Each licensee and provider shall satisfactorily complete at least 15 hours of qualifying continuing education annually. Continuing education qualifies under this paragraph if it covers any of the following:
Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions.
Any other topic that promotes child development or protects children's health or safety.
Continuing education under subd. 1.
may be obtained through attendance at training events, workshops, conferences, consultation with community resource people, web-based training that results in a certificate of completion, or observation of child care programs.
Up to 5 hours of independent reading, viewing educational materials, internet searches, or completion of a web-based course that does not result in a certificate of completion may be used to meet the continuing education requirements under subd. 1.
A provider shall have documentation of the 12-month period included in the provider's training year for meeting continuing education requirements and begin a new training year in the same month each year.
DCF 250.05 Note
The licensee may use either the department's form, Staff Continuing Education Record-Child Care Centers
, a copy of the individual's learning record from The Registry, or the licensee's own form to document the completion of continuing education. The department's form is available at https://dcf.wisconsin.gov/cclicensing/ccformspubs
DCF 250.05 History
History: CR 03-052
: cr. Register December 2004 No. 588
, eff. 3-1-05; corrections in (1) (b) 2., (c), (3) (j) and (4) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register November 2008 No. 635
; CR 07-102
: am. (1) (a), (1) (b) 3., 4., 5., (2) (a) 3., (b) 3. and Table, renum. (1) (b) 1. to be (1) (b) 1. a. and am., cr. (1) (b) 1. b., 6., 7., (2) (a) 10., 11., 12., 13., (3) (L), (m) and (4) (d), r. and recr. (1) (b) 2., (c) and (3) (e) Register December 2008 No. 636
, eff. 1-1-09; corrections in (2) (a) 11., 13., (3) (e), (m) and Table made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register December 2008 No. 636
: emerg. r. and recr., eff. 1-30-19; CR 19-089
: r. and recr. Register March 2020 No. 771
, eff. 4-1-20; CR 20-003
: am. (2) (d) 1. Register July 2020 No. 775
, eff. 8-1-20.
Supervision and grouping of children. DCF 250.055(1)(a)(a)
Each child shall be supervised by a provider to guide the child's behavior and activities, prevent harm, and ensure safety.
A provider shall be awake at all times when children are in care.
No individual provider may care for children for more than 16 hours in any 24-hour period.
No child may be in care for more than 14 hours in any 24-hour period.
No person under 18 years of age may be left in sole charge of the children.
The center shall have a written plan reviewed by the department for ensuring supervision of the children in an emergency or during a provider's absence.
A provider may not be engaged in any other activity or occupation during the hours of operation of the center when children are in care, except for daily maintenance of the home.
The licensee may not combine the care of children enrolled in the child care center with foster care of other non-related children or adults without the prior written approval of both licensing agencies.
During the hours of the center's operation, no provider or any other person in contact with children in care may consume or be under the influence of beverages containing alcohol or any non-prescribed controlled substance specified in ch. 961
A child may not be released to any person who has not been previously authorized by the parent to receive the child.
The licensee shall implement and adhere to a procedure to ensure that the number, names, and whereabouts of children in care are known to the provider at all times.
A provider shall be outside with children and provide sight and sound supervision of the children, unless the children are playing inside the enclosed outdoor area on the premises specified under s. DCF 250.06 (11) (b)
A provider shall be outside with children providing sight and sound supervision of the children when a wading pool containing water is present in the outdoor play space specified in s. DCF 250.06 (11) (b)
At no time may more than 8 children be in the care of the center. This limitation applies to all of the following:
All children 7 years of age or older who are not a provider's own children.
The maximum number of children that one provider may care for is specified in Table 250.055.
If the size of the group or the age distribution of the children exceeds the number that may be served by one provider, an additional qualified provider shall be present.
DCF 250.055 Note
Note: For example, if there are 3 children under 2 years of age present at one time and 5 children between the 2 years of age and 6 years of age present, a second provider is required. At no time may the maximum number of children in care exceed 8.
If there is more than one provider with the children, no more than a total of 4 children under 2 years of age may be in the care of the center when care is provided on a level that is more than 6 feet above or below the ground level.
DCF 250.055 Note
Section DCF 250.06 (4) (e)
requires an interconnected smoke detection system in operating condition if one or more children under 2 years of age will be cared for in a location that is more than six feet above or below the ground level.
- See PDF for table
DCF 250.055 History
: emerg. cr., eff. 1-30-19; CR 19-089
: cr. Register March 2020 No. 771
, eff. 4-1-20.
DCF 250.06 Physical plant and equipment. DCF 250.06(1)(a)(a)
Conformance with building codes.
Family child care centers located in a building that is not a one or 2-family dwelling shall conform to the applicable Wisconsin commercial building codes. A copy of a building inspection report evidencing compliance with the applicable building codes shall be submitted to the department prior to the department's issuance of a license.
DCF 250.06 Note
Note: The building inspection report should be sent to the appropriate regional office listed in Appendix A.
A center shall have at least 35 square feet of usable floor space per child. Usable floor space for children does not include passageways, bathrooms, lockers, storage areas, the furnace room, the part of the kitchen occupied by stationary equipment, and space occupied by furniture that is not intended for children's use.
The inside temperature of the center may not be less than 67 degrees Fahrenheit.
If the inside temperature at the center exceeds 80 degrees Fahrenheit, the licensee shall provide for air circulation with safe fans, air conditioning, or other means.
There shall be at least one toilet with plumbing and one sink with hot and cold running water available for use by children in care in the center. The hot water temperature may not exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
Furnaces, water heaters, steam radiators, fireplaces, wood burning stoves, electric fans, electric outlets, electric heating units and hot surfaces such as pipes shall be protected by screens or guards so that children cannot touch them.
Firearms, ammunition, and bows and arrows with sharp tips located on the premises or in a vehicle used to transport children shall be kept in locked storage and may not be accessible to children.
Potentially dangerous items and materials harmful to children, including power tools, flammable or combustible materials, insecticides, matches, drugs, and any articles labeled hazardous to children, shall be in properly marked containers and stored in areas inaccessible to children.
The center shall have at least one working telephone with a list of emergency telephone numbers, including telephone numbers for the local fire department, police department, law enforcement agency, poison control center, and emergency medical service, posted in a location known to all providers.
The center's indoor and outdoor child care space shall be free of hazards including any recalled products.
A motor vehicle shall be immediately available at the center at all times in case of an emergency if an ambulance or first response unit cannot arrive within 10 minutes of a phone call.
Differences in elevation of more than 18 inches, either indoors or outdoors, including open sides of stairways, elevated platforms, walks, balconies, and mezzanines used by children shall be protected by railings at least 36 inches high and designed to prevent the passage of an object with a diameter larger than 4 inches through any openings in the railing bars.
Smoking is prohibited anywhere on the premises of a center or in a vehicle used to transport children when children are in care.
DCF 250.06 Note
Section DCF 250.03 (26)
defines “premises” as the tract of land on which the center is located, including all buildings and structures on that land.
A hot tub located in a room or area accessible to children shall have a visible, locked, rigid cover or be enclosed by a locked fence at least 4 feet tall. The lock shall be installed so that the lock is inaccessible to children.
If a hot tub is located in a room or area that is not intended for use by children, access to the room or area shall be controlled through the use of a visibly locked door. The lock shall be installed so that the lock is inaccessible to children.
The premises shall have no flaking or deteriorating paint on exterior or interior surfaces in areas accessible to children. Lead-based paint or other toxic finishing material may not be used on any surface on the premises.
A family child care center in a one-family or two-family residence shall have a carbon monoxide detector installed in the basement and on each floor level, except the attic, garage, or storage area of each unit, in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.647
A family child care center in a building with at least 3 residential units shall have one or more functional carbon monoxide detectors installed in accordance with the requirements of s. 101.149
The premises shall be well-drained, free from litter and vermin, in good repair, and maintained in a sanitary condition.
Each center shall have a written plan for taking appropriate action in the event of an emergency, including a fire, a tornado, a flood; extreme heat or cold; a loss of building services, including no heat, water, electricity, or telephone; human-caused events, such as threats to the building or its occupants; allergic reactions; lost or missing children; vehicle accidents; or other circumstances requiring immediate attention. The plan shall include specific procedures that address all of the following:
Ensuring that the needs of children under age 2 and children with disabilities are met.
Connecting children with their parents if the center is required to evacuate the building.
The center shall practice the fire evacuation plan monthly, and the tornado plan monthly from April through October, with the children and shall document when the plans were practiced.
DCF 250.06 Note
The licensee may use either the department's form, Fire Safety and Emergency Response Documentation — Family Child Care Centers, or the licensee's own form to document when the fire and tornado emergency plans were practiced. Information on how to obtain the department's form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
Smoke detectors shall be installed and maintained in operating condition on each level of the center and in all areas used for nap or rest periods. All smoke detectors shall be tested monthly and a record kept of the time, date and results of the test.