Register August 2016 No. 728
Chapter ATCP 105
SALES BELOW COST
Subchapter I — General Provisions
ATCP 105.001   Definitions.
ATCP 105.003   Retailers purchasing directly from manufacturers or producers.
ATCP 105.004   Cigarette multiple retailers.
ATCP 105.005   Retailers selling to other retailers.
ATCP 105.007   Calculating the cost of merchandise.
ATCP 105.009   Meeting competition.
Subchapter II — Cigarette Pricing
ATCP 105.01   Purpose.
ATCP 105.02   Definitions.
ATCP 105.03   Determining the cost of doing business.
ATCP 105.04   Period of time to compute expenses.
ATCP 105.05   Allocation methods.
ATCP 105.06   Average expense allocation.
ATCP 105.07   Factors for allocating expenses.
ATCP 105.08   Application of discounts and allowances.
ATCP 105.09   Specific expense allocation.
ATCP 105.10   Applicability.
Subchapter III — Motor Fuel Pricing
ATCP 105.21   Calculating cost of motor fuel.
ATCP 105.22   Unavailability of average posted terminal price for fuel sold.
ATCP 105.23   Notice of price offered to meet competition.
Ch. ATCP 105 Note Note: Chapter Ag 119 was created on an emergency rule effective June 23, 1987; Chapter Ag 119 was renumbered chapter ATCP 105 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., Register, April, 1993, No. 448.
subch. I of ch. ATCP 105 Subchapter I — General Provisions
ATCP 105.001 ATCP 105.001Definitions. Except as otherwise provided, the definitions specified in s. 100.30 (2), Stats., apply to this chapter. In this chapter and in s. 100.30, Stats.:
ATCP 105.001(1) (1) “Customary discounts for cash" includes all discounts offered to a wholesaler or retailer that are conditioned on payment within a certain time.
ATCP 105.001(2) (2) “Department" means the Wisconsin department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
ATCP 105.001(3) (3) “Excise taxes" includes state and federal excise taxes, petroleum inspection fees, and state and federal assessments on petroleum products to fund leaking underground storage tank programs.
ATCP 105.001(4) (4) “Motor vehicle fuel" means any liquid prepared, advertised, or sold for use as, or commonly and commercially used as, a fuel in internal combustion engines.
ATCP 105.001(4m) (4m) “Petroleum price reporting service" has the meaning given in s. 100.30 (2) (cL), Stats.
ATCP 105.001(5) (5) “Replacement cost of the merchandise" means the price to the wholesaler or retailer meeting all of the following requirements:
ATCP 105.001(5)(a) (a) The price is for the same merchandise as the merchandise whose cost is in question.
ATCP 105.001(5)(b) (b) The price is available for merchandise if bought in the same quantity as the quantity purchased on the most recent date before the date of the sale in question.
ATCP 105.001(5)(c) (c) The price was available between 2 dates: the date of the sale in question and the date, before this sale, when the wholesaler or retailer last purchased the same merchandise.
ATCP 105.001(6) (6) “Terminal" means, for purposes of subch. III of ch. ATCP 105, a terminal under s. 100.30 (2) (j), Stats., or group of terminals, under s. 100.30 (2m) (c), Stats., for which a petroleum price reporting service routinely lists, on most days, prices offered by at least 3 refiners or wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel.
ATCP 105.001 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1990, No. 416, eff. 9-1-90; cr. (4m) and (6), Register, May, 1999, No. 521, eff. 6-1-99.
ATCP 105.003 ATCP 105.003Retailers purchasing directly from manufacturers or producers. A retailer who purchases cigarettes and other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor, or wine directly from a manufacturer or producer shall compound the wholesaler markup with the retailer markup to determine the total markup on the merchandise.
ATCP 105.003 Note Note: Section 100.30 (2) (f), Stats., requires that markups be compounded when a retailer buys directly from the manufacturer or producer, thus acting both as a wholesaler and a retailer. In the absence of proof of a lesser cost of doing business, a wholesaler's markup is at least 3% and a retailer's markup is at least 6%, making the product's total compounded markup at least 9.18%.
ATCP 105.003 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1990, No. 416, eff. 9-1-90; am., Register, May, 1999, No. 521, eff. 6-1-99.
ATCP 105.004 ATCP 105.004Cigarette multiple retailers. A cigarette multiple retailer, as defined in s. 139.30 (8), Stats., who purchases cigarettes from a wholesaler shall compute the minimum selling price by adding the wholesaler markup, compounded with the retailer markup, to the price of the cigarettes the manufacturer charged the wholesaler.
