All legislative websites will be unavailable on
Saturday, May 28, from 8:30am to 12:00pm for scheduled maintenance.
Notice to Interested Persons of Application for Permit to Disturb
The bill requires the WHS director, rather than an applicant as under current law, to notify any interested person shown on the registry of a proposed disturbance and information regarding the person's right to a hearing.
Electronic Submission
The bill requires WHS and the Burial Sites Preservation Board to accept, by any electronic means approved by the director, any application and other document required under the burial sites preservation law.
Real Estate Disclosure
The bill requires that an owner of real property that includes one to four dwelling units disclose to a prospective buyer whether the owner is aware of one or more burial sites on the property. The bill adds this disclosure as a mandatory component of the “Real Estate Condition Report” used in residential real estate transactions. The bill directs the prospective buyer to contact WHS for further information regarding the presence, preservation, and potential disturbance of burial sites. The bill provides an effective date of July 1, 2018, for the changes relating to the real estate disclosure form under s. 709.03, Stats.
Definition of Notify
For purposes of the burial sites preservation law, the bill defines “notify” to mean “communicate by letter or by electronic mail or other electronic means approved by the director.”
Annual Report Requirement
The bill creates a new annual report requirement. Under the bill, the WHS director must submit an annual report to the Legislature that contains all of the following information: (1) the director's current recommendations concerning burial sites on private property for acquisition by the state or public agencies; (2) the number of burial sites recorded in the catalog at the time the report is prepared; (3) a summary of disturbance activities authorized under the uncataloged site disturbance procedure; (4) a summary of applications received under the cataloged site disturbance procedure; (5) a summary of appeals to the Burial Sites Preservation Board to contest a decision to record a site in the catalog; (6) a summary of any other activities of the board; and (7) a summary of all violations of the burial sites preservation law and all penalties imposed as a result of those violations. The initial report must be submitted seven months after the Act takes effect.
Procedure for Removal from the Catalog
The bill requires the WHS director, on the director's own initiative or in response to a request from the owner or another interested person, to propose that land be removed from the catalog, if the director determines that no burial site is present on the land because of any of the following: (1) naturally occurring changes to the landscape; (2) removal of human remains from the burial site pursuant to removal and disposition procedures; or (3) newly discovered evidence that, if known at the time of the determination to record in the catalog, and taking into account the types of evidence required to be considered when determining whether to record a burial site or land in the catalog, would have resulted in a determination not to record in the catalog the burial site or land. If the director proposes to remove land from the catalog, the director must notify the owner, interested persons, county or local historical societies, the relevant municipality, and, if applicable, the person who submitted an application to have the site recorded. The director must provide those persons with an opportunity to comment.
Following the comment period, the director must review any comments, make appropriate modifications, issue a decision, and provide notice of the decision to the same persons who received the notice of the proposal. Those persons may appeal the director's decision within 30 days. Such appeals are heard by the Burial Sites Preservation Board. Any person who was notified and given the opportunity to comment has the right to a contested case hearing conducted by the Division of Hearings and Appeals regarding the board's decision. In the event that no appeal is filed, or the board upholds the director's decision and no contested case hearing is requested, or if a decision to remove land from the catalog is upheld by the division following a contested case hearing, the bill requires the director to remove the land from the catalog and submit a request to the relevant register of deeds to record a notice that the land has been removed from the catalog.
Timeline for Certain Procedures Concerning Uncataloged Sites
The bill requires the WHS director to immediately provide confirmation to a person who reports a disturbance or possible disturbance to a burial site that the director has received the report. Within 30 days after providing that confirmation, the director must notify an owner that the owner may or may not cause or permit a proposed activity. If the director requires the owner to either modify the activity or excavate the burial site, the director must notify the owner of the owner's right to cause or permit the activity within 30 days of determining that the owner has satisfied one of those requirements.
Disposition of Remains Determined to be of Tribal Descent
The bill requires the WHS director, or the division under the procedure for cataloged burial sites, to request that the Wisconsin Inter-Tribal Repatriations Committee or its designee determine the appropriate disposition of any remains and objects that are determined by a qualified archaeologist to be of tribal descent. Current law generally requires the WHS director, or, in some cases, the division, to determine the appropriate disposition of human remains and objects removed from a burial site.
222,1 Section 1. 15.705 (1) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
15.705 (1) (b) Three members who shall be members of federally recognized Indian tribes or bands in this state, selected from names submitted by the Great Lakes inter-tribal council and the Menominee tribe those tribes or bands. Each such member shall be knowledgeable in the field of tribal preservation planning, history, archaeology, or a related field or shall be an elder, traditional person, or spiritual leader of his or her tribe.
222,2 Section 2. 44.02 (23) of the statutes is amended to read:
44.02 (23) Identify any archaeological site, including contiguous land necessary to protect the site, in this state that is listed in the national register of historic places in Wisconsin or the state register of historic places and that is not cataloged under s. 157.70 (2) (a). Any information collected under this subsection the disclosure of which would be likely to result in the disturbance of an archaeological site is not subject to s. 19.35 (1).
222,3 Section 3. 70.11 (13) of the statutes is amended to read:
70.11 (13) Cemeteries. Land owned by cemetery authorities, as defined in s. 157.061 (2), and used exclusively as public burial grounds and tombs and monuments therein, and privately owned burial lots; land adjoining such burial grounds, owned and occupied exclusively by the cemetery authority for cemetery purposes; personal property owned by any cemetery authority and necessary for the care and management of burial grounds; burial sites and contiguous lands which are cataloged under s. 157.70 (2) (a).
222,4 Section 4. 157.70 (1) (c) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (1) (c) “Cataloged" means recorded under sub. (2) (a), (4) (e) or (6) (c) or s. 157.70 (2) (a), 2015 stats., or s. 157.70 (2) (b), 2015 stats.
222,5 Section 5. 157.70 (1) (em) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (1) (em) “Division” means the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration.
222,6 Section 6. 157.70 (1) (gm) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (1) (gm) “Notify” means to communicate by letter or by electronic mail or other electronic means approved by the director.
222,7 Section 7 . 157.70 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (2) (a) Under a special inspection warrant as required under s. 66.0119, identify and record in a catalog Identify burial sites in this state and, for burial sites which that are not dedicated, sufficient contiguous land necessary to protect the burial site from disturbance, and . For any such burial site for which the director determines there is sufficient evidence under sub. (2c), the director shall notify in writing every owner of a the burial site or of such and contiguous land so recorded and identified that the site or land will be recorded in a catalog unless the owner requests a hearing under sub. (2g) (a). The director shall include in the notice the date by which the director intends to record the site or land in the catalog, which shall be no less than 30 days after the date of the notice. If the director's determination is not contested under sub. (2g) (a), the director shall record the site and land so identified in a catalog. If the director's determination is contested under sub. (2g) (a), the director shall record the site and land in the catalog only as subsequently permitted by a final decision of the board, the division, or a court. Whenever a burial site and land are recorded in the catalog under this paragraph, the director shall notify every owner and any county or local historical society in the county where the burial site or the land is located. Any information in the catalog related to the location of any burial site, the disclosure of which would be likely to result in the disturbance of the burial site or the cataloged land contiguous to the burial site, is not subject to s. 19.35 (1). The A notice of a recording in the catalog shall include information about the permit required under sub. (5) and the toll free number the owner may call for more information. The director may, in order to carry out his or her duties under this paragraph, obtain a special inspection warrant as provided in s. 66.0119 if entry to the site has been refused. In this paragraph, “sufficient contiguous land" means land that is within at least 5 10 feet from any part of a burial site, unless the director determines based on the unique characteristics of the land that a shorter distance is sufficient to protect the burial site from disturbance.
222,8 Section 8. 157.70 (2) (b) of the statutes is repealed.
