Tax 2.50 Note Note: Section Tax 2.50 interprets ss. 71.04 (8) (b) and (c) and 71.25 (10) (b) and (c), Stats.
Tax 2.50 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1973, No. 212, eff. 9-1-73; am. (1), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; emerg. r. and recr. eff. 12-5-05; CR 05-117: r. and recr. Register June 2006 No. 606, eff. 7-1-06; corrections in (1) and (3) (intro.) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register April 2010 No. 652; EmR0943: eff. 12-31-09 and CR 10-001: am. (1) and (3) (intro.), renum. (2) (a) to (d) to be (2) (b) to (e), cr. (2) (a) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10.
Tax 2.502 Tax 2.502 Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate telecommunications companies.
Tax 2.502(1) (1) Scope. A telecommunications company that is engaged in business both in and outside this state shall apportion its apportionable income as provided in this section, except if the telecommunications company is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7). Nonapportionable income shall be allocated as provided in s. 71.25 (5) (b), Stats.
Tax 2.502 Note Note: A telecommunications company that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.502(2) (2)Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.502(2)(a) (a) "Cable television service" means cable service as defined in 47 USC 522(6) when provided over a cable system as defined in 47 USC 522(7).
Tax 2.502(2)(am) (am) "Engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.502(2)(b) (b) "Payroll factor" means the payroll fraction computed under s. 71.04 (6) or 71.25 (8), 2001 Stats., and s. Tax 2.39.
Tax 2.502(2)(c) (c) "Property factor" means the property fraction computed under s. 71.04 (5) or 71.25 (7), 2001 Stats., and s. Tax 2.39.
Tax 2.502(2)(d) (d) "Telecommunications company" means any person that owns, operates, manages, or controls any plant or equipment used to furnish telecommunications services and cable television services within this state directly or indirectly to the public and derives at least 70% of its gross income for the current taxable year from the provision of telecommunications services and cable television services, excluding internet service and the resale of telecommunications by telecommunications resellers as defined in s. 196.01 (9), Stats. For purposes of the 70% test, gross income does not include interest, dividends, rents, royalties, capital gains or ordinary gains from asset dispositions, other than in the normal course of business. "Telecommunications company" does not include internet service providers.
Tax 2.502(2)(e) (e) The following terms have the same definitions as provided in ss. 77.51 and 77.522 (4) (a), Stats.:
Tax 2.502(2)(e)1. 1. "Ancillary services" (s. 77.51 (1ba), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)2. 2. "Call-by-call basis" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 2., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)3. 3. "Communications channel" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 3., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)4. 4. "Customer" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 4., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)5. 5. "Customer channel termination point" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 5., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)6. 6. "Home service provider" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 7., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)7. 7. "Interstate telecommunications services" (s. 77.51 (5n), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)8. 8. "Intrastate telecommunications services" (s. 77.51 (5r), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)9. 9. "Mobile telecommunications service" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 8., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)10. 10. "Place of primary use" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 9., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)11. 11. "Postpaid calling service" (s. 77.522 (4) (a) 10., Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)12. 12. "Prepaid calling service" (s. 77.51 (10d), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)13. 13. "Prepaid wireless calling service" (s. 77.51 (10f), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)14. 14. "Private communication service" (s. 77.51 (10s), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)15. 15. "Service address" (s. 77.51 (17m), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(2)(e)16. 16. "Telecommunications services" (s. 77.51 (21n), Stats.).
Tax 2.502(3) (3)Apportionment formula computation. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004, a telecommunications company that is engaged in business in and outside this state shall determine its net income for state franchise or income tax purposes as provided in this section. The telecommunications company shall first deduct from its total net income its nonapportionable income, less related expenses. Nonapportionable income shall be allocated as provided in s. 71.25 (5) (b), Stats. The telecommunications company shall apportion its remaining net income to this state using an apportionment fraction obtained by taking the arithmetical average of the property factor, payroll factor, and sales factor. The sales factor is determined as prescribed in subs. (4) and (5), as applicable.
Tax 2.502(4) (4)Sales factor for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2009. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2009, the sales factor is the sales factor as would be determined under s. 71.25 (9), 2001 Stats.
Tax 2.502(5) (5)Sales factor for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009, the sales factor is determined as provided in s. 71.25 (9), Stats., as effective for the current taxable year. For purposes of computing the numerator of a telecommunications company's sales factor under this subsection, the following rules apply:
Tax 2.502(5)(a) (a) General. Except as provided otherwise in par. (b) to (f), gross receipts from the sale of a telecommunications service or mobile telecommunications service are in this state if the customer's place of primary use of the service is in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(b) (b) Telecommunications services on call-by-call basis. Gross receipts from the sale of telecommunications services sold on an individual call-by-call basis are in this state if either of the following applies:
Tax 2.502(5)(b)1. 1. The call both originates and terminates in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(b)2. 2. The call either originates or terminates in this state and the service address is located in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(c) (c) Postpaid calling services, prepaid calling services, and prepaid wireless calling services. Gross receipts from the sale of postpaid calling services, prepaid calling services, and prepaid wireless calling services are in this state if the origination point of the telecommunication signal, as first identified by the service provider's telecommunication system or, if the system used to transport telecommunication signals is not the seller's, as identified by information received by the seller from its service provider, is located in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(d) (d) Private communication services. The following gross receipts from the sale of private communication services are in this state:
Tax 2.502(5)(d)1. 1. Any separate charge attributable to a customer channel termination point located within this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(d)2. 2. If all customer channel termination points are located entirely in this state, the gross receipts attributable to those customer channel termination points.
Tax 2.502(5)(d)3. 3. Fifty percent of the gross receipts attributable to segments of a channel between two customer channel termination points located in different states, if one of those customer channel termination points is located in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(d)4. 4. If the segments are not charged separately, the gross receipts attributable to segments of a communications channel that is located in this state and in more than one other state or equivalent jurisdiction, computed based on a percentage determined by dividing the number of customer channel termination points in this state by the total number of customer channel termination points in all jurisdictions where segments of the communications channel are located.
Tax 2.502(5)(e) (e) Ancillary services. Gross receipts from the sale of ancillary services are in this state if the customer's place of primary use is in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(f) (f) Carrier network access and sales for resale. The following gross receipts from carrier network access and from the sale of telecommunications services for resale are in this state:
Tax 2.502(5)(f)1. 1. Gross receipts from access fees attributable to intrastate telecommunications service that both originates and terminates in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(f)2. 2. Where subd. 1. does not apply, 50 percent of the gross receipts from access fees attributable to interstate telecommunications service if the interstate call either originates or terminates in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(f)3. 3. Gross receipts from interstate end user access line charges, including the surcharge approved by the federal communications commission and levied pursuant to 47 CFR 69, if the customer's service address is in this state.
Tax 2.502(5)(f)4. 4. Gross receipts from sales of telecommunications services to other telecommunication service providers for resale if the reseller's sale to the customer would be sourced to this state under the rules of this subsection, provided the information is readily available to make that determination. If the information is not readily available, the taxpayer must use a reasonable and consistent method to determine the amount of gross receipts from sales for resale that are derived from Wisconsin, based on the information that is available.
Tax 2.502(5)(g) (g) Other sales. Sales other than those described in pars. (a) to (f) are in this state if so determined under s. 71.25 (9), Stats., and s. Tax 2.39.
Tax 2.502 Note Note: Telecommunications companies that are in combined groups must adjust the numerator and denominator of each of their apportionment factors and then convert the arithmetical average of these factors to the modified sales factor. The modified sales factor then determines the company's Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income. See s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and s. Tax 2.61 (7) for details.
Tax 2.502 Note Note: The provisions of s. Tax 2.502 first apply for taxable years beginning on January 1, 2005.
Tax 2.502 Note Note: Section Tax 2.502 interprets ss. 71.04 (8) (b) and (c) and 71.25 (10) (b) and (c), Stats.
Tax 2.502 History History: Emerg. cr., eff. 12-5-05; CR 05-117: cr. Register June 2006 No. 606, eff. 7-1-06; corrections in (1) and (3) (intro.) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register April 2010 No. 652; EmR0943: eff. 12-31-09 and CR 10-001: am. (1) and (3), cr. (2) (am), (e), (4) and (5), r. (2) (d) and (f), renum. (2) (e) to be (2) (d) and am. Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10; correction in (5) (f) 3. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 4., Stats., Register June 2010 No. 654.
Tax 2.505 Tax 2.505 Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate professional sports clubs.
Tax 2.505(1) (1) Scope. The apportionable income of professional sports clubs engaged in business in and outside Wisconsin during the year shall be apportioned to Wisconsin using the apportionment fraction described in s. 71.25 (6), Stats., and the apportionment formula computation described in s. 71.25 (6m), Stats., if applicable, except if the professional sports club is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7). The property, payroll, and sales factors described in s. 71.25 (6) and (6m), Stats., shall be determined as described in this section.
Tax 2.505 Note Note: A professional sports club that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.505(2) (2)Definition. In this section, "engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.505(3) (3)Property factor. The property factor is a fraction as defined in s. 71.25 (7), Stats. Owned or rented real and tangible personal property shall be included in the factor as provided in s. 71.25 (7), Stats., and s. Tax 2.39 (4). Minor equipment, such as uniforms, and playing and practice equipment, need not be included in the factor.
Tax 2.505 Note Note: The property factor does not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007.
Tax 2.505(4) (4)Payroll factor. The payroll factor is a fraction as defined in s. 71.25 (8), Stats. Compensation shall be reported as provided in s. 71.25 (8), Stats., and s. Tax 2.39 (5). Bonuses and payments shall be included in the payroll factor on a prorated basis in accordance with internal revenue service ruling 71-137, Cum. Bull., 1971-1. Compensation paid for optioned players shall be included in the factor only if paid directly to the player by the taxpayer.
Tax 2.505 Note Note: The payroll factor does not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007.
Tax 2.505(5) (5)Sales factor. The sales factor is a fraction as defined in s. 71.25 (9), Stats. Sales shall be included in the factor in accordance with s. 71.25 (9), Stats., s. Tax 2.39 (6) and the following rules:
Tax 2.505(5)(a) (a) Gate receipts. Gate receipts include all receipts from games played at the taxpayer's home facility plus any gate receipts received from games played away from the taxpayer's home facility. The numerator of the sales fraction for taxpayers whose home facility is in Wisconsin shall include all gate receipts from games played in its home facility. The numerator of the sales fraction for taxpayers whose home facility is outside Wisconsin shall include the percentage of gate receipts received from games played in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.505(5)(b) (b) Radio and television receipts. Radio and television receipts received by the taxpayer as its proportionate share from a league or association contract with the major communications networks are in Wisconsin in proportion to the number of games played in Wisconsin to total games played by the taxpayer covered by the contract during the season. Local television and radio receipts are in Wisconsin if the games are played in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.505(5)(c) (c) Concession income and miscellaneous income. Concession income is assigned to the numerator if the concession is operated within Wisconsin. Miscellaneous income such as parking lot income, advertising income, and other similar income is assigned to the numerator if the activity is conducted within Wisconsin.
Tax 2.505(5)(d) (d) Player contracts, franchises, and similar sources. Income from player contract transactions, franchise fees, and other similar sources shall be excluded from the numerator and the denominator of the sales fraction.
Tax 2.505 Note Note: Professional sports clubs that are in combined groups must adjust the numerator and denominator of the sales factor as described in s. Tax 2.61 (7).
Tax 2.505 Note Note: The provisions of s. Tax 2.505 first apply for taxable years beginning on January 1, 2005.
Tax 2.505 Note Note: Section Tax 2.505 interprets s. 71.25 (6), Stats.
Tax 2.505 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1980, No. 300, eff. 1-1-81; am. (1) to (3) (intro.), (c) and (d), Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89; emerg. am. (title), (intro.) to (3) (intro.) and (d) (title), eff. 10-12-07; CR 07-091: am. (title), (intro.) to (3) (intro.) and (d) (title) Register March 2008 No. 627, eff. 4-1-08; EmR0943: emerg. am. (intro.), renum. (1) to (3) to be (2) to (4), cr. (1), eff. 12-31-09; CR 10-001: renum. (intro.) and (1) to (3) to be (1) and (3) to (5) and am. (1), cr. (2) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10; correction to (1) (title) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 2., Stats., Register June 2010 No. 654.
Tax 2.60 Tax 2.60 Definitions relating to combined reporting.
Tax 2.60(1)(1) Purpose. This section provides definitions applicable to ss. Tax 2.61, 2.62, 2.63, 2.64, 2.65, 2.66, and 2.67, which interpret the combined reporting provisions of s. 71.255, Stats.
Tax 2.60(2) (2)Definitions.
Tax 2.60(2)(a)(a) "Combined group" has the meaning given in s. 71.255 (1) (a), Stats. The following subdivisions clarify this meaning:
Tax 2.60(2)(a)1. 1. If a group of corporations satisfies all three conditions described in s. Tax 2.61 (2) (a), it is considered a combined group even if the group is not eligible to apportion its income because all corporations in the group do business solely in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.60(2)(a)2. 2. A combined group remains in existence for as long as two or more corporations meet all three conditions described in s. Tax 2.61 (2) (a) with regard to the same unitary business. The mere addition of new members or departure of existing members does not create a new combined group.
Tax 2.60(2)(a)3. 3. Any commonly controlled group that has made a controlled group election is a combined group, and each member of a commonly controlled group that has made the controlled group election is a combined group member.
Tax 2.60(2)(b) (b) "Combined group member" means a corporation for which any part of the corporation's net income or loss is subject to combination and therefore required to be included in a combined report, or any member of a commonly controlled group that is subject to a controlled group election.
Tax 2.60(2)(c) (c) "Combined report" has the meaning given in s. 71.255 (1) (b), Stats. A combined report is considered a return filed pursuant to ss. 71.24 (1) or (1m) or 71.44 (1) or (1m), Stats., as applicable, by each corporation included in the combined report. For this reason, the term "combined return" is used throughout the rules of this chapter to refer to a combined report.
Tax 2.60(2)(d) (d) "Combined return" has the same meaning as "combined report" as explained in par. (c). In general, a combined return includes the computation of combined unitary income, the apportionment of the income to each combined group member, as applicable, any separate entity items, loss carryforwards, and credits of each combined group member, and the net tax and economic development surcharge liability of each combined group member. To be considered complete, a combined return shall contain all the items required in s. Tax 2.67 (2) (c).
Tax 2.60(2)(e) (e) "Combined unitary income" means the combined group's net income or loss attributable to the unitary business which is subject to combination under s. 71.255, Stats., before apportionment and net business loss carryforwards. Combined unitary income excludes any amounts that are not subject to combination because of the water's edge rules.
Tax 2.60(2)(f) (f) "Controlled group election" means an election to include every member of the commonly controlled group in the combined group as provided by s. 71.255 (2m), Stats., and further described in s. Tax 2.63.
Tax 2.60(2)(g) (g) "Corporation" includes corporations, publicly traded partnerships treated as corporations in section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code, limited liability corporations treated as corporations under the Internal Revenue Code, joint stock companies, associations, common law trusts and all other entities treated as corporations under section 7701 of the Internal Revenue Code, unless the context requires otherwise in this chapter or in ch. 71, Stats.
Tax 2.60(2)(h) (h) "Designated agent" means the corporation in the combined group responsible for acting on behalf of the group for matters relating to the combined return, as further described in s. Tax 2.65.
Tax 2.60(2)(i) (i) "Income" and "net income" include net losses, unless the context requires otherwise.
Tax 2.60(2)(j) (j) "Intercompany transaction" means a transaction between two members of the same combined group.
Tax 2.60(2)(k) (k) "Internal Revenue Code" has the meaning given in ss. 71.22 (4) and (4m) and 71.42 (2), Stats., as applicable.
Tax 2.60(2)(L) (L) "Nonincludable corporation" means a corporation that is not required to use combined reporting even if it satisfies all three conditions described in s. Tax 2.61 (2) (a). A nonincludable corporation cannot be a combined group member even if the nonincludable corporation is a member of a commonly controlled group which has made the controlled group election.
Tax 2.60(2)(Lm) (Lm) "Pre-2009 net business loss carryforward" has the meaning given to "pre-2009 net business loss carry-forward" in s. 71.255 (6) (bm) 1., Stats.
Tax 2.60(2)(m) (m) "Separate entity item" means a combined group member's item of net income or loss or apportionment factor amount which is not subject to combination but instead must be accounted for on a separate entity basis. Separate entity items may include those listed in s. Tax 2.61 (5) (b) to (g). Net business loss carryforwards may be separate entity items if they are non-sharable loss carryforwards as provided in s. Tax 2.61 (9).
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