2013 - 2014 LEGISLATURE
January 22, 2014 - Introduced by Representatives Pope, Wright, Clark,
Hesselbein, Johnson, Sargent, Barnes, Hulsey, Berceau, Jorgensen, Hebl,
Pasch, Kolste, Kahl, Sinicki, C. Taylor, Ohnstad, Vruwink, Billings,
Bernard Schaber, Hintz, Richards, Bewley, Shankland and Zamarripa,
cosponsored by Senators Lehman, Vinehout, T. Cullen, Schultz, Miller,
Harris, Hansen and Lassa. Referred to Committee on Education.
1An Act to repeal
20.255 (2) (aq) and 115.437; to consolidate, renumber and
121.15 (1m) (a) (intro.) and 3.; to amend
20.255 (2) (ac), 79.10 (4), 79.10 3
(5m), 79.14, 79.15, 121.004 (7) (a), 121.07 (6) (d), 121.105 (2) (am) 1., 121.105 4
(2) (am) 2. (intro.), 121.90 (2) (am) 1., 121.905 (1), 121.905 (3) (c) 5., 121.905 (3) 5
(c) 6., 121.91 (2m) (hm) (intro.), 121.91 (2m) (i) (intro.), 121.91 (2m) (i) 2., 121.91 6
(2m) (r) 1. (intro.), 121.91 (2m) (r) 1. b., 121.91 (2m) (s) 1. (intro.), 121.91 (2m) 7
(s) 1. b. and 121.91 (2m) (t) 1. (intro.); and to create
20.255 (2) (bf), 121.004 (7) 8
(g), 121.10, 121.105 (4), 121.136 (3), 121.15 (3m), 121.905 (3) (c) 7., 121.91 (2m) 9
(i) 1m. and 121.91 (2m) (j) of the statutes; relating to: counting low-income
10pupils for state school aid purposes; calculating the amount to be appropriated
11for state general school aid; school aid factors; special adjustment aids; hold
1harmless aid; per pupil aid; school district revenue limits; the first dollar and
2school levy property tax credits; and making an appropriation.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill makes a number of changes in the laws relating to public school
financing, including the following:
1. Currently, the amount appropriated each fiscal year for general school aid
is a sum set by law. This bill directs the Department of Public Instruction (DPI), the
Department of Administration, and the Legislative Fiscal Bureau annually to jointly
certify to the Joint Committee on Finance (JCF) an estimate of the amount necessary
to appropriate in the following school year to ensure that state school aids equal the
following percentage of partial school revenues (in general, the sum of state school
aids and school property taxes):
a. For the 2014-15 school year, 63 percent.
b. For the 2015-16 school year, 64.2 percent.
c. For the 2016-17 school year, 65.4 percent.
d. For the 2017-18 school year and each school year thereafter, two-thirds.
Under the bill, JFC determines the amount appropriated as general school aids
in each odd-numbered fiscal year (e.g., the 2014-15 fiscal year) and the amount is
set by law in each even-numbered fiscal year.
2. For purposes of determining a school district's general school aid amount,
in general this bill requires that each pupil who is eligible for a free or reduced-price
lunch under the federal school lunch program be counted as an additional 0.3 pupil.
3. Currently, if a school district would receive less in general state aid in any
school year than 85 percent of the amount it received in the previous school year, its
state aid for the current school year is increased to 85 percent of the aid received in
the previous school year. This bill increases the percentage to 90 percent.
4. This bill provides that a school district's state aid in any school year may not
be less than an amount equal to the school district's enrollment multiplied by $3,000.
5. Currently, for calculating a school district's revenue limit, the per pupil
adjustment is $75 per pupil in each of the 2013-14 and 2014-15 school years. In the
2015-16 school year and thereafter, there is no per pupil adjustment.
This bill sets the per pupil adjustment at $275 per pupil for the 2014-15 school
year, and thereafter adjusts the previous school year's adjustment by the consumer
price index increase.
6. Currently, if at least 50 percent of a school district's enrollment is eligible for
a free or reduced-price lunch under the federal school lunch program, the school
district is eligible for a prorated share of the amount appropriated as high-poverty
This bill eliminates this aid beginning in the 2014-15 school year. The bill
provides additional state aid for the 2014-15 school year to hold school districts
harmless from the loss of high-poverty aid.
7. Currently, the state annually pays each school district an amount equal to
its average enrollment in the current and two preceding school years multiplied by
$75 in the 2013-14 school year and $150 in each school year thereafter. This bill
eliminates this per pupil aid after the 2013-14 school year.
8. Currently, $75,000,000 in school aid payments is delayed until the following
school year. Beginning in the 2015-16 school year, this bill delays $972,400,000 in
school aid payments until the following school year.
9. In the school district equalization aid formula, the guaranteed evaluations
represent the amount of property tax base support that the state guarantees behind
each pupil. There are three guaranteed valuations used; each applies to a different
level of expenditures. The first level is for expenditures up to the primary cost ceiling
of $1,000 per pupil. The second level is for costs per pupil that exceed $1,000 but are
less than the secondary cost ceiling, which is set at 90 percent of the prior school year
statewide shared cost per pupil. This bill changes the secondary cost ceiling to 100
percent of the prior school year statewide shared cost per pupil.
10. The bill eliminates the school levy property tax credit and the first dollar
property tax credit.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
20.255 (2) (ac) of the statutes is amended to read:
(ac) General equalization aids. The amounts in the schedule A sum
for the payment of educational aids under ss. 121.08, 121.09, 121.095, 4
and subch. VI of ch. 121 equal to the amount determined by the joint
5committee on finance under s. 121.15 (3m) (c) in the 2014-15 fiscal year and
6biennially thereafter, and equal to the amount determined by law in the 2015-16
7fiscal year and biennially thereafter
20.255 (2) (bf) of the statutes is created to read:
(bf) Hold harmless aid.
A sum sufficient for hold harmless aid to 12
school districts under s. 121.10.
79.10 (4) School levy tax credit.
Except as provided in sub. (5m), the amount 4
appropriated under s. 20.835 (3) (b) shall be distributed to municipalities in 5
proportion to their share of the sum of average school tax levies for all municipalities. 6No municipality shall receive a payment under this subsection after 2015.
79.10 (5m) of the statutes is amended to read:
79.10 (5m) First dollar credit.
Each municipality shall receive, from the 9
appropriation under s. 20.835 (3) (b), an amount determined by multiplying the 10
school tax rate by the estimated fair market value, not exceeding the value 11
determined under sub. (11) (d), of every parcel of real property with improvements 12
that is located in the municipality. No municipality shall receive a payment under
13this subsection after 2015.
1679.14 School levy tax credit.
The appropriation under s. 20.835 (3) (b), for 17
the payments under s. 79.10 (4), is $319,305,000 in 1994, 1995, and 1996; 18
$469,305,000 beginning in 1997 and ending in 2006; $593,050,000 in 2007; 19
$672,400,000 in 2008; $747,400,000 in 2009; $732,550,000 in 2010, 2011, and 2012; 20
and $747,400,000 in 2013 and in each year thereafter, 2014, and 2015
79.15 of the statutes is amended to read:
2279.15 Improvements credit.
The total amount paid each year to 23
municipalities from the appropriation account under s. 20.835 (3) (b) for the 24
payments under s. 79.10 (5m) is $75,000,000 in 2009, $145,000,000 in 2010, and 25
$150,000,000 in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014,
and in each year thereafter 2015
121.004 (7) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
(a) "Pupils enrolled" is the total number of pupils, as expressed by 5
official enrollments, in all schools of the school district, except as provided in pars. 6
(b) to (f) (g)
. If such total contains a fraction, it shall be expressed as the nearest whole 7
number. The same method shall be used in computing the number of pupils enrolled 8
for resident pupils, nonresident pupils or both.
121.004 (7) (g) of the statutes is created to read:
(g) A pupil who is eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch under 1142 USC 1758
(b) shall be counted as the number specified in this subsection for the 12
pupil plus an additional 30 percent of that number.
121.07 (6) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
(d) The "secondary ceiling cost per member" in the 2001-02 2014-15 15
school year and in each school year thereafter is an amount determined by dividing 16
the state total shared cost in the previous school year by the state total membership 17
in the previous school year and multiplying the result by 0.90
121.10 of the statutes is created to read: