NR 664.0314(4)(a)3. 3. Mixtures of these nonbiodegradable materials.
NR 664.0314(4)(b) (b) The sorbent material may be determined to be nonbiodegradable using any of the following tests:
NR 664.0314(4)(b)1. 1. ASTM Method G21-70 (1984a)—Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymer Materials to Fungi, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11.
NR 664.0314(4)(b)2. 2. ASTM Method G22-76 (1984b)—Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Plastics to Bacteria, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11.
NR 664.0314(4)(b)3. 3. OECD test 301B [CO2 Evolution (Modified Sturm Test)], incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11.
NR 664.0314(5) (5) The placement of any liquid which is not a hazardous waste in a landfill is prohibited unless the owner or operator of the landfill demonstrates to the department, or the department determines, that both of the following apply:
NR 664.0314(5)(a) (a) The only reasonably available alternative to the placement in the landfill is placement in a landfill or unlined surface impoundment, whether or not operating under an operating license or interim license, which contains, or may reasonably be anticipated to contain, hazardous waste.
NR 664.0314(5)(b) (b) Placement in the owner or operator's landfill will not present a risk of contamination of any underground source of drinking water (as that term is defined in 40 CFR 144.3).
NR 664.0314 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06; CR 16-007: r. (1), renum. (2) to (6) to (1) to (5) and, as renumbered, am.(1), (2), (4) (a) 1., 2., (5) Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17.
NR 664.0315 NR 664.0315Special requirements for containers. Unless they are very small, such as an ampule, containers shall be either of the following:
NR 664.0315(1) (1) At least 90% full when placed in the landfill.
NR 664.0315(2) (2) Crushed, shredded or similarly reduced in volume to the maximum practical extent before burial in the landfill.
NR 664.0315 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 664.0316 NR 664.0316Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs). Small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs) may be placed in a landfill if all of the following requirements are met:
NR 664.0316(1) (1) Hazardous waste shall be packaged in non-leaking inside containers. The inside containers shall be of a design and constructed of a material that will not react dangerously with, be decomposed by or be ignited by the contained waste. Inside containers shall be tightly and securely sealed. The inside containers shall be of the size and type specified in the U.S. department of transportation (DOT) hazardous materials regulations (49 CFR parts 173, 178 and 179), if those regulations specify a particular inside container for the waste.
NR 664.0316(2) (2) The inside containers shall be overpacked in an open head DOT-specification metal shipping container (49 CFR parts 178 and 179) of no more than 416-liter (110 gallon) capacity and surrounded by, at a minimum, a sufficient quantity of sorbent material, determined to be nonbiodegradable in accordance with s. NR 664.0314 (5), to completely sorb all of the liquid contents of the inside containers. The metal outer container shall be full after it has been packed with inside containers and sorbent material.
NR 664.0316(3) (3) The sorbent material used may not be capable of reacting dangerously with, being decomposed by or being ignited by the contents of the inside containers, in accordance with s. NR 664.0017 (2).
NR 664.0316(4) (4) Incompatible wastes, as defined in s. NR 660.10, may not be placed in the same outside container.
NR 664.0316(5) (5) Reactive wastes, other than cyanide- or sulfide-bearing waste as defined in s. NR 661.23 (1) (e), shall be treated or rendered non-reactive prior to packaging in accordance with subs. (1) to (4). Cyanide- and sulfide-bearing reactive waste may be packed in accordance with subs. (1) to (4) without first being treated or rendered non-reactive.
NR 664.0316(6) (6) The disposal is in compliance with the requirements of ch. NR 668. Persons who incinerate lab packs according to the requirements in s. NR 668.42 (3) (a) may use fiber drums in place of metal outer containers. The fiber drums shall meet the DOT specifications in 49 CFR 173.12 and be overpacked according to the requirements in sub. (2).
NR 664.0316 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 664.0317 NR 664.0317Special requirements for hazardous wastes F020, F021, F022, F023, F026 and F027.
NR 664.0317(1) (1) Hazardous wastes F020, F021, F022, F023, F026 and F027 may not be placed in a landfill unless the owner or operator operates the landfill in accord with a management plan for these wastes that is approved by the department pursuant to the standards set out in this subsection, and in accord with all other applicable requirements of this chapter. All of the following factors shall be considered:
NR 664.0317(1)(a) (a) The volume and physical and chemical characteristics of the wastes, including their potential to migrate through the soil or to volatilize or escape into the atmosphere.
NR 664.0317(1)(b) (b) The attenuative properties of underlying and surrounding soils or other materials.
NR 664.0317(1)(c) (c) The mobilizing properties of other materials co-disposed with these wastes.
NR 664.0317(1)(d) (d) The effectiveness of additional treatment, design or monitoring requirements.
NR 664.0317(2) (2) The department may determine that additional design, operating and monitoring requirements are necessary for landfills managing hazardous wastes F020, F021, F022, F023, F026 and F027 in order to reduce the possibility of migration of these wastes to groundwater, surface water or air so as to protect human health and the environment.
NR 664.0317 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
subch. O of ch. NR 664 Subchapter O — Incinerators
NR 664.0340 NR 664.0340Applicability.
NR 664.0340(1) (1) This subchapter applies to owners and operators of hazardous waste incinerators (as defined in s. NR 660.10), except as s. NR 664.0001 provides otherwise.
NR 664.0340(2)(a)(a) Except as provided by pars. (b) to (e), the standards of this chapter do not apply to a new hazardous waste incineration unit that becomes subject to hazardous waste license requirements after October 12, 2005, and no longer apply when an owner or operator demonstrates compliance with the maximum achievable control technology (MACT) requirements of 40 CFR part 63, subpart EEE, by conducting a comprehensive performance test and submitting a notification of compliance to the department under 40 CFR 63.1207 (j) and 40 CFR 63.1210 (b) documenting compliance with 40 CFR part 63, subpart EEE. Nevertheless, even after this demonstration of compliance with the MACT standards, hazardous waste license conditions that were based on the standards of this chapter will continue to be in effect until the department removes them from the license or denies, suspends or revokes the license, unless the license expressly provides otherwise.
NR 664.0340(2)(b) (b) The MACT standards do not replace the closure requirements of s. NR 664.0351 or the applicable requirements of subchs. A to H, BB and CC.
NR 664.0340(2)(c) (c) The particulate matter standard of s. NR 664.0343 (3) remains in effect for incinerators that elect to comply with the alternative to the particulate matter standard of 40 CFR 63.1206(b)(14).
NR 664.0340(2)(d) (d) All of the following requirements remain in effect for startup, shutdown and malfunction events if the owner or operator elects to comply with s. NR 670.235 (1) (a) 1. to minimize emissions of toxic compounds from these events:
NR 664.0340(2)(d)1. 1. Section NR 664.0345 (1) requiring that an incinerator operate according to operating requirements specified in the license.
NR 664.0340(2)(d)2. 2. Section NR 664.0345 (3) requiring compliance with the emission standards and operating requirements during startup and shutdown if hazardous waste is in the combustion chamber, except for particular hazardous wastes.
NR 664.0340(2)(e) (e) The particulate matter standard of s. NR 664.0343 (3) remains in effect for incinerators that elect to comply with the alternative to the particulate matter standard of 40 CFR 63.1206 (b) (14) and 63.1219 (e).
NR 664.0340(3) (3) After consideration of the waste analysis included with the feasibility and plan of operation report, the department, in establishing the license conditions, shall exempt the applicant from this subchapter except ss. NR 664.0341 and 664.0351, if all of the following conditions are met:
NR 664.0340(3)(a) (a) The department finds that the waste to be burned is one of the following:
NR 664.0340(3)(a)1. 1. Listed as a hazardous waste in subch. D of ch. NR 661 solely because it is ignitable (hazard code I), corrosive (hazard code C) or both.
NR 664.0340(3)(a)2. 2. Listed as a hazardous waste in subch. D of ch. NR 661 solely because it is reactive (hazard code R) for characteristics other than those in s. NR 661.23 (1) (d) and (e), and will not be burned when other hazardous wastes are present in the combustion zone.
NR 664.0340(3)(a)3. 3. A hazardous waste solely because it possesses the characteristic of ignitability, corrosivity or both, as determined by the test for characteristics of hazardous wastes under subch. C of ch. NR 661.
NR 664.0340(3)(a)4. 4. A hazardous waste solely because it possesses any of the reactivity characteristics in s. NR 661.23 (1) (a), (b), (c), (f), (g) and (h), and will not be burned when other hazardous wastes are present in the combustion zone.
NR 664.0340(3)(b) (b) The waste analysis shows that the waste contains none of the hazardous constituents in ch. NR 661 Appendix VIII, which would reasonably be expected to be in the waste.
NR 664.0340(4) (4) If the waste to be burned is one which is described by sub. (3) (a) 1., 2., 3. or 4. and contains insignificant concentrations of the hazardous constituents in ch. NR 661 Appendix VIII, then the department may, in establishing license conditions, exempt the applicant from all requirements of this subchapter, except ss. NR 664.0341 and 664.0351, after consideration of the waste analysis included with the feasibility and plan of operation report, unless the department finds that the waste will pose a threat to human health and the environment when burned in an incinerator.
NR 664.0340(5) (5) The owner or operator of an incinerator may conduct trial burns subject only to s. NR 670.062.
NR 664.0340 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06; correction in (2) (a) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register March 2013; CR 16-007: am. (2) (a), cr. (2) (e) Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17.
NR 664.0341 NR 664.0341Waste analysis.
NR 664.0341(1) (1) As a portion of the trial burn plan required by s. NR 670.062, or with the feasibility and plan of operation report, the owner or operator shall have included an analysis of the waste feed sufficient to provide all information required by s. NR 670.062 (2) or 670.019. Owners or operators of new hazardous waste incinerators shall provide the information required by s. NR 670.062 (3) or 670.019 to the greatest extent possible.
NR 664.0341(2) (2) Throughout normal operation the owner or operator shall conduct sufficient waste analysis to verify that waste feed to the incinerator is within the physical and chemical composition limits specified in the owner or operator's license (under s. NR 664.0345 (2)).
NR 664.0341 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 664.0342 NR 664.0342Principal organic hazardous constituents (POHCs).
NR 664.0342(1)(1) The owner or operator shall treat principal organic hazardous constituents (POHCs) in the waste feed to the extent required by the performance standard of s. NR 664.0343.
NR 664.0342(2)(a)(a) The department will specify one or more POHCs in the facility's license, from among those constituents in ch. NR 661 Appendix VIII, for each waste feed to be burned. The department will base this specification on the degree of difficulty of incineration of the organic constituents in the waste and on their concentration or mass in the waste feed, considering the results of waste analyses and trial burns or alternative data submitted with the feasibility and plan of operation report. Organic constituents which represent the greatest degree of difficulty of incineration will be those most likely to be designated as POHCs. Constituents are more likely to be designated as POHCs if they are present in large quantities or concentrations in the waste.
NR 664.0342(2)(b) (b) The department will designate trial POHCs for performance of trial burns according to the procedure in s. NR 670.062 for obtaining trial burn plan approvals.
NR 664.0342 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 664.0343 NR 664.0343Performance standards. The owner or operator shall design, construct and maintain an incinerator burning hazardous waste so that, when operated according to operating requirements specified under s. NR 664.0345, it will meet all of the following performance standards:
NR 664.0343(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), an incinerator burning hazardous waste shall achieve a destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) of 99.99% for each principal organic hazardous constituent (POHC) designated (under s. NR 664.0342) in its license for each waste feed. Determine the DRE for each POHC using the following equation:
where:
Win = mass feed rate of one principal organic hazardous constituent (POHC) in the waste stream feeding the incinerator
Wout = mass emission rate of the same POHC present in exhaust emissions prior to release to the atmosphere
NR 664.0343(1)(b) (b) An incinerator burning hazardous wastes F020, F021, F022, F023, F026 or F027 shall achieve a destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) of 99.9999% for each principal organic hazardous constituent (POHC) designated (under s. NR 664.0342) in its license. The owner or operator shall demonstrate this performance on POHCs that are more difficult to incinerate than tetra-, penta- and hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. The owner or operator shall determine the DRE for each POHC using the equation in par. (a).
NR 664.0343(2) (2) An incinerator burning hazardous waste and producing stack emissions of more than 1.8 kilograms per hour (4 pounds per hour) of hydrogen chloride (HCl) shall control HCl emissions such that the rate of emission is no greater than the larger of either 1.8 kilograms per hour or 1% of the HCl in the stack gas prior to entering any pollution control equipment.
NR 664.0343(3) (3) An incinerator burning hazardous waste may not emit particulate matter in excess of 180 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter (0.08 grains per dry standard cubic foot) when corrected for the amount of oxygen in the stack gas according to the formula:
where:
Pc = corrected concentration of particulate matter
Pm = measured concentration of particulate matter
Y = measured concentration of oxygen in the stack gas, using the Orsat method for oxygen analysis of dry flue gas, presented in Method 3 in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11
All hazardous waste incinerators except those operating under conditions of oxygen enrichment shall use this correction procedure. For incinerators operating under conditions of oxygen enrichment, the department will select an appropriate correction procedure and specify it in the facility license.
NR 664.0343(4) (4) For purposes of license enforcement, compliance with the operating requirements specified in the license (under s. NR 664.0345) is compliance with this section. However, evidence that compliance with those license conditions is insufficient to ensure compliance with the performance requirements of this section may be “information" justifying modification, revocation or reissuance of a license under s. NR 670.041.
NR 664.0343 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06; CR 16-007: am. (1) (b) Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17.
NR 664.0344 NR 664.0344Hazardous waste incinerator licenses.
NR 664.0344(1)(1) The owner or operator of a hazardous waste incinerator may burn only wastes specified in the owner or operator's license and only under operating conditions specified for those wastes under s. NR 664.0345, except in any of the following circumstances:
NR 664.0344(1)(a) (a) In approved trial burns under s. NR 670.062.
NR 664.0344(1)(b) (b) Under exemptions created by s. NR 664.0340.
NR 664.0344(2) (2) Other hazardous wastes may be burned only after the department has specified operating conditions in a new license or a license modification as applicable. The department may base operating requirements for new wastes on either trial burn results or alternative data included with the feasibility and plan of operation report under s. NR 670.019.
NR 664.0344(3) (3) The license for a new hazardous waste incinerator shall establish appropriate conditions for each of the applicable requirements of this subchapter, including but not limited to allowable waste feeds and operating conditions necessary to meet s. NR 664.0345, sufficient to comply with all of the following standards:
NR 664.0344(3)(a) (a) For the period beginning with initial introduction of hazardous waste to the incinerator and ending with initiation of the trial burn, and only for the minimum time required to establish operating conditions required in par. (b), not to exceed a duration of 720 hours operating time for treatment of hazardous waste, the operating requirements shall be those most likely to ensure compliance with the performance standards of s. NR 664.0343, based on the department's engineering judgment. The department may extend the duration of this period once for up to 720 additional hours when the applicant demonstrates good cause for the extension.
NR 664.0344(3)(b) (b) For the duration of the trial burn, the operating requirements shall be sufficient to demonstrate compliance with the performance standards of s. NR 664.0343 and shall be according to the approved trial burn plan.
NR 664.0344(3)(c) (c) For the period immediately following completion of the trial burn, and only for the minimum period sufficient to allow sample analysis, data computation and submission of the trial burn results by the applicant, and review of the trial burn results and modification of the facility license by the department, the operating requirements shall be those most likely to ensure compliance with the performance standards of s. NR 664.0343, based on the department's engineering judgment.
NR 664.0344(3)(d) (d) For the remaining duration of the license, the operating requirements shall be those demonstrated, in a trial burn or by alternative data specified in s. NR 670.019 (3), as sufficient to ensure compliance with the performance standards of s. NR 664.0343.
NR 664.0344 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.