Date of enactment: April 4, 1996
1995 Assembly Bill 658 Date of publication*: April 17, 1996
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes 1993-94: Effective date of acts. "Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication as designated" by the secretary of state [the date of publication may not be more than 10 working days after the date of enactment].
1995 WISCONSIN ACT 200
An Act to renumber 154.01 (2), 154.01 (2m) and 154.01 (6); to renumber and amend 154.11 (4); to amend chapter 154 (title), 154.07 (1) (a) 1., 154.07 (1) (b) 1., 154.07 (2), 154.11 (1), 154.11 (5), 154.11 (6), 155.20 (5) and 155.70 (3); and to create subchapter I (title) of chapter 154 [precedes 154.01], 154.02 (intro.), subchapter II (title) of chapter 154 [precedes 154.02], 154.11 (4) (b) and subchapter III of chapter 154 [precedes 154.17] of the statutes; relating to: do-not-resuscitate orders in certain hospital and nonhospital situations, granting rule-making authority and providing a penalty.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
200,1 Section 1. Chapter 154 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
CHAPTER 154
NATURAL DEATH declaration to
physicians and do-not-resuscitate
orders
200,2 Section 2. Subchapter I (title) of chapter 154 [precedes 154.01] of the statutes is created to read:
Chapter 154
Subchapter I
Definitions
200,3 Section 3. 154.01 (2) of the statutes is renumbered 154.02 (1).
200,4 Section 4. 154.01 (2m) of the statutes is renumbered 154.02 (2).
200,5 Section 5. 154.01 (6) of the statutes is renumbered 154.02 (3).
200,6 Section 6. 154.02 (intro.) of the statutes is created to read:
154.02 Definitions. (intro.) In this subchapter:
200,7 Section 7. Subchapter II (title) of chapter 154 [precedes 154.02] of the statutes is created to read:
Chapter 154
Subchapter ii
Declaration to physicians
200,8 Section 8. 154.07 (1) (a) 1. of the statutes is amended to read:
154.07 (1) (a) 1. Participating in the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes under this chapter subchapter.
200,9 Section 9. 154.07 (1) (b) 1. of the statutes is amended to read:
154.07 (1) (b) 1. No person who acts in good faith as a witness to a declaration under this chapter subchapter may be held civilly or criminally liable for participating in the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes under this chapter subchapter.
200,10 Section 10. 154.07 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
154.07 (2) Effect of declaration. The desires of a qualified patient who is competent supersede the effect of the declaration at all times. If a qualified patient is incompetent at the time of the decision to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes a declaration executed under this chapter subchapter is presumed to be valid. The declaration of a qualified patient who is diagnosed as pregnant by the attending physician has no effect during the course of the qualified patient's pregnancy. For the purposes of this chapter subchapter, a physician or inpatient health care facility may presume in the absence of actual notice to the contrary that a person who executed a declaration was of sound mind at the time.
200,11 Section 11. 154.11 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
154.11 (1) Suicide. The withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes from a qualified patient under this chapter subchapter does not, for any purpose, constitute suicide. Execution of a declaration under this chapter subchapter does not, for any purpose, constitute attempted suicide.
200,12b Section 12b. 154.11 (4) of the statutes is renumbered 154.11 (4) (intro.) and amended to read:
154.11 (4) Other rights. (intro.) This chapter subchapter does not impair or supersede any of the following:
(a) A person's legal right to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes.
200,12c Section 12c. 154.11 (4) (b) of the statutes is created to read:
154.11 (4) (b) The right of any person who does not have a declaration in effect to receive life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes.
200,13 Section 13. 154.11 (5) of the statutes is amended to read:
154.11 (5) Intent. Failure to execute a declaration under this chapter subchapter creates no presumption that the person consents to the use or withholding of life-sustaining procedures or feeding tubes in the event that the person suffers from a terminal condition or is in a persistent vegetative state.
200,14 Section 14. 154.11 (6) of the statutes is amended to read:
154.11 (6) Construction. Nothing in this chapter subchapter condones, authorizes or permits any affirmative or deliberate act to end life other than to permit the natural process of dying.
200,15 Section 15. Subchapter III of chapter 154 [precedes 154.17] of the statutes is created to read:
Chapter 154
Subchapter III
do-not-resuscitate orders
154.17 Definitions. In this subchapter:
(1) "Do-not-resuscitate bracelet" means a standardized identification bracelet of uniform size, color, and design, approved by the department, that bears the inscription "Do Not Resuscitate" and signifies that the wearer is a qualified patient who has obtained a do-not-resuscitate order and that the wearer has not revoked the request for the order.
(2) "Do-not-resuscitate order" means a written order issued under the requirements of this subchapter that directs emergency medical technicians, first responders and emergency health care facilities personnel not to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a person for whom the order is issued if that person suffers cardiac or respiratory arrest.
(3) "Emergency medical technician" has the meaning given under s. 146.50 (1) (e).
(3m) "First responder" has the meaning given under s. 146.53 (1) (d).
(4) "Qualified patient" means a person who has attained the age of 18 and to whom any of the following conditions applies:
(a) The person has a terminal condition.
(b) The person has a medical condition such that, were the person to suffer cardiac or pulmonary failure, resuscitation would be unsuccessful in restoring cardiac or respiratory function or the person would experience repeated cardiac or pulmonary failure within a short period before death occurs.
(c) The person has a medical condition such that, were the person to suffer cardiac or pulmonary failure, resuscitation of that person would cause significant physical pain or harm that would outweigh the possibility that resuscitation would successfully restore cardiac or respiratory function for an indefinite period of time.
(5) "Resuscitation" means cardiopulmonary resuscitation or any component of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including cardiac compression, endotracheal intubation and other advanced airway management, artificial ventilation, defibrillation, administration of cardiac resuscitation medications and related procedures. "Resuscitation" does not include the Heimlich maneuver or similar procedure used to expel an obstruction from the throat.
154.19 Do-not-resuscitate order. (1) No person except an attending physician may issue a do-not-resuscitate order. An attending physician may issue a do-not-resuscitate order to a patient only if all of the following apply:
(a) The patient is a qualified patient.
(b) The patient requests the order.
(c) The order is in writing.
(d) The patient signs the order.
(e) The physician does not know the patient to be pregnant.
(2) (a) Upon issuing the do-not-resuscitate order, the attending physician, or a person directed by the attending physician, shall provide the patient with written information about the resuscitation procedures that the patient has chosen to forego and the methods by which the patient may revoke the do-not-resuscitate order.
(b) After providing the information under par. (a), the attending physician, or the person directed by the attending physician, shall affix to the wrist of the patient a do-not-resuscitate bracelet and document in the patient's medical record the medical condition that qualifies the patient for the do-not-resuscitate order.
(3) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), emergency medical technicians, first responders and emergency health care facilities personnel shall follow do-not-resuscitate orders. The procedures used in following a do-not-resuscitate order shall be in accordance with any procedures established by the department by rule.
(b) Paragraph (a) does not apply under any of the following conditions:
1. The patient has revoked the order under s. 154.21.
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