2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
ASSEMBLY SUBSTITUTE AMENDMENT 1,
TO ASSEMBLY BILL 84
October 14, 2019 - Offered by Representative Tauchen.
1An Act to amend
20.566 (1) (hp), 71.10 (5s) (c) and 71.10 (5s) (e); and to create
71.05 (27), 71.10 (5jm), 71.21 (4m), 71.26 (2) (a) 13., 71.36 (1m) (d), 71.365 (4m) 3
(d) 1m., 71.45 (2) (a) 21. and 115.3415 of the statutes; relating to: imposing
4requirements related to school lunch and breakfast programs in certain
5schools, creating an income and franchise tax subtraction for donations to repay
6school meal debt, and making an appropriation.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill 1) requires certain schools to provide a school lunch or breakfast to a
pupil who requests such a meal; 2) prohibits those schools from taking certain actions
against a pupil who is unable to pay for those meals; 3) allows taxpayers to deduct
donations made to schools to repay pupils' meal debts; and 4) creates a checkoff on
the individual income tax return for donations to schools to repay pupils' meal debts.
The bill defines “school” as a public school, including an independent charter
school, private school, tribal school, the Wisconsin Educational Services Program for
the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, or the Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually
Impaired, provided the school, program, or center receives state aid for providing
school lunches and breakfasts (free or reduced-price meals).
Requirement to provide quality meals
Under the bill, the school board of a school district, operator of an independent
charter school, governing body of a private school, governing body of a tribal school,
director of the program, or director of the center (governing body) must provide a
meal that is of a similar quality to a free or reduced-price meal (quality meal) to a
pupil who requests such a meal, regardless of the pupil's ability to pay for the meal,
and prohibits the governing body from providing a meal of inferior quality in place
of a quality meal. If the pupil is homeless and is enrolled in a public school, including
an independent charter school, the governing body of the school must provide the
quality meal to the pupil at no cost to the pupil.
The bill prohibits the governing body of a school from doing any of the following:
1. Publicly identifying or stigmatizing a pupil who is unable to pay for a quality
meal or who has outstanding debt related to a quality meal.
2. Requiring a pupil who has received a quality meal to relinquish or throw
away that quality meal because the pupil is unable to pay for the quality meal or has
outstanding debt related to a quality meal.
3. Communicating directly with a pupil in grades kindergarten to eight
concerning the pupil's inability to pay for a quality meal or to pay outstanding debt
related to a quality meal.
4. Requiring a pupil who is unable to pay for a quality meal to do chores or other
work as a condition of receiving the quality meal, unless the pupil's parent or
5. Restricting a pupil's participation in graduation activities on the basis that
the pupil is unable to pay for a quality meal or has outstanding debt related to a
6. Withholding a pupil's high school diploma, refusing to promote a pupil to the
next grade, or withholding a pupil's high school transcript on the basis that the pupil
is unable to pay for a quality meal or has outstanding debt related to a quality meal.
Deduction for school meal debt donations
The bill allows a taxpayer, when calculating income for income or franchise tax
purposes, to deduct a donation made to a school's governing body to repay pupils'
debts related to quality meals. The maximum amount that a taxpayer may deduct
each year is $25,000. A taxpayer may not place any conditions on the donation, such
as requesting that it be used to pay the debt of a specific pupil, or receive anything
of value in exchange. In order to deduct the donation, the taxpayer must provide the
Department of Revenue with written certification from the governing body stating
that the governing body will use the donation solely for the purpose of repaying
pupils' meal debts.
Tax checkoff program
This bill creates an individual income tax checkoff for donations to a school's
governing body to be used solely for the repayment of pupils' debts related to quality
meals. A governing body that is owed meal debt may apply to DOR to be included
on the list of eligible donees under the checkoff program. The individual making the
checkoff donation must specify which listed governing body is to receive the funds.
The bill requires that an amount equal to the total amount of designations received,
less the total cost of administering the income tax checkoff procedure, be transferred
to the designated governing bodies.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
20.566 (1) (hp) of the statutes is amended to read:
(hp) Administration of income tax checkoff voluntary payments.
amounts in the schedule for the payment of all administrative costs, including data 4
processing costs, incurred in administering ss. 71.10 (5), (5e), (5f), (5fm), (5g), (5h), 5
(5i), (5j), (5jm),
(5k), (5km), and (5m), and 71.30 (10). All moneys specified for deposit 6
in this appropriation under ss. 71.10 (5) (h) 5., (5e) (h) 4., (5f) (i), (5fm) (i), (5g) (i), (5h) 7
(i), (5i) (i), (5j) (i), (5jm) (i),
(5k) (i), (5km) (i), and (5m) (i) and 71.30 (10) (i) and (11) 8
(i) shall be credited to this appropriation account.
