In all multi-story facilities there shall be at least one enclosed exit stairway for all floors, except that if floors are divided into fire sections there shall be at least one enclosed exit stairway for each fire section. This exit stairway shall provide an enclosed protected path of at least one-hour fire-rated construction for occupants to proceed with safety to the exterior of the facility.
Sprinkler heads shall be provided at the top of each linen or trash chute and also in the room in which a chute terminates.
An outside fire escape is permitted in an existing facility as one of the required means of exiting the facility if it meets all of the following requirements:
Iron, steel, concrete or other noncombustible material shall be used in the construction and support of the fire escape;
No part of the path of exit from the facility may be across a roof or other part of the facility that is made of combustible materials;
To protect against fire in the facility, the walls directly under the stairway and for a distance of 6 feet in all other directions shall be blank or closed walls. A window is permitted within this area if it is stationary or of steel sash construction and is glazed with wire glass of not less than 1/4-inch thickness. The size of the wire glass part of the window may not exceed 1296 square inches and not more than 54 inches in either length or width;
The fire escape shall be protected by a roof and at least partial sidewalls to prevent the accumulation of snow and ice;
The bottom riser shall terminate at ground level, with the last riser not more than the spacing of the riser above; and
Small facilities shall meet either the requirements of subd. 1.
or the provisions of the lodgings and rooming house section of the applicable life safety code.
(g) Conditions for housing certain residents above the street level floor.
Residents who are blind, non-ambulatory or physically handicapped may not be housed above the street level floor in an existing facility of 2 or more stories that is not at least 2-hour fire-resistive construction unless the facility is one-hour protected noncombustible construction as defined in standard 220 of the NFPA's National Fire Code, 1979 edition, fully sprinklered one-hour protected ordinary construction or fully sprinklered one-hour protected wood frame construction.
(h) Storage of oxygen.
Oxygen tanks when not in use shall be stored in a ventilated closet designated for that purpose or stored outside the facility building in an enclosed and secured area.
DHS 134.83 Note
Note: The 1978 and 1979 editions of NFPA's National Fire Code referenced in pars. (b) and (g) can be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. Copies are kept on file in the offices of the Department's Division of Quality Assurance and the Legislative Reference Bureau.
DHS 134.83(6)(a)(a) Existing facilities.
All existing facilities shall have automatic sprinkler protection throughout all buildings unless all walls, partitions, piers, columns, floors, ceilings, roof and stairs are built of noncombustible material and all metallic structural members are protected by a noncombustible fire-resistive covering.
Certification that the sprinkler system is in proper operating condition shall be obtained annually from a licensed sprinkler contractor. A copy of the certification document shall be kept on file in the facility.
(c) New construction and conversions.
All newly constructed facilities, additions and buildings to be converted shall have automatic sprinkler protection throughout. In the event of an addition to or remodeling of an existing facility, the facility shall have automatic sprinkler protection throughout the building unless there is a 2-hour fire-rated partition wall between the old and new construction, in which case only the new addition or remodeled area shall be sprinklered. Facilities with more than 16 beds shall meet the automatic sprinkler protection standard 13 of NFPA's national fire code, 1985 edition. Facilities with 16 or fewer beds shall meet either standard 13 of that edition of the code or standard 13D of
NFPA's national fire code, 1984 edition.
DHS 134.83 Note
Note: The 1984 and 1985 editions of NFPA's National Fire Code can be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. Copies are kept on file in the office of the Department's Division of Quality Assurance and the Legislative Reference Bureau.
(d) Sprinkler plans.
All sprinkler plans shall be submitted to the department's bureau of quality compliance for review and approval before installation of the sprinkler system.
DHS 134.83 Note
Note: The bureau of quality assurance was renamed the division of quality assurance.
(7) Smoke detectors for fire protection in small facilities. DHS 134.83(7)(a)(a)
A small facility shall provide a low-voltage interconnected smoke detection system to protect the entire facility so that, if any detector is activated, either alarms are triggered throughout the building or a centrally located alarm is triggered, except that a facility with 8 or fewer residents may use a radio-transmitting smoke detection system that triggers an audible alarm in a central area of the facility.
No facility may install a smoke detection system that fails to receive the approval of the department or of the department of industry,labor and human relations. At least one smoke detector shall be located at each of the following locations:
In every corridor, spaced not more than 30 feet apart and not further than 15 feet from any wall;
In each common use room, including living rooms, dining rooms, family rooms, lounges and recreation rooms but not including kitchens; and
A potable water supply shall be maintained at all times. If a public water supply is available, it shall be used. If a public water supply is not available, the well or wells shall comply with ch. NR 812
An adequate supply of hot water shall be available at all times. The temperature of hot water at a plumbing fixture used by residents may not exceed the range of 110°
(b) Sewage disposal.
All sewage shall be discharged into a municipal sewage system, if one is available. Otherwise the sewage shall be collected, treated and disposed of by means of an independent sewage system approved by the department of industry, labor and human relations under applicable state law and by the local authority.
Plumbing for potable water and for drainage for the disposal of excreta, infectious discharge and wastes shall comply with ch. SPS 382
The heating and air conditioning systems shall be capable of maintaining adequate temperatures and providing freedom from drafts.
Minimum temperatures of 72°
C.) shall be maintained during the day and 70°
C.) during the night in all bedrooms and in all areas used by the residents.
There shall be at least one operational non-pay telephone on the premises and as many additional telephones as are judged necessary in an emergency.
Facilities for the incineration of soiled dressings and similar wastes, as well as garbage and refuse, shall be provided when other methods of disposal are not available.
An incinerator may not be flue-fed nor shall any upper floor charging chute be connected with the combustion chamber.
(g) General lighting.
Adequate lighting shall be provided in all areas of the facility. Lighting shall be of a type that does not produce discomfort due to high brightness, glare or reflecting surfaces. No candles, oil lanterns or other open-flame method of illumination may be used.
The facility shall be well-ventilated through the use of windows or mechanical ventilation or a combination of both. No room may be used for living or sleeping purposes that does not have at least one openable window leading to the outside and direct outside ventilation by means of windows, louvers, or air conditioning or other mechanical ventilation. Other rooms and areas which do not have outside windows and which are used by residents or staff shall be provided with functioning mechanical ventilation to change the air on a basis commensurate with the type of use.
Kitchens, bathrooms, janitor closets and soiled linen rooms shall be ventilated.
When mechanical ventilation is provided, the resident area corridors and the lounge, dining, living and recreation areas shall be under positive pressure; and
No transom, louver or grill may be in or above a resident room door exiting to a corridor.
In all facilities nonconductive wall plates shall be provided for electrical outlets if the system is not properly grounded.
In newly constructed facilities at least 2 duplex-type wall outlets shall be provided in close proximity to each resident bed.
DHS 134.83 History
Cr. Register, June, 1988, No. 390
, eff. 7-1-88; correction in (8) (a) 1. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1995, No. 476
correction in (8) (c) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, April, 2000, No. 532
; CR 04-053
: am. (4) (a) and (8) (a) 2., r. (5) (b), (c) and (d) Register October 2004 No. 586
, eff. 11-1-04; corrections in (5) (e) 1. and (6) (a) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register October 2007 No. 622
; correction in (8) (c) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2012 No. 673
One copy of the schematic and preliminary plans shall be submitted to the department for review and approval of the functional layout; and
One copy of the working plans and specifications shall be submitted to the department for review and approval before construction is begun. The department shall notify the facility in writing of any divergence in the plans and specifications, as submitted, from the rules in this chapter.
The plans and specifications required under par. (a)
shall show the general arrangement of the building, including a room schedule, fixed equipment for each room and room numbers, together with other pertinent information. Plans submitted shall be drawn to scale.
(a) Assignment of residents.
Except as provided in s. DHS 134.31 (3) (f) 1.
, residents of different sexes shall be separated by means of separate wings, floors or rooms.
Be located so that a person must pass through the bedroom to get to any other part of the facility;
Be located so that a person must pass through a toilet room or bathroom to get to any other part of the facility;
Be located so that a person must pass through a kitchen or laundry to get to the resident's room; or
Be located so that a person must pass through a kitchen or laundry to get to any other part of the facility.
Bedrooms in existing facilities shall have a floor area of at least 60 square feet per bed in multiple resident bedrooms and 80 square feet in single resident bedrooms, exclusive of vestibule, closets, built-in vanity and wardrobe, toilet rooms and built-in lockers.
Bedrooms in new facilities shall have a floor area of at least 80 square feet per bed in multiple resident rooms and 100 square feet in single rooms, exclusive of vestibule, closets, built-in vanity and wardrobe, toilet rooms and built-in lockers.
In all facilities, the ceiling height in bedrooms shall be a minimum of 7 feet, 6 inches.
(e) Bed arrangement.
The beds shall be arranged so that they are at least 3 feet apart, and a clear aisle space of at least 3 feet shall be provided between any bed and the entrance to the room.
In type II facilities, the bottom sill of windows in residents' rooms shall be no more than 3 feet from the floor.
(g) Closet space.
A closet or locker shall be provided for each resident in the resident's bedroom. Space allowed for each closet or locker shall be at least 15 inches wide by 18 inches deep by 5 feet in height, with clothes racks and shelves accessible to the resident.
(h) Room identification.
Each bedroom shall be identified with a unique number placed on or near the door.
(i) Design and proximity to baths.
Residents' rooms shall be designed and equipped for the comfort of residents and shall be designed and equipped for the privacy of residents unless specifically contraindicated by program needs. Each bedroom shall have within it or adjacent to it, or shall be conveniently located near, adequate toilet and bathing facilities.
DHS 134.84(3)(a)(a) General.
All lavatories shall have both hot and cold running water. Toilets shall be water-flushed and equipped with open front seats without lids.
(b) Employee and family facilities.
Toilets, baths and lavatories for use by employees and family members shall be separate from those used by residents, except in small facilities.
(c) Physically handicapped facilities.
Resident bathrooms and bathroom appliances shall be equipped for use by physically handicapped persons.
(d) Grab bars.
Grab bars shall be installed and firmly secured in toilet and bathing compartments.
(e) Wheelchair access.
On floors housing residents who use wheelchairs there shall be at least one toilet room large enough to accommodate wheelchairs.