2007 WISCONSIN ACT 225
An Act to amend 20.143 (3) (j); and to create 165.25 (4) (ag) and 167.35 of the statutes; relating to: fire safety performance standards for cigarettes, making an appropriation, and providing a penalty.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
20.143 (3) (j) of the statutes is amended to read:
(j) Safety and building operations.
The amounts in the schedule for the purposes of chs. 101, 145, and 168 and ss. 167.35,
236.12 (2) (a), 236.13 (1) (d) and (2m), and 236.335. All moneys received under ch. 145, ss. 101.177 (4) (a) 4., 101.178, 101.19, 101.63 (9), 101.654 (3), 101.73 (12), 101.82 (4), 101.955 (2), 101.973 (7), 167.35 (2) (f),
and 236.12 (7), except moneys received under s. 101.9208 (2m), and all moneys transferred under 2005 Wisconsin Act 45
, section 76 (6)
, shall be credited to this appropriation.
165.25 (4) (ag) of the statutes is created to read:
165.25 (4) (ag) The department of justice shall furnish legal services upon request of the department of commerce under s. 167.35 (7).
167.35 of the statutes is created to read:
167.35 Fire safety performance standards for cigarettes. (1) Definitions. In this section:
(a) "Cigarette" means any roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or in any substance other than tobacco.
(b) "Department" means the department of commerce unless the context requires otherwise.
(c) "Direct marketer" has the meaning given in s. 139.30 (2n).
(d) "Distributor" has the meaning given in s. 139.30 (3).
(e) "Jobber" has the meaning given in s. 139.30 (6).
(f) "Manufacturer" means any of the following:
1. Any person who manufactures or otherwise produces cigarettes anywhere or causes cigarettes to be manufactured or produced anywhere, if the person intends that the cigarettes are to be sold in this state, including cigarettes that are sold in the United States through an importer.
2. The first purchaser anywhere that intends to resell in the United States cigarettes that are manufactured anywhere, if the original manufacturer or producer did not intend that the cigarettes be sold in the United States.
3. Any entity that becomes a successor to a person described in subd. 1. or a purchaser described in subd. 2.
(g) "Repeatability" means the range of values within which the repeat results of cigarette test trials from a single laboratory will fall 95 percent of the time.
(h) "Retailer" has the meaning given in s. 134.66 (1) (g).
(i) "Sell" or "sale" has the meaning given in s. 139.30 (12).
(2) Certification filed by manufacturers. (a) Each manufacturer that sells or offers to sell cigarettes in this state shall file a written certification with the department, certifying that each type of cigarette listed in the certification has been tested in accordance with sub. (3) and complies with the applicable fire safety performance standard under sub. (3).
(b) For each type of cigarette listed in the certification, all of the following information shall be included in the certification:
1. The brand or trade name that appears on the package.
2. The style of the cigarette, such as light or ultra-light.
3. The length in millimeters.
4. The circumference in millimeters.
5. Any flavor description for the cigarette.
6. Whether the cigarette is filter or nonfilter.
7. The type of individual container in which the cigarette is packaged, such as a soft pack or a box.
8. A description of the marking required under sub. (4).
9. The name, address, and telephone number of the laboratory conducting the testing of the cigarette as required under sub. (3), if the laboratory is not owned and operated by the manufacturer of the cigarette.
10. The date on which the testing required under sub. (3) occurred.
(c) Upon filing a certification under par. (a), a manufacturer shall provide a copy of the certification to each distributor, jobber, or direct marketer that purchases from the manufacturer cigarettes that are the subject of the certification. Each manufacturer shall also provide to each distributor, jobber, and direct marketer sufficient copies of an illustration of the package marking required under sub. (4) to be given to each retailer to whom the distributor, jobber, or direct marketer sells cigarettes.
(d) Each manufacturer shall file the certification under par. (a) with the department every 3 years.
(e) The department shall promptly forward a copy of each certification it receives under par. (a) to the attorney general.
(f) Each manufacturer shall pay to the department a fee of $1,000 for each brand family of cigarette listed in each certification filed with the department under par. (a). The fee shall apply to all cigarettes within the brand family and shall include any new cigarette that is included in the 3-year certification period for which the fee is paid. The manufacturer shall pay the fee upon filing each certification for a new brand family.
(g) If a manufacturer has certified a type of cigarette pursuant to this subsection, and makes any change after the certification to that type of cigarette that is likely to alter its compliance with the applicable fire safety performance standard, no person may offer for sale or sell that type of cigarette in this state unless the manufacturer retests the cigarette in accordance with the applicable testing method under sub. (3) (a) or (d) and maintains the reports of that testing as required under sub. (3) (f).
