An operable fire extinguisher with a minimum rating of 2A-10BC shall be provided for the kitchen and cooking area and inspected annually, and a provider shall know how to use it. Inspection tags are not required, but documentation of the inspection must be kept on file at the center.
DCF 250.06 Note
Note: Licensees or a commercial fire extinguisher inspector may inspect fire extinguishers.
Unvented gas, oil or kerosene space heaters are prohibited.
The center shall be equipped with an interconnected smoke detection system in operating condition if one or more children under age 2 will be cared for on a level that is more than 6 feet above or below the ground level.
If the center gets its water from a private well, water samples from the well shall be tested annually by a laboratory certified under ch. ATCP 77
and shall be found bacteriologically safe. The laboratory report shall be available to the department upon request.
If the center is licensed to care for infants under 6 months of age, the center shall have nitrate levels in the water tested annually by a laboratory certified under ch. ATCP 77
. Bottled water shall be used for infants under 6 months of age if the water tests above the maximum allowable levels of nitrates.
DCF 250.06 Note
Section NR 809.11 sets the maximum allowable level of nitrate-nitrogen in public drinking water at 10 milligrams per liter (10 parts per million).
If water test results indicate the water is bacteriologically unsafe, the water shall be appropriately treated and re-tested until it is determined to be safe. Bottled water shall be used until the water is determined to be safe.
Each floor or level occupied by children shall have at least 2 exits.
The primary exit shall be a door or stairway providing unobstructed travel to the outside of the building at street or ground level.
A door or stairway that provides unobstructed travel to the outside of the building at street or ground level.
A door or stairway leading to a platform or roof with railings complying with sub. (2) (g)
, which has an area of at least 25 square feet, is at least 4 feet long, and is not more than 15 feet above ground level.
Except in an upstairs duplex, a window that is not more than 46 inches above the floor, capable of being opened from the inside without the use of a tool or removal of a sash, and which has a nominal window opening size of at least 20 inches in width and 24 inches in height.
A center located in the upstairs unit of a duplex shall have 2 exits leading directly to the ground floor or to a platform as described in subd. 6. a.
The primary exit shall be a door or stairway that provides unobstructed travel to the outside of the building at street or ground level.
The secondary exit shall be either a door or stairway leading to the ground level or a window not more than 46 inches above the floor that is capable of being opened from the inside without the use of tool or removal of a sash, and which has a nominal window opening size of at least 20 inches in width and 24 inches in height. The window shall open directly to the ground or to a window well with an area of at least 6 square feet that is not more than 46 inches below the ground.
Every closet door latch shall be capable of being opened by children from inside the closet.
Every toilet room door lock shall be designed to permit the locked door be opened from the outside in an emergency, and the opening device shall be readily accessible to a provider.
Windows that are capable of being opened and located in areas of the center that are accessible to children shall have screens.
Equipment and utensils for preparing, serving and storing food shall be clean and equipped for the safe handling of food. Eating surfaces shall be washed before use.
Reusable eating and drinking utensils shall be thoroughly cleaned with detergent and hot water and rinsed after use. Single use articles such as food containers designed to be used only once and discarded including plastic silverware, paper or styrofoam cups and plates may not be reused.
Food shall be clean, wholesome, free from spoilage and from adulteration and misbranding, and safe for human consumption.
Food shall be covered and stored at temperatures that protect against spoilage. Refrigerators shall be maintained at 40 degrees Fahrenheit or lower and freezers shall be maintained at 0 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.
Extra food that was prepared but not served shall be dated, refrigerated promptly, and used within 36 hours, or frozen immediately for use within 6 months.
Food shall be provided based on the amount of time children are in care, as specified in Table 250.06.
Food shall be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
At a minimum, children shall be provided food for each meal and snack that meets the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
Additional portions of vegetables, fruits, bread, and milk shall be available.
Accurate records of meals and snacks served to children shall be available for review by parents and the licensing representative. Written records of meals and snacks served to children shall be retained for 3 months.
When food for a child is provided by a child's parent, the licensee shall give the parent information about the requirements for food groups and quantities specified by the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
A child enrolled in school who is in attendance at the center when a meal or snack is served shall be offered the meal or snack.
A special diet based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written authorization of a child's physician and upon the request of the parent.
A special diet based on a food allergy may be served upon the written request of the parent.
Requirement for outdoor play space.
A center shall have outdoor play space if any child is receiving care for more than 3 hours a day.
Required features of outdoor play space.
Except when an exemption is requested and approved by the department under par. (c)
, a center shall comply with all of the following requirements for outdoor play space:
There shall be at least 75 square feet of outdoor play space for each child using the space at a given time. A center with a licensed capacity of 8 children is required to have a minimum of 600 square feet.
Structures such as playground equipment, railings, decks, and porches accessible to children and built with CCA-treated lumber shall be sealed with an oil-based sealant or stain at least every 2 years.
Wood treated with creosote or pentachlorophenol (PCP), including railroad ties, may not be used in areas accessible to children.
A permanent enclosure not less than 4 feet high shall be provided to protect the safety of children in care. Fencing, plants, or landscaping may be used to create a permanent enclosure. The permanent enclosure may not have any open areas that are greater than 4 inches.
Concrete and asphalt are prohibited under climbing equipment, swings and slides.
In this paragraph, “main thoroughfare" means a heavily traveled street or road used by vehicles as a principal route of travel.
If a center has no outdoor play space available on the premises of the center, the licensee may request an exemption from the requirements under subd. 3.
for the center's outdoor play space.
A request for an exemption under subd. 2.
shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a plan for outdoor play space that does all the following:
Identifies and describes the location to be used, the travel distance from the center to that location and the means of transporting the children to that location.
Provides for adequate supervision of the children as specified in Table 250.055.
Describes the arrangements to meet the toileting and diapering needs of the children.
DCF 250.06 Note
Note: Send the request for an exemption, including the plan for the use of that space, to the licensing representative at the appropriate regional office of the Department's Division of Early Care and Education. See Appendix A for addresses of the regional offices.
The off-premises outdoor play space shall be free of hazards such as bodies of water, railroad tracks, unfenced swimming pools, heavily wooded areas and nearby highways and main thoroughfares.
There shall be at least 75 square feet of play space for each child using the space at a given time.
No climbing equipment, swing or slide in the play space may have concrete or asphalt under it.
When the off-premises outdoor play space is reached by walking, the center shall transport children under 3 years of age in wheeled vehicles, such as strollers or wagons, with a seating capacity equal to the number of children under 3 years of age to be transported.
A center's plan for use of an off-premises outdoor play space is subject to approval by the department. Within 30 days after receipt of a plan and request for an exemption from the requirements under par. (b)
, the department shall either approve the plan and grant the exemption or not approve the plan and deny the request for exemption. The department shall notify the center in writing of its decision and if it does not grant an exemption, shall state its reasons for not granting the exemption.
If any circumstance described in an approved plan for use of off-premises outdoor play space changes or if any condition for plan approval is not met, the department may withdraw its approval of the plan and cancel the exemption. A center with an approved plan shall immediately report to the department's licensing representative any significant change in any circumstance described in the plan.
Swimming pools on the premises of the center may not be used by children in care. Swimming pools on the premises shall be surrounded by a permanent enclosure as specified under sub. (11) (b) 4.
In addition, the all of the following restrictions apply:
If access to the pool is through a gate, the gate shall be closed and locked during the center's hours of operation.
If access to the pool is through a door, the door shall be closed, visibly locked and equipped with an alarm at the door that signals when someone has entered the pool area. The door may not be used as an exit.
Locks shall be located so that the locks cannot be opened by the children.
The free-standing wall of an above ground pool may not serve as an enclosure unless it is at least 4 feet in height and not climbable. If a ladder is present, the ladder shall be removed or raised up so that it is inaccessible to children.
The area around the pool enclosure shall be free of toys or equipment that would allow a child to climb or otherwise gain access to the pool.
A wading pool on the premises may be used if the water is changed daily and the pool is disinfected daily. Supervision requirements and staff-to-child ratios under s. DCF 250.05 (3)
shall be met.
A pool, wading pool, water attraction, or beach that is not located on center premises may be used by children if all of the following conditions are met:
The construction and operation of the pool meet the requirements of chs. SPS 390
and ATCP 76
for public swimming pools and the beach complies with any applicable local ordinance.
While children are in the water of a pool, wading pool, water attraction, or beach, the following staff-to-child ratios for providers who can swim shall be met:
When a mixed age group of children are swimming, the staff-to-child ratio shall be adjusted based on to the number of children in the water and each child's age.
DCF 250.06 Note
Note: A worksheet to help calculate the staff to child ratio for mixed aged groupings during swimming is available from the department upon request. Requests may be made to the licensing representative or regional office in Appendix A.