NR 668.04(1)(c)2.b. b. The surface impoundment is located more than one-quarter mile from an underground source of drinking water.
NR 668.04(1)(c)2.c. c. The surface impoundment is in compliance with generally applicable groundwater monitoring requirements for facilities with licenses.
NR 668.04(1)(c)3. 3. Upon application by the owner or operator, the department, after notice and an opportunity to comment, grants a modification to the design requirements on the basis of a demonstration that the surface impoundment is located, designed and operated so as to assure that there will be no migration of any hazardous constituent into groundwater or surface water at any future time.
NR 668.04(1)(d) (d) The owner or operator submits to the department a written certification that the requirements of par. (c) have been met. The following certification is required:
I certify under penalty of law that the requirements of s. NR 668.04 (1) (c) have been met for all surface impoundments being used to treat restricted wastes. I believe that the submitted information is true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.04(2) (2) Evaporation of hazardous constituents as the principal means of treatment is not treatment for purposes of an exemption under this section.
NR 668.04 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 668.05 NR 668.05Procedures for case-by-case extensions to an effective date.
NR 668.05(1) (1) Any person who generates, treats, stores, or disposes of a hazardous waste may submit an application under 40 CFR 268.5, to the EPA administrator for an extension to the effective date of any applicable restriction established under subch. C of ch. NR 668. The EPA administrator retains the authority to implement all requirements of 40 CFR 268.5.
NR 668.05(2) (2) An extension granted by the EPA administrator will apply only to the waste generated at the individual facility covered by the application and will not apply to restricted waste from any other facility.
NR 668.05(3) (3) Whenever the EPA administrator establishes an extension to an effective date under 40 CFR 268.5, during the period for which the extension is in effect all of the following conditions apply:
NR 668.05(3)(a) (a) The hazardous waste covered by the extension is exempt from storage restrictions under s. NR 668.50 (1).
NR 668.05(3)(b) (b) The hazardous waste covered by the extension may be disposed in a landfill or surface impoundment, regardless of whether the unit is existing, new, or a replacement or lateral expansion, if the unit complies with all of the following technical requirements:
NR 668.05(3)(b)1. 1. The landfill, if under an interim license, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 665 and s. NR 665.0301 (1), (3), and (4).
NR 668.05(3)(b)2. 2. The landfill, if licensed, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 664 and s. NR 664.0301 (3), (4) and (5).
NR 668.05(3)(b)3. 3. The surface impoundment, if under an interim license, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 665 and s. NR 665.0221 (1), (3), and (4), and 42 USC 6925(j)(1).
NR 668.05(3)(b)4. 4. The surface impoundment, if licensed, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 664 and s. NR 664.0221 (3), (4), and (5).
NR 668.05(3)(b)5. 5. The surface impoundment, if newly subject to 42 USC 6925(j)(1) due to the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics for the identification of hazardous waste, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 665 within 12 months after the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics of hazardous waste, and complies with the requirements of s. NR 665.0221 (1), (3), and (4) within 48 months after the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics of hazardous waste. If a national capacity variance is granted, during the period the variance is in effect, the surface impoundment, if newly subject to 42 USC 6925(j)(1) due to the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics of hazardous waste, complies with the requirements of subch. F of ch. NR 665 within 12 months after the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics of hazardous waste, and with the requirements of s. NR 665.0221 (1), (3) and (4) within 48 months after the promulgation of additional listings or characteristics of hazardous waste.
NR 668.05(3)(b)6. 6. The landfill, if disposing of containerized liquid hazardous wastes containing PCBs at concentrations greater than or equal to 50 ppm but less than 500 ppm, also complies with 40 CFR 761.75 and chs. NR 664 and 665.
NR 668.05(4) (4) Pending a decision by the EPA administrator on the application, the applicant is required to comply with all restrictions on land disposal under this chapter once the effective date for the waste has been reached.
NR 668.05 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06; CR 16-007: am. (3) (b) 6. Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17.
NR 668.06 NR 668.06Petitions to allow land disposal of a waste prohibited under subch. C.
NR 668.06(1) (1) Any person seeking an exemption from a prohibition under subch. C of ch. NR 668 for the disposal of a restricted hazardous waste in a particular unit or units shall submit a petition under 40 CFR 268.6 to the EPA administrator demonstrating, to a reasonable degree of certainty, that there will be no migration of hazardous constituents from the disposal unit or injection zone for as long as the wastes remain hazardous. The EPA administrator retains the authority to implement all requirements of 40 CFR 268.6.
NR 668.06(2) (2) Prior to the EPA administrator's decision, the applicant shall comply with all restrictions on land disposal under this chapter once the effective date for the waste has been reached.
NR 668.06(3) (3) The petition granted by the EPA administrator does not relieve the petitioner of the petitioner's responsibilities in the management of hazardous waste under chs. NR 660 to 670.
NR 668.06 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06.
NR 668.07 NR 668.07Testing, tracking and recordkeeping requirements for generators, treaters and disposal facilities.
NR 668.07(1) (1) Generators shall comply with all of the following requirements:
NR 668.07(1)(a) (a) A generator of hazardous waste shall determine if the hazardous waste shall be treated before it can be land disposed. This determination shall be done by determining if the hazardous waste meets the treatment standards in s. NR 668.40, 668.45, or 668.49. This determination shall be made by testing the waste or using knowledge of the waste. If the generator tests the waste, testing should determine the total concentration of hazardous constituents, or the concentration of hazardous constituents in an extract of the waste obtained using test method 1311 in “Test Methods of Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods", EPA SW-846, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11, depending on whether the treatment standard for the waste is expressed as a total concentration or a concentration of hazardous constituent in the waste's extract. As an alternative to the generator determining if the hazardous waste is required to be treated before it can be land disposed, the generator shall send the waste to a RCRA licensed or permitted hazardous waste treatment facility, where the waste treatment facility shall comply with the requirements of sub. (2) and s. NR 664.0013. In addition, some hazardous wastes shall be treated by particular treatment methods before they can be land disposed and some soils are contaminated by such hazardous wastes. These treatment standards are also found in s. NR 668.40 and are described in detail in s. NR 668.42, Table 1. It is not necessary to test hazardous waste, or soil contaminated by hazardous waste, which is treated under ss. NR 668.40 and 668.42, Table 1, unless the waste or soil is in a waste mixture, in which case the other wastes in the mixture with concentration level treatment standards shall be tested. If a generator is managing a waste or soil contaminated with a waste, that displays a hazardous characteristic of ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity, the generator shall comply with the special requirements of s. NR 668.09 in addition to any applicable requirements in this section.
NR 668.07(1)(b) (b) If the waste or contaminated soil does not meet the applicable treatment standards or if the generator chooses not to make the determination of whether the waste is required to be treated, the generator shall send a one-time written notice to each treatment or storage facility receiving the waste with the initial waste shipment, and shall place a copy in the generator's file. The notice shall include the information in column “668.07 (1) (b)" of the Generator Paperwork Requirements Table in par. (d). Alternatively, if the generator chooses not to make the determination of whether the waste is required to be treated, the notification shall include the EPA Hazardous Waste Numbers and Manifest Number of the first shipment and shall state “This hazardous waste may or may not be subject to the LDR treatment standards. The treatment facility shall make the determination.” No further notification is necessary until the waste or facility change, in which case a new notification shall be sent and a copy placed in the generator's file.
NR 668.07(1)(c) (c) If the waste or contaminated soil meets the treatment standard at the original point of generation:, then generators shall meet all of the following conditions:
NR 668.07(1)(c)1. 1. The generator shall send a one-time written notice to each treatment, storage, or disposal facility receiving the waste with the initial waste shipment, and place a copy in the generator's file. The notice shall include the information in column “668.07 (1) (c)" of the Generator Paperwork Requirements Table in par. (d) and the following certification statement, signed by an authorized representative:
I certify under penalty of law that I personally have examined and am familiar with the waste through analysis and testing or through knowledge of the waste to support this certification that the waste complies with the treatment standards specified in subch. D of ch. NR 668 [or 40 CFR 268]. I believe that the information I submitted is true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of a fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.07(1)(c)2. 2. If the generator ships contaminated soil, then with the initial waste shipment, the generator shall send a one-time written notice to each treatment, storage or disposal facility receiving the contaminated soil and place a copy in the generator's file. The notice shall include the information in column “668.07 (1) (c)" of the Generator Paperwork Requirements Table in par. (d).
NR 668.07(1)(c)3. 3. If the waste changes, the generator shall send a new notice and certification to the receiving facility, and place a copy in the generator's file. Generators of hazardous debris excluded from the definition of hazardous waste under s. NR 661.03 (6) are not subject to these requirements.
NR 668.07(1)(d) (d) If the generator's waste or contaminated soil is not required to meet treatment standards before it is land disposed because the waste or soil qualifies for an exemption, including but not limited to case-by-case extensions under 40 CFR 268.5, disposal in a no-migration unit under 40 CFR 268.6, or a national capacity variance or case-by-case capacity variance under subch. C, then with the initial shipment of waste, the generator shall send a one-time written notice to each land disposal facility receiving the waste. The notice shall include the information indicated in column “s. NR 668.07 (1) (d)" of the Generator Paperwork Requirements Table in this paragraph. If the waste changes, the generator shall send a new notice to the receiving facility, and place a copy in the generator's file.
Generator Paperwork Requirements Table - See PDF for table PDF
NR 668.07(1)(e) (e) If a generator is managing and treating prohibited waste or contaminated soil in tanks, containers or containment buildings regulated under s. NR 662.034 to meet applicable LDR treatment standards found at s. NR 668.40, the generator shall develop and follow a written waste analysis plan which describes the procedures they will carry out to comply with the treatment standards. Generators treating hazardous debris under the alternative treatment standards of s. NR 668.45, Table 1, however, are not subject to the waste analysis requirements in this section. The plan shall be kept on site in the generator's records, and all of the following requirements shall be met:
NR 668.07(1)(e)1. 1. The waste analysis plan shall be based on a detailed chemical and physical analysis of a representative sample of the prohibited waste being treated, and contain all information necessary to treat the waste in accordance with the requirements of this chapter, including the selected testing frequency.
NR 668.07(1)(e)2. 2. The plan shall be kept in the facility's on-site files and made available to inspectors.
NR 668.07(1)(e)3. 3. Wastes shipped off-site pursuant to this subsection shall comply with the notification requirements of par. (c).
NR 668.07(1)(f) (f) If a generator determines that the waste or contaminated soil is restricted based solely on the generator's knowledge of the waste, all supporting data used to make this determination shall be retained on-site in the generator's files. If a generator determines that the waste is restricted based on testing this waste or an extract developed using the test method 1311 in “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods", EPA SW-846, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11, then all waste analysis data shall be retained on-site in the generator's files.
NR 668.07(1)(g) (g) If a generator determines that the generator is managing a prohibited waste that is excluded from the definition of hazardous or solid waste or is not regulated under ch. 291, Stats., and chs. NR 660 to 673 pursuant to ss. NR 661.02 to 661.06 subsequent to the point of generation, including deactivated characteristic hazardous wastes managed in wastewater treatment systems subject to 33 USC 1342 as specified at s. NR 661.04 (1) (b) or that are CWA-equivalent, the generator shall place a one-time notice describing the generation, subsequent exclusion from the definition of hazardous or solid waste or exemption from ch. 291, Stats., and chs. NR 660 to 673 regulation, and the disposition of the waste, in the facility's on-site files.
