Accy 1.102 Integrity and objectivity. (intro.) No person licensed to practice as a certified public accountant, as defined in the statutes, shall knowingly
may do any of the following:
(1) Knowingly misrepresent facts
, and when.
(2) When engaged in the practice of public accounting, including the rendering of tax and management advisory services, shall not subordinate his or her judgment to others. In tax practice, a member may resolve doubt in favor of the client as long as there is reasonable support for that position.
Accy 1.201 (1) (intro.) of the administrative code is amended to read:
Accy 1.201 (1) (intro.) All persons A person licensed to practice as a certified public accountant, as defined in the statutes, shall comply with all of the following general standards as interpreted by bodies designated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Council, and must justify any departures therefrom.
Accy 1.202 of the administrative code is amended to read:
Accy 1.202 Auditing standards. A person licensed to practice as a certified public accountant shall not permit the certified public accountant's name to be associated with financial statements in such a manner as to imply that the certified public accountant is acting as an independent public accountant unless the certified public accountant has complied with the applicable generally accepted auditing standards promulgated by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Statements on auditing standards used by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants auditing standards executive committee board are, for purposes of this
rule chapter, considered to be interpretations of the generally accepted auditing standards, and departures from such statements must be justified by those who do not follow them.
Accy 1.301 (2) (d) and (4) of the administrative code are amended to read:
Accy 1.301 (2) (d) To preclude a certified public accountant from responding to an inquiry made by the Professional Ethics Division of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, by the duly constituted investigative or disciplinary body of a state society of certified public accountants, or under any state statutes or the standards of the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
(4) The prohibition in sub. (1) against disclosure of confidential information obtained in the course of a professional engagement does not apply to disclosure of such information when required to properly discharge the certified public accountant's responsibility according to the profession's standards. The prohibition would not apply, for example, to disclosure, as required by AU-C section 561 560 of Statement on Auditing Standards No. 1 , of, regarding the subsequent discovery of facts existing at the date of the auditor's report which would have affected the auditor's report had the auditor been aware of such facts.
Accy 1.302 (1) and (3) of the administrative code are amended to read:
Accy 1.302 (1) Contingent fees. Except as provided in sub. (3) (2), a certified public accountant may charge a contingent fee provided the accountant and the client make a contingent fee agreement in writing, signed by the client, which states the method by which the fee is to be determined and describes all costs and expenses to be charged to the client. Upon conclusion of the contingent fee matter, the accountant shall provide the client with a written statement showing the fee and all the costs and expenses charged to the client.
(3) Commissions. Except as provided in sub. (5) (4), a certified public accountant may receive a commission provided that at the time the referral or recommendation is made, the accountant informs the client in writing of the amount and reason for the commission.
Accy 1.401 (1) and (2) (a) (intro.), (c) and (e) 2. of the administrative code are amended to read:
Accy 1.401 (1) No person licensed to practice as a certified public accountant, as defined in the statutes, shall commit an act discreditable to the profession.
(2) (a) Client's records and accountant's workpapers. (intro.) Retention of client records after a demand is made for them is an act discreditable to the profession in violation of this section. It would be a violation of the code to retain a client's records to enforce payment. A certified public accountant's working papers are his or her the property of the certified public accountant and need not be surrendered to the client. However, in some instances working papers will contain data which
that should properly be reflected in the client's books and records but which that for convenience have not been duplicated therein, with the result that the client's records are incomplete. In such instances, the portion of the working papers containing such data constitutes part of the client's records, and copies should be made available to the client upon request. If a certified public accountant is engaged to perform certain work for a client and the engagement is terminated prior to the completion of such work, the certified public accountant is required to return or furnish copies of only those records originally given to the certified public accountant by the client. Examples of working papers that are considered to be the client's records would include all of the following:
(c) Duty discharged. Once the certified public accountant has returned the client's records or furnished the copies of such records and/or and necessary supporting data, the obligation has been discharged in this regard and it is not necessary to comply with any subsequent requests to again furnish such records.
(e) 2. On conviction for willful failure to file an income tax return or other another document which, that the certified public accountant as an individual is required by law to file, for filing a false or fraudulent income tax return or other document on his or her or a client's behalf, or for willful aiding in the preparation and/or and presentation of a false or fraudulent income tax return of a client, or for the willful making of a false representation in connection with the determination, collection, or refund of any tax, whether it be in his or her own behalf or in behalf of a client, the board will initiate charges in every instance.
Accy 1.401 (2) (f) of the administrative code is amended to read:
Accy 1.401 (2) (f) Notification of convictions. A certified public accountant shall notify the board in writing within 60 days 48 hours after being convicted of a crime.
Accy 1.404 (1) of the administrative code is amended to read:
Accy 1.404 (1) A person who is engaged in practice as a certified public accountant, as defined in the statutes, shall not concurrently engage in any business or occupation which that would create a conflict of interest rendering professional services.
Accy 1.405 of the administrative code is repealed and recreated to read:
Accy 1.405 Firm Names. (1) An individual or firm may practice as a certified public accountant in any form of business organization permitted by state law. No person licensed to practice as a certified public accountant may practice under a firm name that is misleading as to the type of organization. A misleading CPA firm name is any of the following:
(a) A name that contains any representation that would be likely to cause a reasonable person to misunderstand or be confused about the legal form of the firm, or about who the owners or members of the firm are, such as a reference to a type of organization or an abbreviation thereof that does not accurately reflect the form under which the firm is organized, including any of the following:
1. A name that implies the existence of a corporation when the firm is not a corporation, such as through the use of the words "corporation," "incorporated," "Ltd.," "professional corporation," or an abbreviation thereof as part of the firm name if the firm is not incorporated or is not a professional corporation.
2. A name that implies the existence of a partnership when there is not a partnership, such as by use of the term "partnership" or "limited liability partnership" or the abbreviation "LLP" if the firm is not such an entity.
3. A name that includes the name of an individual who is not a CPA if the title "CPAs" is included in the firm name.
4. A name that includes information about or indicates an association with persons who are not members of the firm, except as provided in subs. (3) and (4).
5. A name that includes the terms "& Company," "& Associate," or "Group," if the firm does not include, in addition to the named partner, shareholder, owner, or member, at least one other unnamed partner, shareholder, owner, member, or staff employee.
(b) A name that contains any representation that would be likely to cause a reasonable person to have a false or unjustified expectation of favorable results or capabilities, through the use of a false or unjustified statement of fact as to any material matter.
(c) A name that claims or implies the ability to influence a regulatory body or official.
(d) A name that includes the name of an owner whose license has been revoked for disciplinary reasons by the board, whereby the licensee has been prohibited from practicing public accountancy or prohibited from using the title CPA or holding himself or herself out as a certified public accountant.
(2) Any of the following is a permissible type of CPA firm name if it does not otherwise violate this subchapter:
(a) A firm name that includes the names of one or more former or present owners.
(b) A firm name that excludes the names of one or more former or present owners.
(c) A firm name that uses the CPA title as part of the firm name when all named individuals are owners of the firm who hold such title or are former owners who held such title at the time they ceased to be owners of the firm.
(d) A firm name that includes the name of a non-CPA owner if the CPA title is not a part of the firm name.
(3) A network firm may use a common brand name or share common initials as part of the firm name.
(4) A network firm may use the network name as the firm's name, provided that it also shares one or more of the following characteristics with other firms in the network:
(a) Common control, as defined by generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S., among the firms through ownership, management, or other means.
(b) Profits or costs, excluding costs of operating the association, costs developing audit methodologies, manuals and training courses, and other costs that are immaterial to the firm.
(c) A common business strategy that involves ongoing collaboration among the firms whereby the firms are responsible for implementing the association's strategy and are held accountable for performance pursuant to that strategy.
(d) A significant part of professional resources.
(e) Common quality control policies and procedures that participating firms are required to implement and that are monitored by the association.
Chapter Accy 2 (title) of the administrative code is created to read:
Chapter accy 2
individual certification and
Subchapter I (title) of chapter Accy 2 [precedes Accy 2.001] of the administrative code is created to read:
Chapter accy 2
authority and definitions
Accy 2.001 of the administrative code is created to read:
Accy 2.001 Authority. The rules in this chapter are adopted under the authority in ss. 15.08 (5) (b), 227.11 (2), and 442.04, Stats.
Accy 2.002 of the administrative code is created to read:
Accy 2.002 Definitions. In this chapter:
(1) "Accredited" means to be listed by an accrediting agency recognized by the secretary of the federal department of education.
Note: For a listing of accrediting agencies recognized by the secretary of the federal department of education, see
(2) "Bachelor's degree" means a baccalaureate degree normally conferred by universities and colleges at the completion of at least a 4-year, full-time, academic-year program of study.
Note: Some students complete the 4-year bachelor's degree in less than 4 years by attending summer school or maximum course loads over a number of academic semesters.
Subchapter II (title) of chapter Accy 2 [precedes Accy 2.101] of the administrative code is created to read:
chapter accy 2
application for certification
Accy 2.101 (Note) of the administrative code is created to read:
Accy 2.101 Note: Application forms are available upon request to the board's office at 1400 East Washington Avenue, P.O. Box 8935, Madison WI 53708-8935 or on the Internet at www.dsps.wi.gov. An applicant with a disability will be provided reasonable accommodations.
Accy 2.101 (3), (4) and (5) of the administrative code are created to read:
Accy 2.101 (3) Evidence of at least one year of public accounting experience as required by s. Accy 2.403 and s. 442.04 (5) (b) 5., Stats.
(4) Evidence that the applicant has successfully passed each section of the Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination.
(5) Successful completion of the open book professional ethics examination on statutes and rules governing the practice of public accounting in Wisconsin as set forth in s. Accy 2.306.
Subchapter III (title) of chapter Accy 2 [precedes Accy 2.202] of the administrative code is created to read:
chapter accy 2
Accy 2.202 (1) (a) to (f) and (2) of the administrative code are created to read:
Accy 2.202 (1) (a) Intermediate financial accounting.
(b) Advanced financial accounting.
(c) Cost or managerial accounting.
(f) Accounting information systems.
(2) At least 24 semester hours in business courses other than accounting courses, at the undergraduate or graduate level, including at least one course in each of the following subjects:
(d) Management or organizational behavior.
(e) Business law.
(f) Information technology.
Note: The courses covering the subjects of advanced financial accounting, cost or managerial accounting, taxation, and auditing under s. Accy 2.202 (1), would generally be courses taken beyond the introduction level. A course would generally be considered advanced financial accounting if it covers one or more of the following topics: foreign currency transactions, partnerships, state and local governments, not-for-profit entities, consolidations, mergers and acquisitions, intercompany transactions, fraud investigations, accounting theory, and accounting research.