Date of enactment: April 3, 2018
2017 Assembly Bill 773   Date of publication*: April 4, 2018
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes: Effective date of acts. “Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication."
2017 WISCONSIN ACT 235
An Act to renumber 802.06 (1), 804.01 (2) (e) 1., 893.93 (1) (a) and 893.93 (1) (b); to renumber and amend 804.09 (2) (a); to amend 218.0125 (7), 218.0126, 628.46 (1), 801.01 (2), 804.01 (1), 804.01 (2) (a), 804.01 (2) (e) 2., 804.01 (2) (e) 3., 804.01 (3) (a) 2., 804.01 (4), 804.09 (2) (b) 1., 804.12 (1) (a), 893.53, 893.89 (1) and 893.89 (3) (b); to repeal and recreate 803.08 (11); and to create 177.30 (6) and (7), 802.06 (1) (b), 804.01 (2) (am), 804.01 (2) (bg), 804.01 (2) (e) 1g., 804.045, 804.08 (1) (am), 804.09 (2) (a) 3., 893.93 (1) (cm) and 893.93 (1m) (intro.) of the statutes; relating to: discovery of information in court proceedings; procedural requirements relating to class actions; the statute of limitations for certain civil actions; agreements by the secretary of revenue to allow third-party audits and estimates based on statistical sampling related to unclaimed property; and interest rates for overdue insurance claims.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
235,1 Section 1 . 177.30 (6) and (7) of the statutes are created to read:
177.30 (6) (a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), the administrator may not enter into a contract or other agreement to allow any person to engage in an audit on a contingent fee basis of another person's documents or records as part of an effort to administer this chapter or to purchase information or documents arising from the audit.
(b) If a person whose documents or records are audited is not domiciled in this state, the administrator may enter into a contract or agreement described under par. (a) related to the person if the amount of the contingent fee under the contract or agreement does not exceed 12 percent of the total amount of property reportable and deliverable under this chapter that is disclosed by the audit.
(c) This subsection does not apply to information received from the federal government.
(7) The administrator may not enter into a contract or other agreement as part of an effort to administer this chapter that allows a person that is engaging in an audit of another person's documents or records to use statistical sampling to estimate the other person's liability unless the other person consents to the use of an estimate.
235,2 Section 2 . 218.0125 (7) of the statutes is amended to read:
218.0125 (7) A claim made by a franchised motor vehicle dealer for compensation under this section shall be either approved or disapproved within 30 days after the claim is submitted to the manufacturer, importer or distributor in the manner and on the forms the manufacturer, importer or distributor reasonably prescribes. An approved claim shall be paid within 30 days after its approval. If a claim is not specifically disapproved in writing or by electronic transmission within 30 days after the date on which the manufacturer, importer or distributor receives it, the claim shall be considered to be approved and payment shall follow within 30 days. A manufacturer, importer or distributor retains the right to audit claims for a period of one year after the date on which the claim is paid and to charge back any amounts paid on claims that are false or unsubstantiated. If there is evidence of fraud, this subsection does not limit the right of the manufacturer to audit for longer periods and charge back for any fraudulent claim, subject to the limitations period under s. 893.93 (1) (b) (cm).
235,3 Section 3 . 218.0126 of the statutes is amended to read:
218.0126 Promotional allowances. A claim made by a franchised motor vehicle dealer for promotional allowances or other incentive payments shall be either approved or disapproved within 30 days after the claim is submitted to the manufacturer, importer or distributor in the manner and on the forms the manufacturer, importer or distributor reasonably prescribes. An approved claim shall be paid within 30 days after its approval. If a claim is not specifically disapproved in writing or by electronic transmission within 30 days after the date on which the manufacturer, importer or distributor receives it, the claim shall be considered to be approved and payment shall follow within 30 days after approval. A manufacturer, importer or distributor retains the right to audit a claim for a period of 2 years after the date on which the claim is paid and to charge back any amounts paid on claims that are false or unsubstantiated. If there is evidence of fraud, this section does not limit the right of the manufacturer to audit for longer periods and charge back for any fraudulent claim, subject to the limitations period under s. 893.93 (1) (b) (cm).