(3) Test methods; performance standards. (a) Method of testing. For purposes of this section, testing of cigarettes conducted by a manufacturer or conducted or sponsored by the state shall meet all of the following requirements:
1. The testing shall be conducted in accordance with the standard test method for measuring the ignition strength of cigarettes established by the American Society for Testing and Materials International standard E2187-04. The department may adopt a substitute test method that is different from the standard test method, if the department finds that the substitute test method does not result in a change in the percentage of full-length burns exhibited by any tested cigarette when compared to the percentage of full-length burns the same cigarette would exhibit when tested in accordance with the standard test method.
2. The testing shall be conducted on 10 layers of filter paper.
3. The fire safety performance standard under this subsection shall be applied only to a complete test trial, which shall consist of 40 replicate tests for each cigarette tested.
4. Each laboratory conducting the testing shall implement a quality control and quality assurance program that meets the requirements under par. (b) and that includes a procedure that will determine the repeatability of the results from the testing. The repeatability value may not be greater than 0.19.
5. Each laboratory conducting the test under this subsection shall be accredited pursuant to the standard ISO/IEC 17025 of the International Organization for Standardization or other comparable accreditation standard required by the department.
(b) Quality control and quality assurance program. For purposes of par. (a) 4., a quality control and quality assurance program shall include a laboratory procedure that ensures all of the following:
1. That operator bias, systematic and nonsystematic methodological errors, and equipment-related problems do not affect the results of the testing.
2. That the testing repeatability remains within the required repeatability value stated in par. (a) 4. for all of the test trials used to certify cigarettes under sub. (2).
(c) Fire safety performance standard. 1. A testing of cigarettes does not meet the applicable fire safety performance standard unless no more than 25 percent of the cigarettes tested in a complete test trial under par. (a) exhibit full-length burns.
2. Each type of cigarette listed in a certification under sub. (2) that uses lowered permeability bands in the cigarette paper in order to meet the fire safety performance standard under subd. 1. shall meet one of the following requirements:
a. For a cigarette that does not have bands positioned by design, the cigarette shall have at least 2 nominally identical bands on the paper surrounding the tobacco column, at least one of them being a complete band located at least 15 millimeters from the lighting end of the tobacco column.
b. For a cigarette that has bands positioned by design, the cigarette shall have at least 2 nominally identical bands on the paper surrounding the tobacco column. At least one of these bands shall fully be located at least 15 millimeters from the lighting end of the tobacco column, and at least one of the remaining bands shall fully be located at least 10 millimeters from the filter end of the tobacco column or at least 10 millimeters from the labeled end of the tobacco column for a nonfiltered cigarette.
(d) Alternative test methods and performance standards proposed by manufacturers. 1. If the department determines that a type of cigarette cannot be tested in accordance with the test method required under par. (a), the manufacturer thereof shall propose an alternative test method and alternative fire safety performance standard for approval by the department.
2. If the department determines that the alternative fire safety performance standard proposed under subd. 1. is equivalent to the applicable fire safety performance standard under par. (c), the department shall approve the alternative test method and the alternative performance standard for use by the manufacturer.
(e) Provisions from other states. In lieu of approving an alternative test method and alternative fire safety performance standard under par. (d), the department may review the cigarette fire safety requirements enacted or otherwise adopted by another state. The department shall allow a manufacturer to use the results of the other state's alternative test method and alternative performance standard for the purpose of certification under sub. (2) (a), if the department determines that the safety requirements are comparable to the requirements under this section, that the other state's safety requirements specify the same test method and the same performance standard that are specified in pars. (a) and (c), and that the other state has approved an alternative test method and alternative performance standard as meeting the requirements under that state's cigarette fire safety requirements. The department may not require additional testing under this paragraph, unless the department determines that it is not reasonable for the results to be used for this purpose.
(em) Additional testing. This subsection does not require additional testing if the cigarettes have been tested for another purpose with methods that are in accordance with the testing methods recognized under this subsection.
(f) Reporting requirement. 1. Each manufacturer shall keep reports on all test results on all types of cigarettes that are offered for sale and that are conducted to determine compliance with this section and shall keep copies of these reports for 3 years.
2. Upon written request from the department or the attorney general, a manufacturer shall make copies of the reports under subd. 1. available to the department or the attorney general within 60 days after receiving the request.