2009 WISCONSIN ACT 158
An Act to amend 440.974 (1) (b); and to create 101.615 (1m) and 101.647 of the statutes; relating to: requiring carbon monoxide detectors in buildings containing one or two dwelling units.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
101.615 (1m) of the statutes is created to read:
101.615 (1m) Section 101.647 applies to a dwelling the initial construction of which was commenced before, on, or after the effective date of this subsection.
101.647 of the statutes is created to read:
101.647 Carbon monoxide detectors. (1) Definitions. In this section:
(a) "Carbon monoxide detector" has the meaning given in s. 101.149 (1) (am).
(am) Notwithstanding s. 101.61 (1), "dwelling" does not include a tourist rooming house, as defined in s. 254.61 (6).
(b) "Fuel-burning appliance" means a device that is installed in a dwelling, that burns fossil fuel or carbon-based fuel, and that produces carbon monoxide as a combustion by-product.
(2) Installation and safety certification. The owner of a dwelling shall install any carbon monoxide detector required under this section according to the directions and specifications of the manufacturer of the carbon monoxide detector. A carbon monoxide detector required under this section shall bear an Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., listing mark and may be a device that is combined with a smoke detector.
(3) Requirements. (a) The owner of a dwelling shall install a functional carbon monoxide detector in the basement of the dwelling and on each floor level except the attic, garage, or storage area of each dwelling unit. A carbon monoxide detector wired to the dwelling's electrical wiring system shall have a backup battery power supply. Except as provided under par. (b), the occupant of the dwelling unit shall maintain any carbon monoxide detector in that unit. This paragraph does not apply to the owner of a dwelling that has no attached garage, no fireplace, and no fuel-burning appliance.
(am) 1. If the building permit for the initial construction of a dwelling was issued on or after the effective date of this subdivision .... [LRB inserts date], and the electrical service for the dwelling is provided by a public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5), the owner of the dwelling shall install each carbon monoxide detector required under par. (a) so that it is powered by the dwelling's electrical wiring system, except as provided under subd. 2.
2. The requirement that each carbon monoxide detector be installed in the manner provided under subd. 1. does not apply to a dwelling if the dwelling, when initially constructed, had no attached garage, no fireplace, and no fuel-burning appliance.
(b) If any occupant who is not the owner of a dwelling, or any person authorized by state law or by city, village, town, or county ordinance or resolution to exercise powers or duties involving inspection of real or personal property, gives written notice to the owner that the carbon monoxide detector is not functional, the owner shall provide, within 5 days after receipt of that notice, any maintenance necessary to make that carbon monoxide detector functional.
(4) Inspection. The department or person authorized by state law or by city, village, town, or county ordinance or resolution to exercise powers or duties involving inspection of real or personal property may inspect new dwellings and, at the request of the owner or renter, may inspect the interior of a dwelling unit in a dwelling to ensure compliance with this section.
(5) Liability exemption. The owner of a dwelling is not liable for damages resulting from any of the following:
(a) A false alarm from a carbon monoxide detector if the carbon monoxide detector was reasonably maintained by the owner of the dwelling.
(b) The failure of a carbon monoxide detector to operate properly if that failure was the result of tampering with, or removal or destruction of, the carbon monoxide detector by a person other than the owner of the dwelling or the result of a faulty detector that was reasonably maintained by the owner of the dwelling.
(6) Tampering prohibited. No person may tamper with, remove, destroy, disconnect, or remove batteries from an installed carbon monoxide detector, except in the course of inspection, maintenance, or replacement of the detector.
440.974 (1) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
440.974 (1) (b) Subject to s. 440.975, standards for the practice of home inspection by home inspectors and standards for specifying the mechanical and structural components of improvements to residential real property that are included in a home inspection. The rules promulgated under this paragraph shall include standards for the inspection of carbon monoxide detectors. The rules promulgated under this paragraph may not require a home inspector to use a specified form for the report required under s. 440.975 (3).
(1m) This act takes effect on February 1, 2011.