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NR 10.106 History History: Cr. Register, June, 1986, No. 366, eff. 7-1-86; am. (2) (intro.), r. and recr. (2) (d), Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89; am. (1) and (2) (d), r. and recr. (3), Register, August, 1990, No. 416, eff. 9-1-90; r. and recr. (2) (d), Register, August, 1991, No. 428, eff. 9-1-91; am. (3) (intro.), Register, September, 1991, No. 429, eff. 10-1-91; r. and recr. (2) (d) 3., Register, August 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; correction in (3) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., Register, February, 1996, No. 482; emerg. am. (1) and (2) (b), eff. 8-12-96; am. (2) (b), Register, August, 1996, No. 488, eff. 9-1-96; am. (2) (b), Register, October, 1997, No. 502, eff. 11-1-97; correction in (2) (intro.) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1999, No. 524; am. (1), Register, September, 1999, No. 525, eff. 10-1-99; CR 00-154: am. (2) (a) and (b), r. (2) (d) 2. and renum. and am. (2) (d) 3. to be (2) (d) 2., Register January 2002 No. 553, eff. 2-1-02; emerg. cr. (2) (e), eff. 7-3-02; CR 00-154: am. (2) (a), Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 02-017: am. (2) (d) 1. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 1-5-03; CR 03-016: cr. (2) (f) Register August 2003 No. 572, eff. 9-1-03; CR 04-020: am. (2) (f) Register August 2004 No. 584, eff. 9-1-04; CR 04-011: am (1) Register September 2004 No 585, eff. 4-1-05; CR 04-046: am. (3) Register September 2004 No. 585, eff. 10-1-04; CR 05-016: cr. (2) (g) Register August 2005 No. 596, eff. 9-1-05; CR 06-013: am. (2) (g) Register August 2006 No. 608, eff. 9-1-06; CR 07-035: am. (2) (e) Register April 2008 No. 628, eff. 5-1-08; CR 08-013: am. (2) (f) Register August 2008 No. 632, eff. 9-1-08; correction in (2) (g) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2008 No. 635; CR 10-020: r. and recr. (1) Register October 2010 No. 658, eff. 11-1-10; CR 11-007: cr. (2) (e) 2. Register October 2011 No. 670, eff. 11-1-11; correction to numbering of (2) (e) under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., Register October 2011 No. 670; CR 11-030: am. (2) (f) Register February 2012 No. 674, eff. 3-1-12; EmR1405: emerg. r. and recr. (2), eff. 2-25-14; CR 13-071: am. (1) (intro.), (a), (b), (c) (intro.), 1., 3., cr. (1) (c) 4., r. and recr. (2) Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8-1-15.
NR 10.11 NR 10.11Elk hunting.
NR 10.11(1) (1)Prohibited methods. No person may hunt elk by any of the following methods:
NR 10.11(1)(b) (b) Dogs. With the aid of dogs.
NR 10.11(1)(c) (c) Ammunition. With ammunition loaded with full metal jacket, nonexpanding type bullets.
NR 10.11(1)(d) (d) Shotguns. With a shotgun that is .410 bore shotgun or smaller and does not fire a single slug.
NR 10.11(1)(e) (e) Rifles. With any .22 rim-fire, 5 mm rim-fire rifle, .17 caliber center-fire rifle, or with ammunition loaded with full metal jacket, nonexpanding type bullets.
NR 10.11(1)(f) (f) Handguns. With a handgun that is loaded with a .410 shotgun shell loaded with a single slug or projectile, a centerfire cartridge .22 caliber or smaller or has a minimum barrel length that is less than 5 1/2 inches measured from the muzzle to the firing pin with the action closed.
NR 10.11(1)(g) (g) Muzzleloaders. With a muzzleloader that is less than .45 caliber or a muzzle-loading handgun.
NR 10.11(1)(h) (h) Bows. With a bow that has a draw weight less than 30 pounds.
NR 10.11(1)(i) (i) Arrow standards.
NR 10.11(1)(i)1.1. Use, possess or have under control while elk hunting, any arrow with a metal broad-head blade less than seven-eights of an inch in width. Broad-head blades shall be well-sharpened.
NR 10.11(1)(i)2. 2. Use, possess or have under control while hunting, any poisoned or drugged arrow, arrow with explosive tips or any crossbow, unless authorized to use a crossbow under ss. 29.014 (1m), 29.172, and 29.217, Stats., which authorize the use of a crossbow.
NR 10.11(2) (2)Tags. A back and carcass tag shall be issued with each hunting license. While hunting, no person may possess a validated carcass tag unless it is attached to a legally killed elk.
NR 10.11(3) (3)Validation. Any person who kills an elk shall immediately validate the carcass tag by slitting the marks on the carcass tag as designated by the department. Failure to completely validate the carcass tag renders possession of the elk illegal and the carcass tag invalid.
NR 10.11(4) (4)Carcass condition and transportation.
NR 10.11(4)(a)(a) Transportation. No person may transport an elk from the time the elk is killed to the time it is registered under sub. (5) that is tagged with the carcass tag of another person unless accompanied by the person issued the carcass tag.
NR 10.11(4)(b) (b) Carcass condition. Elk may be skinned and the carcass divided into as many as 5 parts prior to registration. These animals or animal parts may not be removed from zones A and B as established in s. NR 10.37, unless exhibited, registered and tagged.
NR 10.11(5) (5)Exhibition and registration.
NR 10.11(5)(a)(a) Exhibition. Each person who has killed an elk during the open seasons for hunting elk with a gun, bow, or crossbow shall exhibit and register the elk with the elk carcass tag attached as required by s. 29.347 (2), Stats., at an authorized registration station. If the elk is skinned and the carcass divided into 5 or fewer parts, all parts, other than the entrails removed by field dressing, shall be exhibited when registering the elk.
NR 10.11(5)(b) (b) Registration.
NR 10.11(5)(b)1.1. Elk shall be registered by 5:00 p.m. on the day after it was killed at the registration station designated by the department.
NR 10.11(5)(b)2. 2. Hunters shall provide the department with information requested by the department regarding the location of the kill and the location of those carcass parts removed by field dressing.
NR 10.11(5)(b)3. 3. Notwithstanding s. 29.347, Stats., any part of any animal harvested under s. NR 10.01 (3) (i) may be collected or sampled by the department for disease testing purposes prior to registration.
NR 10.11(5)(c) (c) Registration tagging. Upon verification of license and elk hunting tag information, the station operator shall:
NR 10.11(5)(c)1. 1. Complete and retain the registration form as required by the department.
NR 10.11(5)(c)2. 2. Lock a registration tag to the carcass or part of the elk.
NR 10.11(5)(c)3. 3. Remove the validation portion of the carcass tag.
NR 10.11 History History: CR 03-018: cr. Register November 2003 No. 575, eff. 1-1-04; CR 04-078: r. (1) (a) Register April 2005 No. 592, eff. 5-1-05; CR 10-020: am. (4) and (5) (a) Register October 2010 No. 658, eff. 11-1-10; CR 10-051: am. (1) (f) Register December 2010 No. 660, eff. 1-1-11; CR 11-007: r. (7) Register October 2011 No. 670, eff. 11-1-11; correction in (1) (i) 2. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register March 2014 No. 699; EmR1420: emerg. am. (5) (a), eff. 9-12-14; CR 13-071: am. (5) (a) Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8-1-15; CR 16-028: r. (6) Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17.
NR 10.111 NR 10.111Elk population management.
NR 10.111(1) (1)Elk management systems.
NR 10.111(1)(a)(a) The department shall manage the state elk population by:
NR 10.111(1)(a)1. 1. Establishing elk management zone boundaries within the state.
NR 10.111(1)(a)2. 2. Establishing elk population goals for each elk management zone.
NR 10.111(1)(a)3. 3. Monitoring the performance of the elk population within each elk management zone.
