2023 - 2024 LEGISLATURE
August 9, 2023 - Introduced by Senators Cowles and Cabral-Guevara,
cosponsored by Representatives
Steffen, Armstrong, Gundrum, Maxey,
Murphy, Rozar, Schmidt, Stubbs, Tittl, Tusler and Wichgers. Referred to
Committee on Mental Health, Substance Abuse Prevention, Children and
1An Act to create
100.75 of the statutes; relating to: use of social media
2platforms by minors, granting rule-making authority, and providing a penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill creates requirements related to social media companies' and social
media platforms' treatment of account holders on the basis of age.
Under the bill, social media companies must ensure that all accounts created
on or after January 1, 2019, are designated as a youth accounts that comply with the
youth account requirements of the bill. A social media company may remove the
youth account designation from an account if 1) the social media company estimates
that the account holder is not a minor through employment of a process or program
that provides a 95 percent accuracy rate of estimating age within 24 months of actual
age; 2) the social media company verifies that the account holder is not a minor; or
3) a parent or guardian of a minor account holder requests for the youth account
designation to be removed from the minor's account.
Under the bill, a social media company shall do all of the following in regards
to a youth account: 1) prevent direct messaging between the account holder and
other account holders or users with whom the youth account holder is not connected;
2) refrain from showing information about the youth account to any person not
connected to the youth account holder; 3) prevent advertising from being shown to
the youth account holder; 4) refrain from collecting or using personal information
from the youth account; 5) refrain from the use of targeted or suggested groups or
content on the youth account; and 6) ensure that the youth account cannot be used
between the hours of 10 p.m. and 7 a.m.
The bill also provides to parents of minor account holders certain access,
including full access to the account and all its posts and messages, the ability to
change the time limits on the account, and to opt out the minor's account from the
youth account designation.
A violation of the requirements of the bill may result in the social media
platform being required to forfeit $100 per violation per day, an award of damages
to an injured account holder, and an injunction preventing further violations.
For further information see the state fiscal estimate, which will be printed as
an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
100.75 of the statutes is created to read:
2100.75 Social media company requirements. (1) Definitions.
In this 3
(a) “Account” means a social media platform account or profile.
(b) “Account holder” means a person who has, or opens, an account.
(c) “Educational entity” means any of the following:
1. A public school, as defined in s. 115.01 (1).
2. A charter school, as defined in s. 115.001 (1).
3. A tribal school, as defined in s. 115.001 (15m).
4. A private school participating in a program in s. 118.60 or 119.23.
5. The Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired.
6. The Wisconsin Educational Services Program for the Deaf and Hard of 13
7. A school of a parochial or denominational character that offers a course with 15
a sectarian objective.
8. A technical college under the authority of a district board, as defined in s. 17
9. A college campus, as defined in s. 36.05 (6m).
10. An institution, as defined in s. 36.05 (9).
11. A tribally controlled college located in this state.
12. A private, nonprofit postsecondary institution that is a member of the 5
Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.
(d) “Interactive computer service” means an information service, an 7
information system, or information access software that provides access to the 8
Internet or provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer 9
server. “Interactive computer service” includes a web service, a web system, a 10
website, a web application, and a web portal. “Interactive computer service” does not 11
include an Internet service provider.
(e) “Minor” means a resident under the age of 18. “Minor” does not include an 13
emancipated minor, as defined in s. 48.375 (2) (e).
(f) “Post” means content that an account holder or user makes available on a 15
social media platform for other account holders or users to view.
(g) “Resident” means an individual who resides in this state.
(h) “Social media company” means an interactive computer service that makes 18
available a social media platform that has 5,000,000 or more account holders.
(i) 1. “Social media platform” means an online forum that a social media 20
company makes publicly available and for which the primary purpose of is enabling 21
an account holder to open a profile, upload a post, view a post of another account 22
holder, or interact with other account holders or users.
2. Notwithstanding subd. 1., “social media platform” does not include an online 24
service, website, or application for which the predominant or exclusive function is 25
any of the following:
a. Electronic mail.
b. The direct messaging of text, photo, or video messages that are sent between 3
devices by electronic means, in which the messages shared between the sender and 4
the recipient are visible only to the sender and the recipient and are not posted 5
c. A streaming service that provides only licensed media in a continuous flow 7
from itself to the end user and that does not obtain a license to the media from an 8
account holder or user by agreement to its terms of service.
d. News, sports, entertainment, or other content that is preselected by a social 10
media platform that is not user-generated, on which any provided chat, comment, 11
or other interactive functionality is incidental to, directly related to, or dependent 12
upon the provision of the content.
e. A community forum, the primary purpose of which is for customer 14
self-service support related to products, sellers, services, events, or places, or any 15
f. Online shopping or e-commerce if an account holder's or user's interaction 17
with other account holders or users is generally limited to the ability to upload a post 18
or comment on reviews, the ability to display lists or collections of goods for sale, and 19
other functions that are focused on online shopping or e-commerce rather than on 20
interaction between account holders or users.
g. Interactive gaming, virtual gaming, or an online service that allows the 22
creating and uploading of content for the purpose of interactive gaming, educational 23
entertainment, or entertainment associated with interactive gaming or educational 24
entertainment, and the communication related to that content.
h. A professional creative network for showcasing and discovering artistic 2
content if the content is required to be non-pornographic.
i. Single-purpose community groups for public safety if interaction between 4
account holders or users is generally limited to the single purpose and the 5
community has guidelines or policies against illegal content.
j. Providing career development opportunities, including professional 7
networking, job skills, learning certificates, and job posting and application services.
k. Business-to-business software.