Chapter 11:
jr96 Joint Rule 96. Changing or suspending rules.
jr96(1)(1) The joint rules of the legislature may be changed only with the approval of a majority of the current membership of each house. The vote is taken by ayes and noes.
jr96(2) (2) Any proposal to change a joint rule shall be offered as a joint resolution stating the proposed change. Except as authorized by unanimous consent or by vote of two-thirds of the members present, the joint resolution may not be acted upon in either house until the joint resolution has been made available to the members for 24 hours.
jr96(3) (3) Any joint rule may be suspended in either house by vote of two-thirds of the members present. The vote is determined by ayes and noes unless unanimous consent is given.
[am. 1987 AJR-1]
[(2) am. 1999 AJR-18]
[(1), (2), and (3) am. 2011 SJR-2]
jr97 Joint Rule 97. Continuity of joint rules. The joint rules remain in effect until amended or superseded, and continue in effect at the beginning of any succeeding regular session of the legislature until superseded by the joint rules adopted by that legislature.
[am. 1987 AJR-1]
[am. 2001 AJR-15]
jr98 Joint Rule 98. Publishing of joint rules.
jr98(1)(1) Within one week after the adoption and concurrence of any joint resolution significantly changing the joint rules, the chief clerk of the house of origin shall direct the reproduction of a new pamphlet incorporating the entire text of the joint rules as affected by that joint resolution unless, in the judgment of the president of the senate and the speaker of the assembly, additional rule changes may soon be agreed to by the 2 houses.
jr98(2) (2)
jr98(2)(a)(a) The chief clerk shall make the spelling and other minor corrections authorized by joint rule 56 and shall consult with the legislative reference bureau to make any references to provisions of the constitution, statutes, joint rules, senate rules, or assembly rules conform to the numbers then assigned to the provisions.
jr98(2)(b) (b) Each pamphlet edition shall contain a revised table of contents and index prepared by the legislative reference bureau.
jr98(2)(c) (c) Each pamphlet edition shall also contain the biennial session schedule adopted under section 13.02 (3) of the statutes.
jr98(3) (3) The chief clerk of each house shall supervise the reproduction of the joint rules.
jr98(4) (4) As directed by the chief clerk of the house of origin, any joint resolution amending the joint rules may be enrolled and may be duplicated for distribution.
[cr. 1987 SJR-48]
[(2)(c) cr. 1989 AJR-24]
[(1), (2)(b) and (3) am. 1997 AJR-1]
[(3) am. 2011 SJR-2]
jr99 Joint Rule 99. Definitions. The following are definitions of the major terms used in joint rules 1 to 99 or traditionally used in deliberations on the floor and statutes governing legislative proceedings:
jr99(1) (1) Act: A bill that has passed both houses of the legislature, been enrolled, and been approved by the governor or passed over the governor's veto, or that becomes law without the signature of the governor, and published.
jr99(2) (2) Adjourn: To conclude a legislative day's business [see also sub. (79)].
jr99(3) (3) Adoption: Approval of a motion, amendment, substitute amendment, simple resolution, or joint resolution [see also subs. (16) and (54)].
jr99(4) (4) Amendment: A suggested alteration in any proposal or amendment, often referred to as a simple amendment in distinction to a substitute amendment, which is intended to take the place of the proposal.
jr99(5) (5) Appeal: A member's challenge of a ruling on a point of order. To prevail, an appeal requires the support of a majority of the members present, pursuant to the rules of a house.
jr99(6) (6) Assembly chamber: The entire area west of the easternmost doors of the assembly, including the visitor's galleries, lobbies, offices of the speaker, majority leader, and minority leader and hallways.
jr99(7) (7) Bill: A proposed change of law originating in either house, requiring passage by one house and concurrence of the other house of the legislature and approval of the governor, or passage notwithstanding the objections of the governor by a two-thirds vote in each house, or that becomes law without the signature of the governor, before becoming effective.
jr99(8) (8) Calendar: The agenda for any legislative day.
jr99(9) (9) Call of the house: A procedure for requiring the attendance of absent members.
jr99(10) (10) Certificate or "citation": A formal legislative document of commendation, congratulations, or condolences.
jr99(11) (11) Chair: The position that the presiding officer fills.
jr99(12) (12) Chief clerk: The officer elected to perform and direct the clerical and personnel functions of a house.
jr99(13) (13) Committee chairperson: The head of a committee.
jr99(14) (14) Committee executive action: The action of a committee on any proposal or veto.
jr99(14m) (14m) Committee of conference: A committee of representatives to the assembly and of senators, appointed to resolve differences on a specific proposal.
jr99(15) (15) Committee of the whole: The membership of one house organized in committee for the discussion of a specific matter.
jr99(16) (16) Concurrence: The action by which one house agrees to a proposal or action of the other house [see also subs. (3) and (54)].
jr99(18) (18) Contested seat: A district in which 2 or more persons claim the right to represent the district.
jr99(20) (20) Current membership: The members of one of the houses omitting those who have resigned, have been removed, or have died.
jr99(22) (22) Dilatory: To delay.
jr99(23) (23) Division of the question: To break a question into 2 or more separate propositions.
jr99(24) (24) Elected membership: The members of one of the houses, certified as elected in the last general election, including those who have subsequently resigned, have been removed, or have died.
jr99(25) (25) Engrossed proposal: A proposal incorporating all adopted amendments and all approved technical corrections in the house of origin, whether or not it is reproduced as engrossed.
jr99(26) (26) Enrolled proposal: A proposal that was passed, or adopted, and concurred in, incorporating any amendments and corrections that were approved by both houses.
jr99(27) (27) Expunge: To remove material from the record and thus undo some action.
jr99(27m) (27m) Extraordinary session: The convening of the legislature by the committees on organization of each house or by petition or joint resolution of the legislature to accomplish the business specified in the action calling the session. When used to continue a floorperiod of the biennial session for a limited purpose, the extraordinary session is referred to as an extended session.
jr99(28) (28) Fiscal estimate: A memorandum pursuant to joint rules 41 to 50 and the rules of each house, explaining the impact of a bill on state or local finances.
jr99(29) (29) Floor of the assembly: That portion of the assembly chamber that is reserved for members, assembly officers, and persons granted the privilege of the floor.
jr99(29m) (29m) Floor of the senate: That portion of the senate chamber that is reserved for members, senate officers, and persons granted the privilege of the floor.
jr99(30) (30) Floor amendment: Any amendment offered for consideration at the 2nd reading stage, or for committee consideration, but not drafted by the legislative reference bureau.
jr99(31) (31) Germaneness: The relevance or appropriateness of amendments.
jr99(32) (32) Hearing: A committee meeting at which the public is invited to testify on a proposal or issue.
jr99(33) (33) History: A record of actions on any given proposal.
jr99(33m) (33m) History file: The list of entries made by the chief clerk in the bulletin of proceedings, recording the actions of the legislature on a proposal.
jr99(34) (34) Incidental motions and requests: A group of motions and requests that generally relates to the proceedings, procedures, and subsidiary questions during debate, and that must be disposed of before proceeding to the main question under consideration. Incidental questions have lower precedence than privileged questions but higher precedence than subsidiary and main motions.
jr99(35) (35) Indefinite postponement: A motion to kill a proposal in its house of origin for a legislative session.
jr99(36) (36) Introduction: The formal presentation of a bill before one of the houses [see also sub. (50m)].
jr99(37) (37) Joint convention, also called "joint session." A joint meeting of the senate and the assembly.
jr99(38) (38) Joint hearing: A hearing held by committees of both houses.
jr99(39) (39) Joint resolution: A proposal requiring adoption by both houses, to: a) express the opinion of the legislature; b) change joint rules of the legislature; c) propose an amendment to the state constitution; or d) propose or ratify an amendment to the U.S. constitution.
jr99(40) (40) Joint rules: Common rules of proceedings adopted by both houses.
jr99(41) (41) Journal: The official publication of one of the houses.
jr99(42) (42) Leave: Permission to be absent from one of the houses.
jr99(43) (43) Legislative day: Any day on which the legislature is in session.
jr99(44) (44) Main motions and questions: The final affirmative question concerning a proposal during any stage of its consideration or any motion made or question raised when no other matter is before the house. Main questions have lower precedence than privileged, incidental, and subsidiary questions.
jr99(45) (45) Majority: One more than one-half.
jr99(46) (46) Manual: The publication containing the rules of a house, the joint rules, the session schedule, the state constitution, alphabetical indexes, and other materials considered relevant to a legislator's job.
jr99(47) (47) Member: A duly elected senator or representative to the assembly.
jr99(48) (48) Members present: Those members in attendance at a daily session.
jr99(48m) (48m) Measure: Another term for "proposal."
jr99(49) (49) Motion: A proposed action requiring approval by a vote of a house.
jr99(50) (50) Nonconcurrence: The refusal of one house to agree to a proposal, amendment, or action of the other.
jr99(50m) (50m) Offer: The formal presentation of a joint resolution, resolution, substitute amendment, amendment, or motion before a house [see also sub. (36)].
jr99(51) (51) Opinion of the attorney general: A formal reply by the attorney general to a specific question.
jr99(52) (52) Pair: A written agreement between 2 members on opposite sides of a question not to vote on the question if one or both are absent with leave, which permits the absent member to influence the outcome of a vote.
jr99(53) (53) Parliamentary inquiry: A request for an explanation of a legislative rule or procedure.
jr99(54) (54) Passage: Final approval in the first house of a bill introduced in that house if referring to action of one house and final approval of both houses of a bill introduced in either house if referring to action of both houses [see also subs. (3) and (16)].
jr99(55) (55) Petition: A request that one of the houses take a particular course of action.
jr99(56) (56) Point of order: A request that the presiding officer rule on a matter of parliamentary procedure.
jr99(57) (57) Precedent: A previous ruling, decision, or action used to interpret legislative rules.
jr99(57d) (57d) President: A member of the senate elected by the membership to preside over the senate and carry out the duties as described in the senate rules, the joint rules, and the statutes.
jr99(57m) (57m) President pro tempore: A member of the senate elected by the membership to carry out the duties of the president in his or her absence until the return of the president or until a president is elected.
jr99(57p) (57p) Presiding officer: The person presiding over the senate or assembly in session [see also subs. (11), (57d), (57m), (80), and (81)].
jr99(59) (59) Privileged motions and requests: A group of motions and requests relating to basic questions concerning the meetings, organization, rules, rights, and duties of the senate or assembly and having the highest precedence for consideration. Privileged motions and requests take precedence over incidental, subsidiary, and main questions.
jr99(60) (60) Proposal: A resolution, joint resolution, or bill put before a house for consideration.
jr99(61) (61) Question: A statement before one of the houses for decision.
jr99(62) (62) Quorum: A majority of the current membership of one of the houses, unless otherwise required by the state constitution.
jr99(63) (63) Recess: A temporary suspension of business during a roll call day.
jr99(64) (64) Reconsideration: A motion to nullify a decision and again consider and vote on the question involved.
jr99(65) (65) Regular order of business: The regular sequence of deliberations on any legislative day.
jr99(66) (66) Regular session: The biennial session of the legislature established by the constitution and by section 13.02 of the statutes. The Wisconsin legislature convenes in the capitol on the first Monday of January in each odd-numbered year at 2 p.m. to take the oath of office, to select officers, and to organize itself for the conduct of its business, but if the first Monday falls on January 1 or 2, the legislature organizes on January 3. Daily meetings begin in January of each year and continue throughout the biennial session until the final adjournment of the biennial session. "Session" is also often used to refer to the daily meetings of the legislature.