NR 502.11(3)(a)1. 1. Within a floodplain.
NR 502.11(3)(a)2. 2. Within 250 feet of any private water supply well, or within 1,200 feet of any public water supply well.
NR 502.11(3)(a)3. 3. Within 250 feet of any navigable lake, pond or flowage.
NR 502.11(3)(a)4. 4. Within 250 feet of any navigable river or stream.
NR 502.11(3)(a)5. 5. Within 100 feet of land owned by a person other than the owner or operator of the facility, unless the facility is screened by natural objects, plantings, fences or other appropriate means so that it is not visible from the property boundary.
NR 502.11(3)(a)6. 6. Within 1,000 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any state trunk highway, interstate or federal aid primary highway or the boundary of any public park or state natural area under ss. 23.27 (1) and 23.28 (1), Stats., unless the facility is screened by natural objects, plantings, fences or other appropriate means so that it is not visible from the highway, park or state natural area.
NR 502.11(3)(a)7. 7. Within 10,000 feet of any airport runway used or planned to be used by turbojet aircraft or within 5,000 feet of any airport runway used only by piston type aircraft or within other areas where a substantial hazard to aircraft would be created.
NR 502.11(3)(a)8. 8. Within 1/4 mile of any residence unless a written consent is obtained from all adult residents within 1/4 mile of the burning pad.
NR 502.11(3)(a)9. 9. Within the limits of fill of an existing or abandoned landfill.
NR 502.11(3)(b) (b) The department may grant exemptions to par. (a) 2. to 7. only upon demonstration by the applicant of circumstances which warrant the exemptions. Exemptions from compliance with par. (a) 1., 8. and 9., may not be granted.
NR 502.11(4) (4)Plan of operation. No person may establish or construct a woodburning facility or expand an existing woodburning facility prior to obtaining approval in writing from the department of a plan of operation for the facility. Unless otherwise approved by the department in writing, the plan of operation shall include a design which complies with the design and operational requirements in sub. (5) and contains at a minimum the following:
NR 502.11(4)(a) (a) Name, address and telephone number of facility operator.
NR 502.11(4)(b) (b) A description of the types, quantity and sources of material proposed to be burned, and anticipated frequency of burning.
NR 502.11(4)(c) (c) Written consent from all adult residents and business owners within 1/4 mile of the burning pad, except that consent is not required from any person who was not an adult resident or proprietor at the time the facility was initially licensed by the department, unless that person is a successor in interest to a person who was an adult resident or proprietor at the time. If a resident or proprietor who previously consented to operation of the facility withdraws the consent in writing, the withdrawal is not effective until the end of the current license period for the facility.
NR 502.11(5) (5)Design and operational requirements. No person may construct, operate or maintain a woodburning facility except in conformance with all local burning regulations and permits, state air management rules in chs. NR 400 to 499, any approved plan of operation and the following minimum requirements:
NR 502.11(5)(a) (a) All burning shall be done on a burning pad or pit constructed of concrete, compacted gravel, compacted mineral soil or other materials approved in writing by the department. A firebreak of mineral soil scraped free of vegetation for a minimum distance of 100 feet around the burning pad or pit shall be constructed. Greater setback distances may be required by the department.
NR 502.11(5)(b) (b) Only dry, unpainted and untreated wood, stumps or trees may be burned at a woodburning facility. Brush shall be burned only in conformance with s. 287.07, Stats.
NR 502.11(5)(c) (c) Waste material may be placed or stored on the burning pad, but may not exceed the amount of wood that can be burned in one day in conformance with ch. NR 445. Any additional accumulation of waste material shall be stockpiled a minimum of 100 feet from the burning pad. The total amount of stockpiled waste shall be limited to the amount that can be burned in 5 calendar days.
NR 502.11(5)(d) (d) Start-up shall be accomplished by using wood kindling material to ignite larger materials. Where sufficient quantities of wood kindling materials are unobtainable, other methods approved by the department in writing may be used.
NR 502.11(5)(e) (e) Burning shall be conducted only during daylight hours.
NR 502.11(5)(f) (f) Fire-fighting equipment shall be kept at the facility in case of emergency, unless the services of a local fire protection agency are arranged.
NR 502.11(5)(g) (g) The burning pad shall be surrounded by a fence with a lockable gate. The gate shall be kept locked when no attendant is on duty.
NR 502.11(5)(h) (h) An attendant shall be on duty at all times when burning is taking place. All fires shall be extinguished before the attendant leaves the facility. The fire shall be actively tended and maintained to promote complete combustion, ensure good fuel-flame contact and burndown.
