Feed for /2011/related/acts/2 PDF
(2) Liability of seller or distributor. (a) A seller or distributor of a product is not liable based on a claim of strict liability to a claimant unless the manufacturer would be liable under sub. (1) and any of the following applies:
1. The claimant proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the seller or distributor has contractually assumed one of the manufacturer's duties to manufacture, design, or provide warnings or instructions with respect to the product.
2. The claimant proves by a preponderance of the evidence that neither the manufacturer nor its insurer is subject to service of process within this state.
3. A court determines that the claimant would be unable to enforce a judgment against the manufacturer or its insurer.
(b) The court shall dismiss a product seller or distributor as a defendant based on par. (a) 2. if the manufacturer or its insurer submits itself to the jurisdiction of the court in which the suit is pending.
(3) Defenses. (a) If the defendant proves by clear and convincing evidence that at the time of the injury the claimant was under the influence of any controlled substance or controlled substance analog to the extent prohibited under s. 346.63 (1) (a), or had an alcohol concentration, as defined in s. 340.01 (1v), of 0.08 or more, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the claimant's intoxication or drug use was the cause of his or her injury.
(b) Evidence that the product, at the time of sale, complied in material respects with relevant standards, conditions, or specifications adopted or approved by a federal or state law or agency shall create a rebuttable presumption that the product is not defective.
(c) The damages for which a manufacturer, seller, or distributor would otherwise be liable shall be reduced by the percentage of causal responsibility for the claimant's harm attributable to the claimant's misuse, alteration, or modification of the product.
(d) The court shall dismiss the claimant's action under this section if the damage was caused by an inherent characteristic of the product that would be recognized by an ordinary person with ordinary knowledge common to the community that uses or consumes the product.
(e) A seller or distributor of a product is not liable to a claimant for damages if the seller or distributor receives the product in a sealed container and has no reasonable opportunity to test or inspect the product. This paragraph does not apply if the seller or distributor may be liable under sub. (2) (a) 2. or 3.
(4) Subsequent remedial measures. In an action for damages caused by a manufactured product based on a claim of strict liability, evidence of remedial measures taken subsequent to the sale of the product is not admissible for the purpose of showing a manufacturing defect in the product, a defect in the design of the product, or a need for a warning or instruction. This subsection does not prohibit the admission of such evidence to show a reasonable alternative design that existed at the time when the product was sold.
(5) Time limit. In any action under this section, a defendant is not liable to a claimant for damages if the product alleged to have caused the damage was manufactured 15 years or more before the claim accrues, unless the manufacturer makes a specific representation that the product will last for a period beyond 15 years. This subsection does not apply to an action based on a claim for damages caused by a latent disease.
(6) Inapplicability. This section does not apply to actions based on a claim of negligence or breach of warranty.
2,32 Section 32. 904.16 of the statutes is created to read:
904.16 Health care reports. (1) In this section:
(a) "Health care provider" has the meaning given in s. 146.38 (1) (b).
(b) "Regulatory agency" means the department of regulation and licensing or the division within the department of health services that conducts quality assurance activities related to health care providers.
(2) Except as provided in sub. (3), the following may not be used as evidence in a civil or criminal action brought against a health care provider:
(a) Reports that a regulatory agency requires a health care provider to give or disclose to that regulatory agency.
(b) Statements of, or records of interviews with, employees of a health care provider related to the regulation of the health care provider obtained by a regulatory agency.
(3) This section does not prohibit the use of the reports, statements, and records described in sub. (2) in any administrative proceeding conducted by a regulatory agency. This section does not apply to reports protected under s. 146.997.
2,33 Section 33. 907.01 of the statutes is renumbered 907.01 (intro.) and amended to read:
907.01 Opinion testimony by lay witnesses. (intro.) If the witness is not testifying as an expert, the witness's testimony in the form of opinions or inferences is limited to those opinions or inferences which are rationally all of the following:
(1) Rationally based on the perception of the witness and helpful.
(2) Helpful to a clear understanding of the witness's testimony or the determination of a fact in issue.
2,34 Section 34. 907.01 (3) of the statutes is created to read:
907.01 (3) Not based on scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge within the scope of a witness under s. 907.02 (1).
2,34m Section 34m. 907.02 of the statutes is renumbered 907.02 (1) and amended to read:
907.02 (1) If scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge will assist the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue, a witness qualified as an expert by knowledge, skill, experience, training, or education, may testify thereto in the form of an opinion or otherwise, if the testimony is based upon sufficient facts or data, the testimony is the product of reliable principles and methods, and the witness has applied the principles and methods reliably to the facts of the case.
2,37 Section 37. 907.02 (2) of the statutes is created to read:
907.02 (2) Notwithstanding sub. (1), the testimony of an expert witness may not be admitted if the expert witness is entitled to receive any compensation contingent on the outcome of any claim or case with respect to which the testimony is being offered.
2,38 Section 38. 907.03 of the statutes is amended to read:
907.03 Bases of opinion testimony by experts. The facts or data in the particular case upon which an expert bases an opinion or inference may be those perceived by or made known to the expert at or before the hearing. If of a type reasonably relied upon by experts in the particular field in forming opinions or inferences upon the subject, the facts or data need not be admissible in evidence in order for the opinion or inference to be admitted. Facts or data that are otherwise inadmissible may not be disclosed to the jury by the proponent of the opinion or inference unless the court determines that their probative value in assisting the jury to evaluate the expert's opinion or inference substantially outweighs their prejudicial effect.
2,39 Section 39. 940.08 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
940.08 (1) Whoever Except as provided in sub. (3), whoever causes the death of another human being by the negligent operation or handling of a dangerous weapon, explosives or fire is guilty of a Class G felony.
2,40 Section 40. 940.08 (3) of the statutes is created to read:
940.08 (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a health care provider acting within the scope of his or her practice or employment.
2,41 Section 41. 940.24 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
940.24 (1) Whoever Except as provided in sub. (3), whoever causes bodily harm to another by the negligent operation or handling of a dangerous weapon, explosives or fire is guilty of a Class I felony.
2,42 Section 42. 940.24 (3) of the statutes is created to read:
940.24 (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a health care provider acting within the scope of his or her practice or employment.
2,43 Section 43. 940.295 (3) (a) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
940.295 (3) (a) 3. Abuses Except as provided in par. (am), abuses, with negligence, or neglects a patient or a resident.
2,44 Section 44. 940.295 (3) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
940.295 (3) (am) Paragraph (a) 3. does not apply to a health care provider acting in the scope of his or her practice or employment who commits an act or omission of mere inefficiency, unsatisfactory conduct, or failure in good performance as the result of inability, incapacity, inadvertency, ordinary negligence, or good faith error in judgment or discretion.
2,45 Section 45. Initial applicability.
(1) Crimes. The treatment of sections 940.08 (1) and (3), 940.24 (1) and (3), and 940.295 (3) (a) 3. and (am) of the statutes first applies to acts or omissions committed on the effective date of this subsection.
(2) Disclosure and release of records or information. The treatment of section 146.38 (1m), (2), (3) (d) and (e), and (3m) of the statutes first applies to disclosures or releases occurring on the effective date of this subsection.
(3) Use of records or information. The treatment of section 146.38 (2) and (2m) of the statutes first applies to use of records or information on the effective date of this subsection.
(4) Evidence. The treatment of section 904.16 of the statutes first applies to health care provider reports received, and statements of, or records of interviews with, employees of a health care provider obtained, on the effective date of this subsection.
(5) Civil actions. The treatment of sections 230.85 (3) (b), 802.10 (7), 809.103 (2) (a), 814.04 (intro.), 814.29 (3) (a), 895.043 (6), 895.044, 895.045 (3), 895.046, 895.047, and 907.03 of the statutes, the renumbering and amendment of sections 907.01 and 907.02 of the statutes, and the creation of sections 907.01 (3) and 907.02 (2) of the statutes first apply to actions or special proceedings that are commenced on the effective date of this subsection.
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