ATCP 105.004 Note Note: Section 100.30 (2) (L) 2, Stats., defines cigarette multiple retailers as wholesalers. This permits other cigarette wholesalers (jobbers and distributors) to sell to multiple retailers with no markup, because ss. 100.30 (2) (c) 1. a and b., Stats., which specify when jobbers and distributors must add a wholesale markup, do not cover sales between wholesalers. Under s. 100.30 (2) (f), Stats., cigarette multiple retailers who have purchased from jobbers or distributors must apply both the wholesale and the retail markups. This rule consolidates the provisions of these statutes by requiring the use of a compounded markup. This rule also directs cigarette multiple retailers to use the manufacturer's price as the basis of their cost calculations, which is required by s. 100.30 (2) (c) 1. b., Stats.
ATCP 105.004 Note In the absence of proof of a lesser cost of doing business, a wholesaler's markup is at least 3% and a retailer's markup is at least 6%, making the total compounded markup for cigarettes sold under this rule at least 9.18%.
ATCP 105.004 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1990, No. 416, eff. 9-1-90.
ATCP 105.005 ATCP 105.005Retailers selling to other retailers.
ATCP 105.005(1)(1)Non-manufacturers and non-producers. In order to determine the selling price to its own retail customers, a non-manufacturing or non-producing retailer of cigarettes and other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor, or wine who sells to other retailers shall use the selling price for the sales to other retailers plus at least the minimum retailer markup.
ATCP 105.005 Note Note: Under s. ATCP 105.005 (1) and s. 100.30 (2m) (b), Stats., if retailer A sells cigarettes or other named merchandise to retailer B at a 10% markup, when retailer A sells at retail to A's own customers the minimum retail markup must be 10% compounded with 6% (absent proof of a lesser cost of doing business), or 16.6%.
ATCP 105.005(2) (2)Manufacturers and producers. In order to determine the selling price to its own retail customers, a manufacturer or producer of cigarettes and other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor, or wine who acts as both a wholesaler and a retailer shall use its selling price to other retailers plus the wholesaler markup compounded with the retailer markup.
ATCP 105.005 Note Note: Under s. ATCP 105.005 (2) and s. 100.30 (2m) (b), Stats., an integrated manufacturer-wholesaler-retailer who sells to an independent retailer must compound the wholesale and retail markups over its selling price to independent retailers, in order to determine its selling price to its own retail customers. In the absence of proof of a lesser cost of doing business, the wholesale markup is at least 3% and the retail markup is at least 6%, making the product's total compounded markup at least 9.18%.
ATCP 105.005 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1990, No. 416, eff. 9-1-90; am., Register, May, 1999, No. 521, eff. 6-1-99; CR 14-047: am. (2) Register May 2015 No. 713, eff. 6-1-15.
ATCP 105.007 ATCP 105.007Calculating the cost of merchandise.
ATCP 105.007(1)(1)Invoice cost calculations.
ATCP 105.007(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the invoice cost of merchandise sold at wholesale or retail shall be calculated by examining the cost shown on the most recent invoices of the merchandise.
ATCP 105.007(1)(b) (b) The invoice cost of cigarettes and other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor, wine, or motor vehicle fuel, whether sold at wholesale or retail, shall be calculated by examining the cost shown on the invoices of the product actually being sold. Invoices of product purchased more than 30 days before the date of sale may not be used. For the purposes of this paragraph, wholesalers and retailers of these products shall use the first-in first-out accounting method when determining what product is actually being sold.
ATCP 105.007 Note Note: Section 100.30 (2) (am) 1. and (c) 1. a, Stats., calculate the retail and wholesale cost of cigarettes and other named products according to the “invoice cost of the merchandise... within 30 days prior to the date of sale." Some of these products, however, turn over and change prices so rapidly that a 30-day old invoice may not reasonably compare to the cost of product actually being sold. For example, a tanker load of motor vehicle fuel may sell within three to four days. In periods of rising prices, using a 30-day old invoice would create an artificially low price for motor vehicle fuel and would not be a “bona fide cost", as required by s. 100.30 (2) (b), Stats.
ATCP 105.007 Note If a retailer of cigarettes or other named products has not purchased merchandise within 30 days before the date of sale, the retailer must use “replacement cost" as the basis for determining prices.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.