222,9 Section 9. 157.70 (2) (e) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (2) (e) Establish a registry for any person whom the board determines to have an interest in a cataloged burial site or class of cataloged burial sites under sub. (2m) (b) or (c). The registry shall include the name of every person whom the board determines to have an interest in the preservation of a burial site or in providing for the reinterment of the human remains and objects related to burial in the burial site if the burial site is disturbed and identify the burial site in which the person is determined to have an interest. Any information in the registry related to the location of any burial site, the disclosure of which would be likely to result in disturbance of the burial site, is not subject to disclosure under s. 19.35 (1).
222,10 Section 10. 157.70 (2) (f) of the statutes is repealed.
222,11 Section 11 . 157.70 (2) (j) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (2) (j) Submit an annual report to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2) containing all of the following:
1. The director's current recommendations under par. (c).
2. The number of burial sites recorded in the catalog at the time the report is prepared.
3. A summary of disturbance activities authorized under sub. (4), including a summary of information submitted to the board in written reports under sub. (4) (f), since the previous report was issued.
4. A summary of applications received under sub. (5) since the previous report was issued, and information regarding the approval or denial of those applications by the director or the division.
5. A summary of appeals to the board under sub. (5) (c) 5. made since the previous report was issued.
6. A summary of any other activities of the board since the previous report was issued.
7. A summary of all violations of this section and all penalties imposed as a result of those violations.
222,12 Section 12. 157.70 (2c) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (2c) Relevant evidence for recording in the catalog. (a) In this subsection:
1. “Grave marker" means any surface indication of a burial, including monuments, spirit houses, wooden crosses, or Indian mounds.
2. “Historical documentation" means information from any of the following types of independent sources:
a. Church records.
b. Deeds.
c. Maps.
d. Other written and oral sources.
(b) In determining whether to record burial sites in the catalog under sub. (2) (a), the director shall consider the following types of evidence from any person:
1. Physical evidence, as demonstrated by archaeological or written historical reports showing the presence of human remains or grave markers.
2. Historical documentation.
3. Oral depositions or affidavits.
4. Oral histories.
222,13 Section 13 . 157.70 (2g) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (2g) Proceedings to contest recording in the catalog. (a) If an owner wishes to contest a determination by the director under sub. (2) (a), the owner may, prior to the date stated in the notice under sub. (2) (a) that the director will record the burial site and land in the catalog, request a hearing before the board to review the director's determination. If such a request is made, the board shall hold a hearing within 90 days after the date of the request. At the hearing, the director has the burden of proving, using the types of evidence described under sub. (2c) (b), that a burial site is present on the land. If a hearing is requested under this paragraph and the director has not yet physically inspected the land in question as permitted under sub. (2) (a), the director shall do so prior to the hearing. Following the hearing, the board shall issue a decision regarding whether to record the burial site or land in the catalog and, no later than 60 days after the hearing, shall send a copy of its decision to the director and the owner. A hearing held under this paragraph is not a contested case hearing under ch. 227.
(b) Within 30 days after the date of the board's decision under par. (a), the owner shall have the right to a contested case hearing regarding whether the director should record the burial site or land in the catalog. A hearing under this paragraph shall be conducted by the division.
(c) From the time of the notice under sub. (2) (a) that the site or land will be recorded in the catalog unless the owner requests a hearing under par. (a) until all proceedings under this subsection are concluded, notwithstanding sub. (4), no person may conduct any soil disturbance activity on the site or land, except that the proposed activity may be conducted if the director determines that the proposed activity will not disturb the burial site.
222,14 Section 14 . 157.70 (2j) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (2j) Removal from catalog. (a) The director shall, on his or her own initiative or in response to a request from the owner or another interested person, propose that land be removed from the catalog if the director determines that no burial site is present on the land because of any of the following:
1. Naturally occurring changes to the landscape.
2. Removal of human remains from the burial site under sub. (4) (c) 3. a. or (5) (c) 3.
3. Newly discovered evidence that, if known at the time of the determination to record in the catalog, and taking into account the types of evidence required to be considered under sub. (2c), would have resulted in a determination not to record the burial site or land in the catalog.
(b) 1. If the director proposes to remove land from the catalog under par. (a), the director shall notify the owner, interested persons listed on the registry under sub. (2) (e), county or local historical societies, the relevant municipality, and, if applicable, the person who submitted an application to have the site recorded in the catalog of the director's proposal to remove the land from the catalog, and invite those persons to submit comments on the proposal. The director shall allow comments for a period of no less than 60 days.
2. Following the expiration of the comment period under subd. 1., the director shall review any comments submitted, make any appropriate modifications in response to those comments, and issue a decision regarding removal of the land from the catalog. The director shall provide notice of his or her decision to the persons notified under subd. 1.
3. Within 30 days after the date of the notice described in subd. 2., a person notified under subd. 1. may appeal the director's decision to the board. The board shall review the director's decision and issue a decision as to whether the land should be removed from the catalog.
4. Within 30 days after the date of the board's decision under subd. 3., a person notified under subd. 1. shall have the right to a contested case hearing regarding whether the land should be removed from the catalog. A hearing under this subdivision shall be conducted by the division.
5. If no appeal of a decision to remove land from the catalog is filed within the period specified under subd. 3., if a decision to remove land from the catalog is upheld by the board following an appeal to the board under subd. 3. and no hearing is requested under subd. 4., or if a decision to remove land from the catalog is upheld by the division following a hearing requested under subd. 4., the director shall immediately do all of the following:
a. Remove the land from the catalog.
b. Submit a request to the register of deeds for the county in which the land is located to record a notice that the land has been removed from the catalog.
222,15 Section 15. 157.70 (2m) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (2m) (b) Determine which Indian tribes in this state have an interest in any cataloged burial site or class of cataloged burial sites and notify the director for entry in the registry under sub. (2) (e).
222,16 Section 16. 157.70 (2m) (c) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (2m) (c) Determine which applicants for entry in the registry under sub. (2p) have an interest in a cataloged burial site or class of cataloged burial sites.
222,17 Section 17. 157.70 (2m) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (2m) (d) As it deems necessary, review determinations of the director and the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration under sub. (5).
222,18 Section 18. 157.70 (2m) (g) and (h) of the statutes are created to read:
157.70 (2m) (g) Hold hearings and issue decisions under sub. (2g) (a).
(h) Review decisions of the director and issue decisions regarding removal of land from the catalog under sub. (2j) (b) 3.
222,19 Section 19. 157.70 (3) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (3) (b) Upon receipt of any notice under par. (a), the director shall determine if the burial site which is the subject of the notice has been cataloged under sub. (2) (a).
222,20 Section 20. 157.70 (4) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
157.70 (4) (a) If the director determines that a burial site reported under sub. (3) (a) is not cataloged under sub. (2) (a), he or she shall immediately provide the person who made the report under sub. (3) (a) with confirmation that the report has been received and shall also immediately notify the owner of the burial site of the procedure under this subsection and of the liabilities and penalties which apply for failure to comply with the procedure. If the director deems it appropriate, he or she may give notice to notify the board, and to any person who has or may have an interest in the burial site, that a burial site has been reported under sub. (3).
222,21 Section 21. 157.70 (4) (cm) of the statutes is created to read:
157.70 (4) (cm) The director shall notify an owner under par. (c) 2. or 3., whichever is applicable, within 30 days after confirming receipt of a notification of a disturbance or possible disturbance under sub. (3) (a), except that if the director cannot make a determination under par. (c) 2. or 3. within that period, he or she shall notify the owner that additional time, which may not exceed 30 days, is necessary to make the determination, and include in that notification the reasons he or she needs additional time to make the determination.
222,22 Section 22. 157.70 (4) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
Loading...
Loading...