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DHS 103.065(4)(at)2.b. b. Adding together the amount of all the payments from the irrevocable annuity scheduled to be made after the month in which the primary annuitant's age or joint annuitants' ages exceed the estimated remaining years of life. The divested amount is the sum of all the payments to be made from the irrevocable annuity after the month in which the primary annuitant's age or joint annuitants' ages exceed the estimated remaining years of life.
DHS 103.065 Note Note: For a copy of the life expectancy tables included in the MA eligibility handbook, write the Bureau of Health Information Policy, Division of Public Health, P.O. Box 2659, Madison, WI 53701-2659.
DHS 103.065(4)(at)3. 3. If the agency receives a physician's statement which states that the primary annuitant or joint annuitant had a diagnosed medical condition which would shorten his or her life expectancy and that the medical condition was diagnosed before the institutionalized individual, his or her spouse, or someone acting on behalf of the institutionalized individual or his or her spouse transferred funds to an irrevocable annuity, the agency shall determine the expected value of the benefits based upon the physician's statement instead of using a life expectancy table as provided under subd. 2.
DHS 103.065(4)(b) (b) Permitted divestment to an exempt party — homestead property. Transfer of homestead property at less than fair market value is not divestment resulting in ineligibility under this section if the individual transferred title to the homestead property to:
DHS 103.065(4)(b)1. 1. The spouse of the institutionalized individual on or after October 1, 1989;
DHS 103.065(4)(b)2. 2. A child of the institutionalized individual who is under age 21 or who meets the SSI definition of total and permanent disability or blindness under 42 USC 1382c;
DHS 103.065(4)(b)3. 3. A sibling of the institutionalized individual who has an equity interest in the homestead and who was residing in the institutionalized individual's home for at least one year immediately before the date the individual became an institutionalized individual. In this subdivision, “equity interest" means ownership interest in a homestead by one or more persons who pay or have paid all or a portion of mortgage or land contract payments, expenses for upkeep and repair or payment of real estate taxes. The institutionalized individual shall provide documentation to verify the sibling's equity interest in the homestead; or
DHS 103.065(4)(b)4. 4. The child, other than a child described in subd. 2., of the institutionalized individual who was residing in the institutionalized individual's home for a period of at least 2 years immediately before the date the individual became an institutionalized individual and who provided care to the institutionalized individual which permitted him or her to reside at home rather than in an SNF, ICF or medical institution which receives payment based on a level of care provided in an SNF or ICF. The institutionalized individual shall provide a notarized statement to the agency from his or her physician or another person or persons who have personal knowledge of the living circumstances of the institutionalized individual stating that the individual was able to remain in his or her home because of the care provided by the child. A notarized statement only from the child does not satisfy the requirements of this subdivision.
DHS 103.065(4)(c) (c) Permitted divestment on or after August 9, 1989, but before July 1, 1990, to an exempt party — non-homestead property. For transfers that occurred on or after August 9, 1989, but before July 1, 1990, transfer of a non-homestead resource at less than fair market value is not divestment resulting in ineligibility under this section if the individual transferred the resource to one of the following individuals:
DHS 103.065(4)(c)1. 1. Beginning October 1, 1989, to the community spouse or to another individual for the sole benefit of the community spouse after the individual became an institutionalized individual;
DHS 103.065(4)(c)2. 2. To a minor or adult child of the institutionalized individual who meets the SSI definition of total and permanent disability or blindness under 42 USC 1382c; or
DHS 103.065(4)(c)3. 3. Beginning October 1, 1989, to the individual's spouse or to another person for the sole benefit of the individual's spouse before the individual became an institutionalized individual. Such a transfer is not considered divestment resulting in ineligibility for as long as the individual's spouse does not transfer the resource to another person other than his or her spouse at less than fair market value. The individual's spouse shall report any transfer of the resource to the agency within 10 days after the transfer is made as required under s. 49.455, Stats. Failure of the institutionalized individual's spouse to report the transfer may be fraud under s. 946.91 (2) (c), Stats.
DHS 103.065(4)(cm) (cm) Permitted divestment on or after July 1, 1990, to an exempt party — non-homestead property. Transfer of a non-homestead resource at less than fair market value on or after July 1, 1990, is not divestment resulting in ineligibility under this section to the extent that the resource was transferred:
DHS 103.065(4)(cm)1. 1. To or from the individual's spouse or to another individual for the sole benefit of the spouse; or
DHS 103.065(4)(cm)2. 2. To a minor or adult child of the institutionalized individual who meets the SSI definition of total and permanent disability or blindness under 42 USC 1382c.
DHS 103.065(4)(d) (d) Circumstances under which divestment is not a barrier to eligibility. An institutionalized individual who has been determined to have made a prohibited divestment under this section shall be found ineligible for MA as defined under s. DHS 101.03 (95) unless:
DHS 103.065(4)(d)1. 1. The transfer of property occurred as the result of a division of resources as part of a divorce or separation action, the loss of a resource due to foreclosure or the repossession of a resource due to failure to meet payments; or
DHS 103.065(4)(d)2. 2. It is shown to the satisfaction of the department that one of the following occurred:
DHS 103.065(4)(d)2.a. a. The individual intended to dispose of the resource either at fair market value or for other valuable consideration;
DHS 103.065(4)(d)2.b. b. The resource was transferred exclusively for some purpose other than to become eligible for MA;
DHS 103.065(4)(d)2.c. c. The ownership of the divested property was returned to the individual who originally disposed of it; or
DHS 103.065(4)(d)2.d. d. The denial or termination of eligibility would work an undue hardship. In this subparagraph, “undue hardship" means that a serious impairment to the institutionalized individual's immediate health status exists.
DHS 103.065(5) (5)Determining the period of ineligibility. An institutionalized individual who has made a prohibited divestment under this section resulting in ineligibility or whose spouse has made a divestment under this section resulting in ineligibility on or after July 1, 1990, as determined by the agency, without a condition under sub. (4) (d) existing, shall be ineligible for MA as defined in this section for, beginning with the month of divestment, the lesser of:
DHS 103.065(5)(a) (a) Thirty months; or
DHS 103.065(5)(b) (b) The number of months obtained by dividing the total uncompensated value of the transferred resources by the statewide average monthly cost to a private pay patient in an SNF at the time of application. In this paragraph, “total uncompensated value of the transferred resource" means the difference between the compensation received for the resource and the fair market value of the resource less any outstanding loans, mortgages or other encumbrances on the resource.
DHS 103.065(6) (6)Agency responsibilities.
DHS 103.065(6)(a)(a) The agency shall determine if an applicant or recipient who is ineligible for MA under this section is eligible for MA card services. The applicant or recipient's income eligibility shall be determined using the standards under s. DHS 103.04 (4).
DHS 103.065(6)(b) (b) The agency shall monitor retention of assets by the non-institutionalized spouse for those transfers that occur on or after October 1, 1989, but before July 1, 1990, under sub. (4) (c) 3. at each application or review of eligibility for the institutionalized spouse.
DHS 103.065 History History: Cr. Register, March, 1990, No. 412, eff. 5-1-90; am. (1), (2), (4) (a) and (c) (intro.), (5) (intro.) and (6) (b), cr. (4) (cm), Register, May, 1991, No. 425, eff. 6-1-91; am. (2), (3) (a) and (4) (a), cr. (4) (am), Register, March, 1993, No. 447, eff. 4-1-93; emerg. renum. (3) (a) to (e) to be (3) (b), (d), (f), (g) and (j), cr. (4) (at), eff. 1-1-94; renum. (3) (a) to (e) to be (3) (b), (d), (f), (g) and (j), cr. (4) (at), Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; corrections in (2) and (4) (c) 3. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2002 No. 554; corrections in (3) (f), (g), (j), (4) (a) and (d) (intro.) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2008 No. 636; correction in (4) (c) 3. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register July 2015 No. 715.
DHS 103.07 DHS 103.07Income.
DHS 103.07(1) (1)Special situations of institutionalized persons.
DHS 103.07(1)(a)(a) Support received by institutionalized persons.
DHS 103.07(1)(a)1.1. Any financial support or contribution received by an institutionalized person shall be considered available when determining the eligibility of that person for MA.
DHS 103.07(1)(a)2. 2. The income and assets of the parents of children under age 18 who reside in institutions shall be evaluated by the department to determine whether, pursuant to s. 46.10 (14), Stats., collections may be made from one or both parents. If the child is residing in an institution not specified in s. 46.10 (14), Stats., but the institution is approved to receive MA payments, the parental liability shall be the same as that provided in s. 46.10 (14), Stats., and collected in the same manner.
DHS 103.07(1)(a)3. 3. The agency shall decide if the spouse of an institutionalized applicant or recipient should be referred for support action under s. 49.90, Stats. When deciding whether to refer for support action, the agency shall consider the spouse's basic essential needs and present and future expenses. In no case may support from the spouse of an institutionalized applicant or recipient be pursued when the spouse's assets, not counting homestead property and a motor vehicle, or, if applicable, not counting assets excluded under s. DHS 103.075 (5) (b) 2., are less than the amount provided under s. 49.47 (4) (b) 3g., Stats., or, if applicable, the spousal asset share under s. 49.455 (6) (b), Stats., and when the spouse's income is less than the spousal monthly income allowance under s. 49.455 (4) (b), Stats.
DHS 103.07(1)(b) (b) Allocation of institutionalized person's income to dependents outside the institution. Except as provided under s. DHS 103.075 (6), no allocation may be made from an institutionalized applicant's or recipient's income to a spouse who is eligible for SSI but who refuses to obtain SSI. Except as provided under s. DHS 103.075 (6), no allocation may be made to a spouse or to minor children under the spouse's care if the spouse or any of the children are receiving AFDC or SSI. Otherwise, allocations shall be made as follows:
DHS 103.07(1)(b)1. 1. If the spouse is caring for a minor child for whom either the institutionalized person or the spouse is legally responsible, the AFDC assistance standard plus expenses that would be allowed under s. DHS 103.04 (3) shall be used to determine the need of the spouse and children. If their total net income is less than their need, income of the institutionalized person shall be allocated in an amount sufficient to bring the spouse's and children's income up to their monthly need. In this subdivision, “total net income" means income equal to unearned income plus net earned income, and “net earned income" means income equal to gross earned income minus work-related expenses according to requirements of AFDC. Income disregards of the AFDC program under 45 CFR 233.20 (a) shall be used as appropriate in computing income.
DHS 103.07(1)(b)2. 2. If the spouse is not caring for a minor child, the SSI payment level for one person living in that person's own household shall be used to determine the spouse's monthly need. The spouse's earned income shall be netted by subtracting the work-related expenses according to sub. (3) and $20. from earned or unearned income or both. If the spouse's net income is less than the spouse's monthly need, income of the institutionalized person may be allocated in an amount sufficient to bring the spouse's income up to monthly need. Income disregards of the SSI program under 20 CFR 416.1112 and 416.1124 shall be used as appropriate in computing income.
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3. 3. The following amounts shall be excluded when computing the income of the spouse and children under subd. 1. or the spouse alone under subd. 2.:
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.a. a. All earnings of a child less than 14 years old, or less than 18 years old when the child is a full-time student;
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.b. b. All earnings of a child less than 18 years old who attends school part-time and is employed fewer than 30 hours a week;
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.c. c. Any portion of any grant, scholarship or fellowship used to pay the costs of tuition, fees, books and transportation to and from classes;
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.d. d. Amounts received for foster care or subsidized adoption;
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.e. e. The bonus value of food stamps and the value of foods donated by the federal department of agriculture;
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.f. f. Home produce grown for personal consumption; and
DHS 103.07(1)(b)3.g. g. Income actually set aside for the post-high school education of a child who is a junior or senior in high school.
