2017 - 2018 LEGISLATURE
ASSEMBLY SUBSTITUTE AMENDMENT 1,
TO ASSEMBLY BILL 226
June 21, 2017 - Offered by Representatives Mason,
Anderson, Hebl, Barca,
Bowen, Brostoff, Crowley, Genrich, Hesselbein, Kessler, Meyers,
Ohnstad, Pope, Sargent, Sinicki, Spreitzer, Subeck, Vruwink and
1An Act to renumber and amend
281.16 (4) and 823.08 (3) (c) 2.; to amend
23.50 (1), 23.65 (1), 92.05 (3) (k), 92.05 (3) (L), 92.07 (2), 92.14 (6) (i) 2., 92.15 3
(2), 92.15 (3) (a), 92.15 (4), 93.90 (2) (a), 281.16 (3) (e), 281.65 (4) (e), 281.65 (4c) 4
(am) 1. a., 281.75 (7) (a) and 823.08 (3) (c) 1.; and to create
20.370 (4) (ad), 5
66.0626, 92.04 (2) (m), 92.14 (3) (em), 281.16 (5), 281.163 and 823.08 (3) (c) 2. 6
b. of the statutes; relating to: control of nonpoint source water pollution in
7certain areas with carbonate bedrock, local assistance for remediating
8contaminated wells and failing wastewater treatment systems and award
9limits for contaminated well grants, granting rule-making authority, making
10an appropriation, and providing a penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Current law requires the Department of Natural Resources and the
Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection to promulgate rules to
limit nonpoint source water pollution, that is, water pollution from diffuse sources,
such as construction sites and feedlots.
This substitute amendment requires DNR, in consultation with DATCP, to
promulgate rules to limit pollution of groundwater caused by the spreading of waste
on land, including animal waste, septage, sewage sludge, and industrial waste (land
spreading). Under the substitute amendment, the rules apply to certain areas with
carbonate bedrock that are susceptible to groundwater contamination caused by
land spreading and that are not sufficiently protected by the current rules
concerning nonpoint source water pollution. The substitute amendment also
requires DATCP to make its existing rules concerning nutrient management
consistent with the new DNR rules concerning land spreading on susceptible lands.
To identify the areas for which additional regulation of land spreading is
potentially needed, the substitute amendment requires DNR to identify areas in this
state that exhibit carbonate bedrock characteristics that may cause them to be
susceptible to groundwater contamination from land spreading, including areas that
have carbonate bedrock less than 50 feet from the surface of the land. The substitute
amendment requires DNR to promulgate rules for ranking the land in potentially
susceptible areas into categories according to relative vulnerability to groundwater
contamination from land spreading, based on factors that include bedrock features
and the depth and other characteristics of top soil, and to identify the categories for
which additional regulation is needed.
The substitute amendment requires the county land conservation committee
in a county in which a potentially susceptible area is located to categorize the land
in potentially susceptible areas (as identified by DNR) in the county according to the
rules for ranking those lands. The substitute amendment provides a process for a
landowner or other person, including DNR or DATCP, to obtain a review of a land
conservation committee's categorization of land. The substitute amendment also
requires DATCP to produce maps that show land that is categorized under this
process, by category, and to post those maps on its Internet site.
The substitute amendment authorizes DNR to enforce the rules concerning
land spreading on susceptible lands by issuing citations, which are similar to traffic
tickets. A district attorney may also proceed against a person who violates the rules.
The rules promulgated by DNR and DATCP under current law to limit nonpoint
source water pollution, as described above, do not apply to an agricultural facility or
practice that was in existence before October 14, 1997, unless financial assistance
is available to pay a portion of the cost of complying with the rules.
Under this substitute amendment, the rules to limit nonpoint source water
pollution apply to an agricultural facility or practice, in a county in which a
potentially susceptible area is located, that was in existence before October 14, 1997,
without regard to whether financial assistance is available, if the facility or practice
is on land categorized in a category that has heightened vulnerability to groundwater
contamination and is in an area with a level of groundwater contamination that may
affect public health, as determined under rules promulgated by DNR.
This substitute amendment also provides that a city, village, town, or county
may remediate a contaminated private well, fill and seal a contaminated well, or
rehabilitate, replace, or abandon a failing private on-site wastewater treatment
system, in agreement with the owner of the well or wastewater treatment system,
or may make a low-interest or interest-free loan to the owner of a contaminated well
or failing wastewater treatment system for these purposes. Under the substitute
amendment, if a political subdivision takes any of these actions or provides a loan
for these purposes, the political subdivision may recover the costs of the action or
collect the loan repayment as a special charge or special assessment.