NR 10.111(1)(a)4. 4. Establishing elk hunting seasons and annual harvest quotas with the objective of maintaining elk populations at the established elk population goals for each elk management zone.
NR 10.111(1)(b) (b) In addition to the management objectives listed under par. (a), the department may trap and relocate elk within the state to establish new elk herds and management zones.
NR 10.111(2) (2)Elk management units. The elk management zone boundaries are described in s. NR 10.37. Unit boundaries shall be readily identifiable features of the landscape such as roads and rivers. When road boundaries are used, the department shall give priority to use of numbered and lettered highways.
NR 10.111(3) (3)Elk population goals.
NR 10.111(3)(a)(a) The overwinter elk population goal for elk management zones described in s. NR 10.37 shall be expressed as the total number of elk per zone as follows: - See PDF for table PDF
NR 10.111(3)(b) (b) The department shall manage the elk population in Zone X, as described in s. NR 10.37, at a population level of zero elk. If the department determines that elk are causing agricultural damage, are a nuisance or are frequenting an area in Zone X, the department shall remove the elk in a manner determined by the department, in accordance with the procedures outlined ss. NR 12.10 and 12.15 and may include trapping and relocating, hazing, hunting or shooting.
NR 10.111(3)(c) (c) If the department determines that hunting is an appropriate removal method for elk subject to par. (b), the department may designate any elk tag as being valid on specified properties in Zone X, during the elk season.
NR 10.111(4) (4)Annual antlerless elk kill quotas.
NR 10.111(4)(a)(a) Annual population estimate. The overwinter elk population goal shall be determined based on biological, ecological and sociological factors, including: reproductive success, winter severity, herd age and sex structure, non-hunting mortality, and agricultural damage.
NR 10.111(4)(b) (b) Quota objectives. Using the overwinter elk population estimate established under par. (a), the department shall annually calculate an antlerless elk kill quota for each zone with the objective of maintaining the elk herd at the established elk population goal.
NR 10.111(4)(c) (c) Quota adjustment in ceded territory. For the elk management units in the ceded territory as defined in s. NR 13.02 (1), expected tribal harvest shall be deducted from the elk kill quota established in par. (b).
NR 10.111(5) (5)Elk licenses.
NR 10.111(5)(a)(a) Purpose. The department may issue elk licenses in numbers to assure maintenance of elk populations for each zone indicated in sub. (3).
NR 10.111(5)(b) (b) Bull elk tag formula. The department shall determine the number of bull elk tags which shall be issued by the formula:
Number of bull elk tags available = total elk population in a zone x 5%
NR 10.111(5)(c) (c) Antlerless elk tag formula. The department shall determine the number of antlerless elk tags which shall be issued at a level that will maintain the elk population goal established for each elk management zone listed in sub. (3).
NR 10.111(6) (6)License issuance.
NR 10.111(6)(a)(a) License requirements. Elk hunting licenses may only be issued to those who have earned a certificate of accomplishment under s. 29.595, Stats., and have obtained authorization for either a bull tag or antlerless elk tag. Successful applicants will be limited to one elk license per lifetime as established in s. 29.182 (4m), Stats. The department may reissue an elk license if the license is returned or if the applicant fails to or cannot comply with s. 29.182, Stats. Selection shall be by random drawing.
NR 10.111(6)(b) (b) Success rate formula. Hunter success rates used to compute the number of elk licenses to be issued for each zone shall be those calculated by the department from annual elk season harvest reports except where no previous history of success rates exist. In establishing licenses for a zone without an adequate history of licenses, the department shall estimate an anticipated success rate. The license rate formula is: - See PDF for table PDF
NR 10.111(6)(c) (c) The number of elk licenses to be issued to harvest the desired number of elk shall be based on the hunter success rates from previous seasons. The license number formula is: - See PDF for table PDF
NR 10.111(7) (7)Application procedure. Applications for elk licenses shall be on forms provided by the department. Applications shall be postmarked no later than the deadline dates indicated on the form or received by a department service center location no later than those dates to be considered for selection.
NR 10.111 Note Note: The department conducts extensive publicity on the application deadlines beginning several months prior to any deadline. Application deadline dates are published in news releases, the department web site at, license outlet handouts, and pertinent regulation pamphlets. Department service center office hours may vary by location.
NR 10.111 History History: CR 03-018: cr. Register November 2003 No. 575, eff. 1-1-04; CR 05-031: am. (7) Register October 2005 No. 598, eff. 11-1-05; CR 11-030: am. (7) Register February 2012 No. 674, eff. 3-1-12; CR 13-067: r. and recr. (3) (a), am. (3) (c), (5) (b) Register August 2014 No. 704, eff. 9-1-14.
NR 10.12 NR 10.12Migratory game bird hunting.
NR 10.12(1) (1)Prohibited methods. No person shall hunt any migratory game bird by any of the following methods:
NR 10.12(1)(a) (a) Sinkbox. From or by means, aid or use of a sinkbox or any other type of low floating device, having a depression affording the hunter a means of concealment beneath the surface of the water.
NR 10.12(1)(b) (b) Boats. From any boat or craft other than those propelled by paddle, oar or pole. When motors or sails are attached to the boat, the motor shall be completely shut off and the sail furled, and the boat's progress stopped before a firearm may be loaded.
NR 10.12(1)(c) (c) Structures. From any pier, dam, dock or similar structure, except disabled persons under the authority of a class A permit issued by the department.
NR 10.12(1)(d) (d) Rallying. By the use or aid of any water, air or motor-driven land conveyance used for the purpose of or resulting in stirring up, driving or rallying.
NR 10.12(1)(e) (e) Bird calls. By the use or aid of recorded or electrically amplified bird calls or sounds or imitations thereof, or while in possession of any type of device that produces recorded or electronic amplifications of bird calls or sounds.
NR 10.12(1)(f) (f) Live decoys. By using directly or indirectly any live tame or captive ducks or geese for decoy purposes regardless of the distance intervening between any such live decoys and the position of the hunter. All live tame or captive ducks and geese shall be removed for a period of 10 consecutive days prior to hunting, and confined within an enclosure which substantially reduces the audibility of their calls and totally conceals these live birds from the sight of migratory waterfowl.
NR 10.12(1)(g) (g) Decoy use. By the use or aid of decoys which are or have been:
NR 10.12(1)(g)1. 1. Placed beyond 200 feet from the blind or cover in which the hunter is located.
NR 10.12(1)(g)2. 2. Placed in the water more than one hour before the open hunting time.
NR 10.12(1)(g)3. 3. Left in the water more than 20 minutes after the close of hunting time.
NR 10.12(1)(g)4. 4. Left in the water unattended.
NR 10.12(1)(h) (h) Baiting. By the aid of baiting as described by the U.S. fish and wildlife service in 50 CFR 20.11 and 20.21(i).
NR 10.12(2) (2)Possession. No person shall possess any live or crippled migratory game bird reduced to possession by means of hunting. Such bird shall be immediately killed and become a part of the daily bag limit.
NR 10.12(3) (3)Open water restrictions. No person may hunt waterfowl in any portion of a navigable water body from or with the aid of any blind which may include any boat, canoe, raft, contrivance or similar device except:
NR 10.12(3)(a) (a) Mississippi river. Blinds in any of the waters of the Mississippi river and adjoining waters west of the BNSF railway provided the blinds are securely anchored and located not more than 100 feet from any shoreline including islands. Blinds in open water in Grant county and the Lake Pepin portions of the Mississippi river are permitted regardless of the distance from shore provided the blinds are securely anchored.
NR 10.12(3)(b) (b) Great Lakes and Big Green lake. Blinds in open waters of Big Green lake, Lake Superior, Lake Michigan and Green Bay beyond 500 feet of any lake or bay shoreline. Blinds do not have to be anchored in these areas.