71.05 (27) of the statutes is created to read:
71.05 (27) School meal debt donations
. (a) In this subsection:
1. “Claimant" means an individual; an individual partner or member of a 12
partnership, limited liability company, or limited liability partnership; or an 13
individual shareholder of a tax-option corporation.
2. “Governing body” has the meaning given in s. 115.3415 (1) (a).
3. “School meal debt” means money owed by a pupil to a governing body due 16
to the pupil receiving a quality meal, as defined in s. 115.3415 (1) (b).
4. “School meal debt donation” means an amount paid by a claimant to a 18
governing body to be used by the governing body solely for the purpose of repaying 19
school meal debt.
(b) Subject to the limitations in this subsection, a claimant may subtract from 2
federal adjusted gross income the amount, not to exceed $25,000, of the school meal 3
debt donation paid by the claimant in the year to which the claim relates.
(c) No subtraction is allowed under this subsection if the claimant places a 5
condition on the school meal debt donation, requests the donation be used to repay 6
the debt of a specific pupil, or receives anything of value in exchange for the donation.
(d) No subtraction is allowed under this subsection unless the claimant 8
receives certification from the governing body, on a form provided by the department, 9
that the governing body will use the donation solely for the purpose of repaying 10
school meal debt and the claimant includes the form with the claimant's income tax 11
return for the year to which the claim relates.
71.10 (5jm) of the statutes is created to read:
71.10 (5jm) School meal debt donations.
In this subsection:
1. “Department" means the department of revenue.
2. “Eligible governing body” means a governing body, as defined in s. 115.3415 16
(1) (a), whose application under par. (e) 1. has been approved by the department.
3. “School meal debt” means money owed by a pupil to a governing body due 18
to the pupil receiving a quality meal, as defined in s. 115.3415 (1) (b).
(b) Voluntary payments.
1. `Designation on return.' Subject to sub. (5s), every 20
individual filing an income tax return who has a tax liability or is entitled to a tax 21
refund may designate on the return any amount of additional payment or any 22
amount of a refund due that individual as a donation to an eligible governing body 23
for the repayment of school meal debt.
2. `Designation added to tax owed.' If the individual owes any tax, the 2
individual shall remit in full the tax due and the amount designated under subd. 1. 3
when the individual files a tax return.
3. `Designation deducted from refund.' Except as provided in par. (d), if the 5
individual is owed a refund for that year after crediting under ss. 71.75 (9) and 71.80 6
(3) and (3m), the department shall deduct the amount designated under subd. 1. from 7
the amount of the refund.
(c) Errors; failure to remit correct amount.
If an individual who owes taxes fails 9
to remit an amount equal to or in excess of the total of the actual tax due, after error 10
corrections, and the amount designated under par. (b) 1.:
1. The department shall reduce the designation under par. (b) 1. to reflect the 12
amount remitted in excess of the actual tax due, after error corrections, if the 13
individual remitted an amount in excess of the actual tax due, after error corrections, 14
but less than the total of the actual tax due, after error corrections, and the amount 15
originally designated on the return under par. (b) 1.
2. The designation under par. (b) 1. is void if the individual remitted an amount 17
equal to or less than the actual tax due, after error corrections.
(d) Errors; insufficient refund.
If an individual is owed a refund that does not 19
equal or exceed the amount designated under par. (b) 1., after crediting under ss. 20
71.75 (9) and 71.80 (3) and (3m) and after error corrections, the department shall 21
reduce the designation to reflect the actual amount of the refund that the individual 22
is otherwise owed, after crediting under ss. 71.75 (9) and 71.80 (3) and (3m) and after 23
(e) Eligible governing bodies; failure to select governing body.
1. Annually, no 25
later than July 1, a governing body that is owed school meal debt may apply to the
department, on a form provided by the department, to receive donations designated 2
under par. (b) 1. The form shall require that the governing body report the amount 3
of school meal debt owed to it, the number of pupils owing the debt, and any other 4
information requested by the department. Upon a determination by the department 5
that a governing body has complied with this paragraph, the department shall 6
approve the governing body's application.
2. A designation under par. (b) 1. shall be void if the individual fails to select, 8
on the individual's income tax return, an eligible governing body to receive the 9