NR 668.07(1)(h) (h) Generators shall retain on-site a copy of all notices, certifications, waste analysis data and other documentation produced pursuant to this section for at least 3 years from the date that the waste that is the subject of the documentation was last sent to on-site or off-site treatment, storage or disposal. The 3 year record retention period is automatically extended during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the regulated activity or as requested by the department. The requirements of this subsection apply to solid wastes even when the hazardous characteristic is removed prior to disposal, or when the waste is excluded from the definition of hazardous or solid waste under ss. NR 661.02 to 661.06, or exempted from ch. 291, Stats., and chs. NR 660 to 673, subsequent to the point of generation.
NR 668.07(1)(i) (i) If a generator is managing a lab pack containing hazardous wastes and wishes to use the alternative treatment standard for lab packs found at s. NR 668.42 (3), then the generator shall comply with all of the following:
NR 668.07(1)(i)1. 1. With the initial shipment of waste to a treatment facility, the generator shall submit a notice and place a copy in the generator's file. The notice shall provide the information in column “668.07 (1) (i)" in the Generator Paperwork Requirements Table of par. (d), and shall include the following certification statement signed by an authorized representative:
I certify under penalty of law that I personally have examined and am familiar with the waste and that the lab pack contains only wastes that have not been excluded under ch. NR 668 Appendix IV and that this lab pack will be sent to a combustion facility in compliance with the alternative treatment standards for lab packs at s. NR 668.42 (3) [or 40 CFR 268.42(c)]. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine or imprisonment.
NR 668.07(1)(i)2. 2. No further notification is necessary until the time that the wastes in the lab pack change, or the receiving facility changes, in which case a new notice and certification shall be sent and a copy placed in the generator's file.
NR 668.07(1)(i)3. 3. If the lab pack contains characteristic hazardous wastes (D001 to D008, and D010 to D043), the generator does not need to determine the underlying hazardous constituents, as defined in s. NR 668.02 (9).
NR 668.07(1)(i)4. 4. The generator shall also comply with the requirements in pars. (f) and (g).
NR 668.07(1)(j) (j) Small quantity generators with tolling agreements pursuant to s. NR 662.191 (1) shall comply with the applicable notification and certification requirements of this subsection for the initial shipment of the waste subject to the agreement. Generators shall retain on-site a copy of the notification and certification, together with the tolling agreement, for at least 3 years after termination or expiration of the agreement. The three-year record retention period is automatically extended during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the regulated activity or as requested by the department.
NR 668.07(2) (2) Treatment facilities shall test their wastes according to the frequency specified in their waste analysis plans as required by s. NR 664.0013 (for licensed TSDs) or s. NR 665.0013 (for interim license facilities). Testing shall be performed as provided in pars. (a) to (c).
NR 668.07(2)(a) (a) For wastes or contaminated soil with treatment standards expressed in the waste extract (TCLP), the owner or operator of the treatment facility shall test an extract of the treatment residues, using test method 1311 (the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure, described in “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods", EPA SW-846, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11) to assure that the treatment residues extract meet the applicable treatment standards.
NR 668.07(2)(b) (b) For wastes or contaminated soil with treatment standards expressed as concentrations in the waste, the owner or operator of the treatment facility shall test the treatment residues, not an extract of the residues, to assure that they meet the applicable treatment standards.
NR 668.07(2)(c) (c) A one-time notice shall be sent with the initial shipment of waste or contaminated soil to the land disposal facility. A copy of the notice shall be placed in the treatment facility's file.
NR 668.07(2)(c)1. 1. No further notification is necessary until the waste or receiving facility change, in which case a new notice shall be sent and a copy placed in the treatment facility's file.
NR 668.07(2)(c)2. 2. The one-time notice shall include all of the following requirements:
Treatment Facility Paperwork Requirements Table - See PDF for table PDF
NR 668.07(2)(d) (d) The treatment facility shall submit a one-time certification signed by an authorized representative with the initial shipment of waste or treatment residue of a restricted waste to the land disposal facility. The certification shall state:
I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar with the treatment technology and operation of the treatment process used to support this certification. Based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining this information, I believe that the treatment process has been operated and maintained properly so as to comply with the treatment standards specified in s. NR 668.40 [or 40 CFR 268.40] without impermissible dilution of the prohibited waste. I am aware there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
A certification is also necessary for contaminated soil and it shall state the following:
I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar with the treatment technology and operation of the treatment process used to support this certification and believe that it has been maintained and operated properly so as to comply with treatment standards specified in s. NR 668.49 [or 40 CFR 268.49] without impermissible dilution of the prohibited wastes. I am aware there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.07(2)(d)1. 1. A copy of the certification shall be placed in the treatment facility's on-site files. If the waste or treatment residue changes, or the receiving facility changes, a new certification shall be sent to the receiving facility, and a copy placed in the treatment facility's on-site file.
NR 668.07(2)(d)2. 2. Debris excluded from the definition of hazardous waste under s. NR 661.03 (6) (i.e., debris treated by an extraction or destruction technology provided by s. NR 668.45, Table 1, and debris that the department has determined does not contain hazardous waste), is subject to the notification and certification requirements of sub. (4) rather than the certification requirements of this subsection.
NR 668.07(2)(d)3. 3. For wastes with organic constituents having treatment standards expressed as concentration levels, if compliance with the treatment standards is based in whole or in part on the analytical detection limit alternative specified in s. NR 668.40 (4), then the certification, signed by an authorized representative, shall state the following:
I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar with the treatment technology and operation of the treatment process used to support this certification. Based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining this information, I believe that the nonwastewater organic constituents have been treated by combustion units as specified in s. NR 668.42 [or 40 CFR 268.42], Table 1. I have been unable to detect the nonwastewater organic constituents, despite having used best good-faith efforts to analyze for these constituents. I am aware there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.07(2)(d)4. 4. For characteristic wastes that are subject to the treatment standards in s. NR 668.40, other than those expressed as a method of treatment, or s. NR 668.49, and that contain underlying hazardous constituents as defined in s. NR 668.02 (9); if these wastes are treated on-site to remove the hazardous characteristic; and are then sent off-site for treatment of underlying hazardous constituents, the certification shall state the following:
I certify under penalty of law that the waste has been treated in accordance with the requirements of s. NR 668.40 or 668.49 [or 40 CFR 268.40 or 268.49] to remove the hazardous characteristic. This decharacterized waste contains underlying hazardous constituents that require further treatment to meet treatment standards. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.07(2)(d)5. 5. For characteristic wastes that contain underlying hazardous constituents as defined in s. NR 668.02 (9) that are treated on-site to remove the hazardous characteristic, and to treat underlying hazardous constituents to meet the universal treatment standards in s. NR 668.48, the certification shall state the following:
I certify under penalty of law that the waste has been treated in accordance with the requirements of s. NR 668.40 [40 CFR 268.40] to remove the hazardous characteristic and that underlying hazardous constituents, as defined in s. NR 668.02 (9) have been treated on-site to meet the universal treatment standards under s. NR 668.48 [or 40 CFR 268.48]. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.
NR 668.07(2)(e) (e) If the waste or treatment residue will be further managed at a different treatment, storage or disposal facility, the treatment, storage or disposal facility sending the waste or treatment residue off-site shall comply with the notice and certification requirements applicable to generators under this section.
NR 668.07(2)(f) (f) Where the wastes are recyclable materials used in a manner constituting disposal subject to s. NR 666.020 (2) regarding treatment standards and prohibition levels, the owner or operator of a treatment facility (for instance, the recycler) is not required to notify the receiving facility, pursuant to par. (c). With each shipment of wastes the owner or operator of the recycling facility shall, for the initial shipment of waste, prepare a one-time certification described in par. (d), and a one-time notice which includes the information in par. (c), except the manifest number. The certification and notification shall be placed in the facility's on-site files. The recycling facility shall also keep records of the name and location of each entity receiving the hazardous waste-derived product.
NR 668.07(3) (3) Except where the owner or operator is disposing of any waste that is a recyclable material used in a manner constituting disposal pursuant to s. NR 666.020 (2), the owner or operator of any land disposal facility disposing any waste subject to restrictions under this chapter shall comply with all of the following:
NR 668.07(3)(a) (a) Have copies of the notice and certifications specified in subs. (1) and (2).
NR 668.07(3)(b) (b) Test the waste, or an extract of the waste or treatment residue developed using test method 1311 (the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure), described in “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods", EPA SW-846, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11), to assure that the wastes or treatment residues are in compliance with the applicable treatment standards set forth in subch. D. This testing shall be performed according to the frequency specified in the facility's waste analysis plan as required by s. NR 664.0013 or 665.0013.
NR 668.07(4) (4) Generators or treaters who claim that hazardous debris is excluded from the definition of hazardous waste under s. NR 661.03 (6) (i.e., debris treated by an extraction or destruction technology provided by s. NR 668.45, Table 1, and debris that the department has determined does not contain hazardous waste) are subject to all of the following notification and certification requirements:
NR 668.07(4)(a) (a) A one-time notification, including the following information, shall be submitted to the department:
NR 668.07(4)(a)1. 1. The name and address of the approved facility for solid waste disposal which is receiving the treated debris.
NR 668.07(4)(a)2. 2. A description of the hazardous debris as initially generated, including the applicable EPA hazardous waste number or numbers.
NR 668.07(4)(a)3. 3. For debris excluded under s. NR 661.03 (6) (a), the technology from s. NR 668.45, Table 1, used to treat the debris.
NR 668.07(4)(b) (b) The notification shall be updated if the debris is shipped to a different facility, and, for debris excluded under s. NR 661.02 (5) (a), if a different type of debris is treated or if a different technology is used to treat the debris.
NR 668.07(4)(c) (c) For debris excluded under s. NR 661.03 (6) (a), the owner or operator of the treatment facility shall document and certify compliance with the treatment standards of s. NR 668.45, Table 1, by meeting all of the following criteria:
NR 668.07(4)(c)1. 1. The owner or operator of the treatment facility shall keep records of all inspections, evaluations and analyses of treated debris that are made to determine compliance with the treatment standards.
NR 668.07(4)(c)2. 2. The owner or operator of the treatment facility shall keep records of any data or information the treatment facility obtains during treatment of the debris that identifies key operating parameters of the treatment unit.
NR 668.07(4)(c)3. 3. For each shipment of treated debris, a certification of compliance with the treatment standards shall be signed by an authorized representative and placed in the facility's files. The certification shall state the following: “I certify under penalty of law that the debris has been treated in accordance with the requirements of s. NR 668.45. I am aware that there are significant penalties for making a false certification, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment."
NR 668.07(5) (5) If the department determines that a contaminated soil subject to LDRs as provided in s. NR 668.49 (1) no longer contains a listed hazardous waste, or if a generator or treater determines that a contaminated soil subject to LDRs as provided in s. NR 668.49 (1) no longer exhibits a characteristic of hazardous waste, then the generator or treater shall meet all of the following conditions:
NR 668.07(5)(a) (a) Prepare a one-time only documentation of these determinations including all supporting information.
NR 668.07(5)(b) (b) Maintain that information in the facility files and other records for a minimum of 3 years.
NR 668.07 History History: CR 05-032: cr. Register July 2006 No. 607, eff. 8-1-06; CR 16-007: am. (1) (a), (b), (c) 1., (d), (2) (f) Register July 2017 No. 739, eff. 8-1-17; correction in (1) (a) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register July 2017 No. 739.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.