NR 502.11(5)(j) (j) A sign acceptable to the department shall be posted at the entrance to the operation which indicates the facility name, acceptable wastes, license number, the hours of operation, penalty for unauthorized use, necessary safety precautions and any other pertinent information.
NR 502.11(5)(k) (k) Storm water shall be diverted away from the burning pad, storage area and access areas.
NR 502.11(5)(L) (L) Ash resulting from the operation shall be disposed of at a facility approved by the department to receive that material.
NR 502.11(5)(m) (m) The facility shall be operated in a nuisance-free manner.
NR 502.11 Note Note: Woodburning facilities must obtain a burning permit during certain times of the year under s. 26.12, Stats., or may be required to obtain a burning permit from the township in which the burning will occur.
NR 502.11 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-1-88; r. and recr., Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96; CR 05-020: am. (3) (a) 6. Register January 2006 No. 601, eff. 2-1-06.
NR 502.12 NR 502.12Yard, farm, food residuals and source-separated compostable material composting facilities.
NR 502.12(1)(1)General. No person may operate or maintain a composting facility for yard residuals, farm crop residue, farm animal manure, animal carcasses, food residuals including vegetable food residuals, or source-separated compostable material except in accordance with the requirements of this section or s. NR 243.15 (8).
NR 502.12 Note Note: Pursuant to s. NR 243.15(8), the Department may choose to regulate composting facilities associated with livestock operations that are subject to the requirements of ch. NR 243 under that operation's Wisconsin Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit instead of under s. NR 502.12. Facilities for composting waste types other than yard residuals, farm crop residue, farm animal manure, animal carcasses, food residuals or source-separated compostable materials are regulated under s. NR 502.08. Local ordinances may apply to facilities regulated under this section.
NR 502.12(2) (2)Household exemption. Facilities for composting only source-separated compostable material from a single family or household, a member of which is the owner, occupant or lessee of the property where the facility is located, are exempt from all requirements of this chapter, provided the facility is operated in a nuisance-free and environmentally sound manner.
NR 502.12(3) (3)Limited exemption for source-separated compostable material composting facilities with capacity of 50 cubic yards or less. Facilities for composting source-separated compostable materials that do not exceed 50 cubic yards at one time, including collected raw materials and compost being processed but excluding finished compost, are exempt from the requirements specified in s. NR 502.04 (2) to (6), locational criteria, plan of operation submittal, licensing and all other requirements of this chapter provided the following are met:
NR 502.12(3)(a) (a) The performance standards specified in s. NR 502.04 (1) and the minimum operational standards specified in sub. (10).
NR 502.12(3)(b) (b) The facility is operated in a nuisance-free and environmentally sound manner.
NR 502.12(4) (4)Limited exemption for farm crop residue or manure composting facilities. Facilities for on site composting of farm crop residue or manure, except deer or elk manure, directly from agricultural operations are exempt from the requirements of s. NR 502.04 (2) to (6), locational criteria, plan of operation submittal, licensing and all other requirements of this chapter, provided all of the following requirements are met:
NR 502.12(4)(a) (a) The performance standards in s. NR 502.04 (1).
NR 502.12(4)(b) (b) The facility is operated in a nuisance-free and environmentally sound manner.
NR 502.12(4)(c) (c) All the farm crop residue and manure composted are generated from agricultural operations either under common ownership, common management or located adjacent to each other, and the composting occurs on the property of one of these agricultural operations.
NR 502.12(4)(d) (d) The compost is utilized for agricultural landspreading, at the same farm or at another farm, in accordance with s. NR 518.04 (1) (b) or (i).
NR 502.12(4)(e) (e) Source-separated compostable material other than farm crop residue and manure may be accepted from off site for use in the composting process if the following requirements are met:
NR 502.12(4)(e)1. 1. The locational criteria in sub. (8), unless the offsite material consists exclusively of yard material, clean chipped wood, or both.
NR 502.12(4)(e)2. 2. The minimum operational and design standards in subs. (10) and (11).
NR 502.12(4)(e)3. 3. The recordkeeping requirements of sub. (15) (a) 3. and the discharge inspection requirements in sub. (15) (a) 4.
NR 502.12(4)(e)4. 4. The combined volume of farm crop residue, farm animal manure, and source-separated compostable material on site at one time may not exceed 10,000 cubic yards, including collected raw materials and compost being processed but excluding finished compost. The volume of food residual inputs to the composting process may not exceed 25 percent of the total combined volume of raw material inputs. Inputs shall be mixed to achieve an initial carbon to nitrogen ratio of at least 20 to 1.
NR 502.12 Note Note: Composting facilities that accept manure or are located at a livestock operation may be subject to additional state requirements in chs. NR 151 and 243 and in ch. ATCP 51, as well as local regulations for manure storage and shoreland and floodplain zoning. Public distribution of the compost may be regulated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection (DATCP). Other local ordinances may apply to facilities regulated under this section. The following landspreading operations are exempt under s. NR 518.04 (1) (b), (h) and (i), respectively, provided the material is applied as a soil conditioner or fertilizer in accordance with accepted agricultural practices and the facility is operated and maintained in a safe, nuisance-free manner:
NR 502.12 Note -Farms on which only nonhazardous agricultural residuals resulting from the operation of a farm, including farm animal manure, are landspread.
NR 502.12 Note -Landspreading of uncomposted yard residuals.
NR 502.12 Note -Landspreading of composted source-separated compostable material.
NR 502.12(5) (5)Limited exemption for on site farm animal carcass composting facilities. Facilities for on site farm composting of animal carcasses other than deer or elk are exempt from the requirements in s. NR 502.04 (2) to (6), locational criteria, plan of operation submittal, licensing and all other requirements of this section, provided they are in compliance with s. 95.50 (1), Stats., and all of the following:
NR 502.12(5)(a) (a) The performance standards in s. NR 502.04 (1).
NR 502.12(5)(b) (b) The minimum operational and design standards in subs. (10) and (11), excluding the size reduction requirements in sub. (10) (c).
NR 502.12(5)(c) (c) Only animal carcasses, farm animal manure, farm crop residue, yard residuals and clean chipped wood are composted at the facility.
NR 502.12(5)(d) (d) All the farm wastes composted are generated from agricultural operations either under common ownership, common management or located adjacent to each other, and the composting occurs on the property of one of these agricultural operations.
NR 502.12(5)(e) (e) The compost is utilized for agricultural landspreading, at the same farm or at another farm, in accordance with s. NR 518.04 (1) (b) or (i), except that compost made using ruminant animal carcasses may not be utilized at another farm.
NR 502.12(5)(f) (f) If yard residuals or clean chipped wood are accepted from off site, the following requirements shall be met:
NR 502.12(5)(f)1. 1. The yard residuals or clean chipped wood shall be mixed with farm wastes to increase the carbon to nitrogen ratio and porosity of the composting process.
NR 502.12(5)(f)2. 2. The combined volume of animal carcasses, farm animal manure, farm crop residue, yard residuals and clean chipped wood on site at one time may not exceed 10,000 cubic yards, including collected raw materials and compost being processed but excluding finished compost.
NR 502.12(6) (6)Limited exemption for yard residuals composting facilities. Facilities for composting yard residuals and clean chipped wood that do not exceed 20,000 cubic yards at one time, including raw materials and compost being processed, but excluding finished compost, are exempt from the requirements in s. NR 502.04 (3) (c), (4), (5), and (6), plan of operation submittal and all other requirements of this chapter, provided all of the following requirements are met:
NR 502.12(6)(a) (a) The performance standards and closure requirements in s. NR 502.04 (1) and (3) (a) and (b).
NR 502.12(6)(b) (b) For new or expanded facilities, compliance with the locational criteria in sub. (8). New or expanded facilities with a capacity greater than 1,000 cubic yards shall comply with the initial site inspection requirements in s. NR 502.04 (2).
NR 502.12(6)(c) (c) The minimum operational and design standards in subs. (10) and (11), the recordkeeping requirements of sub. (15) (a) 3., the discharge inspection requirements in sub. (15) (a) 4., and the reporting requirements in sub. (15) (b).
NR 502.12(6)(d) (d) An operating license for the facility is issued by the department.
NR 502.12(6)(e) (e) The compost is applied to land, either on site or off site, in accordance with s. NR 518.04 (1) (i), or is otherwise used for horticultural, landscaping, or erosion control purposes.
NR 502.12(7) (7)Limited exemption for source-separated compostable material composting facilities of 5,000 cubic yards or less. Facilities for composting source-separated compostable material that exceed 50 cubic yards but do not exceed 5,000 cubic yards at one time, including raw materials and compost being processed, but excluding finished compost, are exempt from the requirements in s. NR 502.04 (3) (c), (4), and (5) and subs. (12) and (14), and the monitoring requirements of sub. (15) (a) 1. and 2., provided all of the following requirements are met:
NR 502.12(7)(a) (a) The performance standards and closure requirements in s. NR 502.04 (1) and (3) (a) and (b).
NR 502.12(7)(b) (b) For new or expanded facilities, the initial site inspection requirements in s. NR 502.04 (2) and the locational criteria in sub. (8).
NR 502.12(7)(c) (c) The minimum operational and design standards in subs. (10) and (11), the plan submittal requirements in sub. (13), the recordkeeping requirements of sub. (15) (a) 3., the discharge inspection requirements in sub. (15) (a) 4., and the reporting requirements in sub. (15) (b).
NR 502.12(7)(d) (d) An operating license for the facility is issued by the department.
NR 502.12(7)(e) (e) For facilities that use animal manure as a raw material, the testing requirements of sub. (15) (a) 1.
NR 502.12(7)(f) (f) The compost is utilized for landspreading applied to land, either on site or off site, in accordance with s. NR 518.04 (1) (i), or is otherwise used for horticultural, landscaping, or erosion control purposes.
NR 502.12(8) (8)Locational criteria for composting facilities.
NR 502.12(8)(a)(a) Unless exempt under sub. (2), (3), (4), or (5) from compliance with locational criteria, new or expanded compost facilities regulated under this section may not be located in any of the following areas unless an exemption has been granted in writing by the department under par. (c):
NR 502.12(8)(a)1. 1. Within a floodplain.
NR 502.12(8)(a)2. 2. Within 5 feet of the seasonal high groundwater table.
NR 502.12(8)(a)3. 3. Within 250 feet of any private water supply well, or within 1,200 feet of any public water supply well.
NR 502.12(8)(a)4. 4. Within 250 feet of any navigable river or stream.
NR 502.12(8)(a)5. 5. Within 1,000 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of any state trunk highway, interstate or federal aid primary highway or the boundary of any public park or state natural area under ss. 23.27 (1) and 23.28 (1), Stats., unless the facility is screened by natural objects, plantings, fences or other appropriate means so that it is not visible from the highway, park or state natural area.
NR 502.12(8)(a)6. 6. Within 10,000 feet of any airport runway used or planned to be used by turbojet aircraft or within 5,000 feet of any airport runway used only by piston type aircraft or within other areas where a substantial bird hazard to aircraft would be created. This criterion is applicable only when the facility will be used for handling putrescible waste.
NR 502.12(8)(b) (b) In addition to the restrictions in par. (a):
NR 502.12(8)(b)1. 1. Facilities exempt under sub. (6) or (7) may not be located within 250 feet of any navigable lake, pond, or flowage, or within 100 feet of land owned by a person other than the owner or operator of the facility.
NR 502.12(8)(b)2. 2. Facilities not exempt under sub. (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7) may not be located within 500 feet of any navigable lake, pond, or flowage, or within 250 feet of land owned by a person other than the owner or operator of the facility.
NR 502.12(8)(c) (c) The department may grant exemptions from par. (a) 2. to 6. only upon demonstration by the applicant of circumstances which warrant the exemption. Exemption from compliance with par. (a) 1. may not be granted.
NR 502.12 Note Note: Compost facilities associated with livestock operations that are required to have a wastewater discharge permit under the Wisconsin Pollution Discharge Elimination System and that handle manure, animal feed or other agricultural materials may be subject to additional locational requirements in chs. NR 151, NR 243 or ATCP 51.
NR 502.12(10) (10)Minimum operational standards for composting facilities. Unless exempt under sub. (2) or (4), no person may operate or maintain a composting facility regulated under this section except in accordance with the following minimum operational requirements:
NR 502.12(10)(a) (a) Raw materials accepted for composting shall be source separated at the point of generation so that they have not been mixed or otherwise contaminated with nonapproved waste types, particularly materials which are not readily compostable. Prior to incorporation into the composting process, the raw materials shall be sorted as needed to ensure that materials which are not readily compostable are removed unless alternate operational methods are used in conjunction with equipment to produce a compost product virtually free of physical and chemical contaminants.
NR 502.12 Note Note: Compost product which contains physical or chemical contaminants such as plastic, glass, metal scraps or regulated concentrations of heavy metals or organic compounds, may require controlled disposal under an approved landspreading plan or at a landfill.
NR 502.12(10)(b) (b) Raw materials in noncompostable bags shall be debagged within 24 hours of receipt at the facility. Raw materials, other than leaves and brush, in compostable bags shall be processed such that the contents of the bags are exposed to air within 24 hours of receipt at the facility. Stored waste shall be managed in accordance with the requirements applicable to the composting process. The following operational standards shall also be met for the wastes specified:
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.