1999 WISCONSIN ACT 114
An Act to amend 146.82 (1) and 253.13 (2); to repeal and recreate 253.12; and to create 15.197 (12) of the statutes; relating to: birth defects prevention surveillance.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
15.197 (12) of the statutes is created to read:
15.197 (12) Council on birth defect prevention and surveillance. There is created in the department of health and family services a council on birth defect prevention and surveillance. The council shall consist of the following members appointed for a 4-year term by the secretary of health and family services:
(a) A representative of the University of Wisconsin Medical School who has technical expertise in birth defects epidemiology.
(b) A representative from the Medical College of Wisconsin who has technical expertise in birth defects epidemiology.
(bn) A pediatric nurse or a nurse with expertise in birth defects.
(c) A representative from the subunit of the department that is primarily responsible for the children with special health needs program.
(d) A representative from the subunit of the department that is primarily responsible for early intervention services.
(e) A representative from the subunit of the department that is primarily responsible for health statistics research and analysis.
(f) A representative of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin.
(g) A representative of the Wisconsin Health and Hospital Association.
(h) A representative of the American Academy of Pediatrics — Wisconsin Chapter.
(i) A representative of the council on developmental disabilities.
(j) A representative of a nonprofit organization that has as its primary purpose the prevention of birth defects and does not promote abortion as a method of prevention.
(k) A parent or guardian of a child with a birth defect.
(L) A representative of a local health department, as defined in s. 250.01 (4), who is not an employe of the department of health and family services.
146.82 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
146.82 (1) Confidentiality. All patient health care records shall remain confidential. Patient health care records may be released only to the persons designated in this section or to other persons with the informed consent of the patient or of a person authorized by the patient. This subsection does not prohibit reports made in compliance with s. 146.995, 253.12 (2) or 979.01 or testimony authorized under s. 905.04 (4) (h).
253.12 of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
253.12 Birth defect prevention and surveillance system. (1) Definitions. In this section:
(a) "Birth defect" means any of the following conditions affecting an infant or child that occurs prior to or at birth and that requires medical or surgical intervention or interferes with normal growth and development:
1. A structural deformation, disruption or dysplasia.
2. A genetic, inherited or biochemical disease.
(b) "Pediatric specialty clinic" means a clinic the primary purpose of which is to provide pediatric specialty diagnostic, counseling and medical management services to persons with birth defects by physician subspecialist.
(c) "Infant or child" means a human being from birth to the age of 2 years.
(d) "Physician" has the meaning given in s. 448.01 (5).
(2) Reporting. (a) Except as provided in par. (b), all of the following shall report in the manner prescribed by the department under sub. (3) (a) 3. a birth defect in an infant or child:
1. A pediatric specialty clinic in which the birth defect is diagnosed in an infant or child or treatment for the birth defect is provided to the infant or child.
2. A physician who diagnoses the birth defect or provides treatment to the infant or child for the birth defect.
(am) Any hospital in which a birth defect is diagnosed in an infant or child or treatment is provided to the infant or child may report the birth defect in the manner prescribed by the department under sub. (3) (a) 3.
(b) No person specified under par. (a) need report under par. (a) if that person knows that another person specified under par. (a) or (am) has already reported to the department the required information with respect to the same birth defect of the same infant or child.
(c) If the department determines that there is a discrepancy in any data reported under this subsection, the department may request a physician, hospital or pediatric specialty clinic to provide to the department information contained in the medical records of patients who have a confirmed or suspected birth defect diagnosis. The physician, hospital or pediatric specialty clinic shall provide that information within 10 working days after the department requests it.
(d) The department may not require a person specified under par. (a) 1. to 3. to report the name of an infant or child for whom a report is made under par. (a) if the parent or guardian of the infant or child refuses to consent in writing to the release of the name or address of the infant or child.
(e) If the address of an infant or child for whom a report is made under par. (a) is included in the report, the department shall encode the address to refer to the same geographical location.
(3) Department duties and powers. (a) The department shall do all of the following:
1. Establish and maintain an up-to-date registry that documents the diagnosis in this state of any infant or child who has a birth defect, regardless of the residence of the infant or child. The department shall include in the registry information that will facilitate all of the following:
a. Identification of risk factors for birth defects.
b. Investigation of the incidence, prevalence and trends of birth defects using epidemiological surveys.
c. Development of primary preventive strategies to decrease the occurrence of birth defects without increasing abortions.
d. Referrals for early intervention or other appropriate services.
2. Specify by rule the birth defects the existence of which requires a report under sub. (2) to be submitted to the department.
3. Specify by rule the content, format and procedures for submitting a report under sub. (2).
4. Notify the persons specified under sub. (2) (a) of their obligation to report.
(b) The department may monitor the data contained in the reports submitted under sub. (2) to ensure the quality of that data and to make improvements in reporting methods.
(c) The department shall, not more than 10 years from the date of receipt of a report under sub. (2), delete from any file of the department the name of an infant or child that is contained in the report.
(4) Council on birth defect prevention and surveillance. The council on birth defect prevention and surveillance shall meet at least 4 times per year and shall do all of the following:
(a) Make recommendations to the department regarding the establishment of a registry that documents the diagnosis in the state of an infant or child who has a birth defect, as required under sub. (3) (a) 1. and regarding the rules that the department is required to promulgate under sub. (3) (a) 2. and 3. on the birth defects to be reported under sub. (2) and on the general content and format of the report under sub. (2) and procedures for submitting the report. The council shall also make recommendations regarding the content of a report that, because of the application of sub. (2) (d), does not contain the name of the subject of the report.
(b) Coordinate with the early intervention interagency coordinating council to facilitate the delivery of early intervention services to children from birth to 3 years with developmental needs.
(c) Advise the secretary and make recommendations regarding the registry established under sub. (3) (a) 1.
(d) Beginning April 1, 2002, and biennially thereafter, submit to the appropriate standing committees under s. 13.172 (3) a report that details the effectiveness, utilization and progress of the registry established under sub. (3) (a) 1.
(5) Confidentiality. (a) Any information contained in a report made to the department under sub. (2) that may specifically identify the subject of the report is confidential. The department may not release that confidential information except to the following, under the following conditions:
1. The parent or guardian of an infant or child for whom a report is made under sub. (2).
2. A local health officer, a local birth-to-3 coordinator or an agency under contract with the department to administer the children with special health care needs program, upon receipt of a written request and informed written consent from the parent or guardian of the infant or child. The local health officer may disclose information received under this subdivision only to the extent necessary to render and coordinate services and follow-up care for the infant or child or to conduct a health, demographic or epidemiological investigation. The local health officer shall destroy all information received under this subdivision within one year after receiving it.
3. A physician, hospital or pediatric specialty clinic reporting under sub. (2), for the purpose of verification of information reported by the physician, hospital or pediatric specialty clinic.
4. A representative of a federal or state agency upon written request and to the extent that the information is necessary to perform a legally authorized function of that agency, including investigation of causes, mortality, methods of prevention and early intervention, treatment or care of birth defects, associated diseases or disabilities. The information may not include the name or address of an infant or child with a condition reported under sub. (2). The department shall notify the parent or guardian of an infant or child about whom information is released under this subdivision, of the release. The representative of the federal or state agency may disclose information received under this paragraph only as necessary to perform the legally authorized function of that agency for which the information was requested.