235,4 Section 4 . 628.46 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
628.46 (1) Unless otherwise provided by law, an insurer shall promptly pay every insurance claim. A claim shall be overdue if not paid within 30 days after the insurer is furnished written notice of the fact of a covered loss and of the amount of the loss. If such written notice is not furnished to the insurer as to the entire claim, any partial amount supported by written notice is overdue if not paid within 30 days after such written notice is furnished to the insurer. Any part or all of the remainder of the claim that is subsequently supported by written notice is overdue if not paid within 30 days after written notice is furnished to the insurer. Any payment shall not be deemed overdue when the insurer has reasonable proof to establish that the insurer is not responsible for the payment, notwithstanding that written notice has been furnished to the insurer. For the purpose of calculating the extent to which any claim is overdue, payment shall be treated as being made on the date a draft or other valid instrument which is equivalent to payment was placed in the U.S. mail in a properly addressed, postpaid envelope, or, if not so posted, on the date of delivery. All overdue payments shall bear simple interest at the rate of 12 7.5 percent per year.
235,5 Section 5 . 801.01 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
801.01 (2) Scope. Chapters 801 to 847 govern procedure and practice in circuit courts of this state in all civil actions and special proceedings whether cognizable as cases at law, in equity or of statutory origin except where different procedure is prescribed by statute or rule. Chapters 801 to 847 shall be construed, administered, and employed by the court and the parties to secure the just, speedy and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding.
235,6 Section 6 . 802.06 (1) of the statutes is renumbered 802.06 (1) (a).
235,7 Section 7 . 802.06 (1) (b) of the statutes is created to read:
802.06 (1) (b) Upon the filing of a motion to dismiss under sub. (2) (a) 6., a motion for judgment on the pleadings under sub. (3), or a motion for more definite statement under sub. (5), all discovery and other proceedings shall be stayed for a period of 180 days after the filing of the motion or until the ruling of the court on the motion, whichever is sooner, unless the court finds good cause upon the motion of any party that particularized discovery is necessary.
235,8 Section 8 . 803.08 (11) of the statutes, as affected by 2017 Supreme Court Order 17-03, is repealed and recreated to read:
803.08 (11) Interlocutory appeal of class certification. (a) When practicable after the commencement of an action brought as a class action, the court shall determine by order whether it is to be so maintained. If the court finds that the action should be maintained as a class action, it shall certify the action accordingly on the basis of a written decision setting forth all reasons why the action may be maintained and describing all evidence in support of the determination. An order under this subsection may be altered, amended, or withdrawn at any time before the decision on the merits. The court may direct appropriate notice to the class.
(b) An appellate court shall hear an appeal of an order granting or denying class action certification, or denying a motion to decertify a class action, if a notice of appeal is filed within 14 days after entry of the order. During the pendency of an appeal under this subsection, all discovery and other proceedings shall be stayed, except that the trial court shall retain sufficient jurisdiction over the case to consider and implement a settlement of the action if a settlement is reached between the parties.
235,9 Section 9 . 804.01 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (1) Discovery methods. Parties may obtain discovery by one or more of the following methods: depositions upon oral examination or written questions; written interrogatories; production of documents or things or permission to enter upon land or other property, for inspection and other purposes; physical and mental examinations; and requests for admission. Unless the court orders otherwise under sub. (3), and except as provided in s. ss. 804.015, 804.045, 804.08 (1) (am), and 804.09, the frequency of use of these methods is not limited.
235,10 Section 10 . 804.01 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (2) (a) In general. Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter, not privileged, which that is relevant to the subject matter involved in the pending action, whether it relates to the any party's claim or defense of the party seeking discovery or to the claim or defense of any other party, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition and location of any books, documents, or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons having knowledge of any discoverable matter. It is not ground for objection that the information sought will be inadmissible at the trial if the information sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence and proportional to the needs of the case, considering the importance of the issues at stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the parties' relative access to relevant information, the parties' resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit. Information within this scope of discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be discoverable.
235,11 Section 11 . 804.01 (2) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
804.01 (2) (am) Limitations. Upon the motion of any party, the court shall limit the frequency or extent of discovery if it determines that one of the following applies:
1. The discovery sought is cumulative or duplicative, or can be obtained from some other source that is more convenient, less burdensome, or less expensive.
2. The burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit or is not proportional to the claims and defenses at issue considering the needs of the case, the amount in controversy, the parties' resources, the complexity and importance of the issues at stake in the action, and the importance of discovery in resolving the issues.
235,12 Section 12 . 804.01 (2) (bg) of the statutes is created to read:
804.01 (2) (bg) Third party agreements. Except as otherwise stipulated or ordered by the court, a party shall, without awaiting a discovery request, provide to the other parties any agreement under which any person, other than an attorney permitted to charge a contingent fee representing a party, has a right to receive compensation that is contingent on and sourced from any proceeds of the civil action, by settlement, judgment, or otherwise.
235,13 Section 13 . 804.01 (2) (e) 1. of the statutes is renumbered 804.01 (2) (e) 1r.
235,14 Section 14 . 804.01 (2) (e) 1g. of the statutes is created to read:
804.01 (2) (e) 1g. A party is not required to provide discovery of any of the following categories of electronically stored information absent a showing by the moving party of substantial need and good cause, subject to a proportionality assessment under par. (am) 2.:
a. Data that cannot be retrieved without substantial additional programming or without transforming it into another form before search and retrieval can be achieved.
b. Backup data that are substantially duplicative of data that are more accessible elsewhere.
c. Legacy data remaining from obsolete systems that are unintelligible on successor systems.
d. Any other data that are not available to the producing party in the ordinary course of business and that the party identifies as not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. In response to a motion to compel discovery or for a protective order, the party from whom discovery is sought is required to show that the information is not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. If that showing is made, the court may order discovery from such sources only if the requesting party shows good cause, considering the limitations of par. (am). The court may specify conditions for the discovery.
235,15 Section 15 . 804.01 (2) (e) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (2) (e) 2. If a party fails or refuses to confer as required by subd. 1. 1r., any party may move the court for relief under s. 804.12 (1).
235,16 Section 16 . 804.01 (2) (e) 3. of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (2) (e) 3. If after conferring as required by subd. 1. 1r., any party objects to any proposed request for discovery of electronically stored information or objects to any response under s. 804.08 (3) proposing the production of electronically stored information, the objecting party may move the court for an appropriate order under sub. (3).
235,17 Section 17 . 804.01 (3) (a) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (3) (a) 2. That the discovery may be had only on specified by specifying terms and conditions, including a designation of the time or and place or the allocation of expenses, for the disclosure or discovery;
235,18 Section 18 . 804.01 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
804.01 (4) Sequence and timing of discovery. Unless the parties stipulate or the court upon motion, for the convenience of parties and witnesses and in the interests of justice, orders otherwise, methods of discovery may be used in any sequence and the fact that a party is conducting discovery, whether by deposition or otherwise, shall not operate to delay any other party's discovery.
235,20 Section 20. 804.045 of the statutes is created to read:
804.045 Limits on quantity of depositions. A party shall be limited, unless otherwise stipulated or ordered by the court in a manner consistent with s. 804.01 (2), to a reasonable number of depositions, not to exceed 10 depositions, none of which may exceed 7 hours in duration.
235,21 Section 21 . 804.08 (1) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
804.08 (1) (am) A party shall be limited, unless otherwise stipulated or ordered by the court in a manner consistent with s. 804.01 (2), to a reasonable number of requests, not to exceed 25 interrogatories, including all subparts.
235,22 Section 22 . 804.09 (2) (a) of the statutes is renumbered 804.09 (2) (a) (intro.) and amended to read:
804.09 (2) (a) (intro.) Except as provided in s. 804.015, the request may, without leave of court, be served upon the plaintiff after commencement of the action and upon any other party with or after service of the summons and complaint upon that party, and shall meet all of the following criteria:
1. The request shall describe with reasonable particularity each item or category of items to be inspected.
2. The request shall specify a reasonable time, place, and manner of making the inspection and performing the related acts.
4. The request may specify the form or forms in which electronically stored information is to be produced.
235,23 Section 23 . 804.09 (2) (a) 3. of the statutes is created to read:
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