DCF 250.07(2)(a)(a) Each family child care center shall provide positive guidance and redirection for the children and shall set clearly specified limits for the children. A provider shall help each child develop self-control, self-esteem and respect for the rights of others.
DCF 250.07(2)(b)1.1. For purposes of this paragraph, a “time-out” is an interruption of unacceptable behavior by the removal of the child from the situation, not to isolate the child, but to allow the child an opportunity to pause, and with support from the provider, reflect on behavior and gain self-control.
DCF 250.07(2)(b)2. 2. If a provider uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, a time-out may not exceed 3 minutes and may not be used for a child under 3 years of age.
DCF 250.07(2)(b)3. 3. The procedures for time-out periods shall be included in the center's written child guidance policy.
DCF 250.07(2)(c) (c) Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include all of the following:
DCF 250.07(2)(c)1. 1. Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing, or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment on the child.
DCF 250.07(2)(c)2. 2. Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
DCF 250.07(2)(c)3. 3. Physical restraint, binding or tying the child to restrict the child's movement or enclosing the child in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
DCF 250.07(2)(c)4. 4. Withholding or forcing meals, snacks or naps.
DCF 250.07(2)(c)5. 5. Actions that are cruel, aversive, humiliating or frightening to the child.
DCF 250.07(2)(d) (d) A child may not be punished for lapses in toilet training.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: See s. DCF 250.04 (8) for information on reporting suspected child abuse and s. DCF 250.04 (3) (i) for rules requiring that prohibited actions to a child be reported to the department within 24 hours after the occurrence.
DCF 250.07(3) (3) Equipment and furnishings.
DCF 250.07(3)(a) (a) Safe indoor and outdoor play equipment shall be provided and shall be all of the following:
DCF 250.07(3)(a)1. 1. Scaled to the size and developmental level of the children.
DCF 250.07(3)(a)2. 2. Of sturdy construction with no sharp, rough, loose, or pointed edges, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
DCF 250.07(3)(a)3. 3. Placed so as to avoid danger of accident or collision and to permit freedom of action.
DCF 250.07(3)(a)4. 4. Maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
DCF 250.07(3)(a)5. 5. Used in accordance with all manufacturer's instructions and any manufacturer's recommendations that may affect the safety of children in care.
DCF 250.07(3)(b) (b) Various types of play equipment shall be provided to allow for large and small muscle activity, dramatic play, creative expression and intellectual stimulation.
DCF 250.07(3)(c) (c) Indoor play equipment shall be provided to allow each child a choice of at least 3 activities involving equipment when all children are involved in using equipment.
DCF 250.07(3)(d) (d) Outdoor play equipment shall be provided to allow each child at least one activity when all children are using equipment at the same time.
DCF 250.07(3)(e) (e) Trampolines and inflatable bounce surfaces on the premises shall not be in areas accessible to children and may not be used by the children in care.
DCF 250.07(3)(f) (f) Furnishings shall be clean, durable, and safe with no sharp, rough, loose, or pointed edges.
DCF 250.07(3)(g) (g) The furnishings shall include all of the following:
DCF 250.07(3)(g)1. 1. Table space and seating for each child.
DCF 250.07(3)(g)2. 2. Storage space for equipment, bedding, and children's clothing and personal belongings.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: Lists suggesting kinds and numbers of equipment for centers are available from the Child Care Information Center by calling 1-800-362-7353.
DCF 250.07(4) (4) Rest periods.
DCF 250.07(4)(a)(a) Children under 5 years of age in care for more than 4 consecutive hours shall have a nap or rest period.
DCF 250.07(4)(b) (b) A provider shall permit children who do not sleep after 30 minutes and children who wake up early to get up and shall help them to have a quiet time through the use of equipment or activities which do not disturb other children.
DCF 250.07(4)(c) (c) Each child one year of age or older who has a nap or rest period shall be provided with a sleeping surface that is clean, safe, washable, and placed at least 2 feet from the next sleeping child. The sleeping surface may be any of the following:
DCF 250.07(4)(c)3. 3. A padded mat.
DCF 250.07(4)(c)4. 4. A sleeping bag.
