A center shall provide each resident with a single bed appropriate to the resident's needs. The bed may not be less than 36 inches wide or shorter than the height of the resident. A bed shall have all of the following:
A mattress that is firm, clean, comfortable and in good condition.
A mattress pad, 2 sheets, 2 blankets, a pillow case, a clean, comfortable pillow and a bedspread.
A mattress cover that is waterproof if the resident is incontinent.
A center shall provide a change of sheets and pillow case at least once a week for each resident.
A center shall provide a change in bedding immediately when a resident wets or soils the bed.
A center shall provide a complete change of bedding upon a change in bed occupancy.
A bed may not be located closer than 18 inches to a hot contact type of heat source such as a hot water radiator.
Beds shall be at least 3 feet apart at the head, foot and sides, except that a bunkbed shall be at least 5 feet apart at the sides from another bed. Bunk beds shall provide at least 36 inches of headroom between the bedroom ceiling and the top mattress. A triple decker bed may not be used.
A center shall provide each resident with sufficient private space in or near the resident's bedroom for personal clothing and possessions. Each resident shall have a closet or wardrobe located in or next to the bedroom.
In assigning a resident to a bedroom, a center shall consider the resident's age and developmental needs and be guided by any clinical recommendations.
Male and female residents may not share the same bedroom.
Residents shall have set routines for waking and sleeping. Each resident in the daily routine shall have available at least 8 hours of sleep.
Bedrooms for residents who are not able to walk or who can walk only with a means of support such as crutches shall be located on a floor level that has an exit discharging at grade level.
A center shall permit a resident to have personal furnishings and possessions in the resident's bedroom, unless contraindicated by the resident's treatment plan.
DCF 52.54 History
Cr. Register, February, 2000, No. 530
, eff. 9-1-00.
A center in consultation with the local fire department shall develop a detailed flow chart type evacuation plan for each building with arrows pointing to exits. The center shall do all of the following:
Post the evacuation plan for a building in a conspicuous place in the building.
Be able to provide through plan procedures for both of the following:
Safe conveyance of all residents promptly from the center by staff in one trip.
Designated places away from the center to which all residents are evacuated or at which all are to meet so that it can be determined if all residents are out of danger.
Make the evacuation plan familiar to all staff and residents upon their initial arrival at the center.
A center shall maintain a log of all evacuation drills that records the date and time of each drill, the time required to evacuate the building and any problems associated with the evacuation.
Fire department inspection.
A center shall arrange for the local fire department to conduct a fire inspection of the center each year. The center shall maintain on file a copy of inspection report.
Smoke detectors shall be installed and in accordance with ch. SPS 316
and chs. SPS 361
, the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code, applicable local ordinances, and this section. Individual smoke detectors shall be tested according to the manufacturer's instructions but not less than once a month. Interconnected smoke detectors shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's or installer's instructions and shall be tested not less than every 3 months. The center shall keep a log of the tests with dates and times.
A center built or initially licensed before 1982 shall have, at minimum, a battery operated smoke detection system meeting the requirements under pars. (a)
and (c) 3.
A center built in 1982 or later or a licensee moving a center to a different building after September 1, 2000 shall have an interconnected smoke detection system meeting all of the following requirements:
Except as provided under subd. 2.
, a building housing residents shall have, at a minimum, a smoke detection system to protect the entire building. That system shall either trigger alarms throughout the building or trigger an alarm located centrally. The alarm shall be audible throughout the building when the detector activates.
A building that has no more than 8 beds may have a radio-transmitting smoke detection system located in a central area of the building. That system shall trigger an audible alarm heard throughout the building.
A smoke detection system shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
An interconnected smoke detection system installed on or after September 1, 2000 shall have a secondary power source.
A center shall have a smoke detector located in at least the following locations in each building housing residents:
In every corridor, spaced in accordance with the manufacturer's separation specifications.
In each common use room, including every living room, dining room, family room, lounge and recreation area.
In each sleeping area of each living unit or within 6 feet from the doorway of each sleeping area.
Stairway smoke containment.
A center shall provide floor-to-floor smoke cut-off through a one hour labeled fire-resistant self-closing door for open interior stairways and for all enclosed interior stairways at each floor level to provide floor to floor smoke separation.
Heat sensing devices.
A center shall have heat-sensing devices in the kitchen and attic.
DCF 52.55 Note
Note: It is recommended that a rate-of-rise heat detector be used in an attic rather than a fixed temperature heat detector. Rate-of-rise heat detectors respond to a fire sooner, particularly when it is cold outside. It is recommended that a fixed temperature heat detector be used in the kitchen.
Sprinkler system inspection.
Where a sprinkler system has been installed under s. DCF 52.51 (2)
, the system shall be inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA Code 25. The center shall keep a copy of the certification of inspection on file.
Fire safety training.
All center staff shall take a technical college course or receive training from someone who has taken a technical college “train the trainer" course on fire safety and evacuation developed for community-based residential facilities regulated under ch. DHS 83
. New center staff shall take the training within 6 months after beginning work at the center. All center staff shall be familiar with all of the following:
Facility fire emergency plans and evacuation procedures.
A center shall keep all flammable liquid fuels in separate buildings not attached to buildings housing residents. Flammable liquid fuels shall be inaccessible to residents. Storage and labeling of flammable liquid fuel containers shall meet requirements for portable tank storage in ch. SPS 314
. A center shall limit total storage to 10 gallons in each of the separate buildings, except for the contents of the gasoline tanks of motor vehicles.
Other flammables such as paints, varnishes and turpentine shall be stored in fire-proof cabinets meeting the requirements of chs. SPS 361
. The center shall keep these flammables locked and inaccessible to residents, unless a flammable is used in an activity supervised by staff with experience in using these kinds of flammable liquids.
A center shall meet all of the following requirements for fire extinguishers:
Buildings or areas in which flammable liquids are stored, and kitchen areas, shall have a fire extinguisher with a 2A, 40 BC rating.
Other buildings shall have fire extinguishers with a minimum 2A, 10 BC, rating.
The number, location, mounting, placement and maintenance of fire extinguishers shall comply with chs. SPS 314
Each floor used for resident activities shall have at least one fire extinguisher.
Center buildings housing residents may not use portable space heaters or any device which has an open flame.
Isolation of hazards.
Centers shall comply with chs. SPS 361
, the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code and applicable local ordinances on isolation of hazards within buildings.
Use of listed equipment.
Smoke and heat detectors and sprinkler equipment installed under this section shall be listed by a nationally recognized laboratory that maintains periodic inspection of production of tested equipment. The list shall state that the equipment meets nationally recognized standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.
DCF 52.55 History
Cr. Register, February, 2000, No. 530
, eff. 9-1-00; correction in (12) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 2001, No. 546
; CR 04-040
: am. (4) (a) and (12) Register December 2004 No. 588
, eff. 1-1-05; correction in (10) (c) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2004 No. 588
; corrections in (7), (8) (intro.) and (9) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2008 No. 635
; correction in (4) (a), (9) (a), (b), (10) (c), (12) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672
, eff. 1-1-12.
A residential care center in a one-unit or two-unit building shall have a functional carbon monoxide detector installed in the basement and on each floor level, except the attic, garage, or storage area of each unit, in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.647
DCF 52.555 Note
Note: A one-unit building is a single family residence. A two-unit building is a duplex or two-flat.
A residential care center in a building with at least 3 units shall have one or more functional carbon monoxide detectors installed in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.149
DCF 52.555 History
: emerg. cr., eff. 9-16-11; CR 11-026
: cr. Register December 2011 No. 672
, eff. 1-1-12.
General safety and sanitation. DCF 52.56(1)(1)
Private well water supply.
Use of a private well for the center's water supply is subject to approval by the Wisconsin department of natural resources as required by s. DHS 190.05 (2)
. Testing of water samples shall be done annually by the state laboratory of hygiene or a laboratory approved under ch. ATCP 77
. Water samples from an approved well shall be taken between April and October. Water sample tests shall show that the water is safe to drink and does not present a hazard to health. Water sample test results shall be on file and available for review by the department.
A center shall maintain all of its buildings, grounds, equipment and furnishings in a safe, orderly and proper state of repair and operation. Broken, run down, defective or inoperative furnishings and equipment shall be promptly repaired or replaced.
The center's heating system shall be maintained in a safe condition as determined through an annual inspection by a certified heating system specialist, installer or contractor. The center shall keep on file copies of annual heating system inspection and service reports.
Hazardous building materials.
Buildings shall be lead-safe if lead-based paint is present, shall have any friable asbestos maintained in good condition and shall be free of urea formaldehyde insulation and any other harmful material which can pose a hazard.
The surface condition of all floors in a center shall be safe for resident use.
A center shall comply with chs. SPS 361
, the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code and applicable local ordinances for number and location of exits, type of exits, exit passageways, and illumination of exits and exit signs.
Time delayed door locks.
Before a center installs time delayed door locks on exits, the center must first request and obtain department of safety and professional services and department approval. Before a center installs time delayed door locks on any interior doors, the center must also request and obtain department of safety and professional services and department approval.
Walks shall provide convenient all-weather access to buildings and shall be in a safe condition. Porches, elevated walkways and elevated play areas shall have barriers to prevent falls.
Rooms below grade.
Habitable rooms with floors below grade level shall be in compliance with chs. SPS 361
, the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code and applicable local ordinances.
Occupancy and garage separation.
Residential buildings shall be separated from attached garages by a one-hour rated fire wall separation that either abuts a ceiling in the garage that will withstand fire for one hour or extends up to the underside of the garage roof.
Areas of a building where the risk is high for residents either to run into windows or where impact on glass presents a risk or hazard shall have screening or safety glass resistant to shattering. Replacement glass in areas exposed to potential hazardous impact shall meet the standards in chs. SPS 361
, the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code and applicable local ordinances.