2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
SENATE SUBSTITUTE AMENDMENT 1,
TO SENATE BILL 424
January 3, 2020 - Offered by Senator Cowles.
1An Act to amend
24.61 (3) (a) 2.; and to create
48.651 (1d) (am), 48.67 (6), 48.675 2
and 97.67 (8) of the statutes; relating to: testing for lead in drinking water in
3facilities used for recreational and educational camps, child care, and group
4homes for children, and providing loans for lead remediation in certain child
5care, group home, and recreational and educational camp facilities.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill requires child care centers, child care providers, and recreational and
educational camps to test for lead in drinking water and to provide potable water if
lead contamination is found in order to obtain, renew, or continue a camp or child care
center license or child care provider certification and provides funding options for
that testing and remediation.
Under current law, no person may for compensation provide care and
supervision for four or more children under the age of seven for less than 24 hours
a day unless that person obtains a license to operate a child care center from the
Department of Children and Families. To be licensed, current law requires a person
to meet the minimum requirements established by DCF. Under current law, a child
care center license is valid until revoked or suspended, but must be reviewed every
Current law also requires a person, other than a licensed child care center, to
be certified by DCF in order to be eligible to receive payment for providing child care
services for an individual who is determined eligible for a Wisconsin Shares child
care subsidy. To be certified, current law requires a child care provider to meet
minimum requirements established by DCF. Under current rules promulgated by
DCF, a child care provider certification is valid for two years unless revoked or
suspended, and must be renewed if the provider continues to comply with
Current law also requires the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer
Protection or a local health department granted agent status to issue licenses to and
regulate recreational and educational camps. Under current law, such licenses
expire annually on June 30.
This bill adds as a minimum requirement for a recreational and education camp
license, a group home license, a child care center license, and a child care provider
certification that an applicant for an initial, continued, or renewed license or
certification (applicant), with one exception, test water from every drinking water
source for lead contamination in facilities used or to be used for child care, a camp,
or a group home within six months before submitting the application. The bill
provides that lead contamination is a concentration of lead that is greater than the
federal action level established under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act.
Under the bill, if a test shows lead contamination, the applicant must take one
of two courses of action, both of which require the applicant to immediately eliminate
all access to water from the contaminated drinking water source. Under the first
option, the applicant must make a plan to remediate the lead contamination and
provide potable water in the interim. The applicant must provide the plan and proof
of the applicant's compliance with these requirements to the licensing or certification
authority. If the applicant submits with a subsequent application a test result
showing no lead contamination in a drinking water source, the applicant is exempt
from testing and reporting requirements with respect to that source. If the applicant
submits a test result showing no lead contamination in a drinking water source
before a subsequent application is due, the applicant is exempt from further
requirements under this first option but must submit one more test showing no lead
contamination at the time the next application is due. If the applicant submits a test
result showing lead levels not higher than 5 parts per billion in a drinking water
source before a subsequent application is due, the applicant is exempt from all
further testing requirements.
Under the second option, the applicant must make a plan for providing on a
permanent basis an adequate supply of potable water from external sources and
ensuring that children served on the premises do not consume water from
contaminated drinking water sources. This option also requires the applicant to
provide the plan and proof of the applicant's compliance with these requirements to
the licensing or certification authority, but no further testing is necessary. The bill
authorizes an applicant who has previously complied with this option, when it
submits a subsequent application, to switch to the first option or to submit a new test
result showing each drinking water source to have no lead contamination, in which
case the applicant is exempt from all testing and reporting requirements.
Under the bill, a child care provider applying for Wisconsin Shares certification
may, as an alternative to the testing requirement, conduct a plumbing assessment
and submit documentation of the assessment with its application. Under the bill, a
plumbing assessment is an assessment completed by a licensed plumber,
environmental consultant, certified lead risk assessor, or certified lead hazard
investigator that includes, at a minimum, a determination of the year in which the
building was built, a review of any available utility records for the presence of a full
or partial lead service line, and an inspection of interior plumbing for the presence
in the building's plumbing of leaded or galvanized steel pipes or any fixtures, fittings,
faucets, or valves made with alloys that contain lead, such as leaded brass (presence
of lead). If a plumbing assessment shows the presence of lead, the applicant must
choose one of the two courses of action required after a test shows lead
contamination. If a plumbing assessment shows no presence of lead, the applicant
is exempt from further testing and reporting requirements.
The bill specifies that remediation may include affixing a point-of-source or
point-of-entry filter to a drinking water source and testing may be conducted with
such a filter affixed. The bill also specifies that remediation may include
permanently disconnecting, shutting off, or otherwise eliminating access to water
from a drinking water source if another drinking water source on the premises is not
contaminated or will be remediated, and that after proof of such remediation is
submitted to the licensing or certifying authority, the applicant is exempt from
further testing requirements with respect to that drinking water source.
The bill requires DCF and DATCP, in consultation with the Department of
Health Services and the Department of Natural Resources, to seek federal funding
to assist, respectively, child care providers and operators of child care centers, group
homes, and recreational and educational camps in paying for the costs of complying
with the testing and remediation requirements, and to ensure that any funding
obtained for this purpose is distributed equitably among those eligible entities.
This bill allows the Board of Commissioners of Public Lands to use school trust
funds to issue loans to municipalities for the purpose of remediating lead
contamination in a building used for child care, as a group home for children, or as
a recreational or educational camp for children.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
24.61 (3) (a) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
(a) 2. A town, village, city or county as provided under s. 67.04 or 3
otherwise authorized by law, or to remediate lead contamination in a building used
1for child care, as a group home for children, or as a recreational or educational camp
2for children by an entity with which the town, village, city, or county has contracted
48.651 (1d) (am) of the statutes is created to read:
(am) In establishing the requirements for certification of a child 5
care provider under par. (a), the department shall include a requirement that all 6
child care providers certified under s. 48.651 comply with s. 48.675.
48.67 (6) of the statutes is created to read:
That all child care centers licensed under s. 48.65 and all group homes 9
licensed under s. 48.625 comply with s. 48.675.
48.675 of the statutes is created to read:
1148.675 Testing for lead in drinking water. (1) Definitions.
In this section:
(a) “Drinking water source” means a water faucet, drinking fountain, ice 13
maker, or other water outlet that dispenses potable water that is used for drinking 14
or food preparation.
(b) “Lead contamination” means a concentration of lead that is greater than the 16
federal action level established under the Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 USC 300f
(c) “Presence of lead” means the presence in a building's plumbing of leaded or 19
galvanized steel pipes or any fixtures, fittings, faucets, or valves made with alloys 20
that contain lead, such as leaded brass.
21(2) Testing required.
(a) Except as provided under subs. (3) (b) 4., (4) (b), (5), 22
and (6), each applicant for an initial or continued license to operate a group home 23
under s. 48.625 or a child care center under s. 48.65 or for an initial or renewed 24
certification under s. 48.651 shall, no sooner than 6 months prior to submitting the 25
application, test the water from every drinking water source used or to be used by
children in the building used or to be used for child care or as a group home to monitor 2
for lead contamination. A test under this subsection may be completed with a 3
point-of-source or point-of-entry filter affixed to the drinking water source. The 4
applicant shall submit the test results to the appropriate licensing or certifying 5
authority along with the application. This section does not apply to child care 6
programs under s. 120.13 (14).
(b) A license or certification applicant shall ensure that the testing required 8
under sub. (2) is done by the State Laboratory of Hygiene or a laboratory certified 9
under ch. NR 149, Wis. Adm. Code, and that samples are collected in accordance with 10
instructions provided by the laboratory that will do the testing.
11(3) Procedures if lead contamination is found.
If a test submitted under sub. 12
(2) shows that there is lead contamination in a drinking water source or a plumbing 13
assessment conducted under sub. (5) shows the presence of lead in plumbing at a 14
building used or to be used for child care or as a group home, the applicant for an 15
initial or continued license under s. 48.625 or 48.65 or for an initial or renewed 16
certification under s. 48.651 shall do one of the following:
1. Immediately after obtaining the test results, disconnect, 18
shut off, or otherwise eliminate all access to water from the drinking water source.
2. Provide the building with an adequate supply of potable water or, for an 20
applicant for an initial license under s. 48.625 or 48.65 or an initial certification 21
under s. 48.651, prepare a plan to provide the building with an adequate supply of 22
potable water if licensed or certified.
3. Submit along with its application the most recent test results under sub. (2) 24
and other proof, such as photographs, receipts, or other applicable documentation, 25
that it is compliant with subds. 1. and 2.
4. Within 6 months after submitting the application, establish, submit to the 2
licensing or certifying authority, and begin to carry out a plan for remediating the 3
5. Between the date the license or certification is granted, continued, or 5
renewed and the date on which the applicant submits an application for the 6
subsequent license or certification period, the applicant may demonstrate to the 7
appropriate licensing or certifying authority continued compliance with subds. 1. to 8
4. and submit more recent test results than the last results submitted under sub. (2). 9
Except as provided under sub. (6), if a test result is submitted under this subdivision 10
that shows no lead contamination in a drinking water source, this subsection no 11
longer applies with respect to that drinking water source, but sub. (2) applies with 12
respect to that drinking water source for an application submitted for the subsequent 13
license or certification period.
(b) Substitution of water source.
1. Immediately after obtaining the test 15
results, disconnect, shut off, or otherwise eliminate all access to water from the 16
drinking water source.
2. Establish and carry out a plan for providing, on a permanent basis, an 18
adequate supply of potable water from external sources, such as bottled water, and 19
for ensuring that children served in the building do not consume water from 20
contaminated drinking water sources. The plan shall include the estimated quantity 21
of water needed to supply the building with all potable water needs.
3. No later than 3 months after the first application is submitted after the test 23
showing lead contamination, submit the plan established under subd. 2. and proof, 24
such as photographs, receipts, or other applicable documentation, that the applicant
is compliant with subds. 1. and 2. and will be during the license or certification 2
4. Submit, along with any subsequent application submitted for a license or 4
certification period after the one for which an application under subd. 3. is submitted, 5
proof, such as photographs, receipts, or other applicable documentation, that the 6
applicant has been compliant with the plan under subd. 2. and an updated plan 7
under subd. 2. for the period for which the application is submitted. The updated 8
plan shall indicate any changes made since the application was submitted for the 9
preceding license or certification period. An applicant in compliance with this 10
subdivision is not required to do further lead testing or to submit further lead test 11
results after the test results are submitted under subd. 3.
5. If the applicant has previously complied with subds. 1. to 4., the applicant 13
may do one of the following:
a. Indicate in a subsequent license or certification application an intent to 15
instead comply with par. (a), in which case the applicant shall comply with par. (a) 16
with respect to that application.
b. Submit along with a subsequent application a new test result under sub. (2) 18
for each drinking water source showing no lead contamination, in which case the 19
applicant is exempt from further compliance with this section.
20(4) Methods of remediation.
Remediation under sub. (3) (a) 4. may, among 21
other methods, include any of the following:
(a) Affixing a point-of-source or point-of-entry filter onto the drinking water 23
(b) Permanently disconnecting, shutting off, or otherwise eliminating access 25
to water from a drinking water source if another drinking water source in the
building is not contaminated or will be remediated. If a drinking water source is 2
remediated under this paragraph, the applicant is exempt from further testing 3
requirements under sub. (2) with respect to that drinking water source after proof 4
of compliance with this paragraph, such as photographs, receipts, or other applicable 5
documentation, is submitted to the licensing or certifying authority.
6(5) Plumbing assessment for child care providers.
As an alternative to lead 7
testing under sub. (2), a person applying for an initial or renewed certification under 8
s. 48.651 who has not already submitted testing under sub. (2) may instead have a 9
plumbing assessment completed on the plumbing connected to all drinking water 10
sources in the building. All of the following apply to a plumbing assessment under 11