This substitute amendment also increases the limit on the amount of a grant
awarded under this state's well compensation grant program. Under current law, an
individual owner or renter of a contaminated private well may apply for a grant from
DNR to cover a portion of the costs to treat the water, reconstruct the well, construct
a new well, connect to a public water supply, or fill and seal (abandon) the well. A
grant awarded under the program may not exceed 75 percent of a project's eligible
costs and may not cover any part of a project's eligible costs that exceeds $12,000,
which means that a grant may not exceed $9,000. This substitute amendment
increases the grant award limit to 75 percent of $16,000, which means that a grant
under the substitute amendment may not exceed $12,000.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
20.370 (4) (ad) of the statutes is created to read:
(ad) Water resources - groundwater; Door and Kewaunee counties. 3
From the general fund, a sum sufficient for staff salaries to enforce and administer 4
the environmental provisions under ch. 160 in Door County and Kewaunee County.
23.50 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
The procedure in ss. 23.50 to 23.85 applies to all actions in circuit 7
court to recover forfeitures, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, 8
for violations of ss. 77.09, 90.21, 134.60, 167.10 (3), 167.31 (2),
281.48 (2) 9
to (5), 283.33, 285.57 (2), 285.59 (2), (3) (c) and (4), 287.07, 287.08, 287.81, and 299.64 10
(2), subch. VI of ch. 77, this chapter, and chs. 26 to 31, ch. 169, and ch. 350, and any 11
administrative rules promulgated thereunder, violations specified under s. 280.98 12
(2) or 285.86, violations of s. 281.36 if the department chooses to proceed under s. 13
281.36 (14) (f), violations of ch. 951 if the animal involved is a captive wild animal, 14
violations of rules of the Kickapoo reserve management board under s. 41.41 (7) (k),
violations to which s. 299.85 (7) (a) 2. or 4. applies, or violations of local ordinances 2
enacted by any local authority in accordance with s. 23.33 (11) (am), 23.335 (21) (a), 3
23.65 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
When it appears to the district attorney that a violation of s. 90.21, 6
134.60, 281.163 (5),
281.36, 281.48 (2) to (5), 283.33, 285.57 (2), 285.59 (2), (3) (c) and 7
(4), 287.07, 287.08, 287.81 or 299.64 (2), this chapter or ch. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 169, 8
or 350, or any administrative rule promulgated pursuant thereto, a violation 9
specified under s. 285.86, or a violation of ch. 951, if the animal involved is a captive 10
wild animal, has been committed the district attorney may proceed by complaint and 11
66.0626 of the statutes is created to read:
1366.0626 Special assessments or charges for contaminated well or
14wastewater system loans. (1)
In this section:
(a) “Contaminated private water supply” has the meaning provided in s. 281.75 16
(b) “Failing private on-site wastewater treatment system" has the meaning 18
provided in s. 145.245 (4).
(c) “Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
(d) “Private on-site wastewater treatment system" has the meaning provided 21
in s. 145.01 (12).
(e) “Private water supply” has the meaning provided in s. 281.75 (1) (f).
(f) “Well subject to abandonment” has the meaning provided in s. 281.75 (1) (i).
A political subdivision or its designee may, with the agreement of the owner 25
of the private water supply, well, or wastewater treatment system, remediate a
contaminated private water supply, fill and seal a well subject to abandonment, or 2
rehabilitate, replace, or abandon a failing private on-site wastewater treatment 3
system, that is located in the political subdivision, or may make a loan at or below 4
the market interest rate, as defined in s. 281.59 (1) (b), including an interest-free 5
loan, to the owner of a contaminated private water supply, a well subject to 6
abandonment, or a failing private on-site wastewater treatment system, that is 7
located in the political subdivision, for those purposes. If a political subdivision takes 8
any of the actions under this subsection, the political subdivision may, as a special 9
charge under s. 66.0627 or special assessment under s. 66.0703, recover the costs of 10
the remediation, the filling and sealing, or the rehabilitation, replacement, or 11
abandonment, or collect the loan repayment. Notwithstanding s. 66.0627 (4), a 12
special charge imposed under this subsection may be collected in installments and 13
may be included in the current or next tax roll for collection and settlement under 14
ch. 74 even if the special charge is not delinquent.
92.04 (2) (m) of the statutes is created to read:
(m) Review of carbonate bedrock area determinations.
