2015 - 2016 LEGISLATURE
March 10, 2016 - Introduced by Senators Erpenbach and L. Taylor, cosponsored
by Representatives C. Taylor, Barnes, Shankland, Johnson, Genrich,
Sargent, Hebl, Kahl, Wachs, Subeck, Ohnstad, Berceau and Considine.
Referred to Committee on Health and Human Services.
1An Act to renumber
subchapter IV of chapter 50 [precedes 50.90]; to renumber
961.55 (8), 968.19 and 968.20 (1); to amend
20.435 (6) (jm), 50.56 3
(3), 59.54 (25) (a) (intro.), 59.54 (25m), 66.0107 (1) (bm), 66.0107 (1) (bp), 4
66.1201 (2m), 66.1213 (3), 66.1301 (2m), 66.1331 (2m), 66.1333 (3) (e) 2., 106.50 5
(1m) (h), 146.40 (1) (bo), 146.81 (1) (L), 146.997 (1) (d) 18., 173.12 (1m), 234.29, 6
289.33 (3) (d), 349.02 (2) (b) 4., 767.41 (5) (am) (intro.), 767.451 (5m) (a) (intro.), 7
961.555 (2) (a), 961.56 (1) and 968.20 (3) (a) and (b); and to create
20.435 (1) 8
(gq), 20.435 (1) (jm), subchapter V of chapter 50 [precedes 50.60], 59.54 (25) (c), 9
66.0408, 146.44, 767.41 (5) (d), 767.451 (5m) (d), 961.01 (3), 961.01 (5m), 961.01 10
(11v), 961.01 (12v), 961.01 (14c), 961.01 (14g), 961.01 (17k), 961.01 (19m), 11
961.01 (20hm), 961.01 (20ht), 961.01 (20t), 961.01 (21f), 961.01 (21t), 961.436, 12
961.55 (8) (b), 961.55 (8) (c), 961.55 (8) (d), 961.555 (2) (e), 961.555 (2m), 13
961.5755, 968.072, 968.12 (5), 968.19 (2), 968.20 (1d) and 968.20 (1j) of the 14
statutes; relating to: medical use of marijuana, the regulation of marijuana
1distribution entities, requiring the exercise of rule-making authority, making
2appropriations, and providing a penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Current law prohibits a person from manufacturing, distributing, or delivering
marijuana; possessing marijuana with the intent to manufacture, distribute, or
deliver it; possessing or attempting to possess marijuana; using drug paraphernalia;
or possessing drug paraphernalia with the intent to produce, distribute, or use a
controlled substance. This bill creates a medical use defense to marijuana-related
prosecutions and forfeiture actions for, and prohibits the arrest or prosecution of,
persons who are registered with the Department of Health Services (DHS) and have
certain debilitating medical conditions or treatments. The defense and prohibition
apply also to primary caregivers of such persons only if it is not practicable for the
person to acquire, possess, cultivate, or transport marijuana independently or the
person is under the age of 18. The defense and prohibition do not apply under certain
circumstances, including the following: 1) if the person does not have a valid registry
identification card or equivalent; 2) if the amount of marijuana involved in the
offense is more than the maximum authorized amount of marijuana (12 marijuana
plants and three ounces of marijuana leaves or flowers); 3) if, while under the
influence of marijuana, the person drives or operates a motor vehicle or operates
heavy machinery or engages in any other conduct that endangers the health or well
being of another person; and 4) if the person smokes marijuana at certain places,
including on a school bus or on public transit, at his or her place of employment, or
on school premises.
The bill requires DHS to establish a registry for persons who use marijuana for
medical use. Under the bill, a person may apply for a registry identification card by
submitting to DHS a signed application, a written certification, and a registration
fee of not more than $150. DHS must verify the information and, unless in the
previous ten years the person was serving a sentence or on probation for certain
felony convictions, issue the person a registry identification card. A registry
identification card is generally valid for two years and may be renewed. DHS may
not disclose that it has issued to a person a registry identification card, or
information from an application for one, except to the Department of Justice to
determine if the applicant's criminal history makes him or her ineligible for a card
or to a law enforcement agency for the purpose of verifying that a person possesses
a valid registry identification card. This bill also requires DHS to promulgate a rule
ensuring that certain out-of-state registry identification cards are valid in
The bill requires DHS to license and regulate dispensaries to distribute or
deliver marijuana or drug paraphernalia or to possess or manufacture marijuana or
drug paraphernalia with the intent to deliver or distribute to facilitate the medical
use of marijuana. This bill prohibits dispensaries from being located within 500 feet
of a school, prohibits a dispensary from distributing to a person more than a
maximum authorized amount of marijuana, and prohibits a dispensary from
possessing a quantity that exceeds, by an amount determined by DHS, the total
maximum authorized amount of marijuana of all of the persons it serves. An
applicant for a license must pay an initial application fee of $250, and a dispensary
must pay an annual fee of $5,000.
This bill requires DHS to promulgate rules to allow entities to grow marijuana
and distribute marijuana to dispensaries. This bill also requires DHS to register
entities as tetrahydrocannabinols-testing laboratories. The laboratories must test
marijuana for contaminants; research findings on the use of medical marijuana; and
provide training on safe and efficient cultivation, harvesting, packaging, labeling,
and distribution of marijuana, security and inventory accountability, and recent
research on medical marijuana.
This bill also prohibits a village, town, city, or county from prohibiting a person
who is allowed to cultivate marijuana under this bill from cultivating the marijuana
This bill changes state law regarding marijuana. It does not affect federal law,
which generally prohibits persons from manufacturing, delivering, or possessing
marijuana and applies to both intrastate and interstate violations.
Because this bill creates a new crime or revises a penalty for an existing crime,
the Joint Review Committee on Criminal Penalties may be requested to prepare a
report concerning the proposed penalty and the costs or savings that are likely to
result if the bill is enacted.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
20.435 (1) (gq) of the statutes is created to read:
(gq) Medical marijuana registry.
All moneys received as fees under 3
s. 146.44 (2) (a) 4., for the purposes of the Medical Marijuana Registry Program under 4
20.435 (1) (jm) of the statutes is created to read:
(jm) Licensing and support services for dispensaries.
All moneys 7
received under s. 50.64 to license and regulate dispensaries, and to register 8
laboratories, under subch. V of ch. 50.
20.435 (6) (jm) of the statutes is amended to read:
(jm) Licensing and support services.
The amounts in the schedule 2
for the purposes specified in ss. 48.685 (2) (am) and (b) 1., (3) (a), (am), (b), and (bm), 3
and (5) (a), 49.45 (47), 50.02 (2), 50.025, 50.065 (2) (am) and (b) 1., (3) (a) and (b), and 4
(5), 50.13, 50.135, 50.36 (2), 50.49 (2) (b), 50.495, 50.52 (2) (a), 50.57, 50.981, and 5
146.40 (4r) (b) and (er), and subch. IV VI
of ch. 50 and to conduct health facilities plan 6
and rule development activities, for accrediting nursing homes, convalescent homes, 7
and homes for the aged, to conduct capital construction and remodeling plan reviews 8
under ss. 50.02 (2) (b) and 50.36 (2), and for the costs of inspecting, licensing or 9
certifying, and approving facilities, issuing permits, and providing technical 10
assistance, that are not specified under any other paragraph in this subsection. All 11
moneys received under ss. 48.685 (8), 49.45 (42) (c), 49.45 (47) (c), 50.02 (2), 50.025, 12
50.065 (8), 50.13, 50.36 (2), 50.49 (2) (b), 50.495, 50.52 (2) (a), 50.57, 50.93 (1) (c), and 13
50.981, all moneys received from fees for the costs of inspecting, licensing or 14
certifying, and approving facilities, issuing permits, and providing technical 15
assistance, that are not specified under any other paragraph in this subsection, and 16
all moneys received under s. 50.135 (2) shall be credited to this appropriation 17
50.56 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
Notwithstanding sub. (2), insofar as a conflict exists between this 20
subchapter, or the rules promulgated under this subchapter, and subch. I, II or IV 21VI
, or the rules promulgated under subch. I, II or
, the provisions of this 22
subchapter and the rules promulgated under this subchapter control.
Subchapter V of chapter 50 [precedes 50.60] of the statutes is 24
created to read:
Distribution and testing Centers
In this subchapter:
"Dispensary" means an entity licensed under s. 50.62 that cultivates, 5
acquires, manufactures, possesses, delivers, transfers, transports, sells, or dispenses 6
marijuana, paraphernalia, or related supplies and educational materials to 7
treatment teams and other dispensaries.
"Maximum authorized amount" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (14c).
"Medical use of tetrahydrocannabinols" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 10
"Qualifying patient" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (20hm).
"Registry identification card" has the meaning given in s. 146.44 (1) (g).
"Treatment team" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (20t).
"Usable marijuana" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (21f).
"Written certification" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (21t).
1650.61 Departmental powers and duties.
The department shall provide 17
licensing, regulation, record keeping, and security for dispensaries.
The department shall promulgate rules allowing entities to grow marijuana 19
and distribute marijuana to dispensaries, developing security guidelines for the 20
entities, and regulating such entities. The rules may not include limits on the 21
amount of marijuana the entities grow for, and sell to, dispensaries.
The department shall issue licenses to operate as a 23
dispensary and shall decide which and how many applicants for a license receive a 24
license based on all of the following:
Convenience to treatment teams and the preferences of treatment teams.
The ability of an applicant to provide to treatment teams a sufficient 2
amount of medical marijuana for the medical use of tetrahydrocannabinols.
The experience the applicant has running a nonprofit organization or a 4
The preferences of the governing bodies with jurisdiction over the area in 6
which the applicants are located.
The ability of the applicant to keep records confidential and maintain a safe 8
and secure facility.
The ability of the applicant to abide by the prohibitions under s. 50.63.
The department may not issue a license to, and must 11
revoke a license of, any entity to which any of the following applies:
The entity is located within 500 feet of a public or private elementary or 13
secondary school, including a charter school.
The dispensary distributes to a treatment team a number of plants or an 15
amount of ounces of usable marijuana that, in the period of distribution, results in 16
the treatment team possessing more than the maximum authorized amount.