SPS 383.45(4) (4)Moisture. The soil moisture content for a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall be evaluated immediately prior to installation of the component. If the soil at the infiltrative surface can be rolled into a ¼ -inch wire, the installation may not proceed.
SPS 383.45(5) (5)Bedding. All vessels and pipes of a POWTS shall be bedded in accordance with a product approval under s. SPS 384.10 or a plan approval under s. SPS 383.22.
SPS 383.45(6) (6)Floodplain.
SPS 383.45(6)(a)(a) All POWTS treatment tanks, holding and dispersal tanks that are located in floodplain areas shall be made and maintained watertight to prevent infiltration.
SPS 383.45(6)(b) (b) Vent pipes serving POWTS components that are located in floodplain areas shall terminate at least 2 feet above regional flood levels.
SPS 383.45(7) (7) Minimum depth. The top of the effluent lines and forcemains shall be covered by a minimum of 12 inches of soil.
SPS 383.45 Note Note: See s. SPS 383.43 (8) (g) relative to anchoring provisions.
SPS 383.45 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: am. (6) Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1), (5) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 17-065: am. (2), (6) (b), cr. (7) Register June 2018 No. 750, eff. 7-1-18.
subch. V of ch. SPS 383 Subchapter V — Management
SPS 383.50 SPS 383.50Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to accomplish all of the following:
SPS 383.50(1) (1) Establish monitoring, inspection, evaluation, maintenance and servicing requirements for all POWTS, in order to ensure that the POWTS will operate as designed and thereby protect the public health and waters of the state.
SPS 383.50(2) (2) Establish maintenance programs operated by governmental units to ensure that all POWTS will be inspected, evaluated, maintained and serviced so that the POWTS will operate as designed and thereby protect the public health and waters of the state.
SPS 383.50(3) (3) Provide the department with data by which to make regulatory decisions.
SPS 383.50 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: r. and recr. Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08.
SPS 383.51 SPS 383.51Principles.
SPS 383.51(1) (1) A POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall be maintained at all times so as not to create a human health hazard.
SPS 383.51(2) (2) When upon inspection of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, any part of the system that is found to be defective in conformance with the applicable provisions of this chapter, the installation or modification plan, or the approvals, the part shall be repaired, renovated, replaced or removed.
SPS 383.51 Note Note: Section SPS 387.04 (2) (a) to (e) also establishes management and maintenance requirements for a POWTS that is located in a governmental unit which participates in the replacement and rehabilitation program under s. 145.245, Stats.
SPS 383.51 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00.
SPS 383.52 SPS 383.52Responsibilities.
SPS 383.52(1)(a)1.1. The owner of a POWTS shall be responsible for ensuring that the operation and maintenance of the POWTS occurs in accordance with this chapter and the approved management plan under s. SPS 383.54 (1).
SPS 383.52(1)(a)2. 2. The owner of a POWTS shall be responsible for ensuring that access opening covers remain locked or secured except for inspection, evaluation, maintenance or servicing purposes.
SPS 383.52(1)(b) (b) The owner of a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall be responsible for ensuring that the maintenance of the POWTS occurs in accordance with s. SPS 383.54 (4).
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.1. The owner of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall maintain a maintenance contract with a POWTS maintainer or a business utilizing a POWTS maintainer for the POWTS as long as the POWTS is utilized and, if the management plan for the POWTS under s. SPS 383.54 (1) involves one or more of the following:
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.a. a. Evaluating or monitoring any part of the system at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.b. b. Maintaining any part of the system at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(1)(c)2. 2. The owner of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall maintain a maintenance or service contract with a certified septage servicing operator under ch. NR 114 for the POWTS as long as the POWTS is utilized and, if the management plan for the POWTS under s. SPS 383.54 (1) involves the servicing of any holding, treatment or dispersal component at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(2) (2) A POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, that is not maintained in accordance with the approved management plan or as required under s. SPS 383.54 (4) shall be considered a human health hazard.
SPS 383.52(3) (3) The activities relating to evaluating, monitoring and maintaining POWTS components after the initial installation of the POWTS in accordance with an approved management plan or as required by s. SPS 383.54 (4) (c) shall be conducted by a person who holds registration issued by the department as a registered POWTS maintainer.
SPS 383.52 Note Note: See s. SPS 305.36 concerning the application and qualification requirements to become a registered POWTS maintainer.
SPS 383.52 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 02-129: am. (3) Register January 2004 No. 577, eff. 2-1-04; CR 07-100: renum. (1) (a) to be (1) (a) 1., cr. (1) (a) 2., am (1) (b), (c) 1. (intro.) and (3) Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1) (a) 1., (b), (c) 1. (intro.), 2., (2), (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 383.53 SPS 383.53General.
SPS 383.53(1) (1) No product for chemical or physical restoration or chemical or physical procedures for POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, may be used unless approved by the department in accordance with ss. SPS 384.10 and 384.14.
SPS 383.53(2) (2) Nothing in this subchapter shall limit a governmental unit's authority and power in establishing a mandatory POWTS maintenance program that is more restrictive than what is specified in this subchapter, including management or maintenance undertaken by the governmental unit.
SPS 383.53 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: am. Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 383.54 SPS 383.54Management requirements.
SPS 383.54(1) (1)Management plan.
SPS 383.54(1)(a)(a) The management plan for each POWTS shall include information and procedures for maintaining the POWTS to operate and function within the standards of this chapter and as designed and approved.
SPS 383.54(1)(b) (b) The management plan for a POWTS shall be a part of the plan submittal under s. SPS 383.22 or 384.10.
SPS 383.54(1)(c) (c) The management plan for POWTS shall specify all necessary maintenance and servicing information which may include, but is not limited to all of the following:
SPS 383.54(1)(c)1. 1. Accumulated solids or byproduct removal requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)2. 2. Influent quantities and qualities and effluent quantities and qualities.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)3. 3. Metering, sampling and monitoring schedules and requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)4. 4. Load and rest schedules.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)5. 5. Servicing frequency requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)6. 6. Installation and inspection checklists.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)7. 7. Evaluation, monitoring and maintenance schedules for mechanical POWTS components.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)8. 8. Start up and shutdown procedures.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)9. 9. Procedure for abandonment.
SPS 383.54(1)(d) (d) If the owner of the POWTS wishes to operate or maintain a POWTS differently than that specified in the approved management plan, a written request for approval to amend the management plan shall be submitted to the agency that initially reviewed the installation plan under s. SPS 383.22.
SPS 383.54(1)(e) (e) The management plan for a POWTS shall specifically address the servicing mechanics of an aerobic or anaerobic treatment tank or a holding tank where either of the following conditions exist:
SPS 383.54(1)(e)1. 1. The bottom of the tank is located more than 15 feet below the elevation where the servicing pad is located.
SPS 383.54(1)(e)2. 2. The bottom of the tank is located more than 150 feet horizontally from where the servicing pad is located.
SPS 383.54(2) (2)Metering and monitoring.
SPS 383.54(2)(a)(a) General. The management plan specified in sub. (1) shall include procedures for metering or monitoring POWTS influent or effluent as specified in this subsection.
SPS 383.54(2)(b) (b) Department option. The department may require the metering or monitoring of any POWTS to evaluate the operation of the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(c) (c) Governmental unit option. A governmental unit may require the metering or monitoring of a POWTS holding component as part of a maintenance and monitoring tracking program.
SPS 383.54(2)(d) (d) Metering influent flows.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.1. When and where the metering of a POWTS is required, influent flows to POWTS shall be metered by one of the following methods:
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.a. a. Installing event counters and elapsed time meters.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.b. b. Installing water meters to meter the water distribution system flow to the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.c. c. Metering wastewater flow from all parts of the plumbing system discharging to the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.d. d. Metering the water distribution system and metering exterior hydrant use, except as provided in subd. 2.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)2. 2. Where meters are installed on water distribution systems existing prior to July 1, 2000, the entire water distribution system may be metered and the exterior hydrant usage estimated and subtracted from the total flow to meet the requirements of this paragraph.
