DCF 56.09(1g) (1g) Physical restraint.
DCF 56.09(1g)(a)(a) A foster parent may not use any type of physical restraint on a foster child unless the foster child's behavior presents an imminent danger of harm to self or others and physical restraint is necessary to contain the risk and keep the foster child and others safe.
DCF 56.09(1g)(b) (b) A foster parent shall attempt other feasible alternatives to de-escalate a child and situation before using physical restraint.
DCF 56.09(1g)(c) (c) A foster parent may not use physical restraint as disciplinary action, for the convenience of the foster parent, or for therapeutic purposes.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d) (d) If physical restraint is necessary under par. (a), a foster parent may only use the physical restraint in the following manner:
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)1. 1. With the least amount of force necessary and in the least restrictive manner to manage the imminent danger of harm to self or others.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)2. 2. That lasts only for the duration of time that there is an imminent danger of harm to self or others.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3. 3. That does not include any of the following:
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.a. a. Any maneuver or technique that does not give adequate attention and care to protection of the child's head.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.b. b. Any maneuver that places pressure or weight on the child's chest, lungs, sternum, diaphragm, back, or abdomen causing chest compression.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.c. c. Any maneuver that places pressure, weight, or leverage on the neck or throat, on any artery, or on the back of the child's head or neck, or that otherwise obstructs or restricts the circulation of blood or obstructs an airway, such as straddling or sitting on the child's torso.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.d. d. Any type of choke hold.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.e. e. Any technique that uses pain inducement to obtain compliance or control, including punching, hitting, hyperextension of joints, or extended use of pressure points for pain compliance.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)3.f. f. Any technique that involves pushing on or into a child's mouth, nose, or eyes, or covering the child's face or body with anything, including soft objects, such as pillows, washcloths, blankets, and bedding.
DCF 56.09(1g)(d)4. 4. Notwithstanding subd. 3. f., if a child is biting himself or herself or other persons, a foster parent may use a finger in a vibrating motion to stimulate the child's upper lip and cause the child's mouth to open and may lean into the bite with the least amount of force necessary to open the child's jaw.
DCF 56.09(1g)(e) (e) A foster parent shall report the use of any physical restraint to the licensing agency as soon as possible after the imminent danger has been resolved but no later than 24 hours after the use of any physical restraint. Information shall include a description of the situation that led to the use of restraint, the nature of the restraint that was used, any follow-up actions that were taken, any injuries that may have resulted from use of the restraint, and any additional information required by the licensing agency.
DCF 56.09(1m) (1m) Number of children for whom care may be provided.
DCF 56.09(1m)(a)(a) In general. Care and maintenance may be provided for no more than 4 children in a foster home.
DCF 56.09(1m)(b) (b) Sibling connections. Notwithstanding par. (a), for the purpose of maintaining sibling connections, a licensing agency may grant an exception to allow 7 or fewer foster children in a foster home. A licensing agency shall apply to the department exceptions panel to place 8 or more children in a foster home if necessary to keep siblings together. The licensing agency shall follow the requirements established under s. DCF 56.02 (2) when granting or requesting an exception under this paragraph and shall modify the license to reflect a reduction in the number of foster children in the home if any of the children leave.
DCF 56.09(1m)(c) (c) Parental connection. Notwithstanding par. (a), for the purpose of maintaining a parental connection for a minor parent and minor child who are placed together, a licensing agency may grant an exception to allow 7 or fewer foster children in a foster home. A licensing agency shall apply to the department exceptions panel to place 8 or more children in a foster home if necessary to keep a minor parent and minor child together. The licensing agency shall follow the requirements established under s. DCF 56.02 (2) when granting or requesting an exception under this paragraph and shall modify the license to reflect a reduction in the number of foster children in the home if any of the children leave.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: In order to exceed the limit of 4 children in a foster home, any additional child must be related to one of the initial 4 children placed in the home.
DCF 56.09(1m)(cm) (cm) Placement continuity exception. Notwithstanding par. (a), for the purpose of maintaining previous existing connections, a licensing agency may grant an exception to allow 7 or fewer foster children in a foster home. A licensing agency shall apply to the department exceptions panel to place 8 or more children in a foster home if necessary to allow a child who was previously placed in the foster home and was on a trial reunification or a child who is under a voluntary transition-to-independent living agreement to return to the foster home. The licensing agency shall follow the requirements established under s. DCF 56.02 (2) when granting or requesting an exception under this paragraph and shall modify the license to reflect a reduction in the number of foster children in the home if any of the children leave.
DCF 56.09(1m)(d) (d) Number of children in a foster home with Level 3 to 5 certification. Notwithstanding par. (a), a licensing agency may limit the number of children for whom a foster home with a Level 3 to 5 certification may provide care and maintenance to fewer than 4.
DCF 56.09(1m)(e) (e) More than 2 children in a foster home with a Level 3 to 5 certification. If a licensing agency plans to place or places more than 2 foster children in a foster home with a Level 3 to 5 certification, the licensing agency shall notify any placing agency or supervising agency with a child already placed in the home. The notice shall be in writing and sent to the placing agency or supervising agency prior to placement of the third or fourth child, if possible. If written notice prior to the additional placement is not possible, the licensing agency shall verbally notify any placing agency or supervising agency prior to the placement and subsequently provide written notice.
DCF 56.09(1m)(f) (f) Total number of individuals receiving care. The number of individuals receiving care in a foster home, including the combined total of foster children, minor children of the foster parent, other children, and adults who need care may not exceed the following:
DCF 56.09(1m)(f)1. 1. In a foster home with a Level 1 to 2 certification, 8 persons.
DCF 56.09(1m)(f)2. 2. In a foster home with a Level 3 to 5 certification, 6 persons.
DCF 56.09(1m)(g) (g) Children under 2 years of age. A foster parent may not regularly provide care for more than 2 children under 2 years of age, including the combined total of foster children, minor children of the foster parent, and any other children.
DCF 56.09(2) (2) Supervision of children.
DCF 56.09(2)(a)(a) The licensee may not combine the care of foster children with regular part-time care of other non-related children or adults or conduct business or provide services in the foster home without the written approval of the licensing agency. The licensing agency shall confer with any other certifying or licensing agencies involved with the additional activities before granting approval and may approve a request only if the foster parent presents satisfactory evidence that the additional activities will not interfere with the quality or manner of care provided to foster children. The licensing agency may not allow a foster parent who operates a foster home with a Level 3 to 5 certification to also operate a licensed family child care center under ch. DCF 250 or a certified child care home under ch. DCF 202 in the foster home.
DCF 56.09(2)(b) (b) Both foster parents may not be employed away from the home on a full-time, part-time or seasonal basis without written approval of the licensing agency. When there is only one foster parent, that person may not be employed away from the home without written approval of the licensing agency. Approval by the licensing agency for this employment shall depend on the foster parent or parents presenting satisfactory evidence that there are suitable plans for the care of the children and for responding in emergency situations during the absence of the foster parent or parents from the home.
DCF 56.09(2)(c) (c) A person who provides child care for a foster child for compensation on a regular basis in a location other than the child's foster home shall be certified under ch. DCF 202 or licensed under ch. DCF 250, 251, or 252.
DCF 56.09(2)(d) (d) A licensee may not leave foster children under 10 years of age without supervision by a responsible care provider.
DCF 56.09(2)(e) (e) A licensee shall ensure that foster children 10 years of age or older receive responsible supervision appropriate to their age, maturity and abilities as might reasonably be provided by a prudent parent to that parent's own children. An agency may not create supervision policies that interfere with a foster parent's ability to make reasonable and prudent parenting decisions concerning the child's participation in age or developmentally appropriate extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, and social activities under s. DCF 56.09 (2m).
DCF 56.09(2)(f) (f) A foster parent shall secure authorization from the supervising agency before taking a foster child out of state for a period longer than 48 hours.
DCF 56.09(2)(g) (g) A foster parent shall secure approval of the supervising agency before making plans for the care of a foster child by any other person in or away from the foster home for any period in excess of 48 hours. Pursuant to specified information in the placement agreement for a foster child, the supervising agency may require a foster parent to secure agency authorization for periods less than 48 hours.
DCF 56.09(2m) (2m) Promoting normalcy.
DCF 56.09(2m)(a)(a) Family-like environment. A foster parent shall promote normalcy and the healthy development of a child placed in his or her home with a family-like environment that supports the child's right to participate in extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, and social activities and have experiences that are similar to those of the child's peers.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b) (b) Reasonable and prudent parent standard. When a foster parent is making a decision concerning participation in an activity by a child placed in his or her home, the foster parent shall use a decision-making standard that is characterized by careful and sensible parental decisions that maintain the health, safety, best interests, and cultural, religious, and tribal values of a child while at the same time encouraging the emotional and developmental growth of the child, if the activity meets the conditions in subd. 1. and 2., as follows:
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)1. 1. `Areas covered by the standard.' The child is participating or wants to participate in extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, or social activities, including all of the following:
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)1.a. a. Activities related to transportation, such as obtaining a driver's license, driving, or carpooling with peers and other adults.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)1.b. b. Formal or informal employment and related activities, such as opening an account in a bank or credit union.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)1.c. c. Activities related to peer relationships, such as visiting with friends, staying overnight at a friend's house, or dating.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)1.d. d. Activities related to personal expression, such as haircuts; hair dying; clothing choices; or sources of entertainment, including games and music.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)2. 2. `Age or developmentally appropriate activities.' The child is participating or wants to participate in activities that are suitable based on any of the following criteria:
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)2.a. a. Activities that are generally accepted as suitable for children of the same chronological age or level of maturity or that are determined to be developmentally appropriate for a child based on the cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities that are typical for children of the same age or age group.
DCF 56.09(2m)(b)2.b. b. Activities that are suitable based on this child's cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: The reasonable and prudent parent standard does not apply to a child receiving respite care services in a foster home.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c) (c) Decision-making factors. When applying the reasonable and prudent parent standard to a decision concerning a child's participation in an extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, or social activity, the foster parent shall consider all of the following:
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1. 1. Child-specific factors, including all of the following:
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.a. a. The child's wishes, as gathered by engaging the child in an age-appropriate discussion about participation in the activity.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.b. b. The age, maturity, and development of the child.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.c. c. Whether participating in the activity is in the best interest of the child.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.d. d. The child's behavioral history.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.e. e. Court orders and other legal considerations affecting the child, including the prohibitions in par. (d).
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)1.f. f. Cultural, religious, and tribal values of the child and the child's family.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: If the child and child's family have different cultural, religious, or tribal values, then the placing agency, or the department if the department is the child's guardian, is ultimately responsible for decisions concerning the child's care.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)2. 2. Activity-specific factors, including all of the following:
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)2.a. a. Potential risk factors of the situation, including whether the child has the necessary training and safety equipment to safely participate in the activity under consideration.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)2.b. b. How the activity will help the child grow.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)2.c. c. Whether participating in the activity will provide an experience that is similar to the experiences of the foster parent's children and other children in the home.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)3. 3. Other information regarding the parent's or guardian's wishes and values, as obtained from the parent at team or treatment team meetings and through discussions with the child's parent or guardian. A foster parent is not required to consult with the parent or guardian about every decision affecting the child.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)4. 4. Any other concerns regarding the safety of the child, household members, or the community.
DCF 56.09(2m)(c)5. 5. Information on the forms required under ch. DCF 37.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: The forms required under ch. DCF 37 are DCF-F-872A-E, Information for Out-of-Home Care Providers, Part A and DCF-F-872B-E, Information for Out-of-Home Care Providers, Part B. Both forms are available in the forms section of the department website at http://dcf.wisconsin.gov or by writing the Division of Safety and Permanence, P.O. Box 8916, Madison, WI 53708-8916.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d) (d) Prohibitions. A foster parent may not do any of the following:
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)1. 1. Permit the child to participate in an activity that would violate a court order or any federal or state statute, rule, or regulation.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)2. 2. Make a decision that conflicts with the child's permanency plan or family interaction plan.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)3. 3. Consent to the child's marriage.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)4. 4. Authorize the child's enlistment in the U.S. armed forces.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)5. 5. Authorize medical, psychiatric, or surgical treatment for the child beyond the terms of the consent for medical services authorized by the child's parent or guardian.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)6. 6. Represent the child in a legal action or make a decision of substantial legal significance.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)7. 7. Determine which school the child attends or make a decision for the child regarding an educational right or requirement that is provided in federal or state law.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: For example, only a parent or guardian can make decisions about a child's individualized educational program under s. 115.787, Stats.
DCF 56.09(2m)(d)8. 8. Require or prohibit a child's participation in an age or developmentally appropriate extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, or social activity solely for the foster parent's own convenience or based solely on the foster parent's own values.
DCF 56.09(2m)(e) (e) Placing agency responsibilities. When preparing the child-specific information to provide to the foster parent on the forms required under ch. DCF 37, the placing agency shall do all the following if reasonable and appropriate:
DCF 56.09(2m)(e)1. 1. Consult with the child's parent or guardian and the child about the child's participation in extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, and social activities and the family's religious, cultural, and tribal beliefs and values.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: If the child is an Indian child, the placing agency should ask the parent and the family's tribe about specific tribal values.
DCF 56.09(2m)(e)2. 2. Explain to the parent or guardian that the parent's values will be considered, but will not necessarily be the determining factor when decisions concerning the child's participation in activities are made.
DCF 56.09(2m)(f) (f) Supervising agency. A foster parent shall contact the supervising agency for assistance with the application of the reasonable and prudent parent standard.
DCF 56.09(3) (3) Household chores.
DCF 56.09(3)(a)(a) A foster parent may require a foster child to share in household chores appropriate to the child's age, degree of maturity, mental capability, health, and physical ability. These duties shall not interfere with a child's school attendance, family visits, sleep, studies, or religious practice and may not violate the humane and nurturing care described in sub. (1).
DCF 56.09(3)(b) (b) Foster children may not be given responsibility for chores that may cause harm to themselves or others.
DCF 56.09(4) (4) Health of foster children.
DCF 56.09(4)(a) (a) Within 30 days after the date that the child is placed in foster care, the foster parent shall arrange for medical and dental examinations of the child in accordance with the schedule of the HealthCheck program. An appropriate reproductive health needs and confidential family planning assessment shall be a part of the medical examination as included in the HealthCheck program.
DCF 56.09 Note Note: If the foster parent does not receive an authorization to provide medical care form signed by a parent or guardian, the foster parent may not be able to obtain the required medical services for the child. Without the consent of the parent or guardian, it becomes the responsibility of the placing agency to ensure that the HealthCheck physical for the child is completed.
DCF 56.09(4)(b) (b) All foster children shall receive medical and dental care under the HealthCheck program unless they have private insurance that covers services required in this chapter. The HealthCheck program shall supplement any required services not covered by private insurance. A foster child's case record shall contain medical records utilizing the HealthCheck program forms.
DCF 56.09(4)(c) (c) The foster parent shall notify the supervising agency as soon as possible if a foster child has any serious illness or any injury that requires medical treatment.
DCF 56.09(4)(d) (d) The foster parent shall ensure that each foster child who needs medical attention receives appropriate and adequate medical services promptly.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.