Food packaging and labeling.
Sanitizers and sanitizing methods.
Ready-to-eat foods; reporting pathogens and toxins.
Subchapter III — Canning Operations; Supplementary Requirements
Low-acid foods packaged in hermetically sealed containers.
Facilities and equipment; cleaning.
Handling raw agricultural commodities and by-products.
Subchapter IV — Fish Processing Plants; Marine Shellfish Plants; Supplementary Requirements
Labeling and sale of smoked fish.
Marine molluscan shellfish processing.
Subchapter V — Bottling Establishments; Supplementary Requirements
Bottling establishments; general.
Returnable and single-service bottles.
Bottled water product sampling; record keeping; reports.
Labeling bottled products.
Subchapter VI — Juice and Juice HACCP
Juice and Juice HACCP.
Subchapter VII — Effect of Rules on Local Ordinances
Effect of rules on local ordinances.
Subchapter VIII — Variances
Ch. ATCP 70 Note
Chapter Ag 40 as it existed on October 31, 1989, was repealed and a new chapter Ag 40 was created effective November 1, 1989; Chapter Ag 40 was renumbered ch. ATCP 70 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., Register, April, 1993, No. 448
; Chapter ATCP 70 as it existed on January 31, 2020, was repealed and a new chapter ATCP 70 was created effective February 1, 2020
ATCP 70.01 History
History: CR 17-073: cr. Register January 2020 No. 769, eff. 2-1-20. ATCP 70.02
As used in this chapter:
Approved sanitizing solution" means a substance or compound approved by the department for the sanitizing of equipment or utensils under s. ATCP 70.28 (5)
Bakery" means any place where bread, cookies, crackers, pasta, or pies, or any other food product for which flour or ground meal is the principal ingredient, are baked, cooked, or dried, or prepared or mixed for baking, cooking, or drying, for sale as food.
Bottle" means the immediate package or container in which bottled drinking water, soda water beverage, or alcohol beverage is sold or distributed for consumption. “Bottle" includes a bottle cap or other seal for a bottle.
Bottled drinking water" means all water packaged in bottles or similar containers and sold or distributed for drinking purposes. “Bottled drinking water" includes distilled water, artesian water, spring water, and mineral water, whether carbonated or uncarbonated.
Bottling establishment" means any place where drinking water, soda water beverage, or alcohol beverage is manufactured or bottled for sale. “Bottling establishment" does not include a retail establishment either engaged in the preparation and sale of beverages, under a license issued under s. 125.26
, Stats., or licensed under s. 97.30
or s. 97.605
C-I-P system" means equipment which is designed, constructed, and installed to be cleaned in place by the internal circulation of cleaning and sanitizing solutions onto product contact surfaces. “C-I-P System” includes separate equipment used to store or deliver cleaning and sanitizing solutions to the food contact surfaces.
Canning" means the preservation and packaging in hermetically sealed containers of low-acid or acidified foods.
Cold-process smoked fish" or “cold-process smoke flavored fish" means fish which is treated with smoke or smoke flavoring to give it a smoked flavor, but which is not fully cooked or heat treated to coagulate protein in fish loin muscle. “Cold-process smoked fish” or “cold-process smoke flavored fish” may not be heated above 90°
F during processing because the safety of the treatment is partially dependent on the survival of harmless microorganisms indigenous to the fish.
Confectionary" means any place where candy, fruit, nut meats, or any other food product is manufactured, coated, or filled with saccharine substances for sale as food.
Continuous operation” means operating without interruption beyond 24 hours, with no interruptions after 24 hours longer than a period approved by the department.
Critical control point" means a step in food processing at which a failure to monitor a food safety parameter such as pH, temperature, time, or water activity (aw
), or a failure to control any food safety parameter within critical limits or according to specific criteria, may result in the unacceptable risk of a potentially adverse impact on human health.
Department" means the state of Wisconsin department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
Equipment" means an implement, vessel, machine, or apparatus, other than a utensil, which has one or more food contact surfaces and is used in the handling or processing of food at a food processing plant. “Equipment" includes C-I-P systems.
Fish" means fresh or saltwater finfish; crustaceans; forms of aquatic life other than birds or mammals including, but not limited to, alligators, frogs, aquatic turtles, jellyfish, sea cucumber, sea urchin, and their roe; and all mollusks, if intended for human consumption.
Fish processing plant" means a food processing plant which produces processed fish or fishery products.
“Fishery product” means any human food product in which fish is a characterizing ingredient.
Food contact surface" means any surface of equipment, utensils, or food packages with which food normally comes in direct contact, or from which materials may drain, drip, or otherwise be drawn into or onto food.
Food package" means the immediate container in which food is sold or shipped from a food processing plant. “Food package" includes a bulk container or shipping container which has one or more food contact surfaces.