NR 10.12(3)(c) (c) Large Lakes. Blinds in open waters of the following lakes if more than 1,000 feet from any shoreline including islands provided blinds are securely anchored: Beaver Dam Lake in Dodge County (excluding Rakes and Trestle Works Bays), Castle Rock Lake in Adams and Juneau counties (south of railroad bridge and county road G), Fence Lake in Vilas County, Grindstone Lake in Sawyer County, North Twin Lake in Vilas County, Petenwell flowage in Adams, Juneau and Wood counties (north of state highway 21 and south of state highway 73), Lake Puckaway in Marquette and Green Lake counties (the waters west of the west end of the dredge bank, excluding the waters east of the west end of the dredge bank), Shawano Lake in Shawano County, Trout Lake in Vilas County, Lake Winnebago, Lake Wisconsin in Sauk and Columbia counties (north of railroad bridge), and Lake Wissota in Chippewa County (south of county road S and north of county road X).
NR 10.12(3)(d) (d) Blind removal. All open water blinds shall be removed at the close of shooting hours each day.
NR 10.12(3)(e) (e) Disability provision. If the boat, blind, or similar device is occupied by at least one individual engaged in hunting who holds a Class A or B disabled permit that authorizes hunting from a stationary vehicle and which has been issued for more than 1 year, and is substantially in compliance with par. (f) considering necessary additional distance to maintain the minimum depth of water for operation of the boat, blind, or similar device used.
NR 10.12(3)(f) (f) Other water bodies. If any of the following apply:
NR 10.12(3)(f)1. 1. A part of the boat, blind, or similar device is located within 3 feet of any shoreline including islands.
NR 10.12(3)(f)2. 2. A part of the boat, blind, or similar device is located within 3 feet of a naturally occurring, un-manipulated growth of vegetation rooted to the navigable waterway's bed or shoreline and of sufficient height and density to conceal at least 50% of the hunter and the boat, blind, or similar device when viewed from at least one direction beyond the vegetation providing the concealment. For determining if the vegetation provides the minimum 50% concealment, the viewing shall occur from a height approximately the same as height of the boat, blind or similar device being used by the hunter.
NR 10.12(3)(g) (g) Normal jump shooting activities. From a non-motorized boat, canoe, or raft, which is not anchored, on streams where shooting shore to shore is possible.
NR 10.12(4) (4)Special blind restrictions. The department may restrict hunters to certain blind locations within the Collins, Eldorado, Grand River, Pine Island and Theresa state wildlife areas by posted notice. If posted, maps shall be provided by the department indicating where blind sites are located. Downed game birds may be retrieved outside blinds with the aid of guns and dogs or by hand.
NR 10.12(5) (5)Taking methods. No person shall hunt any migratory bird:
NR 10.12(5)(a) (a) Guns and devices. With a trap, snare, cable restraint, net, rifle, pistol, crossbow other than as authorized in ss. 29.014 (1m), 29.172, and 29.217, Stats., swivel gun, punt gun, battery gun, machine gun, fishhook, poison, drug, explosive, stupefying substance, shotgun chambered for a shell that is larger than a no. 10 gauge, or while in possession of a shell that is larger than no. 10 gauge.
NR 10.12 Note Note: The cross-references in this paragraph previously linked to exceptions that allowed the use of crossbows by holders of disable permits and senior citizens. Under 2013 Wis. Act 61, the use of crossbows is no longer limited in those ways and any person who is legally authorized to hunt may use crossbows for hunting migratory birds.
NR 10.12(5)(b) (b) Shotgun capabilities. With any automatic-loading or hand-operated repeating shotgun capable of holding more than 3 shells the magazine of which has not been cut off or plugged with a one-piece filler incapable of removal without disassembling the gun so as to reduce the capacity of said gun to not more than 3 shells at one time in the magazine and chamber combined.
NR 10.12(5)(c) (c) Legal means. By any means other than a shotgun fired from the shoulder, bow and arrow, crossbow, or by falconry.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.