Be physically, mentally, and emotionally able to provide responsible care to all children, including children with disabilities.
Before receiving a license or beginning to work with children in care, a licensee or provider shall satisfactorily complete one of the following:
Three credits in early childhood education or a department-approved, non-credit course in early childhood education.
DCF 250.05 Note
The non-credit course called Introduction to the Child Care Profession
is the course that has been approved by the department. Information on other acceptable courses and agencies offering department-approved courses is available on the department's website at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing
A non-credit, department-approved course in operating a child care business or a course for credit in business or program administration. A person is exempt from this requirement if the person has been licensed or provided care for children in regulated child care continuously since December 31, 2008, including any combination of licensure under s. 48.65
, Stats., certification under s. 48.651
, Stats., or employment in a licensed child care center or for a certified child care operator.
DCF 250.05 Note
The non-credit course entitled Fundamentals of Family Child Care
is approved by the department to meet this requirement. A credit-based course in a business topic may also be used. Information on agencies offering the department-approved course is available on the department’s website at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing
A child development associate credential in family child care issued by the Council for Professional Recognition.
A substitute or volunteer that is used to meet the required staff-to-child ratio shall meet the training requirements specified in par. (b)
after the substitute or volunteer has worked in the center for 240 hours.
A volunteer that is used to meet the required staff-to-child ratios under s. DCF 250.055
shall be at least 18 years of age.
If more than one provider is needed to meet the required staff-to-child ratio, each additional provider shall meet the training requirements in par. (b)
within 6 months of beginning to work with children in care.
Within 3 months after licensure or date of hire, each licensee and provider shall obtain a certificate of completion for a department-approved course in infant and child cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including training in the use of an automated external defibrillator.
Each licensee and provider shall maintain a current cardiopulmonary resuscitation certification as specified under subd. 1.
The time spent obtaining or renewing cardiopulmonary resuscitation training may be counted towards the required continuing education hours under sub. (4) (c)
Each licensee and provider shall have satisfactorily completed at least 10 hours of department-approved training in the care of infants and toddlers within 6 months after becoming licensed or working with children in care under 2 years of age.
Prior to obtaining a license or working with children in care under 5 years of age, a licensee, provider, substitute, volunteer, emergency back-up, or any other person providing care and supervision shall satisfactorily complete department-approved training in shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma, and appropriate ways to manage crying, fussing, or distraught children.
DCF 250.05 Note
The department-approved training is included in the course called
Health, Safety and Nutrition
offered by a Wisconsin technical college or in the non-credit, department-approved courses called Introduction to the Child Care Profession
and Fundamentals of Infant and Toddler Care
, if the course was taken after July 1, 2005. Information on agencies offering the department-approved courses is available on the department's website at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing
No person or agency may offer non-credit child care training as specified in this subsection unless the person or agency and the course have been approved by the department. The department may at any time withdraw its approval of a non-credit course. Instructors of non-credit department-approved courses shall be approved by the department prior to teaching a course.
Orientation of employees, volunteers, and substitutes.
Each employee, volunteer, or substitute shall receive an orientation before the individual begins to work with children in care. The orientation shall be documented on a form prescribed by the department and kept in the employee file. The orientation shall cover all of the following:
Current arrival and departure information for each child enrolled and the names of people authorized to pick up the child.
A review of children's records, including emergency contact information.
Specific information relating to each child's health care needs, including medications, disabilities, or special health conditions.
If the center is licensed to care for children under one year of age, procedures to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
An overview of the daily schedule, including meals, snacks, nap, and any information related to the eating and sleep schedules of infants and toddlers enrolled in the center.
A review of the center's procedures for dealing with emergencies, including natural disasters, human-caused events, food emergencies, and allergic reactions.
If the center is licensed to care for children between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m., the plan for evacuating sleeping children.
The prevention and control of infectious diseases, including immunizations.
The handling and storage of hazardous materials and disposal of biocontaminants. In this subdivision, “biocontaminants” includes blood, body fluids, or excretions that may spread infectious disease.
DCF 250.05 Note
Form DCF-F-CFS2255, Staff Orientation Checklist - Family Child Care Centers,
is used to document completion of employee orientation. The form is available at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing/ccformspubs
or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
Orientation of emergency back-up providers.
Each time an emergency back-up provider cares for the children, the emergency back-up provider shall receive an orientation immediately before being left alone with the children. The orientation shall cover all of the following:
Arrival and departure information for each child in care, including the names of people authorized to pick up the child.
The location of children's files, including emergency contact information and consent for emergency medical treatment.
Procedures to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, if the center is licensed to care for children under one year of age.
Each licensee and provider shall satisfactorily complete at least 15 hours of qualifying continuing education annually. Continuing education qualifies under this paragraph if it covers any of the following:
Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions.
Any other topic that promotes child development or protects children's health or safety.
Continuing education under subd. 1.
may be obtained through attendance at training events, workshops, conferences, consultation with community resource people, web-based training that results in a certificate of completion, or observation of child care programs.
Up to 5 hours of independent reading, viewing educational materials, internet searches, or completion of a web-based course that does not result in a certificate of completion may be used to meet the continuing education requirements under subd. 1.
A provider shall have documentation of the 12-month period included in the provider's training year for meeting continuing education requirements and begin a new training year in the same month each year.
DCF 250.05 Note
The licensee may use either the department's form, Staff Continuing Education Record-Child Care Centers
, a copy of the individual's learning record from The Registry, or the licensee's own form to document the completion of continuing education. The department's form is available at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing/ccformspubs
DCF 250.05 History
History: CR 03-052
: cr. Register December 2004 No. 588
, eff. 3-1-05; corrections in (1) (b) 2., (c), (3) (j) and (4) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register November 2008 No. 635
; CR 07-102
: am. (1) (a), (1) (b) 3., 4., 5., (2) (a) 3., (b) 3. and Table, renum. (1) (b) 1. to be (1) (b) 1. a. and am., cr. (1) (b) 1. b., 6., 7., (2) (a) 10., 11., 12., 13., (3) (L), (m) and (4) (d), r. and recr. (1) (b) 2., (c) and (3) (e) Register December 2008 No. 636
, eff. 1-1-09; corrections in (2) (a) 11., 13., (3) (e), (m) and Table made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register December 2008 No. 636
: emerg. r. and recr., eff. 1-30-19; CR 19-089
: r. and recr. Register March 2020 No. 771
, eff. 4-1-20; CR 20-003
: am. (2) (d) 1. Register July 2020 No. 775
, eff. 8-1-20.
Supervision and grouping of children. DCF 250.055(1)(a)(a)
Each child shall be supervised by a provider to guide the child's behavior and activities, prevent harm, and ensure safety.
A provider shall be awake at all times when children are in care.
No individual provider may care for children for more than 16 hours in any 24-hour period.
No child may be in care for more than 14 hours in any 24-hour period.
No person under 18 years of age may be left in sole charge of the children.
The center shall have a written plan reviewed by the department for ensuring supervision of the children in an emergency or during a provider's absence.
A provider may not be engaged in any other activity or occupation during the hours of operation of the center when children are in care, except for daily maintenance of the home.
The licensee may not combine the care of children enrolled in the child care center with foster care of other non-related children or adults without the prior written approval of both licensing agencies.
During the hours of the center's operation, no provider or any other person in contact with children in care may consume or be under the influence of beverages containing alcohol or any non-prescribed controlled substance specified in ch. 961
A child may not be released to any person who has not been previously authorized by the parent to receive the child.
The licensee shall implement and adhere to a procedure to ensure that the number, names, and whereabouts of children in care are known to the provider at all times.
A provider shall be outside with children and provide sight and sound supervision of the children, unless the children are playing inside the enclosed outdoor area on the premises specified under s. DCF 250.06 (11) (b)