7. One member who is a statewide wetland delineator.
8. One member who is a statewide wetland consultant.
9. One member who is a department of natural resources biologist or hydrologist and who is a wetland expert, appointed by the secretary of natural resources.
(b) The wetland study council shall research and develop recommendations on all of the following:
1. The implementation and effectiveness of statewide wetland mitigation programs.
2. Program elements that would be necessary for the department of natural resources to implement if the department assumes from the federal government the authority to administer the state's own individual and general permit program for the discharge of dredged or fill material into the navigable waters of the state under s. 281.12 (2).
3. Issues related to the analysis of practicable alternatives that avoid and minimize the adverse impacts of a discharge into a wetland on wetland functional values and that will not result in any other significant adverse environmental consequences.
4. Storm water management ponds and their potential to serve a role in wetland mitigation.
5. Statewide incentive programs for creating, restoring, and enhancing wetlands.
6. Statewide wetland trainings for department of natural resources staff, wetland consultants, and wetland delineators.
7. The simplification of regulations associated with creating wetlands on farm drainage ditches for the purpose of phosphorus pollution retention.
8. Ways to improve the in lieu fee subprogram of the wetland mitigation program, under s. 281.36 (3r) (e), including subcontracting the management of a program to a nonprofit organization.
9. The possibility of a professional, whose wetland delineation work is assured under the department of natural resources' wetland delineation professional assurance initiative, performing a wetland delineation confirmation under s. 23.321 on behalf of the department.
10. Methods of financing wetland mitigation requirements for local units of government.
11. Any other item related to wetlands at the discretion of the council.
20.370 (9) (bm) Wetland restoration — fees; payments. From the general fund, all moneys received as surcharge fees under s. 281.36 (11), all moneys received as transfers to the in lieu fee subprogram as provided in s. 281.36 (3s) (h), 2015 stats., and all moneys received under the in lieu fee subprogram under s. 281.36 (3r) (e) for the restoration or creation of wetlands, for the wetland mitigation grant program under s. 281.37, and for any other activities authorized under the in lieu fee subprogram.
23.0917 (4) (c) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
23.0917 (4) (c) 3. Grants under s. ss. 23.098 and 23.099.
23.099 of the statutes is created to read:
23.099 Grants for property development relating to wetland mitigation. (1) In this section:
(a) “Department land” has the meaning given under s. 281.37 (1) (a).
(b) “Nonprofit organization" means an organization that is described in section 501
(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501
(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(2) The department shall establish a program to make grants from the appropriation under s. 20.866 (2) (ta) to nonprofit organizations for property development activities relating to wetlands created, restored, or enhanced under a wetland mitigation grant under s. 281.37 on department land. Property development activities for which a grant under this section may be awarded include those that increase public access to, awareness about, or recreational use of the new, restored, or enhanced wetland, or that improve habitat in, on, or near, the new, restored, or enhanced wetland.
(3) A nonprofit organization that applies for a grant under this section shall submit the application at the same time that it submits an application for a grant under s. 281.37. The department shall make its determination with respect to both grants at the same time, and may only award a grant under this section if it also awards a grant under s. 281.37.
(4) A grant awarded under this section may not exceed 10 percent of the amount of the related grant awarded under s. 281.37. The department may not issue the grant funding under this section to the grantee until the grantee has certified that the project funded by the grant under s. 281.37 is complete.
23.321 (1) of the statutes is renumbered 23.321 (1) (intro.) and amended to read:
23.321 (1) Definition. (intro.) In this section, “wetland":
(b) “Wetland” has the meaning given in s. 23.32 (1).
23.321 (1) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (1) (am) “Nonfederal wetland” has the meaning given in s. 281.36 (1) (br).
23.321 (2) (d) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (2) (d) 1. In this paragraph, “qualified 3rd person” means an individual who has completed basic and advanced wetland training and has a minimum of one year of field experience in wetland delineation.
2. A wetland confirmation that consists of a written statement, based upon the department's review of the boundaries of a wetland as delineated by a qualified 3rd person and not based upon an on-site inspection of the land by the department, of whether the department concurs with the delineation. The delineation prepared by the qualified 3rd person shall include the exact location and boundaries of the wetland. The department shall concur with the boundaries of a wetland delineated by a qualified 3rd person unless the department determines that the location and boundaries of the wetland identified in the delineation are not accurate based on maps, aerial photographs, surveys, wetland delineations, or hydrophitic soil conditions. If the department concurs with the boundaries of a wetland delineated by a qualified 3rd person, the department's statement under this paragraph shall also include the exact location and boundaries of the wetland. A wetland confirmation under this paragraph is available only with respect to a nonfederal wetland.
23.321 (4) (a) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
23.321 (4) (a) 3. Provide a wetland confirmation not later than 60 days after a person files a request, in the manner and form required by the department, for a wetland confirmation under sub. (2) (c).
23.321 (4) (a) 4. of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (4) (a) 4. Provide a wetland confirmation not later than 15 days after a person files a request, in the manner and form required by the department, for a wetland confirmation under sub. (2) (d).
23.321 (5) of the statutes is renumbered 23.321 (5) (a) and amended to read:
23.321 (5) (a) A Except as provided in par. (b), a wetland identification provided by the department under sub. (2) (b) and a wetland confirmation provided by the department under sub. (2) (c) remain effective for 5 years from the date provided by the department.
23.321 (5) (b) of the statutes is created to read:
23.321 (5) (b) 1. A wetland identification provided by the department under sub. (2) (b) and a wetland confirmation provided by the department under sub. (2) (c) or (d) remain effective for 15 years from the date provided by the department if all of the following conditions are met:
a. The wetland is a nonfederal wetland.
b. The parcel of land is subject to a storm water management zoning ordinance enacted under s. 59.693, 60.627, 61.354, or 62.234 or a storm water discharge permit issued under s. 283.33.
2. The department may not invalidate or amend an existing wetland delineation, or require a new wetland delineation, for a parcel to which subd. 1. applies until the wetland identification or confirmation expires.
281.12 (2) of the statutes is created to read:
The department, on behalf of and at the direction of the governor, may submit an application to the federal environmental protection agency under 33 USC 1344
(g) seeking the delegation of authority to this state to administer its own individual and general permit program for the discharge of dredged or fill material into the navigable waters of this state. If the federal environmental protection agency delegates this authority to this state, the department may assume that authority.
281.36 (3b) (b) No person may discharge dredged material or fill material into a wetland unless the discharge is authorized by a wetland general permit or individual permit issued by the department under this section or the discharge is exempt under sub. (4), (4m) (a), (4n), or (4r). No person may violate any condition contained in a wetland general or individual permit issued by the department under this section. The department may not issue a wetland general or individual permit under this section unless it determines that the discharge authorized pursuant to the wetland general or individual permit will comply with all applicable water quality standards.
281.36 (3m) (a) When permit required. Any person wishing to proceed with a discharge into any wetland shall submit an application for a wetland individual permit under this subsection unless the discharge has been authorized under a wetland general permit as provided in sub. (3g) or is exempt under sub. (4), (4m) (a), (4n), or (4r). Before submitting the application, the department shall hold a meeting with the applicant to discuss the details of the proposed discharge and the requirements for submitting the application and for delineating the wetland. An applicant may include in the application a request for a public informational hearing. The application shall be accompanied by the applicable fee specified in sub. (11) or (12) (a).
281.36 (3n) (d) 1. Except as provided in subd. 2., the department shall require mitigation under the program established under sub. (3r) for wetland individual permits it issues under this subsection and for a discharge that is exempt from permitting requirements under sub. (4n) (b) that affects more than 10,000 square feet of wetland or under sub. (4n) (c) that affects more than 1.5 acres of wetland. This subsection does not entitle an applicant to a wetland individual permit or any other approval in exchange for conducting mitigation.
281.36 (3r) (a) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
281.36 (3r) (a) (intro.) The department shall establish a mitigation program that applies only to the issuance of wetland individual permits and that allows
and, with respect to a discharge that is exempt from permitting requirements under sub. (4n) (b) that affects more than 10,000 square feet of wetland or under sub. (4n) (c) that affects more than 1.5 acres of wetland, the portion of the affected wetland that exceeds 10,000 square feet or 1.5 acres, respectively. Under the mitigation program, subject to par. (am), the department shall allow mitigation to be accomplished by any of the following methods:
281.36 (3r) (a) 4. of the statutes is repealed.
281.36 (3r) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
281.36 (3r) (am) For a discharge that is exempt from permitting requirements under sub. (4n) (b) or (c), any off-site mitigation, including any mitigation conducted by a mitigation bank or under the in lieu fee subprogram, shall be completed within the same compensation search area, as defined by the department by rule, as the discharge.
281.36 (3s) of the statutes is repealed.
281.36 (4) (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
281.36 (4) (title) Exemptions
; certain activities.
281.36 (4n) of the statutes is created to read:
281.36 (4n) Exemptions; certain nonfederal wetlands and artificial wetlands. (a) In this subsection:
1. “Artificial wetland" means a landscape feature where hydrophitic vegetation may be present as a result of human modification to the landscape or hydrology and for which the department has no definitive evidence showing a prior wetland or stream history that existed before August 1, 1991, but does not include any of the following:
a. A wetland that serves as a fish spawning area or a passage to a fish spawning area.
b. A wetland created as a result of a mitigation requirement under sub. (3r).
2. “Definitive evidence” means documentary evidence such as any of the following:
b. Aerial photographs.
c. Surveys that use a scale of not more than 100 feet per inch.
d. Wetland delineations.
3. “Rare and high quality wetland” means a wetland that is directly adjacent or contiguous to a class I or class II trout stream or that consists of 75 percent or more of any of the following wetland types:
a. Alder thicket.
b. Calcareous fen.
c. Coniferous swamp.
d. Coniferous bog.
e. Floodplain forest.
f. Hardwood swamp.
g. Interdunal wetland.
h. Open bog.
i. Ridge and swail complex.
j. Deep marsh.
k. Sedge meadow.
4. “Sewerage system” has the meaning given in s. 281.01 (14).
5. “Urban area” means any of the following:
a. An incorporated area.
b. An area within one-half mile of an incorporated area.
c. An area in a town that is served by a sewerage system.
(b) Subject to par. (e), the permitting requirement under sub. (3b) does not apply to any discharge into a nonfederal wetland that occurs in an urban area and to which all of the following apply: