Alert! This chapter may be affected by an emergency rule:
DCF 251.06(6)(b) (b) If the center gets its water from a private well, the following shall apply:
DCF 251.06(6)(b)1. 1. Water samples from the well shall be tested annually for lead and bacteria by a laboratory certified under ch. ATCP 77. The laboratory report shall be available to the department upon request.
DCF 251.06(6)(b)2. 2. A center serving children under 6 months of age shall have the water tested annually for nitrate levels.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Section NR 809.11 sets the maximum allowable level of nitrate-nitrogen in public drinking water at 10 milligrams per liter (10 parts per million).
DCF 251.06(6)(b)3. 3. If water test results indicate the water contains high levels of lead or is bacteriologically unsafe, the water shall be appropriately treated and re-tested until it is determined to be safe. Bottled water shall be used until the water is determined to be safe. If the water tests above the maximum allowable level of nitrates, bottled water shall be used for infants under 6 months of age.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Centers using a private well that serves at least 25 of the same people over 6 months of the year are considered to have a non-transient non community water system (NTNC) and must be in compliance with Chapter NR 809, Safe Drinking Water Act Standards. Contact the nearest Department of Natural Resources from the list at:
DCF 251.06(7) (7)Indoor space.
DCF 251.06(7)(a)(a) The space used by children shall be no less than 35 square feet of usable floor space for each child, exclusive of passageways, kitchens, bathrooms, coat storage areas, offices, storage areas, isolation quarters, staff room, furnace room, parts of rooms occupied by stationary equipment, and areas not at all times available to children, including areas used exclusively for large muscle activity, napping or eating.
DCF 251.06(7)(b) (b) There shall be additional storage space for cots, bedding, supplies and equipment not in use.
DCF 251.06(8) (8)Furnishings.
DCF 251.06(8)(a)(a) Furnishings shall be durable and safe, with no sharp, rough, loose or pointed edges.
DCF 251.06(8)(b) (b) Tables and seating shall be scaled to the proper height and size for the children's comfort and reach.
DCF 251.06(8)(c)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., in a center where meals are served, seating shall be at least equal to the licensed capacity of the center, excluding infants, so that the children can be served at the same time, and there shall be space at a table for each child.
DCF 251.06(8)(c)2. 2. In a center where meals are served in a central lunchroom, seating and tablespace shall be at least equal to the number of children to be served in a shift.
DCF 251.06(8)(d) (d) Shelves shall be provided for equipment and supplies in rooms used by children. Equipment and supplies shall be arranged in an orderly fashion so that children may select, use and replace items.
DCF 251.06(8)(e) (e) There shall be sufficient storage space for clothing and personal belongings to accommodate the clothing and personal belongings of as many children as are in the licensed capacity of the center. For children 2 years of age and older, the space for outer garment storage shall be at child level.
DCF 251.06(8)(f) (f) A safe, washable cot, bed, two-inch thick mat or sleeping bag shall be provided for each child 12 months old or older who naps or sleeps.
DCF 251.06(8)(g) (g) A safe, washable crib or playpen shall be provided for use of each child less than 12 months old who naps or sleeps. A crib or playpen shall be washed and disinfected between changes in occupancy.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: See Appendix D for information on safe cribs and playpens.
DCF 251.06(9) (9)Kitchens.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)(a) Equipment and utensils.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)1.1. When meals are prepared or heated on the premises, the kitchen shall be equipped with a microwave or stove with an oven, a refrigerator, a sink and utensils that are necessary to prepare and serve meals. The sink shall be used exclusively for food preparation and dishwashing.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)1m. 1m. Centers preparing or serving only snacks are not required to have a sink unless dishes or utensils requiring dishwashing are used. Centers preparing or serving only snacks are not required to have a microwave or stove unless the snacks served require heating. Refrigerators are required if the center serves milk or other perishable snacks.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)2. 2. All equipment and utensils shall have smooth, hard surfaces, be easily cleanable, in good repair, durable, non-toxic and free of cracks, seams, chips and roughened areas, and shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)3. 3. Food preparation tables shall be durable, and surfaces shall be smooth, non-absorbent and easily cleanable.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)4. 4. After cleaning, utensils shall be stored in a clean, dry place and protected from contamination.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)5. 5. Single-service utensils shall be non-toxic, stored in a clean, dry place, kept covered, and may not be reused.
DCF 251.06(9)(a)6. 6. Infant bottles and nipples may not be reused without first being cleaned and sanitized.
DCF 251.06(9)(b) (b) Dishwashing procedures.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)1.1. All kitchen utensils and food contact surfaces used for preparation, storage or serving of food shall be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized after each use.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)2. 2. All utensils and dishes shall be scraped, sorted and prewashed under running water.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)3. 3. For manual washing of dishes and utensils, a 3-step procedure shall be used:
DCF 251.06(9)(b)3.a. a. Wash in water between 110° and 125°F., using an effective soap or detergent.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)3.b. b. Rinse by immersing dishes and utensils in clean, hot water to remove soap or detergent.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)3.c. c. Sanitize by submerging dishes and utensils for at least 2 minutes in 1½ teaspoons of bleach per gallon of water or another solution of a sanitizer approved by the department.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)4.a.a. If a center uses a commercial dishwasher to clean dishes and utensils, the dishwasher shall have a readily visible temperature gauge located in the wash compartment. If the dishwasher is a spray type or immersion type dishwasher, a temperature gauge shall also be located in the rinse water line.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)4.b. b. Wash at 130 degrees Fahrenheit to 150 degrees Fahrenheit for at least 20 seconds, using an effective cleaning agent, and rinse and sanitize at 180 degrees Fahrenheit for 10 seconds or more, using an automatic rinse injector.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)4.c. c. When using a spray-type dishwashing machine, the dishes and utensils shall be washed, rinsed and sanitized in the dishwasher according to the manufacturer's operating instructions. A chemical sanitizer shall be used in the final rinse.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)5. 5. If the center uses a home-type dishwasher to clean dishes and utensils, the dishes and utensils shall be washed and rinsed in the dishwasher and sanitized by submerging dishes and utensils for at least 2 minutes in 1½ teaspoons of bleach per gallon of water or other solution approved by the department.
DCF 251.06(9)(b)6. 6. All dishes and utensils shall be air-dried in racks or baskets or on drain boards.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: A list of approved sanitizers is available from the Department of Health Services, Division of Public Health, P.O. Box 2659, Madison, WI 53701-2659.
DCF 251.06(9)(c) (c) Food sources.
DCF 251.06(9)(c)1.1. Food shall be clean, wholesome, free from spoilage, free from adulteration or misbranding and safe for human consumption. Meat, poultry, fish, molluscan shellfish, eggs and dairy products shall be from an inspected source.
DCF 251.06(9)(c)2. 2. Only milk and milk products which are pasteurized and meet the Grade A milk standards of the Wisconsin department of agriculture, trade, and consumer protection may be served or used.
DCF 251.06(9)(c)3m. 3m. Meals shall be prepared on the premises, in a central kitchen operated by the child care center or in another location that has been inspected by a representative of a state agency.
DCF 251.06 Note Note: Chapter ATCP 75, subch. III, addresses restaurants and other public eating establishments. Chapter ATCP 75, subch. II, addresses retail food establishments.
DCF 251.06(9)(c)4. 4. Food in dented, bulging or leaking cans, or cans without labels, may not be used.
DCF 251.06(9)(c)5. 5. Hermetically sealed, non-acid or low-acid food which has been processed in a place other than a commercial food processing establishment may not be used.
DCF 251.06(9)(d) (d) Food storage.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)1.1. Foods shall be stored at temperatures which protect against spoilage. The following measures shall be taken to prevent spoilage:
DCF 251.06(9)(d)1.a. a. Perishable and potentially hazardous food which includes all custard-filled and cream-filled pastries, milk and milk products, meat, fish, shellfish, gravy, poultry stuffing and sauces, dressings, salads containing meat, fish, eggs, milk or milk products, and any other food or food product likely to spoil quickly if not kept at the proper temperature shall be continuously maintained at 40°F. or below or 150° F. or above, as appropriate, except during necessary periods of preparation and service.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)1.b. b. Each refrigeration unit shall be maintained at 40°F. or lower and each freezing unit shall be maintained at 0° F. or lower.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)1.c. c. Each cold storage facility shall be equipped with a clearly visible accurate thermometer.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)1.d. d. Food shall be covered while refrigerated, except when being cooled.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)2. 2. Foods not requiring refrigeration shall be stored in clean, dry, ventilated and lighted storerooms or areas which shall be protected from contamination by sewage, wastewater backflow, condensation, leakage or vermin. In addition:
DCF 251.06(9)(d)2.a. a. Dry foods, such as flour, sugar, cereals and beans shall be stored in bags with zip-type closures or metal, glass or food-grade plastic containers with tight-fitting covers and shall be labeled. In this paragraph, “food grade plastic" means any plastic material used in the manufacture of dishes or utensils which has been found not harmful to human health by the national sanitation foundation.
DCF 251.06(9)(d)2.b. b. Foods stored in the basement shall be stored at least 8 inches above the floor, and food stored in other areas shall be stored high enough above the floor to provide for air circulation and to facilitate cleaning.
