343.38(1)(c)2. 2. No proof under subd. 1. shall be required for any of the following:
343.38(1)(c)2.a. a. A vehicle subject to the requirements of s. 121.53, 194.41 or 194.42.
343.38(1)(c)2.b. b. A vehicle owned by or leased to the United States, this state or any county or municipality of this state.
343.38(1)(c)2.c. c. Reinstatement of an operating privilege revoked under s. 343.30 (1q) (b) 2. or (d), 343.305 (10) (d) or 343.31 (3) (b) or (bm) 2.
343.38(1)(c)2.d. d. Reinstatement of an operating privilege revoked under s. 343.31 (1) (b) or (2) if, within the 5-year period preceding the violation, the person has not been convicted of a prior offense that may be counted under s. 343.307 (2) and if, within the 10-year period preceding the violation, the person has not been convicted of 2 or more prior offenses that may be counted under s. 343.307 (2).
343.38(2) (2)Reinstatement of nonresident's operating privilege. A nonresident's operating privilege revoked or suspended under the laws of this state is reinstated as a matter of law when the period of revocation or suspension has expired and the nonresident pays the fees specified in s. 343.21 (1) (j), (jr), if applicable, and (n).
343.38(3) (3)Reinstatement after suspension. Except as provided in sub. (2) and s. 343.10, the department shall not reinstate the operating privilege of a person whose operating privilege has been duly suspended while the suspension remains in effect. Subject to s. 343.31 (2t) (b), upon the expiration of the period of suspension, the person's operating privilege is reinstated upon receipt by the department of the fees specified in s. 343.21 (1) (j) and (n) and, for reinstatement of an operating privilege suspended under ch. 344, the filing with the department of proof of financial responsibility, if required, in the amount, form, and manner specified under ch. 344.
343.38(3g) (3g)Reinstatement after certain cancellations.
343.38(3g)(a)(a) The department may reinstate the operator's license of a person whose operator's license has been duly canceled under s. 343.25 (2) or (3) if the person pays the fees specified in s. 343.21 (1) (m) and (n) and either the person is at least 18 years of age or the requirements specified in s. 343.15 are satisfied.
343.38(3g)(b) (b) The department may reinstate the operator's license or identification card of a person whose operator's license or identification card has been duly canceled because of the person's nonpayment of a fee if the person pays that fee, pays any fee required by the department under s. 20.905 (2), and pays the fees specified in s. 343.21 (1) (m) and (n).
343.38(3r) (3r)Reinstatement of commercial driving privileges following disqualification.
343.38(3r)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), upon application for reinstatement after a person's disqualification by the department, the department may issue a commercial driver license to the person if the person has paid the fees required under s. 343.21 (1) (jm) and (n), taken any examination required by the department under s. 343.16, and satisfied any other requirement under this chapter for reinstatement.
343.38(3r)(b) (b) Any disqualification under s. 343.315 (2) (g) terminates at the beginning of the 25th hour following issuance of the citation specified in s. 343.315 (2) (g). If a person has been disqualified solely on the basis of s. 343.315 (2) (g), the person's authorization to operate a commercial motor vehicle is automatically reinstated upon termination of the disqualification, as provided in this paragraph, and no application or fee is required for reinstatement.
343.38(3r)(c) (c) If a person is authorized to operate a commercial motor vehicle under s. 343.055, the person's authorization to operate a commercial motor vehicle may be reinstated without issuance of a commercial driver license to the person.
343.38(4) (4)First issuance of license in Wisconsin after suspension or revocation by another state. The department may issue an operator's license to a person moving to this state whose operating privileges have been previously suspended or revoked in another state when their operating privilege has been reinstated in that state and the following conditions have been met:
343.38(4)(a) (a) When the period of suspension or revocation required by law for conviction for the same traffic violation in this state has terminated.
343.38(4)(b) (b) Acceptable proof of financial responsibility has been filed.
343.38(4)(c) (c) Application for a Wisconsin operator's license has been made.
343.38(4)(d) (d) Any required examination has been passed.
343.38(4)(e) (e) The fees required for the issuance of an original license have been paid.
343.38(5) (5)Restrictions on license. If a court has ordered that the person's operating privilege be restricted for a period of time after the revocation period is completed to operating vehicles equipped with an ignition interlock device, the license issued under this section shall include that restriction.
343.39 343.39 When operating privilege automatically reinstated.
343.39(1)(1) An operating privilege is automatically reinstated under any of the following circumstances:
343.39(1)(b) (b) When, in the case of a revocation, suspension, or disqualification based on a conviction, the conviction is reversed, set aside or vacated. This paragraph applies whether or not the conviction occurred in this state and whether or not the conviction was cause for revocation, suspension, or disqualification only when considered in connection with the person's entire operating record.
343.39(1)(c) (c) Whenever any other provision of law provides for automatic reinstatement.
343.39(2) (2) Whenever a person's operating privilege is automatically reinstated, the department shall forthwith notify such person thereof. If the person's license is expired, the person may renew the license at the standard renewal fee at any time after the reinstatement of the person's operating privilege. If the person states to the department that he or she no longer possesses the license because the license was surrendered to a court, and the person has satisfied all requirements under sub. (1), the department shall issue a new license without any additional fee for the license.
343.39 Annotation Reinstatement under sub. (1) (b) is not retroactive to the date of conviction. State v. Orethun, 84 Wis. 2d 487, 267 N.W.2d 318 (1978).
343.40 343.40 Judicial review of suspension, revocation, cancellation or denial of license. The denial or cancellation of a license or the revocation or suspension of an operating privilege is subject to judicial review in the manner provided in ch. 227 for the review of administrative decisions.
343.40 History History: 1977 c. 43, 187.
subch. IV of ch. 343 SUBCHAPTER IV
UNLAWFUL PRACTICES RELATIVE TO LICENSES
343.43 343.43 Unlawful use of license.
343.43(1) (1) No person shall:
343.43(1)(a) (a) Represent as valid any canceled, revoked, suspended, fictitious or fraudulently altered license; or
343.43(1)(b) (b) Sell or lend that person's license to any other person or knowingly permit the use thereof by another; or
343.43(1)(c) (c) Represent as one's own any license not issued to that person; or
343.43(1)(d) (d) Violate any of the restrictions placed on that person's license by or pursuant to law; or
343.43(1)(e) (e) Permit any unlawful use of a license issued to that person; or
343.43(1)(f) (f) Reproduce by any means whatever a copy of a license, unless the reproduction is done pursuant to rules promulgated by the department and for a valid business or occupational purpose; or
343.43(1)(g) (g) Deface or alter a license except to endorse a change of address authorized by s. 343.22 (2).
343.43(2) (2) Whenever a license or identification card which appears to be altered is displayed to a law enforcement officer, agent of the secretary or the court, that person shall take possession of the license or identification card and return it to the department for cancellation. A notation of change of address properly endorsed on the license under s. 343.22 shall not of itself be reason to consider the license altered.
343.43(3) (3) Except as provided in sub. (3m), any person who violates sub. (1) shall be:
343.43(3)(a) (a) Fined not less than $200 nor more than $600 and may be imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both for the first such violation.
343.43(3)(b) (b) Fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 and imprisoned for not less than 5 days nor more than 6 months for the 2nd offense occurring within 3 years.
343.43(3)(c) (c) Fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $2,000 and imprisoned for not less than 10 days nor more than 6 months for the 3rd or subsequent offense occurring within 3 years.
343.43(3m) (3m) Any person who violates sub. (1) (d) while operating a “Class D" or “Class M" vehicle as described in s. 343.04 (1) (d) and (e), except a school bus, may be required to forfeit not more than $200 for the first offense, may be fined not more than $300 and imprisoned for not more than 30 days for the 2nd offense occurring within 3 years, and may be fined not more than $500 and imprisoned for not more than 6 months for the 3rd or subsequent offense occurring within 3 years. A violation of a local ordinance in conformity with this section shall count as a previous offense.
343.43 Annotation Convictions for presenting a fraudulently altered driver license are restricted to situations having a direct bearing on the license, such as the granting of driving privileges. Changing the date of birth did not affect the owner's driving privileges. State v. Scholwin, 57 Wis. 2d 764, 204 N.W.2d 677 (1973).
343.435 343.435 License not to be used as security.
343.435(1) (1) No person may require or accept an operator's license, chauffeur's license, occupational license, instructional permit or any other license or permit issued under this chapter as security.
343.435(2) (2) Any person violating this section may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $100.
343.435(3) (3) This section does not apply to the action by a state, county, city, village or town of requiring or accepting a license or permit when such action is authorized by some other provision of law.
343.435 History History: 1983 a. 355.
343.44 343.44 Operating while suspended, revoked, ordered out-of-service or disqualified.
343.44(1) (1)Operating offenses.
343.44(1)(a)(a) Operating while suspended. No person whose operating privilege has been duly suspended under the laws of this state may operate a motor vehicle upon any highway in this state during the period of suspension or in violation of any restriction on an occupational license issued to the person during the period of suspension. A person's knowledge that his or her operating privilege is suspended is not an element of the offense under this paragraph. In this paragraph, “restriction on an occupational license" means restrictions imposed under s. 343.10 (5) (a) as to hours of the day, area, routes or purpose of travel, vehicles allowed to be operated, use of an ignition interlock device, sobriety or use of alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs.
343.44(1)(b) (b) Operating while revoked. No person whose operating privilege has been duly revoked under the laws of this state may knowingly operate a motor vehicle upon any highway in this state during the period of revocation or in violation of any restriction on an occupational license issued to the person during the period of revocation. In this paragraph, “restriction on an occupational license" means restrictions imposed under s. 343.10 (5) (a) as to hours of the day, area, routes or purpose of travel, vehicles allowed to be operated, use of an ignition interlock device, sobriety or use of alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs.
343.44(1)(c) (c) Operating while ordered out-of-service. No person may operate a commercial motor vehicle while the person or the commercial motor vehicle is ordered out-of-service under the law of this state or another jurisdiction or under federal law. No person may operate a commercial motor vehicle for which the motor carrier identified on the motor vehicle's registration application as the motor carrier responsible for safety of the vehicle has been issued a federal out-of-service order for unsatisfactory safety compliance, while this federal out-of-service order is in effect.
343.44(1)(d) (d) Operating while disqualified. No person may operate a commercial motor vehicle while disqualified under s. 343.315 or 49 CFR 383.51, under the law of another jurisdiction or Mexico that provides for disqualification of commercial drivers in a manner similar to 49 CFR 383.51, or under a determination by the federal motor carrier safety administration under the federal rules of practice for motor carrier safety contained in 49 CFR 386 that the person is no longer qualified to operate a vehicle under 49 CFR 391.
343.44(1g) (1g)Reinstatement required. Notwithstanding any specified term of suspension, revocation, cancellation or disqualification, the period of any suspension, revocation, cancellation or disqualification of an operator's license issued under this chapter or of an operating privilege continues until the operator's license or operating privilege is reinstated.
343.44(2) (2)Penalties.
343.44(2)(ad)(ad) In this subsection, “great bodily harm" has the meaning given in s. 939.22 (14).
343.44(2)(ag)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., any person who violates sub. (1) (a) shall be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
343.44(2)(ag)2. 2. Any person who violates sub. (1) (a) and, in the course of the violation, causes great bodily harm to another person is required to forfeit not less than $5,000 nor more than $7,500, except that, if the person knows at the time of the violation that his or her operating privilege has been suspended, the person is guilty of a Class I felony.
343.44(2)(ag)3. 3. Any person who violates sub. (1) (a) and, in the course of the violation, causes the death of another person is required to forfeit not less than $7,500 nor more than $10,000, except that, if the person knows at the time of the violation that his or her operating privilege has been suspended, the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
343.44(2)(ar)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. to 4., any person who violates sub. (1) (b) shall forfeit not more than $2,500.
343.44(2)(ar)2. 2. Except as provided in subds. 3. and 4., any person who violates sub. (1) (b) shall be fined not more than $2,500 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both if the revocation identified under sub. (1) (b) resulted from an offense that may be counted under s. 343.307 (2).