DHS 103.07(1)(c) (c) When both spouses are institutionalized and there is an application for MA. When both spouses are institutionalized, the following shall apply:
DHS 103.07(1)(c)1. 1. If one spouse applies for MA, the total income of both spouses may be combined to ascertain if their combined income is less than total need, provided that the spouse not applying has income exceeding that spouse's needs and is willing to make that income available;
DHS 103.07(1)(c)2. 2. If the combined income of both spouses is less than total need, separate determinations shall be made to see if either spouse has excess income. Any excess may be allocated to the other spouse. Either one or both of the spouses may be eligible depending on income allocation; and
DHS 103.07(1)(c)3. 3. If the combined income of both spouses exceeds total need, separate determinations shall be made. Only the actual amount of income made available from one spouse to the other may be used in determining the eligibility of the other spouse. If the spouse refuses to make a reasonable amount available, the agency shall review the case under par. (a) 3. to determine if legal action for support should be taken pursuant to s. 49.90, Stats.
DHS 103.07(1)(d) (d) Computing income available towards cost of care. Institutionalized recipients of MA who are determined eligible under s. DHS 103.06 and this section shall apply their available income toward the cost of their care after deducting the income disregards in this paragraph. In this paragraph, “available income" means any remaining income after the following reductions are made:
DHS 103.07(1)(d)1. 1. A personal needs allowance, as provided under s. 49.45 (7) (a), Stats., and
DHS 103.07(1)(d)2. 2. If employed, the first $65 and one-half of the remainder of gross earnings;
DHS 103.07(1)(d)3. 3. The cost of health insurance;
DHS 103.07(1)(d)4. 4. Necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered by MA;
DHS 103.07(1)(d)5. 5. The actual amount paid by the institutionalized person for support of a person for whom the institutionalized person is legally responsible but not to exceed the appropriate AFDC assistance standard unless the institutionalized person is paying court-ordered support in an amount greater than the AFDC assistance standard in s. 49.19 (11) (am) 1m., Stats.; and
DHS 103.07(1)(d)6. 6. The monthly cost of maintaining a home when the conditions of s. DHS 103.06 (1) (b) 3. are met, but not to exceed the SSI payment level for one person living in that person's own household.
DHS 103.07(2) (2)Special types of income.
DHS 103.07(2)(a)(a) Farm and self-employment income. Farm and self-employment income used in MA calculations shall be determined by adding back into the net earnings the following: depreciation, personal business and entertainment expenses, personal transportation, purchases of capital equipment, and payments on the principal of loans. The total shall be divided by 12 to get monthly earnings. If no tax return has been filed, the individual shall complete a 1040 form of the internal revenue service (IRS) to determine net earnings or loss, or to anticipate, in case of relatively new businesses, net earnings as required by the IRS. If the latest income tax return does not accurately reflect the household's actual circumstances because the household has experienced a substantial increase or decrease in business, the agency shall calculate the self-employment income based on anticipated earnings. Agencies shall determine whether it is necessary to use anticipated earnings on a case-by-case basis and shall document the reasons for the determination in the case record.
DHS 103.07(2)(b) (b) Contractual employment income. Income received on other than an hourly or piecework basis from employment performed under a contract which is renewable on an annual basis shall be averaged over a 12-month period. Persons receiving this income shall be considered to receive compensation for the entire 12-month period even though actual compensation may only be received for part of the year.
DHS 103.07 Note Note: For example, if school teachers are paid 9 months a year, the wages they receive are to be averaged over a 12-month period.
DHS 103.07(2)(c) (c) In-kind benefits. Predictable in-kind benefits received regularly and in return for a service or product delivered shall be treated as earned income in MA calculations. The value of the in-kind income is determined by using the prevailing wage rate in the local community for the type of work performed, but not less than the minimum wage for that type of work.
