Date of enactment: December 12, 2013
2013 Senate Bill 290   Date of publication*: December 13, 2013
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes: Effective date of acts. "Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication."
An Act to repeal 706.05 (9) and (10); to amend 77.25 (13), 422.306 (4) and 428.104 (1); and to create 708.15 of the statutes; relating to: mortgage satisfaction and an exception to the real estate transfer fee.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
66,1 Section 1. 77.25 (13) of the statutes is amended to read:
77.25 (13) Of real estate having a value of $100 $1,000 or less.
66,2 Section 2. 422.306 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
422.306 (4) Within Except as provided in s. 708.15, within 45 days after payment by the customer of all sums for which the customer is obligated under a consumer credit transaction other than one pursuant to an open-end credit plan, the creditor shall give or forward to the customer instruments which acknowledge payment in full, and release of any security interest when there is no outstanding secured obligation, and furnish to the customer or the customer's designee evidence of the release or assignment to such designee of any recorded lien on real estate and termination of any filed financing statement which perfected such security interest.
66,3 Section 3. 428.104 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
428.104 (1) Any time a payment is made in cash, or any other time the method of payment does not itself provide evidence of payment, the creditor shall furnish the customer, without request, a written receipt, evidencing such payment. The customer shall be entitled upon request, free of charge, to an annual statement of account showing receipts and disbursements. Upon Subject to s. 708.15, upon payment in full of the customer's obligation, the creditor shall release any mortgage by either recording the necessary instrument and forwarding the same to the customer, or by forwarding a satisfaction of such debt to the purchaser of the real property subject to such satisfied mortgage, or the creditor of such purchaser.
66,4 Section 4. 706.05 (9) and (10) of the statutes are repealed.
66,5 Section 5. 708.15 of the statutes is created to read:
708.15 Mortgage satisfaction. (1) Definitions. In this section:
(a) "Address for giving a notification" means, for the purpose of a particular type of notification, the most recent address provided in a document by the intended recipient of the notification to the person giving the notification, unless the person giving the notification knows of a more accurate address, in which case the term means that address.
(b) "Day" means calendar day.
(c) "Document" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
(d) "Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
(e) "Entitled person" means any of the following:
1. A person liable for payment or performance of the obligation secured by the real property described in a security instrument.
2. The landowner.
3. The settlement agent.
(f) "Good faith" means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing.
(g) "Landowner" or "owner" means a person that, before foreclosure, has the right of redemption in the real property described in a security instrument. The term does not include a person that holds only a lien on the real property.
(h) "Notification" means a document containing information required under this section and signed by the person required to provide the information.
(i) "Payoff amount" means the sum necessary to satisfy a secured obligation, as set forth in a payoff statement by the secured creditor.
(j) "Payoff statement" means a document containing the information specified in sub. (3) (d).
(k) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
(L) "Recording data" means the date, document number, volume and page number, if any, that indicate where a document is recorded in the office of the register of deeds under s. 59.43.
(m) "Residential real property" means real property located in this state that is used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and is improved by one to 4 dwelling units.
(n) "Secured creditor" means a person that holds or is the beneficiary of a security interest or that is authorized both to receive payments on behalf of a person that holds a security interest and to record a satisfaction of the security instrument upon receiving full performance of the secured obligation. The term does not include a trustee under a security instrument.
(o) "Secured obligation" means an obligation the payment or performance of which is secured by a security interest.
(p) "Security instrument" means an agreement, however denominated, that creates or provides for an interest in real property to secure payment or performance of an obligation, whether or not it also creates or provides for a lien on personal property.
(q) "Security interest" means an interest in real property created by a security instrument.
(r) "Settlement agent" means the person responsible for the preparation of the settlement statement for the conveyance of real property.
(s) "Sign" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document, any of the following:
1. To execute or adopt a tangible symbol.
2. To attach to or logically associate with the document an electronic sound, symbol, or process.
(t) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(u) "Submit for recording" means to deliver, with required fees and taxes, a document sufficient to be recorded under this section, to the office of the register of deeds under s. 59.43.
(v) "Title insurance company" means an organization authorized to conduct the business of insuring titles to real property in this state.
(2) Notification: manner of giving and effective date. (a) A person gives a notification by doing any of the following:
1. Depositing it with the U.S. Postal Service with 1st class postage paid or with a commercially reasonable delivery service with cost of delivery provided, properly addressed to the recipient's address for giving a notification.
2. Sending it by facsimile transmission, electronic mail, or other electronic transmission to the recipient's address for giving a notification.
3. Causing it to be received at the address for giving a notification within the time that it would have been received if given in the manner provided in subd. 1.
(b) A notification is effective at any of the following times:
1. The day after it is deposited with a commercially reasonable delivery service for overnight delivery.
2. Three days after it is deposited with the U.S. Postal Service, with 1st class mail with postage prepaid, or with a commercially reasonable delivery service for delivery other than by overnight delivery.
3. The day it is given, if given as provided in par. (a) 2.
4. The day it is received, if given by a method other than as provided in par. (a) 1. or 2.
(c) If this section or a notification given under this section requires performance on or by a certain day and that day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday under the laws of this state or the United States, the performance is sufficient if performed on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
(3) Payoff statement: request and content. (a) An entitled person, or an agent authorized by an entitled person to request a payoff statement, may give to the secured creditor a notification requesting a payoff statement for a specified payoff date not more than 30 days after the notification is given. The notification must contain all of the following:
1. The entitled person's name.
2. If given by a person other than an entitled person, the name of the person giving the notification and a statement that the person is an authorized agent of the entitled person.
3. A direction whether the statement is to be sent to the entitled person or that person's authorized agent.
4. The address, facsimile transmission number, or electronic mail or other electronic transmission address to which the secured creditor must send the statement.
5. Sufficient information to enable the secured creditor to identify the secured obligation and the real property encumbered by the security interest.
(b) If a notification under par. (a) directs the secured creditor to send the payoff statement to a person identified as an authorized agent of the entitled person, the secured creditor must send the statement to the agent, unless the secured creditor knows that the entitled person has not authorized the request.
(c) 1. Except as provided in subd. 2., within 7 business days after the effective date of a notification that complies with par. (a) or, if the security interest encumbers real property that is not residential real property, within a reasonable longer time after the effective date of such a notification, the secured creditor shall issue a payoff statement and send it as directed under par. (a) 3. in the manner prescribed in sub. (2) for giving a notification.