343.44(2)(ar)3. 3. Any person who violates sub. (1) (b) and, in the course of the violation, causes great bodily harm to another person shall be fined not less than $5,000 nor more than $7,500 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both, except that, if the person knows at the time of the violation that his or her operating privilege has been revoked, the person is guilty of a Class I felony.
343.44(2)(ar)4. 4. Any person who violates sub. (1) (b) and, in the course of the violation, causes the death of another person shall be fined not less than $7,500 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both, except that, if the person knows at the time of the violation that his or her operating privilege has been revoked, the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
343.44(2)(b) (b) In imposing a sentence under par. (ar) or (br), the court shall review the record and consider the following:
343.44(2)(b)1. 1. The aggravating and mitigating circumstances in the matter, using the guidelines described in par. (d).
343.44(2)(b)2. 2. The class of vehicle operated by the person.
343.44(2)(b)3. 3. The number of prior convictions of the person for violations of this section within the 5 years preceding the person's arrest.
343.44(2)(b)4. 4. The reason that the person's operating privilege was revoked, or the person was disqualified or ordered out of service, including whether the person's operating privilege was revoked for an offense that may be counted under s. 343.307 (2).
343.44(2)(b)5. 5. Any convictions for moving violations arising out of the incident or occurrence giving rise to sentencing under this section.
343.44(2)(bm) (bm) Any person who violates sub. (1) (c) shall forfeit $2,500 for the first offense and $5,000 for the 2nd or subsequent offense within 10 years.
343.44(2)(br) (br) Any person who violates sub. (1) (d) shall be fined not more than $2,500 or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both.
343.44(2)(c) (c) In addition to other penalties for violation of this section, if a person violates this section while his or her operating privilege is revoked as provided in ch. 351, the penalties may be enhanced by imprisonment and additional fines as provided in s. 351.08. For the purpose of enforcing this paragraph, in any case in which the accused is charged with operating a motor vehicle while his or her operator's license, permit or privilege to operate is suspended or revoked or is charged with operating without a valid operator's license, the court, before hearing the charge, shall determine whether the person is a habitual traffic offender or repeat habitual traffic offender and therefore barred from operating a motor vehicle on the highways of this state.
343.44(2)(d) (d) The chief judge of each judicial administrative district shall adopt guidelines, under the chief judge's authority to adopt local rules under SCR 70.34, for the consideration of aggravating and mitigating factors. Such guidelines shall treat operators of commercial motor vehicles at least as stringently as operators of other classes of motor vehicles.
343.44(2p) (2p)Sentencing option. The legislature intends that courts use the sentencing option under s. 973.03 (4) whenever appropriate for persons subject to sub. (2) to provide cost savings for the state and for local governments. This option shall not be used if the suspension or revocation was for one of the following:
343.44(2p)(a) (a) Improperly refusing to take a test under s. 343.305.
343.44(2p)(b) (b) Violating s. 346.63 (1) or (5) or a local ordinance in conformity therewith.
343.44(2p)(c) (c) Violating s. 346.63 (2) or (6), 940.09 (1) or 940.25.
343.44(2r) (2r)Prior convictions. For purposes of determining prior convictions under this section, the 5-year period shall be measured from the dates of the violations that resulted in the convictions and each conviction under sub. (2) shall be counted. Convictions of s. 343.44 (1), 1997 stats., other than for operating a commercial motor vehicle while ordered out-of-service shall be counted under this section as prior convictions.
343.44(2s) (2s)Citations. Within 30 days after receipt by the department of a report from a law enforcement officer under s. 343.305 (7) or a court order under s. 343.28 of a violation committed by a person operating a commercial motor vehicle while subject to an out-of-service order under s. 343.305 (7) (b) or (9) (am), a traffic officer employed under s. 110.07 may prepare a uniform traffic citation under s. 345.11 for a violation of sub. (1) (c) or (d) and serve it on the person. The citation may be served anywhere in this state and shall be served by delivering a copy to the person personally or by leaving a copy at the person's usual place of abode with a person of discretion residing therein or by mailing a copy to the person's last-known residence address. The venue for prosecution may be the county where the alleged offense occurred or in the person's county of residence.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 64 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before November 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-20-17)