DHS 103.07(2)(d) (d) Income from providing room and board. Net profit from room and board shall be treated as earned income in MA calculations. Net profit is determined by deducting the following expenses of providing room and board from the gross room and board income received:
DHS 103.07(2)(d)1. 1. Roomer only - $15.00;
DHS 103.07(2)(d)2. 2. Boarder only - current food stamp allotment for one; and
DHS 103.07(2)(d)3. 3. Roomer and boarder - current food stamp allotment for one plus $15.00.
DHS 103.07(2)(e) (e) Income from rentals. When the owner reports rental income to the IRS as self-employment income, the procedures set forth in par. (a) shall be followed in MA calculations. If the owner does not report rental income to the IRS as self-employment income, net rental income shall be determined as follows:
DHS 103.07(2)(e)1. 1. When the owner is not an occupant, net rental income is the rental income minus the mortgage payment and verifiable operational costs;
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2. 2. When the owner receives rental income from a duplex or multiple rental unit building and the owner resides in one of the units, net rental income shall be computed according to the following method:
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2.a. a. Add the interest portion of the mortgage and other verifiable operational costs common to the entire operation;
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2.b. b. Multiply the number of rental units by the total in subd. 2. a.;
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2.c. c. Divide the result in subd. 2. b. by the total number of units;
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2.d. d. Add the result in subd. 2. c. to any operational costs paid by the owner that are unique to any rental unit; and
DHS 103.07(2)(e)2.e. e. Subtract the result in subd. 2. d. from the total rent payments. The result is net rental income.
DHS 103.07(2)(f) (f) Income of SSI child's parents. Income of a disabled child's parents shall not be considered when determining the child's eligibility for MA if the child meets the conditions stated in 42 USC 1396a (e) (3).
DHS 103.07(2)(g) (g) Income disregards. Income disregards of the AFDC program under 45 CFR 233.20 (a) and of the SSI program under 20 CFR 416.1112 and 416.1124 shall be used as appropriate.
DHS 103.07(2)(h) (h) Income from land contracts. Income received from a land contract shall be counted as unearned income. If the income is received on a monthly basis, it shall be included as monthly income. Payments received on less than a monthly basis shall be prorated to a monthly amount over the period between payments. Any expenses that the applicant or recipient is required to pay under the terms of the land contract shall be deducted from the gross income received from the land contract.
DHS 103.07(2)(i) (i) Interest income.
DHS 103.07(2)(i)1.1. Interest income shall be counted as unearned income when:
DHS 103.07(2)(i)1.a. a. It is received on a regular basis; and
DHS 103.07(2)(i)1.b. b. It exceeds $20.00 per month. Amounts of $20.00 or less are considered inconsequential income and are disregarded.
DHS 103.07(2)(i)2. 2. The interest shall be counted as income in the month in which it is received. Interest income that is received less often than monthly shall be prorated over the period the payment covers.
DHS 103.07(3) (3)Deductions from earned income.
DHS 103.07(3)(a)(a) Work-related deduction. If an individual is employed, $90 shall be deducted from the individual's earned income when determining MA eligibility.
DHS 103.07(3)(b) (b) Dependent care deductions. When employment cannot be maintained without dependent care for a child or incapacitated adult in the MA or fiscal test group, the following deductions shall be applied:
DHS 103.07(3)(b)1. 1. The actual cost of care but not more than $175 each month for each dependent child age 2 or over or incapacitated adult; and
DHS 103.07(3)(b)2. 2. The actual cost of care but not more than $200 each month for each dependent child under age 2.
DHS 103.07(3)(c) (c) Special deductions for employed blind persons. Transportation expenses incurred in getting to and from work, expenses related to job performance and expenses related to improving job ability such as training meant to improve employability and increase earning power shall be deducted from the earned income of blind persons.
DHS 103.07 Note Note: Examples of expenses related to job performance are a reader, translation of material into braille, the cost and upkeep of a seeing eye dog for a blind person, and the cost of a prosthesis.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.