DCF 250.07(4)(c)5. 5. A crib or playpen.
DCF 250.07(4)(cm) (cm) Each child under one year of age who naps or sleeps shall be provided with a clean, safe, washable crib or playpen that meets the applicable safety standards in 16 CFR Part 1219 or 1220 and shall be placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Cribs or playpens may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates the crib or playpen, and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces.
DCF 250.07(4)(d) (d) Each child one year of age or older who is not using a sleeping bag shall be provided with an individually identified sheet and blanket that may be used only by that child until it is washed. Sleeping bags and bedding shall be stored in a sanitary manner and washed at least after every 5 uses or as soon as possible if wet or soiled.
DCF 250.07(4)(e) (e) Infants shall sleep alone in cribs or playpens. Two related children may share a double bed. No more than one child may occupy a single size bed, cot, mat or sleeping bag.
DCF 250.07(6) (6) Health.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)(a) Contact with others who are ill.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)1.1. A licensee, provider, household member, employee, volunteer, visitor or parent who has symptoms of illness or of a communicable disease that may be transmitted through normal contact may not be in contact with the children in care.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)1m. 1m. A licensee, provider, household member, employee, volunteer, visitor, parent, or a child in care may be admitted or readmitted to the family child care center if the person provides a written statement from a physician that the condition is no longer contagious or if the person has been absent for a period of time equal to the longest usual incubation period for the disease under ch. DHS 145.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: The Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Division of Public Health, has developed materials that identify those communicable diseases that are required to be reported to the local public health officer. These materials also provide additional guidance on the symptoms of each disease and information on how long an infected child shall be excluded from the center. Copies of the communicable disease chart are available on the Department of Health Services website, https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/p4/p44397.pdf.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)2.a.a. A licensee, provider, household member, employee, volunteer, visitor or parent whose behavior with respect to any child, adult, animal or property, on or off the center's premises, raises reasonable concern for the safety of the children, may not be in contact with the children in care.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)2.b. b. The department may require a licensee, provider, household member or other adult in contact with the children whose behavior gives reasonable concern for the safety of children to submit to an examination by a licensed mental health professional as a condition of licensure or employment.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: See also s. DCF 250.11 (2) (e) which requires a written statement from a physician or licensed mental health professional when there is reason to believe that the physical and mental health of a person may endanger children in care.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)3. 3. No person with a health history of typhoid, paratyphoid, dysentery or other diarrheal disease may work in a center until it is determined by appropriate medical tests that the person is not a carrier of the disease.
DCF 250.07(6)(a)4. 4. Any child who appears to be ill shall be moved to a separate room or area and shall be provided with a bed, crib, or cot and a sheet and blanket or a sleeping bag. The licensee shall notify the parent or emergency contact and arrange for the child to be removed from the center as soon as possible.
DCF 250.07(6)(b) (b) Medical log book.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)1.1. The licensee shall maintain a medical log book that has a stitched binding with pages that are lined and numbered.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)2. 2. Pages may not be removed from the medical log book under subd. 1. and lines may not be skipped. Each entry in the log book shall be in ink, dated, and signed or initialed by the person making the entry.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)3. 3. A provider shall record all of the following in the medical log under subd. 1.:
DCF 250.07(6)(b)3.a. a. Any evidence of unusual bruises, contusions, lacerations, or burns seen on a child, regardless of whether received in or out of the care of the center.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)3.b. b. Any injuries received by a child while in the care of the center on the date the injury occurred. The record shall include the child's name, the date and time of the injury, and a brief description of the facts surrounding the injury.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)3.c. c. Any medication dispensed to a child, on the date the medication is dispensed. The record shall include the name of the child, type of medication given, dosage, time, date, and the initials or signature of the person administering the medication.
DCF 250.07(6)(b)3.d. d. Any incident or accident that occurs when the child is in the care of the center that results in professional medical evaluation.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: See s. DCF 250.04 (8) for requirements related to reporting suspected child abuse or neglect.
DCF 250.07(6)(f) (f) Medications.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)1.1. A provider may give prescription or non-prescription medications such as pain relievers, teething gels or cough syrup to a child only under the following conditions:
DCF 250.07(6)(f)1.a. a. A completed written authorization on a form provided by the department, dated and signed by the parent is on file. Authorizations that exceed the period of time specified on the label are prohibited.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: The department's form, Authorization to Administer Medication — Child Care Centers, is used to obtain the parent's authorization to provide medications. Information on how to obtain the form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)1.b. b. The medication is in the original container and labeled with the child's name and with dosage and administration directions.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)1.c. c. A written record, including the name of the child, type of medication given, dosage, time, date and the initials or signature of the person administering the medication shall be made in the medical log on the same day that the medication is administered.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)3. 3. Medications shall be stored so that they are not accessible to children.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)4. 4. Medications requiring refrigeration shall be kept in the refrigerator in a separate, covered container clearly labeled “medications."
DCF 250.07(6)(f)5. 5. No medication intended for use by a child in the care of the center may be kept at the center without a current medication administration authorization from the parent.
DCF 250.07(6)(f)6. 6. Medication for a child in care shall be administered by the center as directed on the label and as authorized by the parent.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., a child's hands shall be washed with soap and warm running water before meals or snacks, after handling pets or other animals, and after toileting or diapering. A child's hands and face shall be washed when soiled. For children under one year of age, hands may be washed with soap and a wet fabric or a paper washcloth that is used once and discarded.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)2. 2. If running water is not immediately available when outdoors or on field trips, soap and water-based wet wipes may be used. When running water becomes available, hands shall be washed immediately with soap and running water.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)3. 3. Disinfecting hand sanitizers may not replace the use of soap and water for washing hands.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)4. 4. Bodily secretions from a child shall be wiped with a disposable tissue.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)5. 5. All providers shall use universal precautions when exposed to blood or bodily fluids or discharges containing blood.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)6. 6. All persons working with children in care shall wash their hands with soap and warm running water before handling food, before and after assisting with toileting or diapering, after handling pets or animals, and after being exposed to blood or bodily fluids containing blood or other types of bodily secretions. If gloves are used, hands shall be washed after removal of gloves.
DCF 250.07(6)(g)7. 7. Single use disposable gloves shall be worn if there is contact with bodily fluids or tissue discharges that contain blood. Gloves shall be discarded in plastic bags.
DCF 250.07(6)(h) (h) Health precautions.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)1.1. Surfaces exposed to bodily secretions, including toys, equipment, and furnishings, shall be washed with soap and water and disinfected. The disinfectant solution used shall be one that is registered with the U.S. environmental protection agency as a disinfectant and has instructions for use as a disinfectant on the label. The solution shall be prepared and applied as indicated on the label.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)2. 2. Soap, towels or an air dryer, toilet paper, and a waste paper container shall be provided in the washroom and accessible to children.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)3. 3. Towels and washcloths shall be individual to each person and used only once. Cups, eating utensils, or toothbrushes may not be shared.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)4. 4. Wet or soiled clothing shall be changed promptly from an available supply of clean clothing.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)5. 5. Section DCF 250.09 (4) applies when a child 2 years of age or older needs attention for diapering or toileting.
DCF 250.07(6)(h)6. 6. As appropriate, children shall be protected from sunburn and insect bites with protective clothing, sunscreen, or insect repellent. Sunscreen and insect repellent may only be applied upon the written authorization of the parent. The authorization shall include the ingredient strength and be reviewed and updated periodically. If sunscreen or insect repellent is provided by the parent, the sunscreen or repellent shall be labeled with the child's name. Recording the application of sunscreen or insect repellent is not necessary.
DCF 250.07(6)(k) (k) Injuries.
DCF 250.07(6)(k)1.1. Written permission from the parent to call the child's physician or refer the child for medical care in case of injury shall be on file at the center. A provider shall contact a parent of the injured child as soon as possible after an emergency has occurred or, if the injury is minor, when the child is picked up.
DCF 250.07 Note Note: See DCF 250.04 (3) (a) regarding reporting injuries that require medical attention to the Department within 24 hours after the occurrence.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.