2009 WISCONSIN ACT 320
An Act to amend 59.43 (1) (L), 59.43 (1) (n), 126.25 (11), 137.12 (2) (b), 137.24 (4), 340.01 (56o), 342.03, 402.202 (1), 402.208 (2), 403.103 (1) (j), 407.102 (1) (e), 407.103 (2), 410.106 (1), 410.204 (2), 411.501 (4), 706.08 (4) (c) and 893.36 (1g) (a); and to repeal and recreate chapter 401 of the statutes; relating to: adopting revised article 1 of the Uniform Commercial Code concerning general provisions.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
59.43 (1) (L) of the statutes is amended to read:
59.43 (1) (L) File all documents pertaining to security interests, as defined in s. 401.201 (37) (a)
(2) (t), that are required or authorized by law to be filed with the register. Except as otherwise prescribed by the department of financial institutions under subch. V of ch. 409, these documents shall be executed in a manner that satisfies the requirements set forth in sub. (2m) (b) 1. to 5.
59.43 (1) (n) of the statutes is amended to read:
59.43 (1) (n) Upon the filing of a financing statement or other document evidencing the creation of a security interest, as defined in s. 401.201 (37) (a) (2) (t), required to be filed or recorded with the register under s. 409.501 (1) (a), index the statement or document in the real estate records index under sub. (9).
126.25 (11) of the statutes is amended to read:
126.25 (11) "Warehouse receipt" means a receipt for grain, issued by a grain warehouse keeper, that is also a document of title under s. 401.201 (15) (2) (i).
137.12 (2) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
137.12 (2) (b) Chapters 401 and 403 to 410, other than ss. 401.107 and 401.206 s. 401.306.
137.24 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
137.24 (4) Except as otherwise agreed, a person having control of a transferable record is the holder, as defined in s. 401.201 (20) (2) (km), of the transferable record and has the same rights and defenses as a holder of an equivalent record or writing under chs. 401 to 411, including, if the applicable statutory requirements under s. 403.302 (1), 407.501, or 409.330 are satisfied, the rights and defenses of a holder in due course, a holder to which a negotiable record of title has been duly negotiated, or a purchaser, respectively. Delivery, possession, and endorsement are not required to obtain or exercise any of the rights under this subsection.
340.01 (56o) of the statutes is amended to read:
340.01 (56o) "Security interest" means a security interest as defined in s. 401.201 (37) (2) (t).
342.03 of the statutes is amended to read:
342.03 Motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer leases. Notwithstanding s. 401.201 (37) (2) (t) or ch. 409, a transaction involving a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer does not create a conditional sale or a security interest merely because it includes a provision that permits or requires the rental price to be adjusted under the agreement by reference to the amount realized upon the sale or other disposition of the motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer.
Chapter 401 of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
Uniform commercial code
— General provisions
401.101 Short titles. (1) Chapters 401 to 411 may be cited as the uniform commercial code.
(2) This chapter may be cited as uniform commercial code — general provisions.
401.102 Scope of chapter. This chapter applies to a transaction to the extent that it is governed by another chapter in chs. 402 to 411.
401.103 Construction of uniform commercial code to promote its purposes and policies; applicability of supplemental principles of law. (1) Chapters 401 to 411 must be liberally construed and applied to promote its underlying purposes and policies, which are all of the following:
(a) To simplify, clarify, and modernize the law governing commercial transactions.
(b) To permit the continued expansion of commercial practices through custom, usage, and agreement of the parties.
(c) To make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions.
(2) Unless displaced by the particular provisions of chs. 401 to 411, the principles of law and equity, including the law merchant and the law relative to capacity to contract, principal and agent, estoppel, fraud, misrepresentation, duress, coercion, mistake, bankruptcy, or other validating or invalidating cause shall supplement its provisions.
401.104 Construction against implied repeal. Chapters 401 to 411 being a general act intended as a unified coverage of its subject matter, no part of it shall be deemed to be impliedly repealed by subsequent legislation if such construction can reasonably be avoided.
401.106 Use of singular and plural; gender. In chs. 401 to 411, unless the statutory context otherwise requires, all of the following apply:
(1) Words in the singular number include the plural, and those in the plural include the singular.
(2) Words of any gender also refer to any other gender.
401.107 Captions. Section captions are part of chs. 401 to 411, notwithstanding s. 990.001 (6).
GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND
PRINCIPLES OF INTERPRETATION
401.201 General definitions. (1) Unless the context otherwise requires, words or phrases defined in this section, or in the additional definitions contained in chs. 402 to 411 that apply to particular chapters or subchapters thereof, have the meanings stated.
(2) Subject to definitions contained in chs. 402 to 411 that apply to particular chapters or subchapters thereof, in chs. 401 to 411:
(a) "Action," in the sense of a judicial proceeding, includes recoupment, counterclaim, setoff, suit in equity, and any other proceeding in which rights are determined.
(am) "Aggrieved party" means a party entitled to pursue a remedy.
(b) "Agreement" means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in s. 401.303. (Compare "Contract.")
(c) "Bank" means a person engaged in the business of banking and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company.
(cm) "Bearer" means a person in control of a negotiable electronic document of title or person in possession of an instrument, negotiable tangible document of title, or certificated security payable to bearer or endorsed in blank.
(d) "Bill of lading" means a document of title evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of directly or indirectly transporting or forwarding goods. The term does not include a warehouse receipt.
(dm) "Branch" includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank.
(e) "Burden of establishing" a fact means the burden of persuading the trier of fact that the existence of the fact is more probable than its nonexistence.
(em) "Buyer in ordinary course of business" means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. A person buys goods in the ordinary course if the sale to the person comports with the usual or customary practices in the kind of business in which the seller is engaged or with the seller's own usual or customary practices. A person that sells oil, gas, or other minerals at the wellhead or minehead is a person in the business of selling goods of that kind. A buyer in ordinary course of business may buy for cash, by exchange of other property, or on secured or unsecured credit, and may acquire goods or documents of title under a preexisting contract for sale. Only a buyer that takes possession of the goods or has a right to recover the goods from the seller under ch. 402 may be a buyer in ordinary course of business. A person that acquires goods in a transfer in bulk or as security for or in total or partial satisfaction of a money debt is not a buyer in ordinary course of business.
(f) "Conspicuous," with reference to a term, means so written, displayed, or presented that a reasonable person against which it is to operate ought to have noticed it. Whether a term is "conspicuous" or not is a decision for the court. Conspicuous terms include any of the following:
1. A heading in capitals equal to or greater in size than the surrounding text, or in contrasting type, font, or color to the surrounding text of the same or lesser size.
2. Language in the body of a record or display in larger type than the surrounding text, or in contrasting type, font, or color to the surrounding text of the same size, or set off from surrounding text of the same size by symbols or other marks that call attention to the language.
(fm) "Consumer" means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
(g) "Contract" means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by chs. 401 to 411 as supplemented by any other applicable laws. (Compare "Agreement.")
(gm) "Creditor" includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate.
(h) "Defendant" includes a person in the position of defendant in a counterclaim or 3rd party claim.
(hm) "Delivery" with respect to electronic documents of title means voluntary transfer of control and with respect to instruments, tangible documents of title, chattel paper, or certificated securities means voluntary transfer of possession.