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CHAPTER 107
MINING AND METAL RECOVERY
SUBCHAPTER I
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
107.001 Definitions.
107.01 Rules governing mining rights.
107.02 Mining statement; penalty.
107.03 Conflicting claims.
107.04 Lessee's fraud; failure to work mine.
107.11 Account of ore received.
107.12 Penalty.
107.15 Requirements for mineral exploration.
107.20 Maximum term for exploration mining leases.
107.25 Right to cancel exploration mining leases; recording.
SUBCHAPTER II
INJURIES TO PERSONS OR PROPERTY
107.30 Definitions.
107.31 Claims against mining damage appropriation.
107.32 Liability of mining companies.
107.33 Limitations on claims and actions for mining-related injuries.
107.34 Application to sites where activities have ceased.
107.35 Application to current mining operations.
subch. I of ch. 107 SUBCHAPTER I
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
107.001 107.001 Definitions. In this subchapter:
107.001(1) (1) "Exploration mining lease" means any lease, option to lease, option to purchase or similar conveyance entered into for the purpose of determining the presence, location, quality or quantity of metalliferous minerals or for the purpose of mining, developing or extracting metalliferous minerals, or both. Any lease, option to lease, option to purchase or similar conveyance entered into by a mining company is rebuttably presumed to be an exploration mining lease.
107.001(2) (2) "Metalliferous minerals" means naturally occurring minerals which contain metal.
107.001(3) (3) "Mining company" means any person or agent of a person who has a prospecting or mining permit under s. 293.45 or 293.49.
107.001 History History: 1977 c. 253; 1979 c. 353; 1995 a. 227.
107.01 107.01 Rules governing mining rights. Where there is no contract between the parties or terms established by the landlord to the contrary the following rules and regulations shall be applied to mining contracts and leases for the digging of ores and minerals:
107.01(1) (1) No license or lease, verbal or written, made to a miner shall be revocable by the maker thereof after a valuable discovery or prospect has been struck unless the miner shall forfeit the miner's right by negligence such as establishes a forfeiture according to mining usages.
107.01(2) (2) The discovery of a crevice or range containing ores or minerals shall entitle the discoverer to the ores or minerals pertaining thereto, subject to the rent due the discoverer's landlord, before as well as after the ores or minerals are separated from the freehold; but such miner shall not be entitled to recover any ores or minerals or the value thereof from the person digging on the miner's range in good faith and known to be mining thereon until the miner shall have given notice of the miner's claim; and the miner shall be entitled to the ores or minerals dug after such notice.
107.01(3) (3) Usages and customs among miners may be proved in explanation of mining contracts to the same extent as usage may be proved in other branches of business.
107.01 History History: 1975 c. 41 s. 51; 1993 a. 492.
107.02 107.02 Mining statement; penalty. When there is no agreement between the parties to any mining lease, license or permit, to mine or remove ore from any lands in this state, regulating the method of reporting the amount of ore taken, the person mining and removing the ore or ores shall keep proper and correct books, and therefrom to make and deliver by or before the fifteenth day of each month to the lessor, owner or person entitled thereto, a detailed statement covering the operations of the preceding month. The statement shall show the total amount of tons or pounds of each kind of ore produced; if sold, then to whom sold, giving the date of sale, date of delivery to any railroad company, naming the company, and the station where delivered or billed for shipment; the name and address of the purchaser; the price per ton at which sold and the total value of each kind of ore so sold. The books shall be always open to any owner, lessor, licensor or stockholder, if the owner, lessor or licensor is a corporation, and to any person or stockholder interested in any such mining operations, for the purpose of inspection and taking copies thereof or abstracts therefrom. Any person and every officer, agent or employe of any thereof, who violates this section, or who makes any false or incomplete entries on any such books or statements, shall be fined not less than $100 or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than 3 months or both.
107.02 History History: 1979 c. 89.
107.03 107.03 Conflicting claims. In case of conflicting claims to a crevice or range bearing ores or minerals the court may continue any action to enforce a claim or grant any necessary time for the purpose of allowing parties to prove up their mines or diggings if it satisfactorily appears necessary to the ends of justice. In such case the court or judge may appoint a receiver and provide that the mines or diggings be worked under the receiver's direction, subject to the order of the court, in such manner as best ascertains the respective rights of the parties. The ores or minerals raised by either party pending the dispute shall be delivered to the receiver, who may, by order of the court or judge, pay any rent or other necessary expenses therefrom.
107.03 History History: 1977 c. 449.
107.04 107.04 Lessee's fraud; failure to work mine. Any miner who conceals or disposes of any ores or minerals or mines or diggings for the purpose of defrauding the lessor of rent or who neglects to pay any rent on ores or minerals raised by the miner for 3 days after the notice thereof and claim of the rent, shall forfeit all right to his or her mines, diggings or range; and the landlord after the concealment or after 3 days have expired from the time of demanding rent, may proceed against the miner to recover possession of the mines or diggings in circuit court as in the case of a tenant holding over after the termination of the lease. If a miner neglects to work his or her mines or diggings according to the usages of miners, without reasonable excuse, he or she shall likewise forfeit the mines or diggings and the landlord may proceed against the miner in like manner to recover possession of the mines or diggings.
107.04 History History: 1977 c. 449.
107.11 107.11 Account of ore received. Every person operating a metal recovery system and every purchaser of ores and minerals shall keep a substantially bound book, ruled into suitable columns, in which shall be entered from day to day, as ores or minerals are received, the following items: the day, month and year when received; the name of the person from whom purchased; the name of the person by whom hauled and delivered; name of the owner of the land from which the ores or minerals were obtained, or if not known, the name of the diggings or some distinct description of the land. The bound book shall be kept at the furnace or at the usual place of business of such person or purchaser or his or her agent in this state, and shall be open to authorized representatives of the department of revenue at reasonable times for inspection and taking extracts.
107.11 History History: 1977 c. 420.
107.12 107.12 Penalty. If any person operating a metal recovery system or purchaser of ores and minerals or the agent of any such person or purchaser doing business fails to keep such a book or to make such entries as required under s. 107.11 or unreasonably refuses to show the book for inspection or taking extracts or makes false entries in the book he or she shall forfeit $10 for each offense, one-half to the use of the prosecutor; and each day such failure or refusal continues shall be deemed a distinct and separate offense.
107.12 History History: 1977 c. 420.
107.15 107.15 Requirements for mineral exploration.
107.15(1) (1)Legislative purpose. The purpose of this section is to further the public interest in informed decision-making by appropriate state agencies, including the office of the state geologist, which are responsible for mineral, geologic and other earth-related sciences by ensuring that those agencies have as much geological information as possible where such information is relevant to their functions and at the same time protecting proprietary rights in such information.
107.15(2) (2)Definitions. In this section:
107.15(2)(a) (a) "Exploration" has the meaning designated in s. 293.01 (5).
107.15(2)(b) (b) "Licensee" means any person licensed to conduct exploration activities by the department of natural resources under s. 293.21. If the person is a corporation or limited liability company, "licensee" includes the parent and any subsidiary or affiliates of the corporation or limited liability company engaged in mining or activities related to mining in this state.
107.15(2)(c) (c) "Metalliferous minerals" means naturally occurring minerals which contain metal.
107.15(2)(d) (d) "Mining" or "mining operation" has the meaning designated in s. 293.01 (9).
107.15(2)(e) (e) "Prospecting" has the meaning designated in s. 293.01 (18).
107.15(4) (4)Release of geologic data.
107.15(4)(a)(a) The licensee shall submit to the state geologist a report containing the following information on or before July 1 of the year following each year in which soil, rock, core or drill cutting samples are obtained by the licensee:
107.15(4)(a)1. 1. The name and address of the person conducting exploration and, if the person is a corporation or limited liability company, the names and addresses of the parent and any subsidiaries or domestic affiliates of the corporation or limited liability company engaged in exploration activities in this state;
107.15(4)(a)2. 2. The names and addresses of the owners of the lands in this state on which exploration activities have been conducted;
107.15(4)(a)3. 3. The specific location, inclination and the collar azimuth of completed drill holes;
107.15(4)(a)4. 4. The date core samples and drill cuttings which have been collected or prepared, were obtained;
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1995. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?