The board shall 17
review and affirm or reverse decisions of county land conservation committees under 18
s. 281.163 (4) (b) when review is requested under s. 281.163 (4) (c). Under this 19
paragraph, the board may conduct an informal hearing that is not a contested case 20
under ch. 227.
92.05 (3) (k) of the statutes is amended to read:
(k) Nutrient management rules.
The department shall promulgate 23
rules to improve agricultural nutrient management in this state. The rules shall be 24
consistent with rules promulgated under s. 281.16 (3) and, for lands categorized
25under s. 281.163 (4) in categories identified under s. 281.163 (5) (a), with rules
1promulgated under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
and shall include incentives, educational and 2
outreach provisions and compliance requirements.
92.05 (3) (L) of the statutes is amended to read:
(L) Technical assistance; performance standards.
The department 5
shall provide technical assistance to county land conservation committees and local 6
units of government for the development of ordinances that implement standards 7
adopted under s. 92.07 (2), 92.15 (2) or (3) or 281.16 (3) and, for lands categorized
8under s. 281.163 (4) in categories identified under s. 281.163 (5) (a), that implement
9standards adopted under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
. The department's technical assistance 10
shall include preparing model ordinances, providing data concerning the standards 11
and reviewing draft ordinances to determine whether the draft ordinances comply 12
with applicable statutes and rules.
92.07 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
92.07 (2) Standards.
Each land conservation committee may develop and 15
adopt standards and specifications for management practices to control erosion, 16
sedimentation and nonpoint source water pollution. The standards and 17
specifications for agricultural facilities and practices that are constructed or begun 18
on or after October 14, 1997, and, if cost-sharing is available to the owner or operator 19
under s. 92.14 or 281.65 or from any other source, for agricultural facilities and 20
practices that are constructed or begun before that date shall be consistent with the 21
performance standards, prohibitions, conservation practices,
and technical 22
standards under s. 281.16 (3) and, for agricultural facilities and practices on land
23categorized under s. 281.163 (4) in a category identified under s. 281.163 (5) (a), with
24the performance standards and prohibitions under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
. The land 25
conservation committee shall use the rules promulgated under s. 281.16 (3) (e) to
determine whether cost-sharing is available. The standards and specifications for
2agricultural facilities or practices that are located on land that is categorized under
3s. 281.163 (4) in a category designated under s. 281.16 (5) (b) 1. as having heightened
4vulnerability to groundwater contamination and is in an area with characteristics
5specified under s. 281.16 (5) (b) 2. that indicate a level of groundwater contamination
6that affects public health shall be consistent with the performance standards,
7prohibitions, conservation practices, and technical standards under s. 281.16 (3) and
8with the performance standards and prohibitions under s. 281.163 (5) (b), without
9regard to when the agricultural facilities or practices are constructed or begun.
92.14 (3) (em) of the statutes is created to read:
(em) Grants to farmers for implementing land and water resource 12
management projects on lands categorized under s. 281.163 (4) undertaken to 13
comply with the requirements under s. 281.163 (5) (b).
92.14 (6) (i) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
(i) 2. Conduct all land management and pollutant management 16
activities in substantial accordance with the performance standards, prohibitions, 17
and technical standards under s. 281.16 and, if applicable,
18under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
and with plans approved under this section, under s. 92.15, 19
1985 stats., and under ss. 92.10 and 281.65, or to repay the cost-sharing funds.
92.15 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
Notwithstanding ss. 92.11 and 92.17, a local governmental unit may 22
enact regulations of livestock operations that are consistent with and do not exceed 23
the performance standards, prohibitions, conservation practices,
and technical 24
standards under s. 281.16 (3) and, for livestock operations on lands categorized
1under s. 281.163 (4) in categories identified under s. 281.163 (5) (a), the prohibitions
2and performance standards under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
92.15 (3) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
(a) Notwithstanding ss. 92.11 and 92.17, a local governmental unit 5
may enact regulations of livestock operations that exceed the performance 6
standards, prohibitions, conservation practices,
and technical standards under s. 7
281.16 (3) and, for livestock operations on land categorized under s. 281.163 (4) in
8categories identified under s. 281.163 (5) (a), the prohibitions and performance
9standards under s. 281.163 (5) (b)
only if the local governmental unit demonstrates 10
to the satisfaction of the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection 11
or the department of natural resources that the regulations are necessary to achieve 12
water quality standards under s. 281.15.
92.15 (4) of the statutes is amended to read: