supervision requirement under subd. 3. a. if it determines that direct, immediate one-to-one supervision is not required for specific assignments which physical therapy aides are performing at that facility. If an exemption is granted, the department shall indicate specific physical therapy aide services for which the exemption is granted and shall set a supervision ratio appropriate for those services.
DHS 107.16 Note Note: For example, facilities providing significant amounts of hydrotherapy may be eligible for an exemption to the direct, immediate one-to-one supervision requirement for physical therapy aides who fill or clean tubs.
DHS 107.16(1)(e)4. 4. Physical therapy aides may not bill or be reimbursed directly for their services.
DHS 107.16(2) (2)Services requiring prior authorization.
DHS 107.16(2)(a)(a) Definition. In this subsection, “spell of illness" means a condition characterized by a demonstrated loss of functional ability to perform daily living skills, caused by a new disease, injury or medical condition or by an increase in the severity of a pre-existing medical condition. For a condition to be classified as a new spell of illness, the recipient must display the potential to reachieve the skill level that he or she had previously.
DHS 107.16(2)(b) (b) Requirement. Prior authorization is required under this subsection for physical therapy services provided to an MA recipient in excess of 35 treatment days per spell of illness, except that physical therapy services provided to an MA recipient who is a hospital inpatient or who is receiving physical therapy services provided by a home health agency are not subject to prior authorization under this subsection.
DHS 107.16 Note Note: Physical therapy services provided by a home health agency are subject to prior authorization under s. DHS 107.11 (3).
DHS 107.16(2)(c) (c) Conditions justifying spell of illness designation. The following conditions may justify designation of a new spell of illness:
DHS 107.16(2)(c)1. 1. An acute onset of a new disease, injury or condition such as:
DHS 107.16(2)(c)1.a. a. Neuromuscular dysfunction, including stroke-hemiparesis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and diabetic neuropathy;
DHS 107.16(2)(c)1.b. b. Musculoskeletal dysfunction, including fracture, amputation, strains and sprains, and complications associated with surgical procedures; or
DHS 107.16(2)(c)1.c. c. Problems and complications associated with physiologic dysfunction, including severe pain, vascular conditions, and cardio-pulmonary conditions.
DHS 107.16(2)(c)2. 2. An exacerbation of a pre-existing condition, including but not limited to the following, which requires physical therapy intervention on an intensive basis:
DHS 107.16(2)(c)2.a. a. Multiple sclerosis;
DHS 107.16(2)(c)2.b. b. Rheumatoid arthritis; or
DHS 107.16(2)(c)2.c. c. Parkinson's disease.
DHS 107.16(2)(c)3. 3. A regression in the recipient's condition due to lack of physical therapy, as indicated by a decrease of functional ability, strength, mobility or motion.
DHS 107.16(2)(d) (d) Onset and termination of spell of illness. The spell of illness begins with the first day of treatment or evaluation following the onset of the new disease, injury or medical condition or increased severity of a pre-existing medical condition and ends when the recipient improves so that treatment by a physical therapist for the condition causing the spell of illness is no longer required, or after 35 treatment days, whichever comes first.
DHS 107.16(2)(e) (e) Documentation. The physical therapist shall document the spell of illness in the patient plan of care, including measurable evidence that the recipient has incurred a demonstrated functional loss of ability to perform daily living skills.
DHS 107.16(2)(f) (f) Non-transferability of treatment days. Unused treatment days from one spell of illness may not be carried over into a new spell of illness.
DHS 107.16(2)(g) (g) Other coverage. Treatment days covered by medicare or other third-party insurance shall be included in computing the 35-day per spell of illness total.
DHS 107.16(2)(h) (h) Department expertise. The department may have on its staff qualified physical therapists to develop prior authorization criteria and perform other consultative activities.
DHS 107.16 Note Note: For more information on prior authorization, see s. DHS 107.02 (3).
DHS 107.16(3) (3)Other limitations.
DHS 107.16(3)(a) (a) Plan of care for therapy services. Services shall be furnished to a recipient under a plan of care established and periodically reviewed by a physician. The plan shall be reduced to writing before treatment is begun, either by the physician who makes the plan available to the provider or by the provider of therapy when the provider makes a written record of the physician's oral orders. The plan shall be promptly signed by the ordering physician and incorporated into the provider's permanent record for the recipient. The plan shall:
DHS 107.16(3)(a)1. 1. State the type, amount, frequency and duration of the therapy services that are to be furnished the recipient and shall indicate the diagnosis and anticipated goals. Any changes shall be made in writing and signed by the physician, the provider of therapy services or the physician on the staff of the provider pursuant to the attending physician's oral orders; and
DHS 107.16(3)(a)2. 2. Be reviewed by the attending physician in consultation with the therapist providing services, at whatever intervals the severity of the recipient's condition requires, but at least every 90 days. Each review of the plan shall be indicated on the plan by the initials of the physician and the date performed. The plan for the recipient shall be retained in the provider's file.
DHS 107.16(3)(b) (b) Restorative therapy services. Restorative therapy services shall be covered services, except as provided in sub. (4) (b).
DHS 107.16(3)(c) (c) Maintenance therapy services. Preventive or maintenance therapy services shall be covered services only when one of the following conditions are met:
DHS 107.16(3)(c)1. 1. The skills and training of a therapist are required to execute the entire preventive and maintenance program;
DHS 107.16(3)(c)2. 2. The specialized knowledge and judgment of a physical therapist are required to establish and monitor the therapy program, including the initial evaluation, the design of the program appropriate to the individual recipient, the instruction of nursing personnel, family or recipient, and the necessary re-evaluations; or
DHS 107.16(3)(c)3. 3. When, due to the severity or complexity of the recipient's condition, nursing personnel cannot handle the recipient safely and effectively.
DHS 107.16(3)(d) (d) Evaluations. Evaluations shall be covered services. The need for an evaluation or re-evaluation shall be documented in the plan of care. Evaluations shall be counted toward the 35-day per spell of illness prior authorization threshold.
DHS 107.16(3)(e) (e) Extension of therapy services. Extension of therapy services shall not be approved beyond the 35-day per spell of illness prior authorization threshold in any of the following circumstances:
DHS 107.16(3)(e)1. 1. The recipient has shown no progress toward meeting or maintaining established and measurable treatment goals over a 6-month period, or the recipient has shown no ability within 6 months to carry over abilities gained from treatment in a facility to the recipient's home;
DHS 107.16(3)(e)2. 2. The recipient's chronological or developmental age, way of life or home situation indicates that the stated therapy goals are not appropriate for the recipient or serve no functional or maintenance purpose;
DHS 107.16(3)(e)3. 3. The recipient has achieved independence in daily activities or can be supervised and assisted by restorative nursing personnel;
DHS 107.16(3)(e)4. 4. The evaluation indicates that the recipient's abilities are functional for the person's present way of life;
DHS 107.16(3)(e)5. 5. The recipient shows no motivation, interest, or desire to participate in therapy, which may be for reasons of an overriding severe emotional disturbance;
DHS 107.16(3)(e)6. 6. Other therapies are providing sufficient services to meet the recipient's functioning needs; or
DHS 107.16(3)(e)7. 7. The procedures requested are not medical in nature or are not covered services. Inappropriate diagnoses for therapy services and procedures of questionable medical necessity may not receive departmental authorization, depending upon the individual circumstances.
DHS 107.16(4) (4)Non-covered services. The following services are not covered services:
DHS 107.16(4)(a) (a) Services related to activities for the general good and welfare of recipients, such as general exercises to promote overall fitness and flexibility and activities to provide diversion or general motivation;
DHS 107.16(4)(b) (b) Those services that can be performed by restorative nursing, as under s. DHS 132.60 (1) (b) through (d);
DHS 107.16(4)(c) (c) Activities such as end-of-the-day clean-up time, transportation time, consultations and required paper reports. These are considered components of the provider's overhead costs and are not covered as separately reimbursable items;
DHS 107.16(4)(d) (d) Group physical therapy services; and
DHS 107.16(4)(e) (e) When performed by a physical therapy aide, interpretation of physician referrals, patient evaluation, evaluation of procedures, initiation or adjustment of treatment, assumption of responsibility for planning patient care, or making entries in patient records.
DHS 107.16 Note Note: For more information on non-covered services, see s. DHS 107.03.
DHS 107.16 History History: Cr. Register, February, 1986, No 362, eff. 3-1-86; emerg. am. (2) (b), (d), (g), (3) (d) and (e) (intro.), eff. 7-1-88; am. (2) (b), (d), (g), (3) (d) and (e) (intro.), Register, December, 1988, No. 396, eff. 1-1-89; correction in (4) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2008 No. 636.
DHS 107.17 DHS 107.17Occupational therapy.
DHS 107.17(1)(1)Covered services. Covered occupational therapy services are the following medically necessary services when prescribed by a physician and performed by a certified occupational therapist (OT) or by a certified occupational therapist assistant (COTA) under the direct, immediate, on-premises supervision of a certified occupational therapist or, for services under par. (d), by a certified occupational therapist assistant under the general supervision of a certified occupational therapist pursuant to the requirements of s. DHS 105.28 (2):
DHS 107.17(1)(a) (a) Motor skills, as follows:
DHS 107.17(1)(a)1. 1. Range-of-motion;
DHS 107.17(1)(a)2. 2. Gross/fine coordination;
DHS 107.17(1)(a)3. 3. Strengthening;
DHS 107.17(1)(a)4. 4. Endurance/tolerance; and
DHS 107.17(1)(a)5. 5. Balance;
DHS 107.17(1)(b) (b) Sensory integrative skills, as follows:
DHS 107.17(1)(b)1. 1. Reflex/sensory status;
DHS 107.17(1)(b)2. 2. Body concept;
DHS 107.17(1)(b)3. 3. Visual-spatial relationships;
DHS 107.17(1)(b)4. 4. Posture and body integration; and
DHS 107.17(1)(b)5. 5. Sensorimotor integration;
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.