DCF 251.07(1)(g) (g) A center that is open in the early morning and late afternoon shall have a written plan for activities which meet the individual needs of the children during those time periods. The plan shall include:
DCF 251.07(1)(g)1. 1. Provision of opportunities for the children to rest and eat.
DCF 251.07(1)(g)2. 2. Use of materials and engagement in activities which for the most part do not duplicate materials or activities planned for the major part of the program.
DCF 251.07(1)(h) (h) The program as implemented shall reflect the center's written policies.
DCF 251.07(2) (2)Child guidance.
DCF 251.07(2)(a) (a) In this subsection:
DCF 251.07(2)(a)1. 1. “Time-out period" means removing the child from the situation in a non-humiliating manner and placing the child in a designated location in order to interrupt the child's unacceptable behavior.
DCF 251.07(2)(a)2. 2. “Redirection" means directing the child's attention to a different program activity.
DCF 251.07(2)(b) (b) Each child care center shall develop and implement a written policy that provides for positive guidance, redirection, and the setting of clear-cut limits for the children. The policy shall be designated to help a child develop self-control, self-esteem, and respect for the rights of others.
DCF 251.07(2)(c) (c) If a center uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, time-out periods may not exceed 3 minutes, and the procedure shall be included in the center's guidance policy. For purposes of this paragraph, a “time-out” is an interruption of unacceptable behavior by the removal of the child from the situation, not to isolate the child, but to allow the child an opportunity to pause, and with support from the provider, reflect on behavior and gain self-control.
DCF 251.07(2)(d) (d) Use of time-out periods is prohibited for children under 3 years of age.
DCF 251.07(2)(e) (e) Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include all of the following:
DCF 251.07(2)(e)1. 1. Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment.
DCF 251.07(2)(e)2. 2. Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
DCF 251.07(2)(e)3. 3. Physical restraint, binding or tying to restrict movement or enclosing in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
DCF 251.07(2)(e)4. 4. Withholding or forcing meals, snacks or naps.
DCF 251.07(2)(e)5. 5. Actions that are cruel, aversive, frightening or humiliating to the child.
DCF 251.07(2)(f) (f) A child may not be punished for lapses in toilet training.
DCF 251.07 Note Note: Prohibited actions by an employee or volunteer to a child by a staff member must be reported to the department within 24 hours after the occurrence under s. DCF 251.04 (3) (i).
DCF 251.07(3) (3)Equipment and furnishings.
DCF 251.07(3)(a)(a) Indoor furnishings and equipment shall be safe and durable. The equipment and furnishings shall be:
DCF 251.07(3)(a)1. 1. Scaled to the developmental level, size and ability of the children.
DCF 251.07(3)(a)2. 2. Of sturdy construction with no sharp, rough, loose, protruding, pinching or pointed edges, or areas of entrapment, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
DCF 251.07(3)(a)3. 3. Placed to avoid danger of injury or collision and to permit freedom of action.
DCF 251.07(3)(a)4. 4. Placed over an energy-absorbing surface, when equipment is 4 feet or more in height.
DCF 251.07(3)(a)5. 5. Used in accordance with all manufacturer's instructions and any manufacturer's recommendations that may affect the safety of children in care.
DCF 251.07(3)(b) (b) A center shall provide equipment and supplies according to the following criteria:
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1. 1. Child development shall be fostered through selection of a variety of equipment that will:
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1.a. a. Provide large muscle development.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1.b. b. Provide construction activities and for development of manipulative skills.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1.c. c. Encourage social interaction.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1.d. d. Provide intellectual stimulation.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)1.e. e. Encourage creative expression.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)2. 2. A center shall provide sufficient indoor play equipment to allow each child a choice of at least 3 activities involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
DCF 251.07(3)(b)3. 3. A center shall provide sufficient outdoor play equipment to allow each child at least one activity involving equipment when all children are using equipment.
DCF 251.07(3)(c) (c) The quantity of indoor and outdoor play equipment specified in par. (b) 2. and 3. shall be provided based on the maximum licensed capacity of the center.
DCF 251.07(3)(d) (d) Equipment and materials which reflect an awareness of cultural and ethnic diversity shall be provided.
DCF 251.07(3)(e) (e) Shelves shall be provided for equipment and supplies in rooms used by children. Equipment and supplies shall be arranged in an orderly fashion so that children may select, use, and replace items.
DCF 251.07(3)(f) (f) Trampolines and inflatable bounce surfaces on the premises shall not be accessible to children and shall not be used by children in care.
DCF 251.07(3)(g) (g) Tables and seating shall be scaled to the proper height and size for the children's comfort and reach.
DCF 251.07(3)(h) (h) There shall be sufficient storage space for the clothing and personal belongings of each child in attendance. For children 2 years of age and older, the space for outer garment storage shall be at child level.
DCF 251.07(3)(i) (i) Furnishings, toys, and other equipment shall be washed or cleaned when they become soiled.
DCF 251.07(4) (4)Rest periods.
DCF 251.07(4)(a) (a) A child under 5 years of age in care for more than 4 hours shall have a nap or rest period.
DCF 251.07(4)(b) (b) Child care workers shall permit a child who does not sleep after 30 minutes and a child who awakens to get up and to have quiet time through the use of equipment or activities which will not disturb other children.
DCF 251.07(4)(c) (c) Each child under one year of age who naps or sleeps shall be provided with a safe, washable crib or playpen that meets the applicable safety standards in 16 CFR Part 1219 or 1220 and shall be placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Cribs or playpens may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates the crib or playpen and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces.
DCF 251.07(4)(cm) (cm) Each child one year of age and older who has a nap or rest period shall be provided with a sleeping surface that is clean, safe, washable, and placed at least 2 feet from the nearest sleeping child. Sleeping surfaces may be placed end-to-end if a solid partition separates children and an aisle not less than 2 feet in width is maintained between sleeping surfaces. The sleeping surface shall be any of the following:
DCF 251.07(4)(cm)3. 3. A padded mat.
DCF 251.07(4)(cm)4. 4. A sleeping bag.
DCF 251.07(4)(cm)5. 5. A crib or playpen.
DCF 251.07(4)(d) (d) Each child one year of age and older not using a sleeping bag shall be provided with an individually identified sheet and blanket that may be used only by that child until it is washed.
DCF 251.07(4)(e) (e) Bedding shall be maintained and stored in a clean and sanitary manner, replaced immediately if wet or soiled, and washed after every 5 uses, at a minimum. A crib or playpen shall be washed and disinfected between changes in occupancy.
DCF 251.07(5) (5)Meals, snacks, and food service.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)1.1. Food shall be provided by the center based on the amount of time children are present as specified in Table 251.07. - See PDF for table PDF
DCF 251.07(5)(a)2. 2. Center-provided transportation time shall be included in determining the amount of time children are present for the purposes of subd. 1.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)3. 3. Food shall be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)4. 4. At a minimum, children shall be provided food for each meal and snack that meets the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements for amounts and types of food.
DCF 251.07 Note Note: The USDA meal program requirements are found on the website, http://www.fns.usda.gov/cacfp/meals-and-snacks.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)4m. 4m. Additional portions of vegetables, fruits, bread, and milk shall be available.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)5. 5. Menus for meals and snacks provided by the center shall:
DCF 251.07(5)(a)5.a. a. Be posted in the kitchen and in a conspicuous place accessible to parents.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)5.b. b. Be planned at least one week in advance, dated and kept on file for 3 months.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)5.c. c. Be available for review by the department.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)5m. 5m. A daily menu may not be repeated within a one-week time period.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)6. 6. Any changes in a menu as planned shall be recorded on the copies of the menu kept on file and posted for parents.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)6m. 6m. When snacks are provided by parents for all children, a record of the snack served shall be posted in an area accessible to parents.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)8. 8. When food for a child is provided by the child's parent, the center shall provide the parent with information about requirements for food groups and quantities specified by the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)9. 9. A special diet based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written instruction of a child's physician and upon request of the parent.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)9m. 9m. A special diet based on a food allergy may be served upon the written request of the parent.
DCF 251.07(5)(a)10. 10. Cooks, staff members, child care workers and substitutes having direct contact with the children shall be informed about food allergies and other allergies of specific children.
DCF 251.07(5)(b) (b) Food service.
DCF 251.07(5)(b)1.1. Staff shall sit at the table with the children during mealtime.
DCF 251.07(5)(b)2. 2. Meals shall be served with time allowed for socialization.
DCF 251.07(5)(b)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 4., in a center where meals and snacks are served, seating and table space shall be at least equal to the licensed capacity of the center, excluding infants, so that all children can be served at the same time.
DCF 251.07(5)(b)4. 4. In a center where meals are served in a central lunchroom, seating and table space shall be at least equal to the number of children to be served in a shift.
DCF 251.07(5)(b)5. 5. Eating surfaces, including high chairs, shall be washed and sanitized before and after each use.
DCF 251.07(6) (6)Health.
DCF 251.07(6)(a) (a) Observation. Each child upon arrival at a center shall be observed by a staff person for symptoms of illness and injury. For an apparently ill child, the procedure under par. (c) shall be followed.
DCF 251.07(6)(b) (b) Isolation. A center shall have an isolation area for the care of children who appear to be ill. If the area is not a separate room, it shall be separated from the space used by other children by a partition, screen, or other means to keep other children away from the ill child.
DCF 251.07(6)(c) (c) Ill child procedure. The following procedures shall apply when a child with an illness or condition that has the potential to affect the health of other persons, such as vomiting, diarrhea, unusual lethargy, or uncontrolled coughing, is observed in the child care center:
DCF 251.07(6)(c)1. 1. The child shall be isolated until the child can be removed from the center.
DCF 251.07(6)(c)2. 2. The child in the isolation area shall be within sight and sound supervision of a staff member.
DCF 251.07(6)(c)3. 3. The child shall be provided with a bed, crib, playpen, cot, or padded mat and a sheet and blanket or a sleeping bag.
DCF 251.07(6)(c)4. 4. The child's parent or emergency contact shall be contacted as soon as possible after the illness is discovered and arrangements shall be made for the child to be removed from the center.
DCF 251.07(6)(d) (d) Care of a mildly ill child. A child who is mildly ill may be cared for at the center when all of the following conditions are met:
DCF 251.07(6)(d)1. 1. The space for the care of a mildly ill child shall be a self-contained room and shall be separate from children who are well.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.