Food processing" means the manufacture or preparation of food for sale through the process of canning, extracting, fermenting, distilling, pickling, freezing, baking, drying, smoking, grinding, cutting, mixing, coating, stuffing, packing, bottling or packaging, or through any other treatment or preservation process. “Food processing" includes the activities of a bakery, confectionary, vending machine commissary licensed under s. 97.605
, Stats., or bottling establishment, and also includes the receipt and salvaging of distressed food for sale or use as food. It also includes the packaging of seeds that have been harvested, and dried after the harvest for sale as food. These seeds include unpopped popcorn whether shelled or on the cob, black beans, wild rice, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, and soybeans. “Food processing" does not include any of the following:
The retail preparation and processing of meals for sale directly to consumers or through vending machines if the preparation and processing is covered under a retail food establishment license issued under s. 97.30
, Stats., or other license issued under s. 97.605
The extraction of honey from the comb, or the production and sale of raw honey or raw bee products by a beekeeper from their own apiaries.
The washing and packaging of fresh fruits and vegetables if the fruits and vegetables are not otherwise processed at the packaging establishment.
The receipt and salvaging of distressed food for sale or use as food if the food is received, salvaged, and used solely by a charitable organization, and if contributions to the charitable organization are deductible by corporations in computing net income under s. 71.26 (2) (a)
The collection, packing, and storage of eggs from a flock of not more than 150 laying birds by an egg producer who only sells the eggs directly to consumers at the premises where the eggs were laid, at a farmers' market, or on an egg-sales route as defined in s. ATCP 88.01
The collection, packaging, and storage of nest-run eggs, as defined in s. ATCP 88.01
, from a flock of laying birds by an egg producer who is registered with the department in accordance with s. ATCP 88.02
and who sells the nest-run eggs to an egg handler.
The packaging of seeds that have not been harvested until they have dried naturally in the field and are only handled by harvesting, storing, and packaging for sale as food.
Food processing plant" means any place used primarily for food processing, where the processed food is not intended to be sold or distributed directly to a consumer. “Food processing plant" does not include any mobile establishment, retail food establishment subject to the requirements of s. 97.30
, Stats., or any restaurant or other establishment holding a license under s. 97.605
, Stats., to the extent that the activities of that establishment are covered by s. 97.30
, Stats., or the license under s. 97.605
Hazard analysis and critical control point plan" or “HACCP plan" means a food processing plan under which a food processing plant operator effectively identifies, and prevents, controls, or eliminates food safety hazards by monitoring food safety parameters at critical control points, and by controlling those parameters within critical limits.
Hot-process smoked fish" or “hot-process smoke flavored fish" means fish that is either of the following:
Fully cooked or heat treated, or sold or represented as being fully cooked or heat treated, so that the internal temperature of the fish has been maintained for at least 30 minutes at not less than 145°
C) or an equivalent process validated for lethality against pathogenic organisms.
Fully cooked or heated in accordance with par. (a)
and treated with smoke or smoke flavoring to give it a smoked flavor.
Ingredient water" means water used by a food processing plant as an ingredient for food.
Juice" means aqueous liquids expressed or extracted from fruits or vegetables, purées of the edible portions of fruits or vegetables, or combinations or concentrates of those liquids or purées, which are used as whole beverages or beverage ingredients.
Loin muscle" means the longitudinal quarter of the great lateral muscle of a fish, freed from skin, scales, visible blood clots, bones, gills, and viscera, and from the non-striated part of such muscle, which part is known anatomically as the median superficial muscle.
Major food allergen" includes any food or food ingredient, other than highly refined oil or an ingredient derived from highly refined oil, which contains protein derived from milk, eggs, finfish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, wheat, peanuts, or soybeans. “Major food allergen" does not include a food that is exempted by the secretary of the United States department of health and human services pursuant to 21 USC 321
Official Methods of Analysis" means the Official Methods of AOAC International
, eighteenth edition revision 2 (2007).
ATCP 70.02 Note
Note: Those portions of the “Official Methods of Analysis" cited in this chapter are on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. The Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International may be obtained from the AOAC International, 2275 Research Blvd., Rockville, MD 20850.
Operations water" means water used by a food processing plant for cleaning equipment and utensils, transporting food, handwashing, or other cleaning or sanitizing purposes.
Organoleptic quality" means quality as assessed by means of sight, smell, touch, or taste.
Potentially hazardous food" also means “TCS (time/temperature controlled for safety) Food”, and has the meaning given in ch. ATCP 75 Appendix
(Wisconsin Food Code), part 1-201.10 (B).
Processed fish" means fish that is preserved for human consumption by means of hot or cold smoking, curing, salting, drying, marinating, pickling, fermenting, or related processes. “Processed fish" does not include fish processed in accordance with ss. ATCP 70.36
Retail” means selling food or food products directly to any consumer only for consumption by the consumer or the consumer's immediate family or non-paying guests.
“Roe" as used in s. ATCP 70.48
means fish eggs, including fish eggs that are still enclosed in the ovarian membrane.
Safe temperatures" for the holding or storage of potentially hazardous foods means one of the following as appropriate: