2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
August 29, 2019 - Introduced by Senators Johnson, Carpenter, Larson,
and Wirch, cosponsored by Representatives Gruszynski, Zamarripa,
Anderson, Billings, Bowen, Brooks, Brostoff, Crowley, Doyle, Emerson,
Fields, Hebl, Kitchens, Kolste, Milroy, Neubauer, Ohnstad, Pope, Sargent,
Shankland, Sinicki, Spreitzer, Stubbs, C. Taylor, Vining and Vruwink.
Referred to Committee on Utilities and Housing.
1An Act to amend
71.05 (6) (a) 15., 71.21 (4) (a), 71.26 (2) (a) 4., 71.34 (1k) (g) and 2
71.45 (2) (a) 10.; and to create
71.07 (8g), 71.10 (4) (em), 71.28 (8g), 71.30 (3) 3
(am), 71.47 (8g) and 71.49 (1) (am) of the statutes; relating to: creating a
4nonrefundable individual and corporate income and franchise tax credit for
5costs paid to eliminate exposure to a lead hazard in a dwelling.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill creates a nonrefundable individual income tax credit and a corporate
income and franchise tax credit for costs paid to eliminate a lead hazard in a dwelling
or residential condominium unit in this state (residence).
Under this bill, an owner of a residence may claim a credit for all costs paid, up
to $1,500 per dwelling unit, to permanently eliminate a lead hazard in a residence.
A dwelling may contain more than one dwelling unit. To claim the credit, a claimant
must meet all of the following conditions:
1. A certified professional must investigate the residence and determine that
a lead hazard exists.
2. The lead hazard abatement activities in the residence must be conducted in
accordance with rules promulgated by the Department of Health Services.
3. A certified professional must do one or both of the following: 1) issue a
certificate confirming that the residence is free from lead-bearing paint on the date
of the inspection; or 2) execute a document certifying that the lead hazard abatement
activities permanently eliminated all lead hazards in the residence.
At the option of the owner, the owner may, at the same time the owner
remediates lead hazards in a residence, also remediate any lead hazards present in
the residence's utility service connections and claim a credit for those costs.
The credit is nonrefundable, meaning that it may be claimed only up to the
amount of a taxpayer's income or franchise tax liability. If the amount of the credit
for which a claimant is eligible exceeds the claimant's tax liability, the claimant may
carry forward the excess credit amount for up to the following seven taxable years.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
71.05 (6) (a) 15. of the statutes is amended to read:
(a) 15. Except as provided under s. 71.07 (3p) (c) 5., the amount of the 3
credits computed under s. 71.07 (2dm), (2dx), (2dy), (3g), (3h), (3n), (3p), (3q), (3r), 4
(3rm), (3rn), (3s), (3t), (3w), (3wm), (3y), (4k), (4n), (5e), (5f), (5h), (5i), (5j), (5k), (5r), 5
(5rm), (6n), (8g),
(8r), and (10) and not passed through by a partnership, limited 6
liability company, or tax-option corporation that has added that amount to the 7
partnership's, company's, or tax-option corporation's income under s. 71.21 (4) or 8
71.34 (1k) (g).
71.07 (8g) of the statutes is created to read:
71.07 (8g) Lead hazard abatement tax credit.
. In this 11
1. “Certificate of lead-free status" means a certificate of lead-free status, as 13
defined in s. 254.11 (4g), that is issued in accordance with the rules promulgated by 14
the department of health services under s. 254.179 (1) and has not been revoked by 15
the department of health services.
2. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
3. “Condominium unit" means a unit, as defined in s. 703.02 (15), that is a 2
4. “Dwelling" means any structure, all or part of which is designed or used for 4
human habitation and includes a structure owned and occupied by members of a 5
housing cooperative incorporated under ch. 185 or organized under ch. 193. A 6
“dwelling" may contain one or more dwelling units.
5. “Dwelling unit" means a structure or that part of a structure that is designed, 8
used, or intended to be used as a home or residence by one person or by 2 or more 9
persons maintaining a common household, to the exclusion of all others.
6. “Extended dwelling" means a dwelling and the dwelling's utility service 11
7. “First effective" means:
a. With respect to a certificate of lead-free status, the date listed on the 14
certificate as the certificate's effective date.
b. With respect to proof of successful abatement, the date on which the 16
document is executed.
8. “Lead-bearing paint hazard" has the meaning given in s. 254.11 (8d).
9. “Lead hazard" has the meaning given in s. 254.11 (8g).
10. “Lead hazard abatement" means lead hazard abatement, as defined in s. 20
254.11 (8j), that is conducted in accordance with the rules promulgated by the 21
department of health services under s. 254.172 (1) by a person certified by the 22
department of health services under s. 254.176 (1).
11. “Lead investigation" means a lead investigation, as defined in s. 254.11 (8s), 24
that is conducted in accordance with the rules promulgated by the department of 25
health services under s. 254.167.
12. “Lead risk assessor" has the meaning given in s. 254.11 (9g).
13. “Proof of successful abatement" means a document executed by a certified 3
lead risk assessor or other person certified under s. 254.176 that certifies a finding 4
by the assessor that lead hazard abatement in or on a dwelling, extended dwelling, 5
or condominium unit permanently eliminated all lead hazards in the dwelling, 6
extended dwelling, or condominium unit.
14. “Utility service connections" means improvements to real property 8
necessary to connect a dwelling or a structure of a condominium, as defined in s. 9
703.02 (4), to utility services, including heat, light, water, power, 10
telecommunications services, and sewer services.
(b) Filing claims
. Subject to the limitations and conditions provided in this 12
subsection, for a taxable year in which a certificate of lead-free status or proof of 13
successful abatement described under par. (c) 2. is first effective, a claimant may 14
claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02, up to the amount of those 15
taxes, an amount equal to the amount the claimant paid for lead hazard abatement 16
in or on a dwelling, extended dwelling, or condominium unit in this state owned by 17
the claimant to which the certificate of lead-free status or proof of successful 18
(c) Limitations and conditions
. 1. Before commencing lead hazard abatement 20
for which a credit may be claimed under this subsection, a claimant shall have a 21
certified lead risk assessor or other person certified by the department of health 22
services under s. 254.176 conduct a lead investigation of the dwelling, extended 23
dwelling, or condominium unit to which the credit relates and determine that a 24
lead-bearing paint hazard or lead hazard exists in or on the dwelling, extended 25
dwelling, or condominium unit. In calculating the amount of the credit under this
subsection, a claimant may not use any amounts paid for lead hazard abatement 2
before the lead investigation and determination is completed.
2. A claimant shall submit with the claimant's tax return all of the following 4
that are applicable to the claimant's claim:
a. If the lead investigation described under subd. 1. identified the presence of 6
a lead-bearing paint hazard in or on the dwelling or condominium unit, a copy of a 7
certificate of lead-free status issued with respect to the dwelling or condominium 8
unit that is first effective in the taxable year to which the claim relates.
b. If the lead investigation described under subd. 1. identified the presence of 10
a lead hazard other than a lead-bearing paint hazard in or on the dwelling, extended 11
dwelling, or condominium unit, proof of successful abatement issued with respect to 12
the dwelling, extended dwelling, or condominium unit that is first effective in the 13
taxable year to which the claim relates.
3. A certificate of lead-free status described under subd. 2. a. that is issued with 15
respect to a dwelling shall cover the entire dwelling.
4. Proof of successful abatement described under subd. 2. b. that is issued with 17
respect to a dwelling or extended dwelling shall cover the entire dwelling or extended 18
5. To claim a credit under this subsection with respect to a condominium unit, 20
in addition to a copy of the certificate of lead-free status and the proof of successful 21
abatement described under subd. 2., a claimant shall submit with the claimant's tax 22
return a copy of a certificate of lead-free status issued with respect to the 23
condominium's common elements, as defined in s. 703.02 (2), except that the 24
certificate need not cover any utility service connections that are common elements.
6. Notwithstanding par. (b), if a residential condominium's association, as 2
defined in s. 703.02 (1m), paid for lead hazard abatement in or on the condominium's 3
common elements, as defined in s. 703.02 (2), the association may claim a credit 4
under this subsection even if the association does not own the common elements and 5
even if the common elements do not constitute a dwelling or extended dwelling, or, 6
at the option of the association, the condominium's unit owners, as defined in s. 7
703.02 (17), may claim the credit in proportion to their percentage interests in the 8
common elements, as determined under s. 703.13. If the association elects to allow 9
the unit owners to claim the credit, the association shall compute the amount of the 10
credit that each of the unit owners may claim and shall provide that information to 11
each of them.
7. A claimant may only claim a credit under this subsection within the time 13
period specified under s. 71.75 (2).
8. The maximum aggregate amount that one or more claimants may claim 15
under this subsection and ss. 71.28 (8g) and 71.47 (8g) with respect to a particular 16
dwelling, extended dwelling, or condominium unit is $1,500 per dwelling, extended 17
dwelling, or condominium unit, except that, if the dwelling or extended dwelling 18
contains more than one dwelling unit, the maximum aggregate amount is $1,500 per 19
9. Part-year residents and nonresidents of this state are not eligible for the 21
credit under this subsection.
10. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may 23
not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, 24
the credit are based on their payment of amounts described under par. (b), except 25
that for each dwelling, extended dwelling, or condominium unit owned by the entity
the aggregate amount of credits that the entity may compute may not exceed the 2
limitation under subd. 8. A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option 3
corporation shall compute the amount of the credit that each of its partners, 4
members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of 5
them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of 6
tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership 7