DCF 251.06(9)(e) (e) Cleaning aids.
DCF 251.06(9)(e)1.1. Poisonous and toxic materials, including cleaning supplies, bleaches and insecticides, shall be labeled and stored in cabinets used for no other purpose and shall be inaccessible to children.
DCF 251.06(9)(e)2. 2. Cleaning aids such as mops, broom and buckets shall be clean and shall be stored outside of food preparation or food storage areas.
DCF 251.06(9)(f) (f) Food handling.
DCF 251.06(9)(f)1.1. Raw fruits and vegetables shall be washed before being served or cooked.
DCF 251.06(9)(f)2. 2. Food returned from individual plates or from dining tables shall be discarded.
DCF 251.06(9)(f)3. 3. Leftover prepared food which has not been served shall be dated, refrigerated promptly and used within 36 hours, or frozen immediately for later use.
DCF 251.06(9)(f)4. 4. Food delivery vehicles shall be equipped with clean containers or cabinets to store food while in transit. Containers for cold food shall be capable of maintaining the temperature at or below 40°F. and containers for hot food shall be capable of maintaining the temperature at or above 150°F.
DCF 251.06(9)(f)5. 5. Potentially hazardous frozen foods shall be thawed in the refrigerator, under cold running water or on the defrost setting in a microwave oven. No potentially hazardous frozen food may be thawed by leaving it at room temperature.
DCF 251.06(9)(g) (g) Food service personnel.
DCF 251.06(9)(g)1.1. Personnel who help prepare meals shall:
DCF 251.06(9)(g)1.a. a. Be at least 18 years of age.
DCF 251.06(9)(g)1.b. b. Wear clean clothing and effective hair restraints such as hair nets or caps.
DCF 251.06(9)(g)1.c. c. Wash their hands with soap and warm running water before starting work, before and after handling food, and after using the toilet. Hands shall be dried with single use towels.
DCF 251.06(9)(g)2. 2. No one with an open or infected wound or sore may work in the food preparation area unless the wound or sore is covered and, if it is on a hand, a nonporous glove is worn on that hand.
DCF 251.06(10) (10)Washroom and toilet facilities.
DCF 251.06(10)(a)(a) A group child care center shall provide at least the number of washbasins and toilets with plumbing indicated in Table 251.06. Urinals may be substituted for up to 1/3 of the total required toilets. - See PDF for table PDF
DCF 251.06(10)(b) (b) When a center is licensed for more than 70 children, one additional toilet shall be provided for each additional 15 children or fraction thereof and washbasins shall be provided in the ratio of one for every 2 additional toilets and urinals or fraction thereof.
DCF 251.06(10)(c) (c) Children under the age of 30 months need not be included when determining the required fixtures under par. (a). However, in all cases, at least one toilet and one washbasin shall be provided.
DCF 251.06(10)(d) (d) If potty chairs are used for children under 30 months of age, the potty chairs shall be provided in a ratio of one for every 4 children or fraction thereof.
DCF 251.06(10)(e) (e) Steps or blocks shall be provided if the washbasins and toilets are not proportioned to the size of the children.
DCF 251.06(10)(f) (f) Soap, toilet paper, disposable paper towels or blower-type air dryers and a wastepaper container shall be provided and accessible to children using the facilities.
DCF 251.06(10)(g) (g) Toilet room door locks shall be openable from the outside and the opening device shall be readily accessible to the staff.
DCF 251.06(11) (11)Outdoor play space.
DCF 251.06(11)(a)(a) Requirement for outdoor play space. A center shall have outdoor play space if children are present for more than 3 hours per day or if outdoor play is included in the center program.
DCF 251.06(11)(b) (b) Required features of outdoor play space. Except when an exemption is requested and is approved by the department under par. (c), a center shall comply with all of the following requirements for outdoor play space:
DCF 251.06(11)(b)1. 1. The outdoor play space shall be on the premises of the center.
DCF 251.06(11)(b)2. 2. There shall be at least 75 square feet of outdoor play space for each child 2 years of age or older using the space at a given time.
DCF 251.06(11)(b)3. 3. There shall be at least 35 square feet of outdoor play space for each child under 2 years of age using the space at a given time except as provided in subd. 4.
DCF 251.06(11)(b)4. 4. The total outdoor play space of a center shall accommodate not less than 1/3 of the number of children for which the center is licensed or shall be a minimum of 750 square feet, whichever is greater. The number of children under one year of age need not be included for purposes of computing the minimum required outdoor play space if the center provides spaces in wheeled vehicles such as strollers and wagons equal to the number of children under one year of age.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.