The endorsements on operator's licenses shall be as follows:
"F" endorsement, which authorizes a seasonal employee of a farm service industry employer who is eligible for a restricted commercial driver license under applicable federal law or regulation to operate "Class B" and "Class C" vehicles as described in s. 343.04 (1) (b)
for a seasonal period not to exceed 180 days in any calendar year. This endorsement permits the transporting of liquid fertilizers in vehicles or implements of husbandry with total capacities of 3,000 gallons or less, solid fertilizers that are not transported with any organic substance or 1,000 gallons or less of diesel fuel, but no combination of these materials. The endorsement does not permit operation of a commercial motor vehicle beyond 150 miles of the farm service industry employer's place of business or, in the case of custom harvesters, the farm currently being served.
"H" endorsement, which authorizes the driver to operate vehicles transporting hazardous materials requiring placarding or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin under 42 CFR 73
"N" endorsement, which authorizes operating tank vehicles.
"P" endorsement, which authorizes operating vehicles designed to carry, or actually carrying, 16 or more passengers including the driver, except this endorsement does not authorize the operation of school buses unless the licensee also holds an "S" endorsement.
"S" endorsement, which authorizes operating school buses.
"T" endorsement, which authorizes operating commercial motor vehicles with double or triple trailers where the operation of such combination vehicles is permitted.
"X" endorsement, which is an optional endorsement that may be used to indicate that the licensee holds both "H" and "N" endorsements. The department may not issue or renew an endorsement under this subdivision after November 1, 2003.
The standard restriction codes used on commercial driver licenses include:
"K" restriction, which restricts a person issued a license under s. 343.065
from operating commercial motor vehicles in interstate commerce.
"L" restriction, which prohibits a person from operating commercial motor vehicles equipped with air brakes, as required in s. 343.13 (2)
When an operator's license is subject to lengthy special restrictions or other restrictions not described in the standard codes on the front side of the license, the department shall indicate on the license document that the license is subject to restrictions contained on one or more separate special restrictions cards.
A separate special restrictions card shall describe the restrictions, bear the issuance date of the card, specify the identifying driver number of the license to which it applies, and indicate the number and order of special restrictions cards currently issued by the department to the person, in the manner "1 of 2".
Subject to subs. (2)
, the department shall promulgate rules setting the design and specifications for the license document and subsequent changes thereto.
Organ donor information. 343.175(1)
Department to solicit and record information.
As part of every application for an original, duplicate, reinstated, reissued or renewal license or endorsement, the department shall inquire whether the applicant desires to be an organ donor. The department shall record the organ donor response in its file of the person. If a procurement organization, as defined in s. 157.06 (2) (p)
, reasonably identifies a person and requests the information recorded in the person's file under this subsection, the department shall promptly provide this information to the procurement organization.
(1r) Department to provide information.
In addition to the inquiry under sub. (1)
, if the applicant is at least 15 and one-half years of age, the department shall orally state to the applicant that he or she has the opportunity to indicate his or her willingness to be an organ donor. If the applicant indicates that he or she is undecided in response to the inquiry under sub. (1)
, the department shall provide the applicant with written information that all organ procurement organizations and the department have together developed. If the applicant makes an affirmative response to the inquiry under sub. (1)
, the department shall request at that time that the applicant write on the license the information that is specified under sub. (2) (ar)
and affix a sticker, as described in sub. (3)
, to the front side of the license document.
The department shall print a separate document to be issued to all persons issued a commercial driver license and make provisions so that the document may be attached to the reverse side of the license document along one edge. This document shall serve as a record of gift under s. 157.06 (2) (t)
or a record of refusal under s. 157.06 (2) (u)
If the person desires to be an organ donor, he or she may so indicate in the space provided on the license. The donor may supply information in the space provided on the license, including the specific body parts or organs to be donated, the name of the donee, the purpose for which the gift is made and the physician whom the donor wishes to carry out the appropriate procedures. The anatomical gift described on the license shall be signed by the licensee.
The licensee may revoke or amend his or her gift by crossing out the donor authorization in the space provided on the license or as otherwise prescribed in s. 157.06
. The licensee may refuse to make an anatomical gift by so indicating in the space provided on the license or as otherwise prescribed in s. 157.06
(3) Organ donor sticker.
The department shall designate a space on the front side of the license document where the licensee may affix a sticker which indicates that the licensee is a potential donor of body organs or parts for the purposes of transplantation, therapy, medical research or education. The sticker shall not be larger than one-half inch in diameter and shall not conceal any of the contents required by s. 343.17 (3)
. The sticker shall be of a distinctive design and supplied to the donor by a nationally recognized organization that enlists donors of body organs or parts for the purposes of transplantation, therapy, medical research or education.
License to be carried; verification of signature. 343.18(1)(1)
Every licensee shall have his or her license document, including any special restrictions cards issued under s. 343.10 (7) (d)
or 343.17 (4)
, in his or her immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle and shall display the same upon demand from any judge, justice or traffic officer.
A person charged with violating sub. (1)
may not be convicted if he or she produces in court or in the office of the arresting officer a license theretofore issued to the licensee and valid at the time of his or her arrest.
For the purpose of verifying the signature on a license, any judge, justice or traffic officer may require the licensee to write the licensee's signature in the presence of such officer.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, any person who violates sub. (1)
shall forfeit not more than $200.
If the person is operating a commercial motor vehicle at the time of the violation, any person who violates sub. (1)
shall forfeit not less than $250 nor more than $2,500.
There is a public interest in permitting police to request a motorist's license and to run a status check on the license. State v. Ellenbecker, 159 Wis. 2d 91
, 464 N.W.2d 427
(Ct. App. 1990).
Under Ellenbecker, it was reasonable for an officer who stopped a motorist whose vehicle and general appearance matched that of a criminal suspect to make a report of the incident, even if the officer had already decided that the driver was not the suspect. For that purpose, it was reasonable to ask for the motorist's name and identification. Once the motorist stated that he had no identification, there was a reasonable grounds for further detention. State v. Williams, 2002 WI App 306
, 258 Wis. 2d 395
, 655 N.W.2d 462
Duplicate licenses or identification cards. 343.19(1)(1)
If a license issued under this chapter or an identification card issued under s. 343.50
is lost or destroyed or the name or address named in the license or identification card is changed or the condition specified in s. 343.17 (3) (a) 12.
no longer applies, the person to whom the license or identification card was issued may obtain a duplicate thereof or substitute therefor upon furnishing proof satisfactory to the department of full legal name and date of birth and that the license or identification card has been lost or destroyed or that application for a duplicate license or identification card is being made for a change of address or name or because the condition specified in s. 343.17 (3) (a) 12.
no longer applies. If the applicant is a male who is at least 18 years of age but less than 26 years of age, the application shall include the information required under s. 343.14 (2) (em)
. If the original license or identification card is found it shall immediately be transmitted to the department.
If a license issued under this chapter has been surrendered under s. 343.265
and has not expired, the person to whom the license was issued may obtain a duplicate license upon furnishing to the department the applicable information under sub. (1)
and complying with the requirements for reissuance of a license after surrender provided under s. 343.265 (2)
No person may knowingly make a false statement or fail to return the original license or identification card to the department upon finding it or fail to comply with any other requirement of this section relating to an application for any of the following:
Any person who violates sub. (2)
may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
Expiration of licenses. 343.20(1)(a)(a)
Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, probationary licenses issued under s. 343.085
, licenses issued after cancellation under s. 343.26 (1)
, and original licenses other than instruction permits shall expire 2 years from the date of the applicant's next birthday. Subject to s. 343.125 (3)
, all other licenses and license endorsements shall expire 8 years after the date of issuance. The department may institute any system of initial license issuance which it deems advisable for the purpose of gaining a uniform rate of renewals. In order to put such a system into operation, the department may issue licenses which are valid for any period less than the ordinary effective period of such license. If the department issues a license that is valid for less than the ordinary effective period as authorized by this paragraph, the fees due under s. 343.21 (1) (b)
shall be prorated accordingly.
The department may, by rule, require any person who is issued an operator's license that is valid for a period of more than 2 years to demonstrate continuing qualifications to hold a license under this chapter at 2-year intervals. The rules may include, without limitation, requiring examination under s. 343.16 (6)
or requiring current medical certification under s. 343.16 (5)
. The department rules shall require cancellation or suspension of the license for noncompliance and shall permit surrender of the operator's license under s. 343.265
The department shall cancel an operator's license that is endorsed for the operation of school buses under s. 343.12 (3)
, regardless of the license expiration date, if the licensee fails to provide proof to the department of an annual physical examination determining that the person meets the physical standards established under s. 343.12 (2) (g)
. The licensee may elect to surrender the license under s. 343.265 (1m)
The department shall cancel an operator's license that is endorsed for the operation of school buses under s. 343.12
, regardless of the license expiration date, upon receiving a record of conviction or of adjudication of delinquency or results of a criminal history search showing that the person has been convicted of, or adjudicated delinquent for, a crime or other offense specified under s. 343.12 (7)
or rules of the department promulgated under s. 343.12 (7)
after issuance or renewal of the endorsement or at a time when, if known by the department, the conviction or adjudication would have prevented issuance or renewal of the endorsement.
Upon payment in full of the fees required by s. 343.21
, the department shall issue to a qualified person an original operator's license that expires 3 years after the person's next birthday, but only if the person meets one of the following requirements:
The person is moving to this state, surrenders his or her valid commercial driver license issued by another state and makes application for a commercial driver license in this state.
The person is 21 years of age or older and moving to this state, has been licensed in another jurisdiction for at least 3 years and presently holds a valid license, other than an instruction permit, from another jurisdiction which has not expired for more than 6 months.
The department shall cancel an operator's license, regardless of the license expiration date, if the department receives information from a local, state, or federal government agency that the licensee no longer satisfies the requirements for issuance of a license under ss. 343.14 (2) (es)
and 343.165 (1) (e)
Notwithstanding sub. (1) (a)
, and except as provided in s. 343.165 (4) (c)
and as otherwise provided in this subsection, a license that is issued to a person who is not a United States citizen or permanent resident and who provides documentary proof of legal status as provided under s. 343.14 (2) (es) 2.
, or 7.
shall expire on the date that the person's legal presence in the United States is no longer authorized or on the expiration date determined under sub. (1)
, whichever date is earlier. If the documentary proof as provided under s. 343.14 (2) (es)
does not state the date that the person's legal presence in the United States is no longer authorized, sub. (1)
shall apply except that, if the license was issued or renewed based upon the person's presenting of any documentary proof specified in s. 343.14 (2) (es) 4.
, the license shall, subject to s. 343.165 (4) (c)
, expire one year after the date of issuance or renewal.
At least 30 days prior to the expiration of an operator's license, the department shall provide to the licensee notice of renewal of the license either by mail at the licensee's last-known address or, if desired by the licensee, by any electronic means offered by the department. If the license was issued or last renewed based upon the person's presenting of any documentary proof specified in s. 343.14 (2) (es) 4.
, the notice shall inform the licensee of the requirement under s. 343.165 (4) (c)
Notwithstanding par. (a)
, at least 60 days prior to the expiration of an "H" endorsement specified in s. 343.17 (3) (d) 1m.
, the department of transportation shall provide a notice to the licensee either by mail at the licensee's last-known address or, if desired by the licensee, by any electronic means offered by the department of transportation that the licensee is required to pass a security threat assessment screening by the federal transportation security administration of the federal department of homeland security as part of the application to renew the endorsement. The notice shall inform the licensee that the licensee may commence the federal security threat assessment screening at any time, but no later than 30 days before expiration of the endorsement.
Failure to receive notice to renew a license or endorsement shall not be a defense to a charge of operating a motor vehicle without a valid operator's license or endorsement.
The department shall include with the notice that it mails under sub. (2)
information regarding the requirements of s. 347.48 (4)
and information, as developed by all organ procurement organizations in cooperation with the department, that promotes anatomical donations and which relates to the anatomical donation opportunity available under s. 343.175
Any person who holds a valid license and who is unable to make a renewal application within the period declared by the department, due to serving with any branch of the armed services, may apply for a renewal of the license at any time during such service or within 6 months after the date of discharge from such services.
Any license issued under this chapter does not expire on the expiration date on the license if, on that expiration date, the licensee is on active duty in the U.S. armed forces and is absent from this state. Any license extended under this subsection expires 30 days after the licensee returns to this state or 90 days after the licensee is discharged from active duty, whichever is earlier. If a license is renewed after an extension under this subsection, the renewal period shall begin on the day after the expiration date on the license.
The following fees, in addition to any driving skills test fee, shall be paid to the department for the issuance, renewal, upgrading and reinstatement of licenses, endorsements and instruction permits:
For the initial issuance of a license authorizing only the operation of "Class D" motor vehicles, $18.
For the renewal of a license authorizing only the operation of "Class D" motor vehicles, $24.
For the initial issuance of authorization to operate "Class M" motor vehicles, $12 in addition to any other fees due.
For the renewal of authorization to operate "Class M" motor vehicles, $8 in addition to any other fees due.
For the initial issuance or renewal of authorization to operate school buses that are not commercial motor vehicles, $10.
For the initial issuance or renewal of authorization to operate "Class A", "Class B" or "Class C" motor vehicles, or upgrading an existing regular license which only authorizes the operation of "Class D" motor vehicles, $64. This fee includes issuance of any "H", "N", "P", or "T" endorsements or "Class D" authorization applied for at the same time for which the applicant is qualified. An additional fee of $5 is required for the issuance or renewal of any "S" endorsement applied for or renewed at the same time for which the applicant is qualified.
For upgrading an existing commercial driver license to add an "H", "N", "P", or "T" endorsement, $5, or, to add an "S" endorsement, $10.
For upgrading an existing commercial driver license to add authorization to operate another class of commercial motor vehicles, $5.
For removing a "K" restriction against operation of commercial motor vehicles in interstate commerce, the same fee as for a duplicate license.
For removing an "L" restriction prohibiting operation of commercial motor vehicles equipped with air brakes, $5.
For an instruction permit authorizing the operation of "Class M" vehicles, $22.
For an instruction permit authorizing the operation of "Class D" vehicles, $25.
For reinstatement of an operating privilege previously revoked or suspended, $50.
For reinstatement of a previously disqualified authorization to operate a commercial motor vehicle, $50. This fee is not applicable to disqualifications under s. 343.315 (2) (g)
In addition to any other fee under this subsection, for reinstatement of an operating privilege previously revoked or suspended under s. 343.305 (7)
or resulting from the commission of an offense listed in s. 343.307
For reinstatement of a previously canceled license or endorsement, $50. This fee includes reinstatement of any classification or endorsement applied for at the same time for which the applicant is qualified.
In addition to any other fee under this subsection, for the issuance, renewal, upgrading, or reinstatement of any license, endorsement, or instruction permit, a license issuance fee of $10.