No more than 4 children may regularly occupy one bedroom.
A foster home shall have at least one operating telephone accessible to a child at all times when a child is present in the home.
Emergency telephone numbers, including fire department, police, hospital, physician, poison control center and ambulance, shall be posted by each telephone in a foster home.
A licensee shall notify the licensing and supervising agencies no later than the end of the next working day from the date that a foster home telephone number is changed.
A foster home shall have a heating system that is capable of maintaining a comfortable temperature of not less than 68°
F., or 20°
C., in living areas.
No foster home may be maintained at any time at a temperature of less than 68°
F., or 20°
C., during waking hours or 58°
F., or 14°
C., during sleeping hours unless written approval has been obtained from the licensing agency.
Unvented gas, oil or kerosene space heaters may not be used in a foster home.
All wood-burning or other alternative heating source equipment in a foster home, except a fireplace, shall be inspected by a fire safety expert at least biennially and certified as properly installed and maintained as defined by the manufacturer's recommendations or specifications or other standards utilized by the fire safety expert. The licensee shall forward documentation of compliance with this paragraph to the licensing agency. If required by the licensing agency, a fireplace shall also be inspected by a fire safety expert.
In the event that a fire safety expert will not inspect or will not document an inspection of wood-burning equipment, the applicant or licensee shall permit the licensing agency to conduct an inspection of the equipment or shall provide the licensing agency with a statement from the homeowner's or renter's insurance provider confirming the provider's knowledge of the wood-burning equipment in the home.
No heating equipment may be located so that it blocks or hinders an exit from the foster home.
The licensee shall provide enough drawer and closet space to reasonably accommodate each foster child's clothing and other personal belongings.
Each foster home shall have available outdoor recreation and play space either on the premises or nearby.
A licensing agency may require a licensee to erect a fence around an on-premises play area when nearby vehicle traffic, railroad tracks, a swimming pool, a lake, a pond or river or a similar hazard presents a threat to the safety of foster children.
Any outdoor porch on a first floor that is more than 4 feet above grade or on or above the second floor of a foster home shall have a railing suitably designed to safeguard foster children who may be on the porch.
Maintenance and repair.
The foster home, all other buildings and structures on the premises and all equipment and furnishings shall be maintained in a safe and proper state of repair. Broken, rundown, defective, inoperative or unsafe building parts, furnishings and equipment shall be promptly repaired, replaced or discarded.
The outside recreation and play space, furnishings, and equipment for a foster home shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
DCF 56.07 History
History: CR 00-020
: cr. Register February 2002 No. 554
, eff. 3-1-02; correction in (4) (g) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2003 No. 576
: emerg. revisions as in CR 10-021
, eff. 1-1-10; CR 10-021
: am. (4) (a) 1., 2., (5) (a) and (6) (d) 1., cr. (4) (a) 1m. Register September 2010 No. 657
, eff. 10-1-10; EmR1050
: emerg. cr. (1m), (2) (b), (3) (d), renum. (2) to be (2) (a) and am., r. and recr. (4) (g), am. (4) (d), (i), (10) (a), eff. 1-1-11; CR 10-148
: cr. (1m), (2) (b), (3) (d), renum. (2) to be (2) (a) and am., r. and recr. (4) (g), am. (4) (d), (i), (10) (a) Register August 2011 No. 668
, eff. 9-1-11; corrections in (1m), (2) (b) intro.), (3) (d), (4) (g) 1. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2012 No. 674
Materials and equipment that may be hazardous to children, such as power tools, flammable or combustible materials, insecticides, poisons, plastic bags, detergents, alcohol, tobacco products and medications, shall be stored in areas not readily accessible to foster children.
The licensee shall make every reasonable effort to identify and immediately correct any hazard to the safety of foster children while the children are in the foster home, on the premises or being transported.
Electrical systems and appliances shall be in good repair and maintained in a manner designed to protect the safety of foster children.
A licensee caring for a foster child who is under 7 years of age shall maintain protective covers on all electrical outlets not in use.
Cats, dogs and other pets vulnerable to rabies which are owned by any member of the household shall be vaccinated as required under local ordinance and documentation of the vaccinations shall be provided to the licensing agency.
Household pets known to be vicious or infected with any disease transmittable to humans may not be kept in the foster home or elsewhere on the premises.
Any licensee or other person acting on behalf of the licensee who transports foster children for any purpose shall possess a valid driver's license. The licensing agency may establish additional requirements in this area by written policy, provided that the additional requirements do not prevent a foster parent from using the reasonable and prudent parent standard when making decisions concerning a child's participation in age or developmentally appropriate extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, and social activities under s. DCF 56.09 (2m)
DCF 56.08 Note
Note: For example, agencies cannot prohibit all youth from getting rides from peers or require that foster parents obtain prior agency approval for every person transporting the child.
No licensee or person acting on behalf of a licensee may transport any foster child under the age of 8 years or less than 80 pounds in weight in any private motor vehicle unless the following conditions are met, as required in s. 347.48 (4)
Each child who is less than one year old or who weighs less than 20 pounds being transported in a vehicle shall be properly seated and restrained in a rear-facing individual child car safety seat in the back seat of the vehicle.
Each child who is at least one year old but less than 4 years old or who weighs at least 20 pounds but less than 40 pounds shall be properly restrained in a forward-facing individual child car safety seat in the back seat of the vehicle.
Each child who is at least 4 years old but less than 8 years old, who weighs at least 40 pounds but not more than 80 pounds, or who is 4 feet 9 inches tall or less, shall be properly restrained in a shoulder-positioning child booster seat.
Each child who is not required to be in an individual child car safety seat or booster seat when being transported shall be properly restrained by a seat belt, except as provided in s. 347.48 (2m)
, Stats., and ch. Trans 315
Except as allowed under par. (d)
, no loaded firearm may be kept in a foster home.
No unloaded firearm or other dangerous weapon may be kept in a foster home unless stored and locked in an area not readily accessible to foster children. Ammunition materials and firearms shall be stored in separate locked areas that are not readily accessible to foster children.
DCF 56.08 Note
Note: A firearm need not be locked in an area not readily accessible to foster children if the firearm has been disassembled in such a manner that it is not operable. Trigger locks alone do not meet the above requirement but may be a supplemental safety measure in addition to the firearm being stored and locked in an area not readily accessible to foster children. A weapon cabinet with a glass front is not considered secure, even if it can be locked.
A foster child may be permitted to use firearms or bows for hunting or target practice only if all of the following conditions are met:
The foster parent applied the reasonable and prudent parent standard and gave permission for the child to participate in the activity.
The child has successfully completed an approved hunter education and firearm safety program under s. 29.304
The child is under the supervision of a responsible adult at all times.
If the foster parent is a sworn law enforcement officer who is required to maintain a loaded weapon at all times, the loaded weapon shall be stored and locked in an area not readily accessible to foster children.
No foster child under 12 years of age may, unless otherwise permitted by statute, operate any hazardous machinery or equipment.
No foster child may operate any machinery or equipment that is beyond the child's knowledge or mental or physical capability.
All hazardous machinery and equipment to be used by a foster child shall be maintained in safe and proper condition.
The foster child shall be under the general and appropriate supervision of a responsible adult when operating a hazardous machinery or piece of equipment.
The foster child shall be trained by the supervising adult on the safe and proper use and operation of any hazardous machinery or equipment before actually operating the hazardous machinery or equipment.
The agency may require attendance at specific training that is applicable to an applicant's home environment, such as farm safety and logging safety.
The foster child shall wear clothing and safety gear appropriate to the operation of particular hazardous machinery or equipment.
A foster home shall have one or more single-station battery-operated, electrically interconnected or radio signal-emitting smoke detectors at each of the following locations in the home:
DCF 56.08 Note
These smoke detector locations have been determined by a combination of standards found in ch. 2
-22.214.171.124 of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standard 72 and s. SPS 321.09
. The smoke detector at the head of an open stairway may also serve as the smoke detector for that floor of the home.
Smoke detector maintenance.
The licensee shall check the operating condition of each smoke detector at least once a month and shall immediately repair or replace any unit or part of a unit found to be inoperative. For a single-station battery-operated smoke detector, the battery shall be replaced at least once each year.
A fire extinguisher with a UL rating for A, B and C burning materials shall be available in or near the kitchen of a foster home. The foster parent shall know how to operate the fire extinguisher. Licensing agencies may also require a fire extinguisher near the sleeping areas of the home.
The licensee shall develop a written plan for the immediate and safe evacuation of the foster home in the event of a fire. The plan shall include the following:
The means to be used for emergency exiting from all floor levels of the foster home.
The place away from the foster home at which all evacuated members of the household will meet so that it can be determined if all persons are out of danger.
The means by which foster children who are not ambulatory will be assisted in evacuating the home.
The licensee shall review the fire safety evacuation plan with all household members at least once every 3 months and immediately following placement of a new foster child in the licensee's home.
The fire safety evacuation plan shall be posted in the home and its location made known to all household members.
At least once every 2 years the licensing agency shall review the fire safety evacuation plan with the licensee and the licensee shall revise the plan if the licensing agency determines it is necessary.
Fire safety inspection.
If required by the licensing agency, a foster parent shall arrange for a fire safety inspection by fire safety experts at any time there is cause for concern for the safety of household residents because of conditions in the foster home or elsewhere on the premises.
Effective February 1, 2011, a foster home in a one- or two-unit building shall have a functional carbon monoxide detector installed in the basement and on each floor level, except the attic, garage, or storage area of each unit, in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.647
DCF 56.08 Note
Note: A one-unit building is a single family residence. A two-unit building is a duplex or two-flat.
A foster home in a building with at least 3 units shall have one or more functional carbon monoxide detectors installed in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.149
The licensee shall report by no later than the end of the next working day to the licensing agency any fire in the foster home or elsewhere on the premises that requires the assistance of the fire department.
Each licensed foster home shall file a disaster plan with the licensing agency that would allow the licensing agency to identify, locate, and ensure continuity of services to children under the placement and care responsibility or supervision of an agency who are displaced or adversely affected by a disaster. Disaster plans shall include all of the following information:
Where a family, provider, or child would go in an evacuation, including one location in the nearby area and one location out of the area.
Phone numbers, electronic mail addresses, and other contact information for the foster parent.
Contact information for a relative or friend out of the area who will know where the family is located.
A list of items that the licensee will take if evacuated, including any medication and medical equipment for the child.