SPS 383.54(2)(e) (e) Monitoring influent and effluent loads.
SPS 383.54(2)(e)1.1. When and where the monitoring of groundwater is required, groundwater monitoring wells constructed in accordance with ch. NR 141 shall be utilized.
SPS 383.54(2)(e)2. 2. When influent or effluent contaminants are to be monitored, samples shall be collected in accordance with the requirements of the approved management plan or, where no procedures are specified, in accordance with published sampling procedures accepted by the department.
SPS 383.54 Note Note: Acceptable sampling procedures include those contained in the following sources:
SPS 383.54 Note “Procedures Manual for Ground Water Monitoring at Solid Waste Disposal Facilities," EPA SW-611, Office of Water and Waste Management, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 1980, Washington, D. C.
SPS 383.54 Note “Techniques of Water Resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey, Guidelines for Collection and Field Analysis of Ground Water Samples for Selected Unstable Constituents," Book I, Chapter D2, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D. C.
SPS 383.54 Note “Procedures for the Collection of Representative Water Quality Data from Monitoring Wells," Cooperative Groundwater Report 7, Illinois State Water Survey, 1981, Champaign, Illinois.
SPS 383.54 Note “Manual of Ground Water Sampling Procedures," NWWA/EPA Series, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, 1981, Ada, Oklahoma.
SPS 383.54 Note “Groundwater Sampling Desk Reference – Parts 1 and 2," Wisconsin DNR, PUBL-DG-037 96, September 1996.
SPS 383.54 Note “Groundwater Sampling Field Manual," Wisconsin DNR, PUBL-DG-038 96, September 1996.
SPS 383.54(2)(e)3. 3. All groundwater samples collected to evaluate influent or effluent quality, except samples collected for total coliform bacteria analysis and the field analyses for pH, specific conductance and temperature, shall be analyzed by a laboratory certified under s. 299.11, Stats., and rules adopted under that section.
SPS 383.54(2)(e)4. 4. The results of the analysis required under subd. 2. shall be maintained and reported as required in the approved management plan and in accordance with s. SPS 383.55 (1) (a).
SPS 383.54(3) (3)Servicing requirements.
SPS 383.54(3)(a)(a) The management plan specified in sub. (1) shall reflect the servicing schedules of POWTS components as specified in this subsection
SPS 383.54(3)(b) (b) The servicing frequency of an anaerobic treatment tank for a POWTS shall occur at least when the combined sludge and scum volume equals 1/3 of the tank volume.
SPS 383.54(3)(c) (c) The servicing frequency of a holding tank for a POWTS shall occur at least when the wastewater of the tank reaches a level of one foot below the inlet invert of the tank.
SPS 383.54 Note Note: The servicing of POWTS holding and treatment components, including septic tanks and holding tanks, is required to be performed by licensed pumpers under chs. NR 113 and NR 114.
SPS 383.54(3)(d) (d) The servicing of a RV transfer tank shall be performed in a manner to prevent the discharge of wastewater into the surrounding soil or onto the ground surface.
SPS 383.54 Note Note: Section NR 113.03 (57) defines “servicing" as “removing the scum, liquid, sludge, or other wastes from a private sewage system such as septic or holding tanks, dosing chambers, grease interceptors, seepage beds, seepage pits, seepage trenches, privies, or portable restrooms and properly disposing or recycling of the contents as provided in this chapter."
SPS 383.54(4) (4)Existing POWTS.
SPS 383.54(4)(a)(a) The servicing frequency of an anaerobic treatment tank for a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall occur at least when the combined sludge and scum volume equals 1/3 of the tank volume.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.